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electrostatic generator / X-ray machine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11302
Dates
1910
circa 1910
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
006030001
Description
Oak-framed glass case; on four legs; reveals the inner working of the machine; external crank wheels are located at the back of the machine; there are brass and vulcanite protrusions from the front of the case; under which is a scalloped wooden ledge used to support accessories.
  3 images  
Accession Number
006030001
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Radiography -- instrumentation
X-Ray Therapy -- instrumentation
Electrostatics
MM= Radiography -- machine
Description
Oak-framed glass case; on four legs; reveals the inner working of the machine; external crank wheels are located at the back of the machine; there are brass and vulcanite protrusions from the front of the case; under which is a scalloped wooden ledge used to support accessories.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. Frank Mellow a Queen's Medical school graduate of 1902; the machine was used in his home office in Uxbridge, Ontario in 1912; the Dr.'s main practice was on first floor; this unit was on the second floor where radiotherapy, massage,surgical procedures were performed with it; it was last used therapeutically in 1940 by Dr. Mellow.
Maker
Waite & Bartlett Mfg. Co.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1910
circa 1910
Date Remarks
Date based on research and donor's remarks
Material
wood: brown
glass: clear
metal: brown; black
vulcanite: dark brown
leather: brown
Inscriptions
"WAITE & BARTLETT MANF' CO. // NEW YORK" embossed on a metal plaque on the front right side of the case is a list of patent dates "PAT'D JUNE 18 1889 // PAT'D MAY 8 1893 // PAT'D FEB. 19 1901 // PAT'D APRIL 18 1901 // PAT'D MAY 28 1901"
Permanent Location
Storeroom W2
W2-538-Floor
Temporary Location
On display "Electricity and the Invisible Ray" in (North Gallery Room 1013) Museum of Health Care, Oct. 2006.
Dimension Notes
Length 208.2 cm x Width 177.7 cm x Depth 109.2 cm
Condition Remarks
There are a few spots where cleaner was not removed when the initial cleaning of the object was undertaken, there is a crack in one of the disks inside the case; there appears to be water damage on he top and back; the rest of the object appears to be as new.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
"Static Electricity and the uses of the Roentgen Ray", W.B. Snow, 1903, p. 12; "Electricity in Medicine", G.W. Jacoby & J.R. Jacoby, 1919, p. 110; "The Trail of the Invisible Light", E.R.N. Grigg, 1965, p. 69. "Aloe's Illustrated and Priced Catalogue of Superior Surgical Instruments, Physician's Supply and Hospital Furnishings, " 6th ed., A.S. Aloe Co., St. Louis, 189-, p. 754, item #9875; Duncan Robert Antiques; CD #2.
Research Facts
The machine worked by someone cranking the external fly wheels which rotated the glass disks and generated a static electrical charge; this charge was directed in a number of different ways by various instruments to a patient who would have been receiving treatment, radiation therapy or X-ray examinations; see file for more complete research.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910-1930
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
006030026 a-b
Description
Fluoroscope X-ray screen; funnel shaped empty box (a) with a viewer at one end and screen (b) at the other end; there is a handle under the box; the screen held on with brass hooks is at the larger end; the shape tapers from the screen end towards the viewer end.
Accession Number
006030026 a-b
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Fluoroscopy -- instrumentation
Electrostatics
Description
Fluoroscope X-ray screen; funnel shaped empty box (a) with a viewer at one end and screen (b) at the other end; there is a handle under the box; the screen held on with brass hooks is at the larger end; the shape tapers from the screen end towards the viewer end.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 26.7 cm x Width 22.4 x Depth 20.1 cm
b - screen - Size: Length 26.7 cm x Width 22.4 x Depth 1.2 cm
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. Frank Mellow and used in his home office in Uxbridge, Ontario; the Dr's main practice was on first floor; this was on the second floor where radiotherapy, massage, surgical procedures were performed with it; it was last used therapeutically in 1940 by Dr. Mellow.
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910-1930
Date Remarks
Date based on its association with the other 006030 items
Material
wood: black
leather: black
fabric: black, green
artificial fur: dark brown, reddish orange
metal: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-F1-1
Temporary Location
On display "Doctor's Treatment Room c1930" at Museum of Health Care 20 Feb 2016.
Condition Remarks
The brass fasteners are beginning to wear; the wood and cotton are in good shape, the velvet is showing signs of wear on the edges and on the corners; the fur is matted.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Associated with 006030001; electrostatic generating machine; and 006030010; X-ray tube; "Static Electricity and the uses of the Roentgen Ray", W.B. Snow, 1903, pp. 157-289; "Electricity in Medicine", G. W. Jacoby & J.R. Jacoby, 1919, p. 263.
Research Facts
Used in conjunction with an X-ray tube and an electrostatic generating machine; it was used as imaging equipment for diagnosis; used to reveal the insides of patients bodies; especial good at showing the bones; the inner side of the screen is covered in crystals which fluoresce when exposed to X-rays; see file for more.
Exhibit History
On display in Museum (North Gallery Room 1013): "Electricity and the Invisible Ray," Oct. 2006 20 Feb 2016.
Less detail