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Bilvac Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15199
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 b…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019002005 a-ab
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Cholagogues and Choleretics
Radiography
Radiology
X-Rays
Gallbladder
Drug Storage
Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- stimulant -- container
MM= Drugs -- Stimulants
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Square cardboard box with removable lid containing 25 sealed semi-transparent brown glass Bilevac Gall Bladder Stimulant for Cholecystography bottles (d-ab); removable green cardboard lid (b), removable two piece brown cardboard grid divider (c), cardboard base houses the cardboard divider and 25 bottles; exterior of base has layer of smooth coated white paper; lid is removable, and exterior has layer of textured green paper; lid has rectangular green and cream paper label with product information on front; divider consists of strips of brown cardboard arranged to form a 5x5 grid in base of box; bottles are full with liquid, have circular base, cylindrical side walls, round shoulders, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; bottles have non-removable white metal screw cap with flat top, vertical indents in sides, rounded bottom edge, and internal thread; caps are covered with plastic wrapper only on sides; bottles have mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; bottles have rectangular green and white paper labels with product information and directions wrapped around sides; manufacturing information embossed on bottom of bottles.
Number Of Parts
28
Part Names
a – box base – Length 20.0 cm Width 20.0 cm Depth 6.7 cm
b – box lid – Length 20.5 cm Width 20.5 cm Depth 6.8 cm
c – divider – Length 19.6 cm Width 19.6 cm Depth 5.0 cm
d-ab – bottle – Length 6.6 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor; in use at Kingston Penitentiary, Kingston, Ontario Canada.
Maker
Picker X-Ray Engineering LTD.
Site Made (City)
St. Laurent
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1974
1987
circa 1974 - 1987
Date Remarks
“REV 3/74” printed on label indicates that the label information was last revised by FDA or other regulatory body in March of 1974 and staed expirey date on lable; Piker X-Ray Engineering LTD changed its name to Piker Canada LTD in 1976.
Material
paper: brown, white, cream
ink: green, black
glass: brown
metal: white, brass
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on box label: “AVOID EXCESSIVE HEAT DIN 159719 // bilevac // Gall Bladder Stimulant For Cholecystography // Piker // x-ray // 33% EGG YOLK, 63% GLYCERIN AND FLAVORING // 25 – 30cc BOTTLES // REV. 3/74 // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // [Illeg.] St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // LAFAYETTE PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; stamped on box label: “LOT 40[Illeg.] // EXP 2, ..87”; printed on front of bottle labels: “DIN 159719 // bilevac // GALL BLADDER STIMULANT // FOR CHOLECYSTOGRAPHY // Piker // x-ray // 33% Egg Yolk, 63% Glycerin // and Flavoring // NET CONTENT 30 cc // Distributed by // PIKER X-RAY ENGINEERING LTD. // St. Laurent, Quebec, CANADA // PHARMACAL INC. // Lafayette, Indiana, U. S. A.”; printed on back of bottle label: “Mix contents with equal // amount // of water or fruit // juice. Drink at time fat // meal would be given. // 1. Avoid excessive heat. // 2. Shake before using. // REV. 3/74”; stamped on back of bottle label: “LOT 40170 // EXP. 2, ..87”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Base of box has small amount of adhesive tape and residue stuck to sides and bottom; base has large brown tide marks on sides and bottom; box lid has minor distortion, fading all over, minor abrasion to all sides and edges, adhesive tape and residue on sides, and small tears in front, but is stable; grid insert has large areas of dye transfer on surfaces from contact with bottle labels, also leaving white areas on bottle labels; several plastic wrappers on bottle caps have minor cracks, areas of loss, and distortions but are stable
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Cholagogue.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
“Oral Cholecystogram.” Healthline, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “Manufacturer’s Marks and Other Logos on Glass Containers.” Bottle Research Group, 2015.
“Federal Corporation Information - 056550-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 12 June 2019.
Research Facts
Bilvac is a cholagogue, which is used to stimulate gallbladder to release or increase flow of bile; it was commonly used before a cholecystography procedure, which is an x-ray examination of the gallbladder using a contrast agent to aid in imaging; the gall bladder is a small organ that stores and release bile produced by the liver to aid digestion.
Oral cholecystography is a radiological procedure used to visualize the gallbladder and biliary channels, developed in 1924 by American surgeons Evarts Ambrose Graham and Warren Henry Cole.
The “W” in a circle logo on the bottom of each bottle indicates the bottles were manufactured by T. C. Wheaton Co., who used the logo from 1946 – 2005.
Kingston Penitentiary is a former maximum security prison located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, between King Street West and Lake Ontario. Opened : June 1, 1835; Closed: 2013 Security class : Maximum security Capacity : 564; a national historic site.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1896
circa 1896
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
1935.2.5
Description
Note: item is missing.
Accession Number
1935.2.5
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
X-Rays
Description
Note: item is missing.
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Dates
1896
circa 1896
Temporary Location
Item is missing.
Copy Type
Original
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910-1930
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
006030026 a-b
Description
Fluoroscope X-ray screen; funnel shaped empty box (a) with a viewer at one end and screen (b) at the other end; there is a handle under the box; the screen held on with brass hooks is at the larger end; the shape tapers from the screen end towards the viewer end.
Accession Number
006030026 a-b
Collection
Dr. Frank Mellow Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Fluoroscopy -- instrumentation
Electrostatics
Description
Fluoroscope X-ray screen; funnel shaped empty box (a) with a viewer at one end and screen (b) at the other end; there is a handle under the box; the screen held on with brass hooks is at the larger end; the shape tapers from the screen end towards the viewer end.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 26.7 cm x Width 22.4 x Depth 20.1 cm
b - screen - Size: Length 26.7 cm x Width 22.4 x Depth 1.2 cm
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. Frank Mellow and used in his home office in Uxbridge, Ontario; the Dr's main practice was on first floor; this was on the second floor where radiotherapy, massage, surgical procedures were performed with it; it was last used therapeutically in 1940 by Dr. Mellow.
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910-1930
Date Remarks
Date based on its association with the other 006030 items
Material
wood: black
leather: black
fabric: black, green
artificial fur: dark brown, reddish orange
metal: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-F1-1
Temporary Location
On display "Doctor's Treatment Room c1930" at Museum of Health Care 20 Feb 2016.
Condition Remarks
The brass fasteners are beginning to wear; the wood and cotton are in good shape, the velvet is showing signs of wear on the edges and on the corners; the fur is matted.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Associated with 006030001; electrostatic generating machine; and 006030010; X-ray tube; "Static Electricity and the uses of the Roentgen Ray", W.B. Snow, 1903, pp. 157-289; "Electricity in Medicine", G. W. Jacoby & J.R. Jacoby, 1919, p. 263.
Research Facts
Used in conjunction with an X-ray tube and an electrostatic generating machine; it was used as imaging equipment for diagnosis; used to reveal the insides of patients bodies; especial good at showing the bones; the inner side of the screen is covered in crystals which fluoresce when exposed to X-rays; see file for more.
Exhibit History
On display in Museum (North Gallery Room 1013): "Electricity and the Invisible Ray," Oct. 2006 20 Feb 2016.
Less detail

hand-held fluoroscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact417
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Queen's University School of X-Ray Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
Accession Number
995004001 a-b
Description
Hand-held fluoroscope consisting of a) the fluoroscope X-ray screen which is a funnelshaped box (cloth-covered wood) with a screen made of glass and plastic (?) at the wide end and a fake fur-covered viewing section at the narrow end; (b) a removable wooden handle which attaches to a metal hardware…
  5 images  
Accession Number
995004001 a-b
Collection
Queen's University School of X-Ray Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnostic Radiology
MeSH Heading
Fluoroscopy -- instrumentation
Description
Hand-held fluoroscope consisting of a) the fluoroscope X-ray screen which is a funnelshaped box (cloth-covered wood) with a screen made of glass and plastic (?) at the wide end and a fake fur-covered viewing section at the narrow end; (b) a removable wooden handle which attaches to a metal hardware attachment on the bottom of the fluoroscope.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - fluoroscope - Size: Length 32.0 cm. x Width 24.0 cm. x Depth 24.0 cm.
b - fluoroscope handle - Size: Length 13.0 cm. x Width 3.2 cm.
Maker
Patterson
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
wood: black (paint)
metal: silver
glass: clear
plastic: clear
fabric: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-F1-1
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Fluoroscope was very dusty; the wooden handle which was intended to screw on and off does not stay on; the "fake fur" around the eyepiece is deteriorating and there are "bald" patches; (2) the fake fur and leather appear stable and have suffered no further damage; the paint on the wooden frame is worn and scratched, and the paint in the top proper left corner is completely worn; the fluoroscope was dusty; the glass/plastic screen had approximately seven shallow scratches in its surface, and a smudge of what appears to be adhesive in the top centre area of the screen.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
Nancy Chisholm; "The Trail of the Invisible Light" by E.R.N. Gregg M.D.; Bernie Ziomkiewicz
Exhibit History
To display in Museum (North Gallery Room 1013): "Electricity and the Invisible Ray," Oct. 2006 - Feb 2016.
Spring 1998-Sept. 17, 2002: on exhibit in Kingston General Hospital Hall of Honour in "The Advent of X-rays"
Images
Less detail