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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15237
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measu…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measuring hatch marks, and one with numbers; the end of the thermometer is metal with glass on the very end, and the other end is a flat rounded triangle painted red; also in the case are a folded paper instruction sheet in blue print (c), printed in English and French on opposite sides; tucked inside the folds of the instructions sheet are a small card with an illustration of a thermometer on it showing normal body temperature in black, blue, and red ink and in Fahrenheit and Celsius; also tucked into the instructions sheet are four thermometer sheaths (e-h) packaged in paper with red print with the title, instructions, and manufacturing information on it.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case: Length 11.7 cm X Width 4.7 cm X Height 1.0 cm
b - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.6 cm X Height 0.6 cm
c - instructions: Length 34.8 cm X Width 21.6 cm
d - illustration: Length 10.8 cm x Width 2.6 cm
e-h - sheaths: Length 11.1 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton-Dickinson
Site Made (City)
Rutherford, Mississauga
Site Made (State)
New Jersey, Ontario
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A., Canada, Brazil
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Date Remarks
Based on patent of thermometer sheaths, and the changes in use of different types of thermometers in the 1990s.
Material
plastic: blue, clear
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: yellow, burgundy, red, blue, black
Inscriptions
Raised in clear plastic case cover (a): "B-D"; printed on thermometer (b): "E CJK B-D BRAZIL // 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 // B-D"; printed on instruction sheet (c) - headings only: "rectal // FEVER THERMOMETER // Everything You Need // For Taking Temperatures Rectally // B-D* // To open case: // Slide top to left // TAKING YOUR TEMPERATURE // THE RECTAL METHOD // READING YOUR THERMOMETER // TO CLEAN AND CARE FOR YOUR B-D RECTAL THERMOMETER // IF YOUR THERMOMETER BREAKS // FEVER FACTS // DOES FEVER HELP FIGHT ILLNESS? // WHY BOTHER TO TAKE TEMPERATURES? // ARE YOU AVERAGE? // FINER THAN A HUMAN HAIR? // IS YOUR THERMOMETER COMPLETELY CLEAN? // A HAND TO THE FOREHEAD? // FEVER MEASUREMENT CHANGES WITH AGE. // NOTICE TO THE PURCHASER:"; printed on instruction sheet (c) near the bottom on the back: "SAVE 50 // B-D* Alcohol Swabs Regular // or Premium Butterfly // To the Dealer: Upon receipt of this coupon // toward the purchase of the specified product, // we will reimburse you 50 plus regular // handling. Application for redemption on any // other basis may constitute fraud and will, at // our option, void coupon presented. // Applications for reimbursement accepted // from principals only—mail to: Becton // Dickinson Canada Inc. Box 3000, // Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L3. // Offer limited to one coupon per purchase. // *B-D is a registered trademark of Becton-Dickinson and Company // reg. user Becton-Dickinson Canada Inc. // 2177211 [...]"; printed on front of illustration (d): "FAHRENHEIT // 108° // 106 // 104 // 102 // 100 // 98 // 96 // CELSIUS // 42° // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // NORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE // BECTON // DICKINSON"; printed on back of illustration: "PLUS®"; printed on front of sheaths (e-h): "B-D // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // Temp-Away // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // INSERT // TWIST // PULL APART // W10232 (S)"; printed on back of sheaths: "The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is designed for single-patient thermometer use with a TEMP-AWAY Kit.... or, in conjunction with a // thermometer assigned to a single patient. When thermometers are used to take temperatures from patient to patient, the thermo- // meter must be disinfected prior to each patient use. // The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is not designed for use as an electronic thermometer probe cover. // BECTON-DICKINSON, Division of Becton, Dickinson and Company. // Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 // U.S. Pat. 3,809,228 and others Pat.Pend. on reversible feature. // MADE in U.S.A. // 36W10898 (S)".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some sticker residue on end of case; mid-sized chip and crack at end in the clear plastic cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
Images
Less detail

rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15204
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) which contains information about the product and its use, about the manufacturer, and about an extra piece not present in the box: "Faichney's Thermometer Shaker"; paper has two holes just off centre, presumably for the thermometer to be put through.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - box top: Length 13.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
b - box bottom: Length 12.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
c - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
d - case: Length 9.1 cm X Diameter 1.2 cm
e - case lid: Length 3.5 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - instructions: Length 11.4 cm X Width 5.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Faichney Instrument Corporation
Site Made (City)
Watertown
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Date Remarks
.Based on patent year printed on instructions and donor's remarks.
Material
paper: tan
ink: black, red, white
plastic: black
glass: clear
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "94 // 6 // 8 // 100 // 2 // 4 // 6 // 8 // YL176 FAICHNEY WATERTOWN NY MASS G RECTAL"; printed on front of instructions sheet: "CERTIFICATE OF ACCURACY // We, the undersigned manufacturer, certify that this thermometer has been carefully inspected and // tested. Every thermometer bearing our name, FAICHNEY--Watertown, N. Y., is fully guaranteed. If // any defect should develop or if for any reason the instrument does not give full and complete satisfaction // it will be replaced without charge. This guarantee covers everything but breakage. // The Apex of Precision // Faichney Instrument Corporation // Watertown, New York"; printed on back of instruction sheet: "To shake back the mercury column // in a Clinical Thermometer with a Pilot // Grip or similar top: Insert mercury end // into loop of shaker. Slide the shaker // on thermometer until it hits triangle // top. Take twisted ends of shaker in // thumb and first finger of both hands // as shown in illustration. Roll between // thumbs and fingers to cause ther- // mometer to revolve, twirl or spin. // Three or four spins will shake down // mercury column without any effort. // Faichney's // Thermometer // Shaker // Patented // July 1936 // No. 2047801 // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // To see the mercury column, lay // thermometer on flat surface with the // name downward. Lean over the ther- // mometer, looking directly between // scale and figures. If mercury column // stands higher than 97° mark, shake // down before using. // Sterilize by immersing in alcohol // or any dependable antiseptic solution. // DO NOT STERILIZE IN HOT // WATER AS EXCESSIVE HEAT // WILL CAUSE THERMOMETER // TO BREAK."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box corners repaired with hinging tape
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail

oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15205
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains …
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis, Oral -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains words and numbers in black ink; the thermometer is enclosed in a grey metal case (b,c) which has a hexagonal metal piece on it just below where the lid meets the case.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - thermometer: Length 10.2 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
b - case: Length 9.2 cm X Diameter 0.7 cm
c - lid: Length 2.8 cm x Diameter 0.7 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Wm. Johnston
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Date Remarks
.Based on donor's remarks.
Material
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: black, white
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "95 // 100 // 5 // 110 // Wm. Johnston 531 one minute 16478".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration spots on metal case; some of the numbers are beginning to rub off the thermometer.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail