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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15204
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) which contains information about the product and its use, about the manufacturer, and about an extra piece not present in the box: "Faichney's Thermometer Shaker"; paper has two holes just off centre, presumably for the thermometer to be put through.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - box top: Length 13.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
b - box bottom: Length 12.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
c - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
d - case: Length 9.1 cm X Diameter 1.2 cm
e - case lid: Length 3.5 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - instructions: Length 11.4 cm X Width 5.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Faichney Instrument Corporation
Site Made (City)
Watertown
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Date Remarks
.Based on patent year printed on instructions and donor's remarks.
Material
paper: tan
ink: black, red, white
plastic: black
glass: clear
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "94 // 6 // 8 // 100 // 2 // 4 // 6 // 8 // YL176 FAICHNEY WATERTOWN NY MASS G RECTAL"; printed on front of instructions sheet: "CERTIFICATE OF ACCURACY // We, the undersigned manufacturer, certify that this thermometer has been carefully inspected and // tested. Every thermometer bearing our name, FAICHNEY--Watertown, N. Y., is fully guaranteed. If // any defect should develop or if for any reason the instrument does not give full and complete satisfaction // it will be replaced without charge. This guarantee covers everything but breakage. // The Apex of Precision // Faichney Instrument Corporation // Watertown, New York"; printed on back of instruction sheet: "To shake back the mercury column // in a Clinical Thermometer with a Pilot // Grip or similar top: Insert mercury end // into loop of shaker. Slide the shaker // on thermometer until it hits triangle // top. Take twisted ends of shaker in // thumb and first finger of both hands // as shown in illustration. Roll between // thumbs and fingers to cause ther- // mometer to revolve, twirl or spin. // Three or four spins will shake down // mercury column without any effort. // Faichney's // Thermometer // Shaker // Patented // July 1936 // No. 2047801 // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // To see the mercury column, lay // thermometer on flat surface with the // name downward. Lean over the ther- // mometer, looking directly between // scale and figures. If mercury column // stands higher than 97° mark, shake // down before using. // Sterilize by immersing in alcohol // or any dependable antiseptic solution. // DO NOT STERILIZE IN HOT // WATER AS EXCESSIVE HEAT // WILL CAUSE THERMOMETER // TO BREAK."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box corners repaired with hinging tape
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail

oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15205
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains …
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis, Oral -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains words and numbers in black ink; the thermometer is enclosed in a grey metal case (b,c) which has a hexagonal metal piece on it just below where the lid meets the case.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - thermometer: Length 10.2 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
b - case: Length 9.2 cm X Diameter 0.7 cm
c - lid: Length 2.8 cm x Diameter 0.7 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Wm. Johnston
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Date Remarks
.Based on donor's remarks.
Material
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: black, white
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "95 // 100 // 5 // 110 // Wm. Johnston 531 one minute 16478".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration spots on metal case; some of the numbers are beginning to rub off the thermometer.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail