Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt) U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; course white particles; circular base has stippled surface, slight push up, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and…
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt) U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; course white particles; circular base has stippled surface, slight push up, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and dosage attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top, vertical indents on sides, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “6” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least 1968)
ink: navy, black
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // MAGNESIUM SULPHATE // (EPSOM SALT) // U. S. P. // Dose: For Single Administration: ¼ to ½ oz. (½ to 1 // tablespoonful). For Repeated Administraion: 30 to 90 grs. // (¼ to 1 teaspoonful). // (L.) // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label: “822393”; embossed on bottom: “D // 6 // 30 // 5”
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row E
Unit Of Measure
Minor soiling all over label minor tears, abrasion, and separation along top of label
“Epsom Salt: Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects.” healthline, Healthline Media, 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Magnesium Sulphate, commonly known as Epsom Salt, is recognized as having several medical applications; when taken internally, it is most often used to treat low levels of magnesium in the body as well as constipation and acid indigestion; Epsom salt is also a common bath salt used to treat pain and symptoms of arthritis and fibromyalgia; other medical uses include stress reduction and improved sleep, however many of the health claims associated with Epsom salts have not been scientifically studied.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the progressive line system month code and “6” year code, along with Ingram & Bell logo on product label, signify it was produced in either 1956 or 1966.
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has fla…
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has flat sides with recesses on front, back, right, and left; bottle has round shoulders, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom and arch topped rectangular cream paper label with product information printed in red ink attached to front; cap has domed top with embossed ring, vertical ridges on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; box is tall and rectangular with product information and directions printed in English on front and in Polish on back; box opens at top with folding flaps; broken red paper seals with product information attached to top and bottom of box; instruction booklet consists of long folded paper sheets bound with two grey metal staples at fold; booklet contains product directions and additional product advertisements printed in black ink in English at front and Polish inversed at back.
Number Of Parts
a – bottle – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.2 cm Depth 2.2 cm
b – box – Length 14.4 cm Width 4.9 cm Depth 2.9 cm
c – instruction booklet – Length 18.7 cm Width 10.7 cm
Groblewski began producing medicine in 1892, direction booklet claims “making for over 50 years”
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, red, pink
metal: black, brass, grey
Printed on bottle label: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // This Liniment Contains // ALCOHOL 41 %; ETHER 99 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., CHLOROFORM 75 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., AMMONIA WATER, // SAFROL 5 %; OIL OF PEPPERMINT // 3 %; CAMPHOR .8 %; IMITATION // OIL OF WINTERGREEN 2 %; MEN- // THOL, TR. BENZOIN COMP., OIL // CAJEPUT. // FOR EXTERNAL USE // See booklet for directions. // PRICE 35 CENTS // THE PROPIETARY OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT, NO. 15874 // Manufactured by // A. G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // Made in U. S. A. PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed on front of box: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // Reg. U. S. Pat. Office & Canada // This Liniment Contains // Alcohol 41 %; Ether 99 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Chloroform 75 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Amonia Water; // Safrol 5 %; Oil of Peppermint // 3 %; Camphor .8 %; Imitation // Oil of Wintergreen 2 %; Men- // thol, Tr. Benzoin Comp., Oil // Cajeput. // For External Use // Apply freely for relief of // Soreness in Muscles and Ten- // dons following over-exertion // and exposure, sometimes re- // sulting in Muscular Cramps // or Stiff Neck. // Also for Minor // Burns, Bruises, Stings of // Mosquitoes and other insects, // or for general use whenever // a good Liniment is indicated. // See enclosed booklet for // directions. // MANUFACTURED BY // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO., // PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed of proper right side of box: “THIS // END // UP // PRICE // 35 // CENTS // THE PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT // NO. 15874 // MADE IN U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “NOTICE // When you buy // THIS PRODUCT // see that // the package is // unbroken”; printed on box seals: “GENUINE IF SEAL IS WHOLE // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // ZMIJECZNIK // PLYMOUTH, PA., U. S. A.”; printed at top of front page of instruction booklet: “Groblewski’s // DIRECTIONS FOR // LINIMENT (Rattlesnake Brand) // (The same good Liniment we have been making for over 50 years)”; headings printed in instruction booklet: “FOR MAKING AN EFFICIENT “CHILD’S // RUB” IN A NON-GREASY FORM”, “TO HELP KEEP AWAY MOSQUITOES”, “FOR THAT STIMULATING EFFECT OF AM- // MONIA WATER, CAMPHOR AND MENTHOL”, “FOR THAT COOLING EFFECT OF MENTHOL // ON THE BROW OR FORHEAD”, TO PROMOTE SWEATING OVER EN- // TIRE BODY”, “TO PROMOTE SWEATING IN SOME PAR- // TICULAR PART OF THE BODY”, “THERAPEUTIC LAMP TREATMENTS”; names of advertised products printed in instruction booklet: “BEAR BRAND SALVE”, “EGIUTERRO”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // LINDEN COUGH BALSOM”, “GROBLEWSKI’S COLICRAMP DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HEADACHE POWDERS”, “FIRE-DRAW BURN LOTION”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TROJANKA”, “CHILDREN LINIMENT”, “GROBLEWSKI’S PLASTER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S STOMACH DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // PREPERATION C”, “GROBLEWSKI’S CORN APPLICATION”, “NERVOTEINE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TOOTHACHE DROPS”, “HEARTBURN DROPS”, “CHAPINE LOTION”, “PEDODOR SALVE”, “EATONIC”, “GARGLELICK”, “ITCHYOLA SALVE”, GROBLEWSKI’S // TONIC and APPETIZER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // POWDERS FOR ROUND WORMS”, “EYE WATER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S REVILA POWDERS”, “REDOL SALVE”, “EXOR SALVE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S NASAL JELLY”, “BEAVER DROPS COMPOUND”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // SOAP FOR HAIR AND SCALP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S LAPINOL SOAP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HAIR POMADE”
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 4 Row B (a-b)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-15 (c)
Unit Of Measure
Minor soiling to top of bottle label; major staining on bottom half of box; minor soiling all over box; major tear to top flap of box causing complete separation; major tear to proper right flap of box causing complete separation; minor distortion to instructional booklet, but stable; minor dark staining to bottom of instruction booklet pages; minor pink pigment transfer on bottom of instruction booklet pages
“A. G. Groblewski Dies at Plymouth.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, 18 April 1925, Newspapers.com, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
“1917 Groblewski's Remedies Quack Medicine Plymouth PA.” Worthpoint, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
Albert G. Groblewski was a patent medicine salesman and manufacturer most famous for his Groblewski Liniment Rattlesnake Brand (Zmijecznik); he was born in Poland in 1861 and moved to the U. S. A. in 1877; he bought his own drug store in 1892 and began manufacturing his famous liniment; it was originally marketed as a cure for rheumatism but this iteration of the product is marketed as a treatment for muscle soreness, aches, small wounds, and insect bites; the company became known as Albert G. Groblewski & Co. Inc. following incorporation in 1921; Groblewski passed away in 1925, but his company continued to grow following his death.
Rectangular cream and tan paper booklet titled 'Come into the Kitchen' produced as a promotional cookbook for the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company; rectangular cream paper front and back cover consists of single folded paper sheet with title and illustration of young woman cooking in kitchen on fr…
Rectangular cream and tan paper booklet titled 'Come into the Kitchen' produced as a promotional cookbook for the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company; rectangular cream paper front and back cover consists of single folded paper sheet with title and illustration of young woman cooking in kitchen on front cover and illustrated advertisement for Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound Tablets on back cover; rectangular tan paper pages have illustrations, testimonials, women’s health and general advise, recipes, order forms and advertisements for a variety of Lydia E. Pinkham products printed on both sides in black ink; cover attached to pages by two thin grey metal staples; 32 pages.
Date of 1929 provided in donor file; examples in other collections dated 1930
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, yellow
Printed on front cover: “Come into the KITCHEN”; printed on back cover: “Lydia E. Pinkham’s // Vegetable Compound // Tablets!”; FOR THE CONVENIENCE OF // BUSY WOMEN, LYDIA E. PINKHAM’S // VEGETABLE COMPOUND IS NOW // SOLD IN TABLET FORM. EACH // BOTTLE CONTAINS 70 TABLETS, // OR 35 DOES. ABOUT THE SAME // NUMBER OF DOSES AS IN A // BOTTLE OF LIQUID MEDICINE // Chocolate Coated // Carry your medicine // with you. take it // regularly wherever // you are. // JUST AS EFFECTIVE // AS THE LIQUID // COMPOUND // Lydia E. Pinkham // Medicine Company // Lynn, Mass.”
Storage Room 2005
Unit Of Measure
Minor fading all over; minor creases and tears along edges
“Lydia E. Pinkham.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc., 2019. Accessed 10 July 2019.
“Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company Records, 1776-1968 (inclusive).” Harvard Library Viewer, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 2019. Accessed 10 July 2019.
Lydia E. Pinkham was a popular patent medicine producer famous for her Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound and other remedies; products were marketed as treatments for a wide variety of women’s health issues; Lydia E. Pinkham developed a relationship of trust with many female consumers who felt uncomfortable with male medical professionals; she marketed her products with images of her face and slogans like “Only a woman can understand a woman’s ills”; an all female Department of Advise was formed to respond to the many letters she received, and she also produced many pamphlets and manuals for women’s health and well being; the health benefits of her products were never proven and her Vegetable Compound contained high concentrations of alcohol; increased regulations in drug advertising forced the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company to remove many of the medical claims for its products.