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Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt) U. S. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15298
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Accession Number
006033015
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt) U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; course white particles; circular base has stippled surface, slight push up, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033015
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Digestive System Diseases
Constipation
Pain -- drug therapy
Arthritis
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent brown glass Magnesium Sulphate (Epsom Salt) U. S. P. bottle with non-removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap; course white particles; circular base has stippled surface, slight push up, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and navy paper label with printed product information and dosage attached to front; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has flat top, vertical indents on sides, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1956
1966
circa 1956 – 1966
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, line month code, and “6” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: navy, black
plastic: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // MAGNESIUM SULPHATE // (EPSOM SALT) // U. S. P. // Dose: For Single Administration: ¼ to ½ oz. (½ to 1 // tablespoonful). For Repeated Administraion: 30 to 90 grs. // (¼ to 1 teaspoonful). // (L.) // INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL // WINNIPEG // CALGARY // VANCOUVER // CANADA”; stamped on label: “822393”; embossed on bottom: “D // 6 // 30 // 5”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 5 Row E
Length
6.9 cm
Diameter
3.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling all over label minor tears, abrasion, and separation along top of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Document (online)
Reference Comments
“Epsom Salt: Benefits, Uses, and Side Effects.” healthline, Healthline Media, 2019. Accessed 10 August 2019.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Magnesium Sulphate, commonly known as Epsom Salt, is recognized as having several medical applications; when taken internally, it is most often used to treat low levels of magnesium in the body as well as constipation and acid indigestion; Epsom salt is also a common bath salt used to treat pain and symptoms of arthritis and fibromyalgia; other medical uses include stress reduction and improved sleep, however many of the health claims associated with Epsom salts have not been scientifically studied.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the progressive line system month code and “6” year code, along with Ingram & Bell logo on product label, signify it was produced in either 1956 or 1966.
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Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Material
plastic: clear
animal matter: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row E
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession sheet; "The American Medical Illustrated Dictionary," 20th ed., W.A. N. Dorland, 1944, p. 286.
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; beaver castors are the preputial follicles of the beaver; they secrete a strong-smelling, brownish substance (castoreum) that is a stimulant and antispasmodic; uses: Mohegan tribe placed bandaged piece of castor over wounds and cuts overnight; Penobscots tribe used it for "female troubles"; used as an additive to other medicines; used for relief of congestion in measles (a half-dried castor placed in nostril on end of needle); official preparation: castoreum, U.S.P. 1820-1882 .
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Castoreum (Beaver Castors)

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8366
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
  3 images  
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - jar: Height 7.2 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
b - cap: Height 1.1 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
Maker
University of Toronto Pharmaceutical Laboratory
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Material
glass: clear
metal: black
paper: cream
ink: black
contents: brown
Inscriptions
On label: "UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO // PHARMACEUTICAL LABORATORY // Castoreum // (Beaver Castors)
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-3 Box 1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
Internet
Research Facts
Collected from beaver gland (near their genitals), used to treat anxiety, painful menstruation/starts menstruation, as a calming agent (contains salicylic acid, which is part of aspirin). Now used as scent in perfumes and flavouring agent in food (such as vanilla ice cream).
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