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apothecary’s pill rolling machine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14380
Dates
1860
1875
circa 1860-1875
Collection
Leonard G. Lee Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
012038001 a-b
Description
Two piece pill roller consists of slanted base (a) and roller handle (b) made of fine grade mahogany and brass sides and grooves; base plate has two brass side rails and twenty-four fluted brass strip with graduated markings indicating 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 designed for 5 grain medications; roller handl…
  5 images  
Accession Number
012038001 a-b
Collection
Leonard G. Lee Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacy -- instrumentation
Description
Two piece pill roller consists of slanted base (a) and roller handle (b) made of fine grade mahogany and brass sides and grooves; base plate has two brass side rails and twenty-four fluted brass strip with graduated markings indicating 0, 6, 12, 18, 24 designed for 5 grain medications; roller handle has four brass wheels in the side rail and matching fluted brass strip; handle designed with spoke handles.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - base b - roller handle
Provenance
Donor purchased from antique dealer.
Maker
S. Maw & Son
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1860
1875
circa 1860-1875
Date Remarks
dates of manufacturers name
Inscriptions
Stamped on base: "S. MAW & SON LONDON // 5 GRAIN"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 0010-A8-1
Length
a - 33.2 cm b - 47.5 cm
Width
a - 20.6 cm b - 7.3 cm
Depth
a - 5.2 cm b - 4.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Like new, minor scratches
Copy Type
original
Research Facts
Stages to making a pill: 1. A prescription for pills would give the weight of medication in one pill and the number of pills required. Multiplying these two figures gave the quantities to be weighed. 2. The medication was mixed with very thick and viscous syrup fo glucose for form a stiff pliable mass, which was rolled to get a 'sausage' shape. 3. The 'sausage' was placed on the pill base grooves and rolled to a length correspond to the number of pills required. 4. The roller handle was guided to cut the 'sausage' and roll the cut pieces that are the pills. 5. to round out the edges, the cut pieces where put into a lidded circular bowl or a pill silverer and rotated until the pieces are round balls. At this time the pills can have a silver, gold or candy coating.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Food
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves straight out towards the side; a wooden stopper (b) sits in the neck of the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle: Length 7.2 cm X Width 5.0 cm X Height 12.3 cm
b - stopper: Length 4.9 cm X Diameter 2.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Date Remarks
Based on "A Dating Key For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles" by T. Stell Newman.
Material
glass: amber
wood: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some bubbles inside the glass and potentially some minor chipping.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.etymonline.com/word/cruet#etymonline_v_406
https://www.kovels.com/price-guide/glass-price-guide/amber-glass.html
https://www.airseacontainers.com/blog/the-science-behind-amber-glass-how-these-bottles-protect-liquids/
https://www.containerandpackaging.com/resources/colored-glass/
Research Facts
Olive oil was used in various pharmacy recipes for home use and at the pharmacists.
This type of bottle is called a cruet, and is most often used to hold vinegar, oil, or sacramental wine. The word "cruet" was first attested circa 1300, and most likely comes from the Old French "crue", meaning an earthen pot. Related to the word "crock".
Amber, the colour of this glass, was a popular colour for glass just after the American Civil War and during the 1930s-1950s, and is one of the many colours which are often cited when referring to "Depression Glass". Amber glass comes from iron, sulphur, and carbon being added to molten glass. Amber glass is good for protecting liquids, as it blocks UV light and other light wavelengths under 450 nm, which is why it is often used to store medicines, alcohols, and oils.
Images
Less detail