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vaccination shield

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4330
Dates
1902
1920
circa 1902-1920
Collection
Parke-Davis Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Vaccination
Accession Number
000001504 a-g
Description
A vaccination shield (c) shaped like a hemisphere with a flattened rim; there are 5 holes arranged in a circle on the hemisphere for breathability, and two slots on eah side of the rim through which adhesive strips (d,e) may be passed, to hold the shield in place; it is in a cardboard box in two pa…
  1 image  
Accession Number
000001504 a-g
Collection
Parke-Davis Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination -- instrumentation
Vaccination
Description
A vaccination shield (c) shaped like a hemisphere with a flattened rim; there are 5 holes arranged in a circle on the hemisphere for breathability, and two slots on eah side of the rim through which adhesive strips (d,e) may be passed, to hold the shield in place; it is in a cardboard box in two parts (a,b) along with two paper leaflets (f,g).
Number Of Parts
7
Part Names
a - box bottom
b - box top
c - shield
d - adhesive strip
e - adhesive strip
f - leaflet (unfolded)
g - leaflet (unfolded)
Provenance
Collected by Parke-Davis
Maker
Parke, Davis & Co.
Site Made (City)
Detroit
Site Made (State)
Michigan
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1902
1920
circa 1902-1920
Date Remarks
Received licence in 1902
Material
paper: white; black
celluloid: translucent yellow
cardboard: blue; black; yellow
fabric: white; brown
Inscriptions
(b) Top: "ASEPTIC // VACCINATION SHIELD // THIS SHIELD IS COMPOSED OF CELLULOID // WHICH BEING TRANSPARENT, ALLOWS THE // VACCINATED SURFACE TO BE INSPECTED AND // THE PROGRESS OF THE CASE NOTED // PARKE, DAVIS & CO. // DETROIT, MICHIGAN, U.S.A."; front: "IN CASE OF EXUDATIONS FROM THE SITE OF VAC- // CINATION THE SHIELD MAY BE REMOVED // AND CLEANSED BY WARM WATER OR // ANY SUITABLE ANTISEPTIC. // DIRECTIONS: REMOVE THE GAUZE FROM ADHE- // SIVE PLASTER STRIPS, PASS THROUGH // THE OPENINGS IN ENDS OF // SHIELD AND APPLY."; back: "INASMUCH AS THIS SHIELD IS NOT ABSORBENT // IT IS PERFECTLY ASEPTIC, WHICH IS OF // THE UTMOST IMPORTANCE. // DIRECTIONS: [repeated from front]"; (e) "DIRECTIONS FOR USING // Vaccine Points (P.D. & Co.) // IN LEE'S PATENT BREAKABLE TUBES. // LICENCE No. 1 // ISSUED TO PARKE, DAVIS & CO., BY THE SECRETARY // OF THE TREASURY, U.S.A. // Under provision of Act approved July 1, 1902. [printed] // [directions follow] // PARKE, DAVIS & CO. // LABORATORIES: DETROIT, MICH., U.S.A.; WALKERVILLE, ONT., // CAN.; HOUNSLOW, ENG. // BRANCH HOUSES: [15 other cities listed]"; (f) "VACCINE (GLYCERINATED) // IN TUBES // WITH NEEDLE FOR SCARIFYING // LICENCE No. 1 // [text follows] // DIRECTIONS: // [text follows] // PARKE, DAVIS & COMPANY. // LABORATORIES: // DETROIT, MICH., U.S.A.; WALKERVILLE, ONT., CAN.; HOUNSLOW, ENG. // BRANCH HOUSES: // [15 cities listed]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-5 Row B
Temporary Location
On loan to Brooklyn Historical Society, NY, for exhibit on Health and Disease in Brooklyn L-2019-2 22 March 2019 - 31 Dec 2022.
Dimension Notes
a - box bottom - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Width 6.1 cm x Depth 2.3 cm
b - box top - Size: Length 7.6 cm x Width 6.4 cm x Depth 2.4 cm
c - shield - Size: Length 7.3 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Depth 1.5 cm
d - adhesive strip - Size: Length 10.3 cm x Width 1.7 cm
e - adhesive strip - Size: Length 10.3 cm x Width 1.7 cm
f - leaflet (unfolded) - Size: Length 17.0 cm x Width 10.0 cm
g - leaflet (unfolded) - Size: Length 22.2 cm x Width 14.2 cm
Condition Remarks
Box bottom is torn at all four corners, and yellowing; box top is torn on front edge and has been repaired with tape; is scuffed and yellowing; cellulose shield is yellowed; adhesive strips are stiff and yellowed; paper leaflets are yellowing.
Copy Type
Original
Exhibit History
On loan to Museum of Health Care Education Department for Seniors’ Learning Program 22 Aug 2016.
On loan for exhibit "Smallpox and Rev. John Clinch," Trinity Historical Society Inc., Newfoundland, 21 May 2014.
Images
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Tincture Merthiolate, Thimerosal

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15329
Dates
1957
1961
circa 1957-1961
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Vaccination
Accession Number
006033043 a-b
Description
Rectangular paper box (a) with orange, white, and black print detailing the product and manufacturing information, as well as directions for use and ingredients, with the instructions in both English and French; inside the box is a small brown glass bottle (b) with a black plastic screw cap and pap…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033043 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Antisepsis
Alcohols
Pharmacy
Description
Rectangular paper box (a) with orange, white, and black print detailing the product and manufacturing information, as well as directions for use and ingredients, with the instructions in both English and French; inside the box is a small brown glass bottle (b) with a black plastic screw cap and paper label with orange, white, and black print containing the same information as the box; the bottle is 3/4 full of liquid, and attached to the cap is a brush applicator which sits inside the liquidalso known as Thimerosal.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box: Length 3.6 cm X Width 3.6 cm X Height 8.0 cm
b - bottle: Height 7.5 cm X Diameter 3.5 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Eli Lilly and Company (Canada) Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1961
circa 1957-1961
Date Remarks
Based on date printed on box.
Material
paper: tan
ink: orange, white, black
glass: brown
plastic: black
liquid: [not visible]
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "30 cc. (1 Fl. Oz.) No. 99 // TINCTURE // MERTHIOLATE // (Thimerosal, Lilly), // Not N.F. // 1:1000"; printed on front of box: "30 cc. (1 Fl. Oz.) No. 99 // TINCTURE // MERTHIOLATE // (Thimerosal, Lilly), // Not N.F. // 1:1000 // A Colored Alcohol-Acetone- // Aqueous Solution // WITH APPLICATOR // For External Use Only // OCT 4 5 1961 // Lilly // ELI LILLY AND COMPANY // (CANADA) LTD., TORONTO"; printed on side of box: "A superior germicide for presurgical prepara- // tion of the skin and first-aid antisepsis. Apply // locally one to three times daily, or as directed // by the physician. // Do not use in combination with or following the // application of acids, the salts of heavy metals, // or iodine. Do not bandage while wet."; printed on back of box: "PRINTED IN U.S.A. // Contains 'Merthiolate' (Thi- // merosal, Lilly), 0.1 Gm., with // sufficient inert coloring ma- // terial to define the area of // application, in a mixture of // ethyl and isopropyl alcohol, // 50 cc., acetone, 10 cc., mon- // oethanolamine, 0.1 Gm., and // water, q.s. to make 100 cc. // 1802-16357(L) // CAS-7302"; printed on side of box: "Antiseptique de toute excellence pour la pré- // paration pré-chirurgicale de la peau et pour les // premier soins. // Appliquer localement une à trois fois par jour // ou selon l'avis du médecin. // Ne doit pas être employé avec ou après l'appli- // cation de substances acides, de sels métalliques // lourds ou d'iode. Ne pas bander avant que // l'antiseptique ne soit sec."; printed on label on bottle: "Contains 'Merthiolate' 0.1 Gm. with // sufficient inert coloring material to de- // fine the area of application, in a mix- // ture of absolute ethyl and isopropyl // alcohols 50 cc., acetone, 10 cc., mono- // ethanolamine 0.1 Gm. and purified // water q.s. to make 100 cc. // 30 cc. (1 Fl. Oz.) No. 99 // TINCTURE // MERTHIOLATE // (Thimerosal, Lilly), Not N.F. // 1:1000 // Alcohol 50 Percent // Colored Alcohol Acetone Aqueous // Solution // FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY // CAX. // 30678-B // Lilly // Eli Lilly & Co. (Canada) Ltd., Toronto // Apply locally one to three times daily, // or as directed by the physician. Do not // use in combination with or following // the application of acids, the salts of // heavy metals, or iodine. Do not band- // age while wet. // 1802-16357(L)"; embossed on bottom of bottle: "
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-10 Box 1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, dictionary
Reference Comments
"Blakiston's Illustrated Pocket Medical Dictionary," ed. by Normand L. Hoerr, M.D., and Arthur Osol, Ph.D., 1952, p. 431
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), "Thimerosal in Vaccines", accessed Dec 4, 2019: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/thimerosal/index.html.
Society for Archaeology Incorporated, "Bottle and Glass Makers Markings": https://sha.org/bottle/makersmarks.htm
Lilly "Who We Are," accessed Dec 4, 2019: https://www.lilly.ca/en/about/index.aspx
Research Facts
Merthiolate is the trademard for sodium ethyl mercurithiosalicylate, a light cream-coloured crystalline powder, used as an antiseptic, germicide and fungicide.
Thimerosal is mercury based, and it is a preservative that is used in vaccines; because of health concerns, it is only used in small doses and is not present in many vaccines in the United States or Eurpoe today (2019).
This bottle was made by the Owens-Illinois Glass Company
Eli Lilly and Company was founded in 1876 by Colonel Eli Lilly in the U.S. It is today a very large, global pharmaceutical company. Lilly Canada was established in 1938, and they worked together with scientists at the University of Toronto. It built its first facility in Toronto in 1946.
Images
Less detail