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Sloan’s Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15173
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023007 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
MM= Administration Drug, Topical -- applicator
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box and package
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anti-inflammatory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
Pharmacy
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Arthritis, Rheumatoid -- drug therapy
Rheumatic Diseases -- drug therapy
Description
Transparent glass octagonal based Sloan’s Liniment bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, fabric tipped metal applicator (b), and tan cardboard packaging box (c); bottle full with yellow liquid; octagonal shaped body with product information and usage on tan paper label on front /side and repeats in French on one side; embossed text on recessed back; round shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has flat top, vertical ridges on exterior sides, and internal continuous thread; applicator consists of thin metal rod bent into ring at one end and tipped with fabric at opposite end; box is rectangular with product information and usage top, front, back, and sides; line drawing of portrait and printed signature of Dr. Earl S Sloan on front of box and bottle label.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - bottle - Length 13.0 cm x Width 4.6 cm x Depth 2.9 cm
b - applicator - Length 12.9 cm x Width 1.8 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
c - box - Length 14.5 cm x Width 5.1 cm x Depth 3.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Warner – Lambert Canada LTD.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900 - 1920
Date Remarks
The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act was in 1908 (Canada) and required all packaging to list ingredients.
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: black, red
metal: grey, black
fabric: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on front of bottle label: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // 2 ½ FL. OZS. // PREPARED BY // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO CANADA // No. 24040. The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act.”; printed on side of bottle label: “FOR EXTERNAL USE: Aids in the relief of rheumatic and // arthritic pains, Lumbago, minor strains and sprains. Helps relieve // muscular aches due to exposure, overwork or fatigue. Apply one // or more times daily. // Keep from Fire or Flame. // AN EFFICIENT COUNTERIRRITANT 450H461”; embossed on back of bottle: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // MADE IN // CANADA”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D 0”; printed on front of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // NOW // INCLUDES // APPLICATOR // Dr. Earl S Sloan // TRADE-MARK REGISTERED // No. 24040. THE PROPRIETARY // OR // PATENT MEDICINE ACT // WARNER – LAMBERT CANADA LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // 71 cc. (2 ½ Fl. Oz.) // HELPS RELIEVE // RHEUMATIC AND // ARTHRITIC PAINS”; printed on side of box: “FOR // EXTERNAL // USE ONLY // Aids in the // relief of // ARTHRITIC // PAIN, // LUMBAGO, // MINOR STRAINS // AND SPRAINS // HELPS RELIEVE // MUSCULAR // ACHES DUE TO // EXPOSURE, // OVERWORK // OR FATIGUE // [Illeg. number]”; printed on back of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT // Sloan’s Liniment is an excellent counterirritant. It // stimulates circulation in the congested area and // thus helps to bring about the benefits which result // from an increased local supply of blood. // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Apply Sloan’s Liniment freely – one or more times // daily – by patting on with applicator, fingers or // absorbent cotton. This will produce a feeling of // warmth – a signal that the local flow of blood has // been increased. Do not rub the area after the // Liniment has been applied. Do not bandage after // applying because this may cause blistering. Should // a feeling of increased warmth be desired rub the // skin before your next application of Sloan’s Lini- // ment. If warmth becomes too uncomfortable wash // off the Liniment with soap and cold water // NOTE: For children and those with sensitive skin : // use once or twice daily, mix with equal parts of // cooking or mineral oil before applying // CAUTION: COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE // DO NOT USE NEAR FIRE OF FLAME”; printed on top of box: “SLOAN’S // LINIMENT”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to front and sides of bottle label; separation of bottle label at top corner; minor scratches to front and back of cap; minor corrosion all over applicator; minor soiling on top, back, and bottom of box; tears to top of box; major areas of loss to outer layer of box, especially on the back and sides, obscuring text
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Article (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Hodges, Jim. “Historical Society Curator Reveals Early 20th Century Success Story.” Sun Journal: New Bern, South Carolina, 2014. Accessed 31 May 2019.
“Warner Lambert.” Pfizer Inc, 2018. Accessed 31 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Sloan’s Liniment was originally sold by Dr. Earl S. Sloan as a treatment to relieve pain associated with rheumatism and arthritis; originally used on horses and was eventually marketed for human use; the active ingredient is capsicum, which has a warming effect when rubbed on the skin.
Warner-Lambert, which was founded in 1955, held the rights to sell the liniment with the Dr. Earl S Sloan trademark.
Canadian Parliament passed the Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act 1908, prohibiting the use of cocaine in medicines and requiring pharmaceutical companies to list on the label the ingredients of any medicine if heroin, morphine, or opium was part of the contents.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Rexall Nerve Remedy

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2104
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Psychiatry
Accession Number
996001025
Description
Dark brown rounded rectangular bottle with long cylindrical neck with broken cork stopper stuck in opening; paper label with blue text on front and back panel; embossed on base is the manufacturer's initials.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001025
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Psychiatry
MeSH Heading
Stress -- drug therapy
Nervous System
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Dark brown rounded rectangular bottle with long cylindrical neck with broken cork stopper stuck in opening; paper label with blue text on front and back panel; embossed on base is the manufacturer's initials.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased in Kingston, Sept. 1993, by Dr. M. Chiong, for his patent medicine collection.
Maker
United Drug Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Material
glass: brown
ink: blue
cork: brown
Inscriptions
Front: "Rexall // Nerve Remedy // especially recommended // for // Nervous Disorders // Exhaustion // And all Troubles Arising from / Nerve Over-Strain // No. 1803. Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act // United Drug Co. // Limited // Toronto, Canada"; back: "Rexall // Nerve Remedy //Treatment consists of Rexall Nerve // Remedy and Rexall Orderlies, and should be taken accord - // ing to the following // directions: // THE ELIXIR - Children, one tea - // spoonful in wine glass of water; Ad - // ults, one to two teaspoonsul in // water, according to the severity of // the symptoms. In case of both // children and adults take before // meals and bedtime // REXALL ORDERLIES. Adults, // one tablet night and morning for 3 // days; therafter, one tablet at night // as long as there is constipation. // Rexall Nerve Treatment is worthy // an extended trial, although in the // majority of cases beneficial results // are very speedily noted."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-5 Box 4 Row A
Dimension Notes
Length: 15.0 cm. x Width: 6.7 cm. x Depth: 4.2 cm.
Condition Remarks
Paper label is discoloured and appears to be fairly brittle; one label missing portions from right side, particularly in upper corner
Copy Type
Original
Exhibit History
On exhibit at Musée de la civilisation de Québec 13 March 2017 - 30 March 2018
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Dr. Kellogg's Catarrh Snuff

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2111
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Accession Number
996001032
Description
Rectangular clear glass bottle compised of four panels that are facted at the edges; two side panels with embossed text and two sides with tan paper lables; short and wide cylindrical neck with cork stopper stuck in opening; some powdered contents still in bottle.
  4 images  
Accession Number
996001032
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
MeSH Heading
Tobacco, Smokeless
Sneezing
Common Cold -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Rectangular clear glass bottle compised of four panels that are facted at the edges; two side panels with embossed text and two sides with tan paper lables; short and wide cylindrical neck with cork stopper stuck in opening; some powdered contents still in bottle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection in Sept.1993 from Scott Jordan.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
cork: brown
ink: black
Inscriptions
Embosed on two sides: "DOCT. // KELLOGG'S // SNUFF"; front label: "DR. KELLOG'S // CATARRH SNUFF // PREPARED BY // NORTHRUP & LYMAN CO. LIMITED // TORONTO, ONT. // PRICE TWENTYFIVE CENTS // No. 40. The Proprietary or Patent Medicne Act"; back label: "Catarrh, Co[illeg] He[illeg] // Headaches, Sore Eyes, and all // Affections of the Head. // It removes all obstructions, strength - // ens the Glands, and gives a healthy ac - // tion to the parts affected. DOSE: - Three // to five grains four times a day. // None Genuine unless signed [illeg handwritten signature]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 1 Row D
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 7.8 cm. x Width: 3.4 cm. x Depth 2.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Paper discoloured and worn, particularly along edges; some of paper missing off rear of label; cork worn and missing sections and stuck in neck
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Harvey_Kellogg
https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/health-nutrition-history-quackery/enigmatic-dr-kellogg
Research Facts
"Catarrh" is a build-up of mucous in the nose and throat, often associated with the common cold. Dr. Kellogg invented a few medicines, and had a philosophy of health based on vegetarianism, exercise, water, sunlight, and cleaning out the bowels. He was also very interested in sexual health; he promoted abstinence and denounced masturbation. He is well known for being the inventor of corn flakes.
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Rawley's Pile Remedy No. 35

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2181
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
996001102 a-b
Description
Circular metal container covered with yellow and red decorative design including the ancient symbol for good health and happiness, the swastika; product information on lid.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001102 a-b
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Ointments
Hemorrhoids -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- tin
Description
Circular metal container covered with yellow and red decorative design including the ancient symbol for good health and happiness, the swastika; product information on lid.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - base
b - lid
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased from Goodrich, USA in Oct. 1993.
Maker
J. P. Rawley & Co.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Material
metal: yellow; red
Inscriptions
On front: "Rawley's // Pile Remedy // No. 35 // each ounce contains besides other ingredients // 10 grains powd. opium, U.S.P. // For piles, sores, burns, cuts and bruises // Directions on bottom of box // Distributed by // J. P. Rawley & Co. // 853 Broadway // New York City // Price $1.00"; on back: "DIRECTIONS // Wash affected parts with warm // water and pure castile soap, then // dry and apply freely with cotton // Rawley's Pile Remedy. Use night // and morning // DISTRIBUTED BY // J. P. RAWLEY & CO. // 853 Broadway, New York City. // GUARANTEED BY J. P . RAWLEY UNDER THE // FOOD & DRUGS ACT. JUNE 30, 1906. // GUARANTY NO. 37910"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row B
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Dimension Notes
Length 2.7 cm. x Diam. 6.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some wear and discolouration on top of lid; build-up of thick waxy substance on bottom
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drug_policy_of_Canada
Research Facts
Made with opium to treat piles (hemmorhoids). After 1908, it was required in Canada that opium be listed on the package of any drug which contained it.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017.
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Specific Medicines Collinsonia

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2225
Dates
1880
1900
circa 1880-1900
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
996001146
Description
Square clear glass bottle; short cylindrical neck with wide rim around mouth; label around bottle; all four sides flat; bottle appears never to have been opened.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996001146
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Square clear glass bottle; short cylindrical neck with wide rim around mouth; label around bottle; all four sides flat; bottle appears never to have been opened.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased from Goodrich USA in Oct.1993.
Maker
Lloyd Brothers Pharmacists
Site Made (City)
Cincinnati
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1880
1900
circa 1880-1900
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream
Inscriptions
Specific Medicines // Collinsonia // Alcohol 46 percent // Lloyd Brothers Pharmacists, Inc. // Cincinnati, Ohio
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-5 Box 2 Row E
Dimension Notes
Length: 12.7 cm. x Width: 4.6 cm. x Depth: 4.6 cm.
Condition Remarks
Label is very badly discoloured
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
The Health Benefits of Collinsonia Root. Collinsonia canadensis, also known as Canada horsebalm, hardhack, horseweed, richweed, ox-balm, and stone root, is an herb in the mint family. Historically, it has been used for improving circulation and congestion, especially in the bowels and throat.
Exhibit History
On exhibit, Billings Estate, 15 Jan 2009 - 31 Dec. 2009
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Hood's Compound Extract of Sarsaparilla

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2256
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
996001177
Description
Tall rectangular clear glass bottle with white metal screw-on cap and tan paper label on front of bottle; embossed text on back and two sides of bottle; back of bottle has three recessed areas each with embossed words inside; bottle full of dark liquid, cap closure stuck closed.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996001177
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Dyspepsia -- drug therapy
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Tall rectangular clear glass bottle with white metal screw-on cap and tan paper label on front of bottle; embossed text on back and two sides of bottle; back of bottle has three recessed areas each with embossed words inside; bottle full of dark liquid, cap closure stuck closed.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased from Goodrich USA in Oct.1993.
Maker
C. I. Hood Company Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Material
glass: tranparent
paper: tan
ink: black
metal: cream
Inscriptions
On label: "HOOD'S // COMPOUND EXTRACT // SARSAPARILLA // TRADEMARK // Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. // ALCOHOL 16 1/2 PER CENT. // An Alternative Stomachic // containing also Diuretic and // Laxative Properties // Dose: As usually taken the dose of Hood's // Sasparailla varies from 1/2 to 2 teaspoonsfuls. // As a Stomachic and Stimulant to the Appetite, // Hood's Sasparilla may be taken in hot water // beginning with a small dose and increasing // gradually as necessary. // No. 885 // C. I. HOOD COMPANY, INC. // Manufacturing Pharmacists // Laboraties // New York St. Louis"; embossed on sides: "HOOD'S COMPOUND // EXTRACT // SARSA // PARILLA // NEW YORK ST. LOUIS // C. I. HOOD & CO."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Length
22.2
Width
7.7
Depth
4.4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper label discoloured, brittle and right side edges lifting, missing sections
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
https://oldmainartifacts.wordpress.com/2014/01/21/hoods-sarsaparilla-lowell-ma/
Research Facts
Founded by Charles Ira Hood in 1875, C.I. Hood & Co. of Lowell, Massachusetts was among the largest patent medicine companies in the United States and offered a number of personal health products in addition to its well known Hood’s Sarsaparilla. The C.I. Hood and Company was a leader in the development of color lithography as an advertising tool, and produced all of its advertising in-house and owned twenty presses issuing a plethora of colorful trade cards, posters, calendars, cookbooks, pamphlets, and other ephemera all promoting the medicinal benefits of company products.
In 1876, Charles followed the lead of J.C. Ayer & Company and began to compound his own sarsaparilla medicine. In addition to sarsaparilla root, he mixed in dandelion, gentian, juniper berries and 18% alcohol. He claimed great success in curing a variety of disorders including “purifying the blood”, heart diseases, dropsy, rheumatism and scrofula. Within two years of launching his product he was on his way to great success. Charles Hood added to his success with Hood’s Tooth Powder, Vegetable Pills, Oil Ointment, Medicated Soap, Dyspeplets (for dyspepsia), TusSamo (for cough) and Hood’s Lotion.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017.
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Juniper Berries Extract

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2275
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
996001196
Description
Cylindrical brown glass bottle with tan paper labels on front and back plus a narrow paper strip running under the label up and over the cork closure and under the label on the opposite side; flared cylindrical neck; cork stopper broken off inside neck; red braided string tied twice around neck at …
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001196
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Cylindrical brown glass bottle with tan paper labels on front and back plus a narrow paper strip running under the label up and over the cork closure and under the label on the opposite side; flared cylindrical neck; cork stopper broken off inside neck; red braided string tied twice around neck at top and knotted at the back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased in Ottawa from Scott Jordan in Feb. 1994.
Maker
National Drug & Chemical Co.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Date Remarks
National Drug & Chemical Co. was incorporated in 1905
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: black
cork: black
fabric: red
Inscriptions
On label: "National Drug & Chemical // Co. of Canada // Limited // National // Pharmaceutical Laboratory // Montreal"; front label: "TRADE MARK // NATIONAL // PHARMACEUTICAL // LABORATORY // FLUID EXTRACT // JUNIPER // BERRIES // JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS // DOSE // 1 to 2 drachms. // PREPARED BY // NATIONAL DRUG & CHEMICAL CO. // OF CANADA , LIMITED. // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // MONTREAL // 905002"; back label: "JUNIPER // BERRIES // PROPERTIES. // Stimulant, Diuretic, // Antispasmodic // PREPARATIONS. // Tincture. // Fluid Extract 2 fluid ozs. // Alcohol 60% 14 fluid ozs. // Dose - 2 to 4 drachms. // Infusion. // Fluid Extract 1 fluid oz. // Holland Gin 1 fluid oz. // Dist. Water 14 fluid ozs. // Dose - 1 to 2 ozs."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-4 Box 4 ROw C
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Length
12.4 cm
Diameter
4.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
#1: Label discoloured very badly, worn and dog-eared; #2: cork/plug broken off; glass chipped; label discoloured and worn
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Bachynsky, John and Kenneth C. Waite. "David Wesley Bole - Pharmacist, Manufacturer, Wholesaler Leader." Presented to Canadian Academy of the History of Pharmacy 3 June 2007
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juniper_berry#Uses
Research Facts
Juniper berries are used to make gin. They have been used also in food and medicines; the ancient Greeks believed they would increase physical stamina. They have been historically used as a form of birth control, and may be dangerous to pregnant or nursing women, or people with bleeding disorders or diabetes, as well as after surgery.
Exhibit History
History of Contraception exhibit, Fraser-Armstrong 5, Kingston General Hospital; March 2004 - Case #1
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Gates' Certain Check

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2292
Dates
1887
1900
circa 1900
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
996001213
Description
Small rectangular clear glass bottle; three recessed panels, each with embossed writing on glass; paper label on front of bottle; tall cylindrical corked neck.
Accession Number
996001213
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Analgesics
Pain -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Small rectangular clear glass bottle; three recessed panels, each with embossed writing on glass; paper label on front of bottle; tall cylindrical corked neck.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased in Ottawa from Scott Jordan in Feb.1994.
Maker
C. Gates, Son & Co.
Site Made (City)
Middleton
Site Made (State)
Nova Scotia
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1887
1900
circa 1900
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream
cork: brown
Inscriptions
Gates // Certain Check // registered 1887, at Ottawa // Manufactured by // C. Gates, Son & Co. // Middleton, N. S. // Keep Well Corked. Shake.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 2 Row C
Dimension Notes
Length: 12.7 cm. x Width: 4.4 cm. x Depth: 2.7 cm.
Condition Remarks
Paper label discoloured by age; label dog-eared and torn; some residue remains on interior of bottle
Copy Type
Original
Less detail

Dr. Edward's Tonic

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2310
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
996001231
Description
Hollow, cylindrical wooden pill container which contains 60 unidentified tablets and an inside circular; the container retains its original paper seal and is unopened.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996001231
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- vitamins, health restorers, protectors -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container
Description
Hollow, cylindrical wooden pill container which contains 60 unidentified tablets and an inside circular; the container retains its original paper seal and is unopened.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased from Goodrich USA in Oct. 1993.
Maker
The Olive Tablet Company
Site Made (City)
Columbus
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Material
wood: beige
paper: yellow
Inscriptions
"Contains 60 tablets // Dr. Edward's // Tonic // formerly // Strength Tonic // prepared for // run-down half-sick // weak and // nervous people // contains no harmful // or habit-forming // drugs // Price $1.00 per package or // six packages for $5.00 // distributed by // The Olive Tablet Company // Columbus, Ohio "; directions listed
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Temporary Location
On display “History of Psychiatry” at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa L-2018-2; 20 March 2018 – 31 Dec 2019
Dimension Notes
Depth: 8.8 cm. x Diam. : 3.7 cm.
Condition Remarks
The container itself shows to damage and retains its original seal; the seal, a paper label, has suffered from water damage and wear and is wrinkled, but remains legible
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Nostrums and Quackery, Vol. II" by A.J. Cramp, p. 511
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
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Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 (a-b)
0010-A (a-b)
Storage Room 2005 (c)
2005-5-6 Binder E-9a (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail

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