Information sheet accompanying accession sheet; "The American Medical Illustrated Dictionary," 20th ed., W.A. N. Dorland, 1944, p. 286.
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; beaver castors are the preputial follicles of the beaver; they secrete a strong-smelling, brownish substance (castoreum) that is a stimulant and antispasmodic; uses: Mohegan tribe placed bandaged piece of castor over wounds and cuts overnight; Penobscots tribe used it for "female troubles"; used as an additive to other medicines; used for relief of congestion in measles (a half-dried castor placed in nostril on end of needle); official preparation: castoreum, U.S.P. 1820-1882 .
On label: "UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO // PHARMACEUTICAL LABORATORY // Castoreum // (Beaver Castors)
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-3 Box 1
Unit Of Measure
Collected from beaver gland (near their genitals), used to treat anxiety, painful menstruation/starts menstruation, as a calming agent (contains salicylic acid, which is part of aspirin). Now used as scent in perfumes and flavouring agent in food (such as vanilla ice cream).