Skip header and navigation

Refine By

3 records – page 1 of 1.

Somnoforme ampoule

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13182
Dates
1920
1930
circa 1920-1930
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Accession Number
010020093
Description
Somnoforme anaesthetic ampoule; closed glass ampoule with rounded bottom, then tapering to thin, pointed closed end; blue paper label printed with black ink stating product name affixed to middle of ampoule; orange liquid inside
  2 images  
Accession Number
010020093
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
MeSH Heading
Anesthesia, Dental
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- ampoule
Description
Somnoforme anaesthetic ampoule; closed glass ampoule with rounded bottom, then tapering to thin, pointed closed end; blue paper label printed with black ink stating product name affixed to middle of ampoule; orange liquid inside
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1920
1930
circa 1920-1930
Date Remarks
Based on donors remarks
Material
glass: clear
paper: blue
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on paper label: ""LE "SOEMNOFORME" // ou "SOMNOFORME" (DEPOSE)"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 12.4 cm x Diam. 1.1 cm
Condition Remarks
Paper label torn at top left
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"Dental Materia Medica and Therapeutics", Herman Prinz, 1913, p. 315; "'Somnoform' a New Aid to Surgery.", New York Times, June 4, 1904
CD #9
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; this item was donated by Dr. James E. Biggar from Burlington, Ontario; he received it from an elderly dentist from Simcoe County; Somnoform was a general anaesthetic made from 60 parts ethyl chloride, 35 parts methyl chloride, and 5 parts ethyl bromide; it was invented by Georges Rolland, director of the dental school at Bordeaux, in 1901; the anaesthetic had a very low boiling point, and turned to gas immediately upon contact with air; it had to be used with a special inhaler or, originally, with a piece of cloth with paper and cotton batting inside; one of its virtues was the fact that a patients breathing stopped before their heart stopped beating, so dentists could monitor their patients breathing in case of problems; it was claimed to be better for minor surgery than nitrous oxide because of its longer anaesthetic time, and better to use before ether or chloroform; while the instructions claimed it was the safest of all anaesthetics, a few deaths did occur, and its use was fairly short-lived
Images
Less detail
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.60.3
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
A clear plastic bag containing dried castors (glands from beaver).
Number Of Parts
1
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1820
1882
1820-1882
Material
plastic: clear
animal matter: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-3 Row E
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Document
Reference Comments
Information sheet accompanying accession sheet; "The American Medical Illustrated Dictionary," 20th ed., W.A. N. Dorland, 1944, p. 286.
Research Facts
Was used in an exhibit for the International Congress of the History of Medicine in Montreal; used by the North American Indians; note: crude drugs were used in Canada quite extensively until around the 1920s; beaver castors are the preputial follicles of the beaver; they secrete a strong-smelling, brownish substance (castoreum) that is a stimulant and antispasmodic; uses: Mohegan tribe placed bandaged piece of castor over wounds and cuts overnight; Penobscots tribe used it for "female troubles"; used as an additive to other medicines; used for relief of congestion in measles (a half-dried castor placed in nostril on end of needle); official preparation: castoreum, U.S.P. 1820-1882 .
Images
Less detail

Castoreum (Beaver Castors)

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8366
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
  3 images  
Accession Number
1984.6.15
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Mental Health
Classification
Mental Health
Mental Health, Treatment
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Mental Health
Mental Health -- illness -- anxiety
Mental Health -- treatment
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- homeopathy
Mental Health -- treatment -- drugs -- anti anxiety
Drugs
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Animals, Wild
MM= Biopharmaceutics -- animal products, derivatives
Description
Clear cylindrical glass jar with black metal screw-on lid with cream paper label affixed to jar with black text describing contents; contents are two dry, dark brown pieces; sealed closure.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - jar: Height 7.2 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
b - cap: Height 1.1 cm x Diam.4.3 cm
Maker
University of Toronto Pharmaceutical Laboratory
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1980
circa 1950-1980
Material
glass: clear
metal: black
paper: cream
ink: black
contents: brown
Inscriptions
On label: "UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO // PHARMACEUTICAL LABORATORY // Castoreum // (Beaver Castors)
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-3 Box 1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
Internet
Research Facts
Collected from beaver gland (near their genitals), used to treat anxiety, painful menstruation/starts menstruation, as a calming agent (contains salicylic acid, which is part of aspirin). Now used as scent in perfumes and flavouring agent in food (such as vanilla ice cream).
Images
Less detail