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saline solution

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact9508
Dates
1965
circa 1965
Collection
Dr. Charles H. Bird / Dr. Godfrey Bird Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997037558
Description
(a) Rectangular cardboard box, closed on five sides; only one flap open; box is filled with six bottles of saline solution, separated by cardboard sections; one 1000 ml. UNITS bottle is accessible; (b) bottle is a glass hollow cylinder with flat bottom and convex taper to a narrow neck and stuck-on…
  2 images  
Accession Number
997037558
Collection
Dr. Charles H. Bird / Dr. Godfrey Bird Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Sodium Chloride -- therapeutic use
Pharmacy -- instrumentation
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
(a) Rectangular cardboard box, closed on five sides; only one flap open; box is filled with six bottles of saline solution, separated by cardboard sections; one 1000 ml. UNITS bottle is accessible; (b) bottle is a glass hollow cylinder with flat bottom and convex taper to a narrow neck and stuck-on metal cap; inside, tube is visible running from cap to bottom; bottle is 5/6 full; near bottom, metal handle, in the shape of a slightly pointed arch, attaches on a swivelled attachment; metal band surrounding base at level of attached arch; two grooves run up side of bottle.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 32.4 cm x Width 21.8 cm x Depth 25.3 cm
b - bottle - Size: Length 22.2 cm x Width 11.2 cm x Depth 10.4 cm
Provenance
Owned and used by Dr. H.G. Bird of Gananoque, Ontario
Maker
Baxter Laboratories of Canada Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Alliston
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1965
circa 1965
Date Remarks
Mailing stamp on box
Material
glass: transparent
paper: cream, tan
ink: green, black
Inscriptions
(a) Printed on top of box: "GLASS // HANDLE WITH CARE // TO OPEN // INSERT FINGERS HERE"; printed on box: "WAYBI [illeg.] // EXPRESS // APR 19 1965 // TORON [illeg.]"; stamp, inverted: "A36S6"; handwritten on box: "2" in circle; printed label: "SHIPPER: INGRAM & BELL LTD. // BRANCH WAREHOUSED BY: // ACE WAREHOUSING LIMITED // 222 FRONT STREET EAST TORONTO 2, ONTARIO //TO: // DR. H. G. BIRD, // 134 PINE ST. EAST // GANANOQUE, ONT."; box top, printed half beneath mailing label: "SHIP // TO"; printed on both long sides: "BAXTER // Parenteral // PRODUCTS // BAXTER LABORATORIES OF CANADA LTD. // ALLISTON. ONTARIO. CANADA"; printed on short side, right: "BAXTER // Parenteral PRODUCTS // DISTRIBUTORS // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL . WINNIPEG. CALGARY. VANCOUVER"; printed on short side, left: "BAXTER // SIX 1000 ml. UNITS // A36S6 // A74 // DEXTROSE 5% IN WATER // DEXTROSE 5% DANS L'EAU"; printed on bottom: "ACME PAPER // PRODUCTS // BOX CERTIFICATE // THIS // SINGLE WALL // BOX MEETS ALL CONSTRUCTION // REQUIREMENTS OF CANADIAN // FREIGHT CLASSIFICATION // BURSTING 200 LBS PER // TEST [bottom half of "200"] SQ INCH // MIN COMB 84 LBS PER // WT FACING [bottom of "84"] M SQ FT // SIZE LIMIT 75 INCHES // GROSS // WT LT 65 LBS // Code // C-5 // COMPANY LIMITED"; (b) embossed on metal cap: "A14"; on bottom: "8 // [illeg.]"' on side, inverted: "100 // 200 // 300 // 400 // 500 // 600 // 700 // 800"; printed label has: "BAXTER // Normal Saline // Solution Saline Normale // SODIUM CHLORIDE INJECTION, U.S.P. // STERILE, NONPYROGENIC 1000 CC. STÉRILE APYROGÈNE // EACH 100 CC. CONTAINS: (RENFERME PAR 100 CC:) // 0.90 GM. SODIUM CHLORIDE (0.90 G. CHLORURE DE SODIUM) // APPROX. mEq. PER LITER mEq. APPROX. PAR LITRE // Na - 154 mEq., Cl - 154 mEq // TO BE ADMINISTERED BY VENOCLYSIS // USING STERILE EQUIPMENT // DO NOT USE UNLESS SOLUTION IS // CLEAR AND VACUUM IS PRESENT // POUR INJECTION INTRAVEINEUSE // AVEC ÉQUIPMENT STÉRILE // N'EMPLOYER QUE SI LA SOLUTION EST LIMPIDE ET SOUS VIDE // (L) No 695879 CAT NO. A14 // BAXTER LABORATORIES OF CANADA LTD. ALLISTON // ONTARIO // Normal Saline [inverted]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-1
Condition Remarks
(a) Box has wear marks; moisture and mud damage to top of box; (b) two small spots of inactive corrosion on handle, with corresponding stains on the label.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Research Facts
BAXTER LABORATORIES OF CANADA LTD. founded in 1937 is based in Toronto, Ontario.
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Harvey double head stethoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15278
Dates
1996
2005
circa 1996-2005
Collection
Dr. John Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Diagnosis
Accession Number
009046024
Description
Rectangular cardboard box containing "The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope"; the box is in two parts (a, b), and the top slides over the bottom; the lid contains a photograph of a stethoscope on a background of a white button down shirt with a chest pocket; the title is printed in black and white abo…
  5 images  
Accession Number
009046024
Collection
Dr. John Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Auscultation
Auscultation -- instrumentation
Stethoscopes
Heart Sounds
Diagnosis
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Rectangular cardboard box containing "The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope"; the box is in two parts (a, b), and the top slides over the bottom; the lid contains a photograph of a stethoscope on a background of a white button down shirt with a chest pocket; the title is printed in black and white above the photograph on a blue background with a tan stripe, and around the photograph there are words printed in black detailing some of the features of the stethoscope; on the front side of the lid there is a white sticker with the date and manufacturing information on it, as well as a barcode; the booklet (u) has the same photograph and graphics style as the box lid; the inside of the booklet contains nine pages and a flap, as well as information on the inside covers; the booklet contains black and white illustrations, and gives information about the different parts of the stethoscope, how to adjust the headset, preparing for the exam, sites of auscultation, heart sounds and murmurs, the flat diaphragm, the corrugated diaphragm, the bell, helpful hints, warranty, ordering information, and care and maintenance; the back of the booklet contains a sticker with the European information; the stethoscope (parts c-i) has metal arms and black rubber tubing; the ear pieces become larger at the ends and the end of the stethoscope has two heads, a bell and a diaphragm; there is a metal piece with black rubber over it that connects the two metal arms to one another; in the box with the stethoscope are a cardboard insert (k) and a small plastic bag filled with three sets of ear pieces (two white and one grey) and a corrugated diaphragm;(m-t); a plastic bag (j) and a green piece of paper (l) with employee information on it.
Number Of Parts
21
Part Names
a - box: Length 31.3 cm X Width 13.6 cm X Height 5.8 cm
b - lid: Length 32.0 cm X Width 14.2 cm X Height 5.9 cm
c - stethoscope: Length 63.8 cm X Width 12.0 cm X Height 2.7 cm
d-e - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - bell: Height 1.3 cm X Diameter 2.8 cm
g - chestpiece: Height 1.0 cm X Diameter 4.4 cm
h - ring: Height 0.5 cm X Diameter 4.7 cm
i - diaphragm: Diameter 4.4 cm
j - plastic: Length 24.0 cm X Width 19.0 cm
k - cardboard: Length 30.8 cm X Width 35.2 cm
l - paper: Length 7.6 cm X Width 2.5 cm
m - plastic: Length 11.0 cm X Width 7.6 cm
n-o - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
p-q - ear pieces: Length 1.5 cm X Diameter 1.3 cm
r-s - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.4 cm
t - diaphragm: Height 0.3 cm X Diameter 4.4 cm
u: booklet: Length 22.9 cm X Width 10.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by Effie and Elizabeth Curry.
Maker
Tycos: A Welch Allyn Company
Site Made (City)
Arden
Site Made (State)
North Carolina
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1996
2005
circa 1996-2005
Date Remarks
Based on date printed on sticker and date donated to the museum
Material
paper: cream, green, white
ink: blue, brown, white, black, grey, green
metal: grey
rubber: black, grey, white
plastic: clear, black
Inscriptions
Embossed on chestpiece (g): "Tycos // ASHEVILLE, N.C., USA PAT. NO. 3109508"; printed on paper (l): "I Take Pride in Our Quality // Employee #9117 // TYCOS INSTRUMENTS, INC."; printed on top of lid (b): "The HARVEY // DOUBLE HEAD // Stethoscope // New Soft Eartips // Rotatablen Binaurals // Dual Channel Tubing // Brass Chestpiece // Construction // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company"; printed on sticker on front of lid: "Mfg: 11/20/96 // Tycos® // A Welch Allyn // Company // CE // 5079-28 // Harvey Stethoscope // Double Head // +H8575079280 // Tycos Instruments, Inc · 95 Old Shoals Road · Arden, NC 28704 USA"; printed on front of booklet (u): "The Original // HARVEY // Stethoscopes // A Superior "Time Tested" // Stethoscope for the // Auscultation of // the Heart // DOUBLE-HEAD — 5079-28 // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company"; printed on back of booklet (including sticker): "CE European Regulatory Manager // Medical Division, Welch Allyn Ltd. // Navan, Co. Meath, Republic of Ireland // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company // Tycos Instruments, Inc. // 95 Old Shoals Road // Arden, NC 28704 // Telephone: (704) 684-4895 // Tycos—a tradition of excellence // 95P319 // Printed in U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Rubber tubing on one side of stethoscope, where the rubber meets the metal binaural tubes.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, patent, book, interview
Reference Comments
Welch Allyn, Hillrom, "Original Harvey Stethoscopes": https://www.welchallyn.com/en/products/categories/discontinued-products/physical-exam/stethoscopes/original_harvey_stethoscopes.html
US Patent 3,109,508: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3109508.pdf
"A Journey of Hope", by Oscar Mann, Hamilton Books, Dec. 14, 2005, 302 pages, pg. 190-191: https://books.google.ca/books?id=Wa5IFsCb1SwC&dq=original+harvey+stethoscope&source=gbs_navlinks_s
"WATKINS PROCTOR HARVEY, MD:A Conversation With the Editor", December 30, 1999, interview between William Clifford Roberts, MD and Watkins Proctor Harvey, MD: https://documents.pub/document/watkins-proctor-harvey-md-a-conversation-with-the-editor.html
Research Facts
The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope was part of a collection of stethoscopes by the Welch Allyn company called "Original Harvey Stethoscopes". They are no longer sold, and were replaced by the Harvey DLX stethoscopes.
US Patent No. 3,109,508 was granted on November 5th, 1963, to Ralph Cefaly, and was for an acoustic stethoscope with three heads: a bell, a diaphragm, and a corrugated diaphragm.
In the mid-1950s, Dr. Watkins Proctor Harvey invented this three-headed stethoscope, the Harvey Stethoscope, and it was produced by the Cefaly Research Corporation of Brentwood, Maryland. It was sometimes known as the Harvey Cefaly Stethoscope. The corrugated diaphragm helps detect faint heart activity and a larger range of frequencies. The bell is especially good for detecting low frequency sounds. Low frequency heart sounds called gallops can be signs of heart disease, and are important to be able to detect.
Images
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