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Dates
1950
circa 1950
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
Accession Number
996013001 a-h
Description
A black microscope with horseshoe-shaped base; coarse and fine adjustments on the arm of the microscope and a fork-shaped substage holder for mirrors; two optics remain on the nose piece.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996013001 a-h
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Microscopy --instrumentation
MM= Microscopy -- microscope -- European -- compound
Description
A black microscope with horseshoe-shaped base; coarse and fine adjustments on the arm of the microscope and a fork-shaped substage holder for mirrors; two optics remain on the nose piece.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - circular mirror with attachment - Size: x Width 5.0 cm. x Depth 8.0 mm. x Diameter5.0 cm.
b - circular mirror - Size: x Depth 8.0 mm. x Diameter5.0 cm.
c - slide clip - Size: Length 5.0 cm. x Width 1.0 cm. x Depth 2.5 cm.
d - microscope objective (45x) - Size: Length 4.0 cm. x Diameter2.5 cm.
e - microscope objective (10x) - Size: Length 3.5 cm. x Diameter2.5 cm.
f - microscope eyepiece - Size: Length 3.5 cm. x Diameter2.5 cm.
g - microscope - Size: Length 30.0 cm. x Width 11.5 cm. x Depth 17.0 cm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J.A. Low in his practice at KGH
Maker
Ernst Leitz Wetzlar
Site Made (Country)
Germany
Dates
1950
circa 1950
Date Remarks
Identified by donor
Material
metal: silver
paint: black; silver
glass: clear
Inscriptions
"Ernst Leitz Wetzlar No ["o" of "No" superscripted and underlined] 303658" written on front eyepiece; name without number on nose piece and "E. Leitz Wetzlar Germany" on top of arm; red sticker on base with "OB 139"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-A1-4
Condition Remarks
Some paint chips on base (minor); some minor tarnish on unpainted metal
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
Dr. James A. Low; "Catalogue of Laboratory Apparatus and Scientific Instruments", item similar to that found on p. 725, model 61030; and p. 726, model 61040
Research Facts
Used on the obstetrical ward at KGH
Images
Less detail

spiral electrode

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1707
Dates
1990
1998
circa 1990-1998
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
996013002 a-c
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; inside is a sheet of paper with blue writing and instructions as to the use of the electrode; plastic electrode with a plastic case and red and green wires.
Accession Number
996013002 a-c
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Electrodes
Electrocardiography, instrumentation
Fetal Monitoring -- instrumentation
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; inside is a sheet of paper with blue writing and instructions as to the use of the electrode; plastic electrode with a plastic case and red and green wires.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
Size: Length 43.0 cm. x Width 10.3 cm.
Provenance
Used in Bladder Function Clinic at Kingston General Hospital.
Maker
Corometrics Medical Systems Inc.
Site Made (City)
Wallingford
Site Made (State)
Connecticut
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1990
1998
circa 1990-1998
Date Remarks
Expire date
Material
wire: red; green
plastic: white; clear
paper: blue; white
Inscriptions
"DISPOSABLE SPIRAL // ELECTRODE // for // FETAL // MONITORING // Contents of unopened or // undamaged package are // STERILE// Instructions inside"; written in several languages including English, German, Spanish, Italian, French and two others, "COROMETRICS MEDICAL SYSTEMS, INC. // 61 Barnes Park Road North // Wallingford, Connecticut 06492 U.S.A."; on back: "EXP 12/98 // 32 PO"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 1009
1009-11-4
Condition Remarks
Unused in a sealed envelope
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Fetal heart rate electrodes for monitoring; take readings from fetal scalp
Less detail

spiral electrode

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1708
Dates
1990
1998
circa 1990-1998
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
996013003
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; inside is a sheet of paper with blue writing and instructions as to the use of the electrode; plastic electrode with a plastic case and red and green wires.
Accession Number
996013003
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Electrodes
Electrocardiography, instrumentation
Fetal Monitoring -- instrumentation
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; inside is a sheet of paper with blue writing and instructions as to the use of the electrode; plastic electrode with a plastic case and red and green wires.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used in Bladder Function Clinic at Kingston General Hospital.
Maker
Corometrics Medical Systems Inc.
Site Made (City)
Wallingford
Site Made (State)
Connecticut
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1990
1998
circa 1990-1998
Date Remarks
Expires date
Material
wire: red; green
plastic: white; clear
paper: blue; white
Inscriptions
"DISPOSABLE SPIRAL // ELECTRODE // for // FETAL // MONITORING // Contents of unopened or // undamaged package are // STERILE"; instructions inside written in seven languages including English, German, Spanish, Italian, French and two others; on back: "EXP 12/98 // 32PO"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 1009
1009-11-4
Dimension Notes
Length: 43.0 cm. x Width: 10.3 cm.
Condition Remarks
Unused in a sealed envelope
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Fetal heart rate electrodes for monitoring; take readings from fetal scalp
Less detail

fetal heart rate probe

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1709
Dates
1990
1995
circa 1990-1995
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Obstetrics
Accession Number
996013004
Description
(a) Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front, containing (b) a long plastic wand with a handle and a blue scale up the side of it; red and green wires criss-cross out the one end and one white plastic tube and one clear tube come out the same end; tubes have clear plastic ends; white plastic stop…
  1 image  
Accession Number
996013004
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Obstetrics
MeSH Heading
MM= Exploring Instruments -- probe -- uterine
Description
(a) Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front, containing (b) a long plastic wand with a handle and a blue scale up the side of it; red and green wires criss-cross out the one end and one white plastic tube and one clear tube come out the same end; tubes have clear plastic ends; white plastic stopper attached to clear tuble; (c) a separate clear and white plastic cylindrical plug is also sealed in the envelope.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used in Bladder Function Clinic at Kingston General Hospital.
Maker
Corometrics Medical Systems Inc.
Site Made (City)
Wallingford
Site Made (State)
Connecticut
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1990
1995
circa 1990-1995
Date Remarks
epiry date of 1995
Material
wire: red; green
plastic: white; clear
paper: white
Inscriptions
"WARNING" [listed] "CONTRAINDICATIONS" [listed] "CAUTION" [listed] "Corometrics // medical systems, inc. // 61 Barnes Park Road North, Wallingford, CT. 06492 U.S.A. -- ECOSTERILIZED BIOLOGICALLY TESTED // Sterile in Unopened, Undamaged Package // DO NOT REUSE OR RESTERILIZE LOT # // CPX1-2 // USE BY 12/95 // QTY. (EA.) // 0.1 [scale on instrument]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D7-7
Dimension Notes
Length 39.3 cm. x Width 1.9 cm. x Depth 0.7 cm.
Condition Remarks
Unused in a sealed envelope
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Used to record fetal heart rate and measure uterine contractions
Images
Less detail

fetal heart rate probe

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1710
Dates
1990
1995
circa 1990-1995
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Obstetrics
Accession Number
996013005
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; long plastic wand with a handle and a blue scale up the side of it; red and green wires criss-cross out the one end and one white plastic tube and one clear tube come out the same end; tubes have clear plastic ends and white plastic stopper attached to cl…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996013005
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Obstetrics
MeSH Heading
MM= Exploring Instruments -- probe -- uterine
Description
Sealed envelope with a clear plastic front; long plastic wand with a handle and a blue scale up the side of it; red and green wires criss-cross out the one end and one white plastic tube and one clear tube come out the same end; tubes have clear plastic ends and white plastic stopper attached to clear tube.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used in Bladder Function Clinic a tKingston General Hospital.
Maker
Corometrics Medical Systems Inc.
Site Made (City)
Wallingford
Site Made (State)
Connecticut
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1990
1995
circa 1990-1995
Date Remarks
epiry date of 1995
Material
wire: red; green
plastic: white; clear
paper: white
Inscriptions
"WARNING" [listed] "CONTRAINDICATIONS" [listed] "CAUTION" [listed] "Corometrics // medical systems, inc. // 61 Barnes Park Road North, Wallingford, CT. 06492 U.S.A. -- ECOSTERILIZED BIOLOGICALLY
TESTED // Sterile in Unopened, Undamaged Package // DO NOT REUSE OR RESTERILIZE LOT # // CPX1-2 // USE BY 12/95 // QTY. (EA.) // 0.1 [scale on instrument]"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D7-7
Dimension Notes
Length: 56.0 cm. x Width 10.3 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Unused in a sealed envelope
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Used to record fetal heart rate and measure uterine contractions
Images
Less detail

Brown-Buerger cystoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1711
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
Accession Number
996013006 a-u
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope at top, an obdurator, a double catheterizing telescope, a concave and convex sheath, cleaning rod, brown conducting cord at bottom and assorted rubber tips, a connecting nipple, cathete…
Accession Number
996013006 a-u
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
MeSH Heading
Cystoscopy -- instrumentation
Urology -- instrumentation
MM= Endoscopy -- cystoscope
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope at top, an obdurator, a double catheterizing telescope, a concave and convex sheath, cleaning rod, brown conducting cord at bottom and assorted rubber tips, a connecting nipple, catheter clip and light bulb case in case with sliding lid at top left.
Number Of Parts
21
Part Names
a - walnut case - Size: Length 34.0 cm. x Width 15.6 cm. x Depth 6.0 cm.
b - sliding metal lid for inside case - Size: Length 20.7 cm. x Width 2.9 cm. x Depth 1.0 mm.
c - examining telescope - Size: Length 26.5 cm. x Width 3.5 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
d - concave sheath - Size: Length 24.5 cm. x Width 5.1 cm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
e - obdurator - Size: Length 25.7 cm. x Width 1.3 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
f - double catheterizing telescope - Size: Length 29.0 cm. x Width 3.5 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
g - convex sheath - Size: Length 24.5 cm. x Width 5.1 cm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
h - conductor cord - Size: Length 197.8 cm. x Width 11.0 cm. x Depth 1.1 cm.
i - cleaning hook - Size: Length 26.5 cm. x Width 1.8 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
j - plastic lightbulb case - outer - Size: Length 7.2 cm. x Width 1.6 cm. x Depth 1.1 cm.
k - plastic lightbulb case - inner - Size: Length 7.0 cm. x Width 1.2 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm.
l - catheter clip - Size: Length 4.6 cm. x Width 1.5 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
m - connecting nipple - Size: Length 2.3 cm. x Width 1.0 cm.
n-o - rubber nipple, black (x2) - Size: Length 1.2 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
p-q - rubber nipple, ochre (x2) - Size: Length 1.7 cm. x Width 7.0 mm.
r-s - rubber nipple, black (small) (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
t-u - rubber nipple, ochre (small) (x2) - Size: Length 1.2 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J.A. Low at the Bladder Function Clinic, KGH, from 1965 to 1970
Maker
American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Date Remarks
Exact models listed in ACMI Catalogue for 1952
Material
wood: brown
glass: clear
plastic: brown; black
metal: silver
rubber: black; yellow
Inscriptions
(a) sticker on case reads, "INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL - WINNIPEG - CALGARY VANCOUVER"; nameplate reads, "BROWN-BUERGER // CYSTOSCOPE // OCCASIONALLY GREASE CONE OF TELESCOPE TO PREVENT LEAKAGE // AND ASSURE SMOOTH ACTION OF LOCK. TO RENEW LAMP, UNSCREW // LAMP CHAMBER CAP USING RUBBER TIP AS ILLUSTRATED. // THE CORRECT LAMP FOR // THIS INSTRUMENT IS: // A . C . M . I . NO 49L // CYSTOSCOPE // RUBBER TIP // GREASE THREADS BEFORE REPLACING TO EFFECTIVELY SEAL LAMP // CHAMBER AGAINST ADMISSION OF MOISTURE. TO AVOID DAMAGE AND EXPENSIVE REPAIRS, USE GENUINE LAMPS WHICH ARE STAMPED "A . C . M . I" // FOR YOUR PROTECTION. // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC // DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCES OF WAPPLER AND ACMI INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900 // NEW YORK, U.S.A."; (lock): "PRESTO LOCK // CO"; (b) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. // NEW YORK, N.Y. // WAPPLER A . C . M . I . TRADE MARK DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND A.C.M.I. INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900"; (c) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC., N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 188417"; (d) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // LAMP NO 49L // 16F."; (e) "A.C.M.I. // 11 // 16FR"; (f) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 186246 // 16F" - "LID UP" - "LID UP"; (g) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // LAMP NO 49L // 16F"; (h) "ACMI [4X]"; (j) in script, "AMERICAN // CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC.."; (m) "B-D"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E7-9
Condition Remarks
(a) surface varnish has flaked off on 20% of top and bottom surfaces; interior rim is also worn and surface around central swinging arm; (c) good condition, small signs of wear around male cone and lock pins; (d) rust visible in conical portion of head; metal plating worn off to expose brasscoloured base metal around flange; padding around lamp looks brittle and deteriorated; (e) metal surface is mottled; shiny areas of metal have given way to dull areas over 50-60% of surface; (f) normal signs of wear around male cone and lock pins; (g) rust visible in conical portion of head; metal plating worn off to expose brass-coloured base metal around flange; padding around lamp looks brittle and has deteriorated around top of lamp; (h) greenish accretion under clip of rotating contacts; white powdery accretion on black plastic head where it attaches to metal tongue; black marks on arm of left plug; (i) same mottled surface as obdurator (e); shiny areas give way to dull areas; (b) surface accretion next to trade mark at word "MARK"; some slight discolouration of surface on black surface under "CAN" of "AMERICAN"; some white specks (chips?) on black surface on reverse; (l) surface speckles of black and brown; very small and minimal number; (o-u) dusty
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
"Urological and Allied Diagnostic Instruments and High Frequency Equipment" by American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., pp. 30-31, 38, 146; Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Cystoscopes were developed in Europe in the 1870's; ACMI began the American manufacture of cystoscopes in 1908; please see photocopies of instruments; used for examining bladders, urethra, inserting catheters; 16F size most commonly used
Less detail

Brown-Buerger cystoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1712
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
Accession Number
996013007 a-s
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope with grey eyepiece, a convex sheath with curved beak, a double catheterizing telescope with black eyepiece, an obdurator, a brown rubber conducting cord at the bottom of the case with t…
Accession Number
996013007 a-s
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
MeSH Heading
Cystoscopy -- instrumentation
Urology -- instrumentation
MM= Endoscopy -- cystoscope
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope with grey eyepiece, a convex sheath with curved beak, a double catheterizing telescope with black eyepiece, an obdurator, a brown rubber conducting cord at the bottom of the case with two plugs and rotating clip; an interior case with sliding metal lid located at top left corner contains a small silver metal jar of yellow grease, four ochre and four black rubber nipples, a catheter clip, and a connecting nipple.
Number Of Parts
19
Part Names
a - walnut case - Size: Length 37.4 cm. x Width 17.7 cm. x Depth 3.5 cm.
b - sliding metal lid for inside case - Size: Length 20.7 cm. x Width 2.9 cm. x Depth 1.0 mm.
c - double catheterizing telescope - Size: Length 28.9 cm. x Width 4.2 cm. x Depth 1.1 cm.
d - obdurator - Size: Length 25.7 cm. x Width 1.6 cm. x Depth 2.0 mm.
e - examining telescope - Size: Length 26.6 cm. x Width 3.2 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
f - convex sheath - Size: Length 24.5 cm. x Width 4.9 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
g - conducting cord - Size: Length 199.2 cm. x Width 1.0 cm.
h - cleaning hook - Size: Length 26.4 cm. x Width 1.3 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
i - catheter clip - Size: Length 26.5 cm. x Width 1.8 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
j - plastic lightbulb case - outer - Size: Length 7.2 cm. x Width 1.6 cm. x Depth 1.1 cm.
k - plastic lightbulb case - inner - Size: Length 7.0 cm. x Width 1.2 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm.
l - catheter clip - Size: Length 4.6 cm. x Width 1.5 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
j - connecting nipple - Size: Length 2.3 cm. x Width 1.0 cm.
k - grease jar - lid - Size: x Diameter8.1 cm.
l - grease jar - Size: x Diameter8.1 cm.
m-n - rubber nipple, black (x2) - Size: Length 1.7 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
o-p - rubber nipple, ochre (x2) - Size: Length 1.7 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
q-r - rubber nipple, black (small) (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
s-t - rubber nipple, ochre (small) (x2) - Size: Length 1.2 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J. A. Low at the Bladder Function Clinic, Kingston General Hospital, from 1965 to 1970.
Maker
American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Date Remarks
Exact models listed in ACMI Catalogue for 1952
Material
wood: brown
glass: clear
rubber: brown; black; yellow
metal: silver
plastic: black; grey
Inscriptions
(a) sticker on interior of case reads, "INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL - WINNIPEG CALGARY - VANCOUVER"; nameplate reads, "BROWN-BUERGER // CYSTOSCOPE // OCCASIONALLY GREASE CONE OF TELESCOPE TO PREVENT LEAKAGE // AND ASSURE SMOOTH ACTION OF LOCK. TO RENEW LAMP, UNSCREW // LAMP CHAMBER CAP USING RUBBER TIP AS ILLUSTRATED. // THE CORRECT LAMP FOR // THIS INSTRUMENT IS: // A.C.M.I. NO 49L // CYSTOSCOPE // RUBBER TIP // GREASE THREADS BEFORE REPLACING TO EFFECTIVELY SEAL LAMP // CHAMBER AGAINST ADMISSION OF MOISTURE. TO AVOID DAMAGE AND EXPENSIVE REPAIRS, USE GENUINE LAMPS WHICH ARE STAMPED "A . C . M . I" // FOR YOUR PROTECTION. // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC // DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCES OF WAPPLER AND ACMI INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900 // NEW YORK, U.S.A."; (lock): "PRESTO LOCK // CO"; (b) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. // NEW YORK, N.Y. // WAPPLER A . C . M . I . TRADE MARK DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND A.C.M.I. INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900"; (e) "16F" "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC., N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 188415"; (c) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 176603" "LID UP" (2x) "16F"; (d) "A.C.M.I. // 11 // 16FR"; (f) "LAMP NO 49L // 16F // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A."; (g) "ACMI" (4x); (k) "A.C.M.I. // GREASE"; (i) "A.C. M.I."; (j) "B-D"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E7-9
Condition Remarks
(a) gouging scrapes on lid surface; longest is 9 cm; similar condition along bottom surface; largest gouge located 5 cm from left side and 1 cm from front edge; interior in good condition; one scrape on edge of central block used to house instruments; 8 spots of shiny clear accretions (glue?) on bottom inside surface; (c) one spot of corrosion 3 mm left of "16F"; dark green deposits (cleaning solution?) on lock pins; slight corrosion around base of telescope and around the heads of the
catheter guides; SHEATH FOR THIS TELESCOPE, LIKELY CONCAVE, IS MISSING; (d) opaque white residue on lock pins; green substance also evident in same location; (e) corrosion around base of telescope; green substance located on lock pins; one scrape on telescopic tip; (f) excellent condition with the exception of green substance deposits on lock lever base and on interior of lock lever (possibly grease?); (g) green deposits around base of rotating contact
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
"Urological and Allied Diagnostic Instruments and High Frequency Equipment" by American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., pp. 30-31, 38, 146; Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Cystoscopes were developed in Europe in the 1870's; ACMI began the American manufacture of cystoscopes in 1908; please see photocopies of instruments; used for examining bladders, urethra, inserting catheters; 16F (French) size most commonly used
Less detail

Brown-Buerger cystoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1713
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
Accession Number
996013008 a-t
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope, a convex sheath with curved beak, a double catheterizing telescope with two catheter heads (no rubber nipples), an obdurator with a tapered conical head; an interior case with sliding …
Accession Number
996013008 a-t
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
MeSH Heading
Cystoscopy -- instrumentation
Urology -- instrumentation
MM= Endoscopy -- cystoscope
Description
A Brown-Buerger cystoscope consisting of a custom-made walnut case, hinged along one side, an examining telescope, a convex sheath with curved beak, a double catheterizing telescope with two catheter heads (no rubber nipples), an obdurator with a tapered conical head; an interior case with sliding black metal lid located at top left corner contains a small silver metal jar of yellow grease, an oval-shaped catheter clip, a silver-coloured metal connecting nipple, four black rubber nipples and four ochre-coloured rubber nipples (two sizes).
Number Of Parts
20
Part Names
a - walnut case - Size: Length 36.9 cm. x Width 18.0 cm. x Depth 6.5 cm.
b - sliding metal lid for inside case - Size: Length 20.7 cm. x Width 2.9 cm. x Depth 1.0 mm.
c - examining telescope - Size: Length 25.9 cm. x Width 3.4 cm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
d - convex sheath - Size: Length 25.0 cm. x Width 5.0 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
e - obdurator - Size: Length 25.7 cm. x Width 1.7 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
f - double catheterizing telescope - Size: Length 28.7 cm. x Width 4.2 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
g - concave sheath - Size: Length 25.0 cm. x Width 5.7 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm.
h - cleaning hook - Size: Length 26.3 cm. x Width 1.8 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
i - catheter clip - Size: Length 6.8 cm. x Width 2.0 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
j - connector nipple - Size: Length 2.3 cm. x Width 1.0 mm.
k - grease jar - Size: x Width 1.9 cm. x Diameter8.0 cm.
l - grease jar lid - Size: x Width 6.0 mm. x Diameter8.0 cm.
m-n - rubber nipple - black (x2) - Size: Length 1.7 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
o-p - rubber nipple - ochre (x2) - Size: Length 1.7 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
q-r - rubber nipple - small black (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
s-t - rubber nipple, ochre (small) (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J. A. Low at the Bladder Function Clinic, Kingston General Hospital, from 1965 to 1970.
Maker
American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1945
1955
circa 1945-1955
Date Remarks
Exact models listed in ACMI Catalogue for 1952
Material
wood: brown
rubber: brown; black; yellow
metal: silver
plastic: black; grey
Inscriptions
(a) sticker on interior of case reads, "INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL - WINNIPEG CALGARY VANCOUVER"; nameplate reads, "BROWN-BUERGER // CYSTOSCOPE // OCCASIONALLY GREASE CONE OF TELESCOPE TO PREVENT LEAKAGE // AND ASSURE SMOOTH ACTION OF LOCK. TO RENEW LAMP, UNSCREW // LAMP CHAMBER CAP USING RUBBER TIP AS ILLUSTRATED. // THE CORRECT LAMP FOR // THIS INSTRUMENT IS: // A.C.M.I. NO 51 // CYSTOSCOPE // RUBBER TIP // GREASE THREADS BEFORE REPLACING TO EFFECTIVELY SEAL LAMP // CHAMBER AGAINST ADMISSION OF MOISTURE. TO AVOID DAMAGE AND EXPENSIVE REPAIRS, USE GENUINE LAMPS WHICH ARE STAMPED "A . C . M . I" // FOR YOUR PROTECTION. // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC // DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCES OF WAPPLER AND ACMI INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900 // NEW YORK, U.S.A."; (lock): "PRESTO LOCK // CO"; (b) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. // NEW YORK, N.Y. // WAPPLER A . C . M . I . TRADE MARK DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND A.C.M.I. INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900"; (f) "21F" "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC., N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // 177443"; (g) "LAMP NO 51 // 21F // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE IN U.S.A. // .18 " (e) "A.C.M.I. // 18 // 21F"; (c) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE // IN U.S.A. // 21F" "179652"; (d) "18" "LAMP // NO 51 // 21F // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE // IN U.S.A."; (k) "A.C.M.I. // GREASE"; (i) "A.C. M.I."; (j) "B-D"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E7-9
Condition Remarks
(a) slight/moderate scratching of top surface; deepest scratch is 1 cm located 3 cm from front edge and 14.5 cm from left side; bottom surface veneer is flaking off along front edge; lock has rust spots over 20% of surface; interior: shiny patches on bottom surface -- hardened clear substance (6 spots); (b) one-third of back surface has changed colour to a light grey; (c) green residue on lock pins; (d) lamp padding in beak has reddish discolouration; rust spots on interior surface at mouth of lock lever; green residue on exterior at base of lock lever; (f) green residue on lock pins; corrosion on telescope 8.5 cm from tip; corrosion is 1.6 cm long; (g) green residue at base of lock lever; green residue also evident in interior of lock lever at the mouth; pinkish discolouration of padding around light bulb
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Reference Comments
"Urological and Allied Diagnostic Instruments and High Frequency Equipment" by American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., pp. 30-31, 38, 146; Dr. James A. Low
Research Facts
Cystoscopes were developed in Europe in the 1870's; ACMI began the American manufacture of cystoscopes in 1908; please see photocopies of instruments; used for examining bladders, urethra, inserting catheters; 16F (French) size most commonly used (refers to the size of the instruments)
Less detail

McCarthy Foroblique pan-endoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1714
Dates
1952
circa 1952
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
Accession Number
996013009 a-ao
Description
A Foroblique Pan-Endoscope with custom-made walnut case hinged on one side; sliding metal lid fits into interior case at top left corner; label screwed to centre of inside walnut lid; equipment includes two obdurators with tapered conical heads, one telescope with bridge attachment that screws onto…
  3 images  
Accession Number
996013009 a-ao
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
MeSH Heading
Cystoscopy -- instrumentation
Urology -- instrumentation
MM= Endoscopy -- cystoscope
Description
A Foroblique Pan-Endoscope with custom-made walnut case hinged on one side; sliding metal lid
fits into interior case at top left corner; label screwed to centre of inside walnut lid; equipment
includes two obdurators with tapered conical heads, one telescope with bridge attachment that
screws onto telescope and guides it through the bridge, three metal fins with rectangular heads,
two sheaths with stopcocks, an amber-coloured rubber hose attached to a glass tube, 11 circular
black rubber washers, four rubber nipples (two black and two ochre), a paper chart listing gasket
models, and a (now) encapsulated wax paper wrapper; metal accessories include plugs, port discs,
and a double cathetering guide
Number Of Parts
41
Part Names
a - walnut case - Size: Length 36.8 cm. x Width 17.7 cm. x Depth 3.5 cm.
b - sliding lid - Size: Length 20.7 cm. x Width 2.9 cm. x Depth 1.0 mm.
c - examining telescope - Size: Length 33.5 cm. x Width 3.5 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
d-e - sheath (x2) - Size: Length 20.4 cm. x Width 5.1 cm. x Depth 8.0 mm.
f-g - obdurator (x2) - Size: Length 23.0 cm. x Width 1.5 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
h - bridge assembly - Size: Length 8.0 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
i-k - fin (x3) - Size: Length 19.8 cm. x Width 7.0 mm.
l - cleaning hook - Size: Length 26.4 cm. x Width 1.9 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
m - tube (glass & rubber) - Size: Length 20.0 cm. x Width 1.0 cm.
n - connector nipple - Size: Length 2.4 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
o - catheter clip - Size: Length 4.7 cm. x Width 1.5 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
p - double catheterizing guide - Size: Length 4.4 cm. x Width 1.2 cm.
q - metal closure plug - large - Size: Length 2.5 cm. x Width 5.0 mm.
r-s - metal closure plug - small (x2) - Size: Length 1.8 cm. x Width 5.0 mm.
t-v - port disk (x3) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm. x Depth 2.0 mm.
w-gg - rubber washer (x11) - Size: x Width 1.3 cm. x Depth 2.0 mm.
hh-ii - rubber nipple, black (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
jj-kk - rubber nipple, ochre (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
ll - grease jar - Size: x Width 2.4 cm. x Depth 1.9 cm. x Diameter8.0 cm.
mm - grease jar lid - Size: x Width 2.5 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm. x Diameter8.1 cm.
nn - gasket chart - Size: Length 9.6 cm. x Width 16.7 cm.
oo - paper wrapper - Size: Length 6.0 cm. x Width 10.5 cm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J.A. Low at the Bladder Function Clinic, KGH, from 1965 to 1975
Maker
American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1952
circa 1952
Date Remarks
Exact models listed in ACMI Catalogue for 1952
Material
wood: brown
metal: silver; black
plastic: black
rubber: black; ochre; amber
glass: clear
wax paper: beige
paper: cream
Inscriptions
(a) sticker on interior of case reads, "INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL - WINNIPEG CALGARY
- VANCOUVER"; plaque reads, "THE McCARTHY // FOROBLIQUE PAN-ENDOSCOPE // McCARTHY VISUAL
SYSTEM No. 68A // WHEN OPERATING PARTS SPECIFY PAN-ENDOSCOPE WITH No. 68A TELESCOPE // OCCASIONALLY
GREASE CONE OF TELESCOPE TO PREVENT LEAKAGE AND ASSURE // SMOOTH ACTION OF LOCK. WHEN INSTALLING
NEW LAMP, GREASE THREADS TO // SEAL AGAINST MOISTURE AND CORROSION OF ELECTRICAL CONTACT. // THE
CORRECT LAMP FOR THIS INSTRUMENT IS // A-C-M-I-No. 58L [all underlined] // TO AVOID DAMAGE AND REPAIR
EXPENSE, USE ONLY GENUINE LAMPS // WHICH ARE STAMPED A-C-M-I [all underlined] FOR YOUR PROTECTION.
// American Cystoscope Makers, Inc. // DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND ACMI INSTRUMENTS
SINCE 1900 // NEW YORK, U.S.A."; (b) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. // NEW YORK, N.Y. //
DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND A.C.M.I. INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900"; (d) "24F // PAT. NO.
1703216" "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y." "MADE // IN U.S.A."; (f) "A.C.M.I." "49";
(e) "24f // PAT. NO. 1703216" "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y." "MADE // IN U.S.A.";
(g) "A.C.M.I." "48";(c) "McCARTHY // FOROBLIQUE" "U.S. PAT. NO. 1680490 // 1680491" "LAMP // No
(mm) "A.C.M.I. [periods halfway up line] // GREASE"; (o) "A.C.M.I."; (n) "B-D";
(nn) "GASKET CHART // Gasket Type Type used with // No. 68 // Foroblique Telescope Type
used with // No. 68A // Foroblique Telescope Type used with // No. 400B // Bridge Catheter //
size ....; (oo) "WAPPLER // A.C.M.I. [periods halfway up line] // TRADE MARK" "American Cystoscope
Makers, Inc. // 8 Pelham Parkway // Pelham Manor, N.Y. 10803"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E7-8
Condition Remarks
(a) top lid has scratching to 20% of surface; bottom surface has veneer flaking off along back rim;
inside: wood brace for neck of telescope is broken off at the base; (b) bottom surface has normal
signs of wear; (h) green residue on lock pins; (d) green residue on interior at mouth of base; small
black stain at tip of sheath on interior; (e) green residue on interior at mouth of base; (f) green
residue on lock pins and at tip of instrument; (g) green residue on lock pins; metal has mottled
appearance due to areas that are no longer shiny; (m) in good condition; (nn) paper has
discoloured with age; one small tear on right edge 1.1 cm from top; paper has been folded; now has
three crease marks; was also rolled and no longer lies flat; (oo) torn around all edges; wrinkled
over entire surface; brittle; now encapsulated
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"Urological and Allied Diagnostic Instruments and High Frequency Equipment" by American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., pp. 67-85; Dr. James A. Low; see also 996.013.006-.016; CD #3
Research Facts
Vision is forward and oblique rather than at the right angles common in the cystoscopes; developed
by Dr. J.F. McCarthy, Reinhold Wappler and Frederick Wappler; three major parts: telescope, sheath
and bridge assembly (see p. 67 reference below)
Images
Less detail

McCarthy Foroblique pan-endoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1715
Dates
1952
circa 1952
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
Accession Number
996013010 a-ar
Description
A Foroblique Pan-Endoscope with custom-made walnut case hinged on one side; sliding metal lid fits into interior case at top left corner; label screwed to centre of inside walnut lid; equipment includes two obdurators with tapered conical heads, one telescope with bridge attachment that screws onto…
  3 images  
Accession Number
996013010 a-ar
Collection
Bladder Function Clinic Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Urology
MeSH Heading
Cystoscopy -- instrumentation
Urology -- instrumentation
MM= Endoscopy -- cystoscope
Description
A Foroblique Pan-Endoscope with custom-made walnut case hinged on one side; sliding metal lid
fits into interior case at top left corner; label screwed to centre of inside walnut lid; equipment
includes two obdurators with tapered conical heads, one telescope with bridge attachment that
screws onto telescope and guides it through the bridge, one metal fin with rectangular head,
two sheaths with stopcocks, a brown rubber cord with rotating contact, 11 circular
black rubber washers, four rubber nipples (two black and two ochre), a paper chart listing gasket
models, and an encapsulated wax paper wrapper; metal accessories include plugs, circular port discs,
and a double cathetering guide
Number Of Parts
44
Part Names
a - walnut case - Size: Length 36.8 cm. x Width 17.7 cm. x Depth 3.5 cm.
b - sliding lid - Size: Length 20.7 cm. x Width 2.9 cm. x Depth 1.0 mm.
c - examining telescope - Size: Length 32.5 cm. x Width 3.5 cm. x Depth 4.0 mm.
d-e - sheath (x2) - Size: Length 20.4 cm. x Width 5.1 cm. x Depth 8.0 mm.
f - fin - Size: Length 19.8 cm. x Width 7.0 mm.
g-h - obdurator (x2) - Size: Length 23.0 cm. x Width 1.5 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
i - bridge assembly - Size: Length 8.0 cm. x Width 2.0 cm.
j - cleaning hook - Size: Length 26.4 cm. x Width 1.8 cm. x Depth 3.0 mm.
k - rotating contact - Size: Length 4.8 cm. x Width 1.1 cm.
l - conducting cord - Size: Length 196.8 cm. x Width 1.1 cm. x Depth 5.0 mm.
m - catheter clip - Size: Length 4.6 cm. x Width 1.1 cm. x Depth 6.0 mm.
n - grease jar - Size: Length 17.0 cm. x Width 2.5 cm.
o - grease jar lid - Size: x Width 2.6 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm.
p - connecting nipple - Size: Length 2.4 cm. x Width 9.0 mm.
q - double catheterizing guide - Size: Length 4.4 cm. x Width 1.2 cm.
r - metal plug - large - Size: Length 2.5 cm. x Width 5.0 mm.
s-t - metal plug - small (x2) - Size: Length 1.8 cm. x Width 5.0 mm.
u-w - port disk (x3) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
x-aa - lamp case (x4) - Size: Length 6.0 cm. x Width 1.2 cm. x Depth 7.0 mm.
bb-cc - rubber nipple - black (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
dd-ee - rubber nipple - ochre (x2) - Size: Length 1.3 cm. x Width 8.0 mm.
ff-pp - rubber washer (x11) - Size: x Width 1.3 cm. x Depth 2.0 mm.
qq - gasket chart - Size: Length 9.6 cm. x Width 16.7 cm.
rr - paper wrapper - Size: Length 5.7 cm. x Width 9.2 cm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. J.A. Low at the Bladder Function Clinic, KGH, from 1965 to 1975
Maker
American Cystoscope Makers Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1952
circa 1952
Date Remarks
Exact model found in ACMI Catalogue for 1952
Material
wood: brown
metal: silver; black
plastic: black; clear
rubber: black; ochre; brown
glass: clear
wax paper: beige
paper: beige
Inscriptions
(a) sticker on interior of case reads, "INGRAM & BELL // LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL - WINNIPEG CALGARY
- VANCOUVER"; plaque reads, "THE McCARTHY // FOROBLIQUE PAN-ENDOSCOPE // McCARTHY VISUAL
SYSTEM No. 68A // WHEN OPERATING PARTS SPECIFY PAN-ENDOSCOPE WITH No. 68A TELESCOPE // OCCASIONALLY
GREASE CONE OF TELESCOPE TO PREVENT LEAKAGE AND ASSURE // SMOOTH ACTION OF LOCK. WHEN INSTALLING
NEW LAMP, GREASE THREADS TO // SEAL AGAINST MOISTURE AND CORROSION OF ELECTRICAL CONTACT. // THE
CORRECT LAMP FOR THIS INSTRUMENT IS // A-C-M-I-No. 58L [all underlined] // TO AVOID DAMAGE AND REPAIR
EXPENSE, USE ONLY GENUINE LAMPS // WHICH ARE STAMPED A-C-M-I [all underlined] FOR YOUR PROTECTION.
// American Cystoscope Makers, Inc. // DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND ACMI INSTRUMENTS
SINCE 1900 // NEW YORK, U.S.A."; (b) "AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC. // NEW YORK, N.Y. //
DESIGNERS AND SOLE PRODUCERS OF WAPPLER AND A.C.M.I. INSTRUMENTS SINCE 1900"; (d) "20F // PAT. NO.
7C3216 // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE // IN U.S.A."; (e) "20F // PAT. NO.
7C3216 // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE // MAKERS, INC. N.Y. // MADE // IN U.S.A."; (c) "McCARTHY FOROBLIQUE
U.S. PAT. NO. // 1680490 // 1680491 // LAMP No ["o" of "No" superscripted] 58L // AMERICAN CYSTOSCOPE
MAKERS, INC. // MADE IN U.S.A."; (i) "AMER. CYSTOSCOPE MAKERS, INC."; (g) "4 // A.C.M.I.";
(h) "18 // A.C.M.I."; (k) "ACMI" [x2]; (l) "A.C.M.I."; (o) "A.C.M.I. // GREASE"; (x-aa) in script:
"American // CYSTOSCOPE // Makers, Inc." "58L"; (p) "B-D"; (m) "A.C.M.I."; (rr) "WAPPLER // A.C.
M.I. // TRADE MARK // American Cystoscope Makers, Inc. // 8 Pelham Parkway // Pelham Manor, N.Y.
10803" "156B" [in ink]; (qq) "GASKET CHART // Gasket Type, Type used with // No. 68 // Foroblique
Telescope, Type used with // No. 68A // Foroblique Telescope, Type used with // No. 400B // Bridge,
Catheter // Size ...."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E7-8
Condition Remarks
(a) top surface is scratched and veneer has flaked off over 30% of surface; bottom surface is even
more worn -- 50% of surface veneer has flaked away; corners are worn; left side has three spots of
paint; interior dusty; individual wooden support blocks are worn on corners; blue stain inside interior
case at right side; (b) scratched and worn on underside along sliding edges; (c) escaped the
mottled surface look of the other metal instruments; chrome plate is worn off around surface where
rotating connection attaches (between flanges); (d) mottled surface (shiny and dull); (e) mottled
surface (shiny and dull); green residue on lock lever at mouth; (i) surface faintly mottled; rubber
washer is actively corroding -- glue-like consistency which has leaked into telescope hole; (g) mottled
surface; green residue on lock pins; (h) mottled surface; green residue on lock pins; (j) mottled
surface; large, pale green patch on stem 3 cm from top ring; (l) rubber surface has small
cracks; mouth of plug has green residue; (n) grease has been partially used; surface of metal is
dull; (o) several paint specks on surface; (qq) two fold lines running from top to bottom; does not
lie flat; has been rolled; paper has turned more brown along creases and at top right corner; (rr)
material is brittle and discoloured; edges are rough and torn away; now encapsulated
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"Urological and Allied Diagnostic Instruments and High Frequency Equipment" by American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., pp. 67-85; Dr. James A. Low; see also 996.013.006-.016; CD #3
Research Facts
Vision is forward and oblique rather than at the right angles common in the cystoscopes; developed
by Dr. J.F. McCarthy, Reinhold Wappler and Frederick Wappler; three major parts: telescope, sheath
and bridge assembly (see p. 67 reference below)
Images
Less detail

46 records – page 1 of 5.