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Dates
1943
1980
circa 1944-1980
Category
Surgery, Instrumentation
Hygiene
Classification
General Surgery
Hygiene
Patient Care
Surgery, instrumentation
Accession Number
000018028
Description
Rectangular bar of antiseptic surgical soap, wrapped in cream paper with green text and stripe running vertically along the right and left sides; lists active ingredients, manufacturing information, and instructions for use on the front, back, top, and bottom.sides.
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018028
Category
Surgery, Instrumentation
Hygiene
Classification
General Surgery
Hygiene
Patient Care
Surgery, instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Hygiene
Surgery
Soaps
Antisepsis
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Rectangular bar of antiseptic surgical soap, wrapped in cream paper with green text and stripe running vertically along the right and left sides; lists active ingredients, manufacturing information, and instructions for use on the front, back, top, and bottom.sides.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Originally owned by the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Jules R. Gilbert Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1943
1980
circa 1944-1980
Date Remarks
Based on patent date, dihydroxyhexachlorodiphenyl was created and the existence of Jules R. Gilbert Ltd.
Material
paper: tan
ink: green
soap
Inscriptions
Printed on top: "Surgene // (HEXACHLOROPHENE) // SURGICAL SOAP // ANTISEPTIC"; printed on front side: "ESPECIALLY RECOMMENDED // TO REDUCE BACTERIA // CONTAMINATION OF ALL // BODY SURFACES"; printed on bottom: "ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: // DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL // METHANE (HEXACHLOROPHENE) // 2% ANHYDROUS SOAP // WEIGHT 4 OUNCES // JULES R. GILBERT LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // MADE IN CANADA // PAT. 1943 // 1-1082 // (L)-9-u"; printed on back: "DAILY USE REGULARLY // PROVIDES MAXIMUM // ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
8.0 cm
Width
5.5 cm
Depth
2.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some minor discoloured spots on paper
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Catalogue
"The Medical Tour" website
Google Books
Reference Comments
"American Hospital Supply Catalogue (C30)," AHSC (Canada) Ltd., 1964 (item #13600)
https://www.nytimes.com/1972/09/24/archives/germicide-limit-stirs-confusion-store-managers-unsure-on.html
https://www.nytimes.com/1971/12/07/archives/fda-warns-on-hexachlorophene-bath-fda-warns-on-daily-baths-in.html
https://books.google.ca/books?id=kgcEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=%22DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL%22&source=bl&ots=excY1AomtG&sig=ACfU3U3o5xTrBmiBZGHT0HPOVQ-a-8QIjA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwitho_J-9fiAhVomK0KHV-KDO4Q6AEwAXoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL%22&f=false
Research Facts
Dihydroxyhexachlorodiphenyl is a chemical compound created during the Second World War as an antiseptic. It was made to kill bacteria and smell nice. Because its name was so long, it was often shortened to hexachlorophene.
In 1971, the American Food and Drug Administration warned against using products with more than 3% hexachlorophene, as it was shown to have been susceptible to being absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream and causing damage to the white matter of the brain. In 1972, the American FDA halted the production of products containing more than one percent hexachlorophene. Canada did not issue the same precautions.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was officially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group.
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Colgate Elephant Laundry Bar

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15155
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
Accession Number
010042001
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042001
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Soaps
Laundering
Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital KingstonSchool of Nursing School, Grad 1962.
Maker
Colgate-Palmolive Limited
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Date Remarks
Based on the year the Colgate-Palmolive company got its name and the time Constance Cox was a nurse, as well as the general dwindling use of laundry bar soap.
Material
soap: tan
Inscriptions
Embossed on bar: "COLGATE // ELEPHANT // LAUNDRY BAR // COLGATE-PALMOLIVE // LIMITED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
10.0 cm
Width
6.4 cm
Height
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Soap drying out and chipping along edges, especially the edge directly below the words "LAUNDRY BAR".
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://web.archive.org/web/20060513062621/http://www.colgate.com/app/Colgate/US/Corp/History/1931.cvsp
Research Facts
Colgate began when a man named William Colgate started a starch, soap, and candle business in New York in 1806. In 1953, Colgate-Palmolive became the company's official name.
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Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15216
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a ca…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Suppositories
Vagina
Hygiene
Antisepsis
Deodorants
Gynaecology
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a cardboard divider (c) folded equally five times accordion style; inside a fold of the divider is a vaginal suppository (d) sealed in grey metal foil; the suppository is shaped like a semi-flattened cone; in the bottom of the box below the divider is a flat sheet of card with "NORFORMS" printed in brown in the centre of one side.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - cover: Length 8.1 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 4.3 cm
b - box: Length 8.0 cm X Width 3.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
c - divider: Length 7.8 cm X Width 4.2 cm X Height 3.0 cm
d - suppository: Length 3.4 cm X Width 3.8 cm X Height 0.8 cm
e - card: Length 7.4 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Norwich Pharmacal Company, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Paris
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Date Remarks
Based on the registration of the trademark "Norforms" in Canada and the Smithsonian's record of a package of Norforms.
Material
paper: tan
ink: red, gold, brown
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on top of cover (a): "Norforms®"; printed on front of cover: "ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // Each Norforms is hermetically sealed to avoid leakage. // Norforms are of proper consistency for use at average // temperatures. In very hot weather keep in a cool place, or // hold, before unwrapping, under cold water for a few // minutes. // 50 // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL"; printed on bottom of cover (some words obscured by water damage): "NORFORMS // ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // EACH NORFORM [...] // Phenylmercuric Acetate [...] thonium // Chloride 0.2%, Methylparab [...] dispers- // ible base. // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL // NORWICH PHARMACAL COMPANY, LTD., PARIS, CANADA // 13-03-60 // LOT NO. 1020"; printed on side of box (some words obscured by water damage, but the French side of the box reveals what they are): "6 // NEW, IMPROVED // NORFORMS® // Norwich ® // FOR MEDICINAL // PURPOSES ONLY // INSTRUCTIONS INSIDE"; printed on suppository package (d): "NORFORMS"; printed on card (e):" NORFORMS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some water damage on outer box; printing in these spots has been washed away and is no longer readable, especially on the bottom of the box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazine
Reference Comments
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company.html
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company_20.html
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Norforms Antiseptic Deodorant Suppositories, catalogue number 1986.0198.037: https://www.si.edu/object/nmah_738638
Government of Canada, Canadian Trademarks Database, NORFORMS — 0200962: http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/opic-cipo/trdmrks/srch/viewTrademark.html?id=200962&lang=eng
Jet (magazine), 10 Dec 1959, Vol XVII, no. 7, page 1: https://books.google.ca/books?id=vK4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=norforms+antiseptic+vaginal+suppositories&source=bl&ots=DP_igBSM_X&sig=ACfU3U2inkjqlPbh-Gtw5x-NIL_vZ1Wckg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj5xLHTi6jjAhWoZd8KHSbKDqw4ChDoATABegQIBxAB#v=onepage&q=norforms%20antiseptic%20vaginal%20suppositories&f=false
Wikipedia, Phenymercury acetate, last edited 23 December, 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylmercury_acetate
Research Facts
Norforms were intended to protect the vaginal tract from germs. They were used by manner of inserting the suppository into the vagina, where it would melt at body temperature. Advertisements claimed that the suppositories would not harm delicate tissues and that they were tested and proved in hospital clinics. They were also intended to eliminate odours. Today, the ingredients may be considered dangerous because of the presence of phenylmercuric acetate, which contains mercury.
The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in Norwich, N.Y. by Rev. Mr. Lafayette Moore in 1885, and began from a small basket of pills and the equipment to make them. This company was the first to use the word "pharmacal", not technically an English word at the time, but one which grew popular because of their use of it.
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Rexall Hygienic Powder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15224
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Wound Healing
Gynecology
Hygiene
Powders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacy
Home Health
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the product inside a decorative printed dark blue border on a dark blue background; below this on a light blue background is a short description of the product's qualities and ingredients, and below this is the manufacturing information on a dark blue border; the side of the box contains directions on the use of the product and its quantity; the other two sides of the box contain the same information in French; the jar is of clear glass, nearly full of white powder; there is a cream coloured paper label which goes around the whole jar; the label's print is all in dark blue, and is of the same design and contains the same information in both English and French (except the front panel with the product name, which is only listed in English) as the box.; the jar has a metal screw cap painted white, and the bottom of the jar contains raised symbols in the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a- box: Length 6.5 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 12.7 cm
b- jar: Height 11.6 cm X Diameter 5.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Date Remarks
Based on design and Rexall history
Material
paper: tan, cream
ink: light blue, dark blue, white
metal: yellow
glass: clear
powder: white
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // D 432"; printed on front of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // Non-irritating // Cleansing // and // Soothing // Contains selected qualities of // Boric Acid, Borax, Bicarbon- // ate of Soda, Thymol, Menthol, // Methyl Salicylate and Eucal- // yptol in well balanced pro- // portions. // REXALL DRUG CO. // LIMITED. // TORONTO, // CANADA."; printed on side of box: "DIRECTIONS // As a Gargle, or as a // cleansing dressing for // minor skin injuries: // Dissolve one heaping tea- // spoonful in a glass of // water. // As a Spray for use in an // Atomizer: Dissolve one - // half teaspoonful in a glass // of water. // As a douche for fountain // syringe: Dissolve one // heaping tablepoonful in // two quarts of warm water. // Use at a comfortable tem - // perature. // Repeat as necessary. // 5 Ounces D 432".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row B
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
https://newscenter.dollargeneral.com/news/dollar-general-to-be-exclusive-retailer-of-rexall-brand-products.htm
LIFE magazine, 5 May, 1952, page 157: https://books.google.ca/books?id=HVYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=%22rexall+hygienic+powder%22&source=bl&ots=h5UvB6SRUY&sig=ACfU3U3x_jY6yeg-_uHeMScmzNGHUefZ7A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiCzZzg4ozjAhWXXc0KHVtICOEQ6AEwDXoECAUQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22rexall%20hygienic%20powder%22&f=false
Research Facts
In 1952, Rexall Hygienic Powder sold for 65 cents,
Rexall began in the United States in 1902 in Boston, and expanded throughout the country during the early 20th century. Rexall went under in 1986 in the United States, but remains a brand name there and a chain of Drug Stores in Canada.
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feminine spray douche

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15219
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from th…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Gynaecology
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from the bottom of the circle to the right edge of the box with white print inside the line; this same logo is on the left side of the box, and there is handwriting on the side of the lid above it, as well as manufacturing and quantity information printed in black on the same side; inside the box lid is also covered in yellow paper with the same logo on it, and above the logo is the Rexall logo in white on a black background, and to the right is an illustration of the product and its parts and how they fit together, along with instructions on how to store them; inside the box is a cardboard cut-out coloured gold which is the shape of the bulb; the bulb (b) fits inside this shape and is made of rubber, with black on the bottom and white on the top; it has a flat bottom and widens in the middle before becoming rounded at the top, with a protrusion at the very top which contains the hole into which the pipe (c) can be screwed on; the pipe has two sets of threading on the end and is made of rubber; the other end of the pipe is slightly bulbous and has a hole in the end; stored under the cardboard cutout in the box is a metal spoon (d) shaped like a ladle with a hooked end and the product name and patent information engraved on the handle; also in the box is a small piece of paper with blue print (e) detailing the directions for the use of the product.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - box: Length 17.4 cm x Width 11.2 cm X Height 7.9 cm
b - bulb: Length 12.6 cm X Diameter 7.7 cm
c - pipe: Length 13.3 cm X Diameter 2.3 cm
d - spoon: Length 10.0 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
e - instructions: Length 10.6 cm X Width 7.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Rexall Drug Company
Site Made (City)
Los Angeles, Boston, St. Louis
Site Made (State)
California, Massachusetts, Missouri
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Date Remarks
Date based on when Rexall became Rexall Drug Company and when the St. Louis plant closed
Material
paper: tan
ink: yellow, pink, white, black, blue, gold
rubber: black, tan
metal: grey
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Hy·da·way // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; handwritten on edge of left side of lid: "KORN // 3 95"; printed on left side of box: "Hy·da·way // R 303 // 8 OZ. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING // REXALL DRUG COMPANY · DISTRIBUTO // LOS ANGELES · BOSTON · ST. LOUIS · TORONTO, CANADA"; printed on inside of box lid: "Rexall // The Hy-Da-Way Swirl Spray Douche is con- // venient for traveling (pipe can be concealed // inside bulb and sealed with cap) and per- // fect for home use. Before using, remove // pipe from inside bulb and fit into assembled // position shown above. // MADE IN U.S.A. // Hy·da·way // Sanitary leakproof cap // After using, clean, // drain, reverse pipe in // bulb as indicated; then // screw cap on tightly. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; embossed on spoon: "Cream Top. // PAT. // SEPT. 2ND 1924 // MAR. 3RD 1925"; printed on instructions sheet: "DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Compress bulb as much as possible and submerge in solution // to be used. Release the bulb slowly. Lift the douche out // of solution, holding it upright, and then press gently on the // bulb until liquid appears at tip of pipe. Then, without re- // leasing the pressure, submerge pipe again, then release // bulb slowly. This should fill the bulb completely. // CAUTION: The user is warned against the use of undue pressure // on the bulb which might result in spreading infection. // Moderate pressure of the solution is sufficient for cleans- // ing. Withdraw nozzle and fluid will flush out quickly. // Greater effectiveness may result if used when reclining. // SP 474 // PRINTED IN U. S. A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box has a strong smell; rubber bulb hardened and discoloured; some bubbling in paper on box; paper instructions minorly crumpled around top left corner.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20151030025534/http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
Justia Trademarks, Hy-Da-Way: https://trademarks.justia.com/720/70/hy-da-way-72070946.html
Chapter 2a, Dating Milk Bottles, © Bill Lockhart 2011; page 15, "Cream-Top Milk Bottles: oterochap2a.pdf
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
Hy-da-way was trademarked by Rexall in 1959 in relation to their Folding Fountain Syringe; another douche-like product.
The Cream Top spoon found with this object was created by Herbert E. Hill for Cream-Top milk bottles, which were bottles with a bulbous top where the cream could rise to and remain; the spoon was created in order to block the opening of the bottle below the bulbous part and prevent milk from escaping when the cream was poured out. It may possibly be present in this douche kit to be used for measuring the cleansing solution.
The cap is missing from this object, but is illustrated inside the lid.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Supplies, Hospital
Hygiene
Accession Number
006033009
Description
Cylindrical wide-mouthed semitransparent brown glass Surg-I-Kleen bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; half full with white powder; circular base with slight push up, stippled outer ring, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and pale blue pap…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033009
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Supplies, Hospital
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Equipment and Supplies, Hospital
Supplies, Hospital
Supplies, Cleaning
Hygiene
Soaps
Description
Cylindrical wide-mouthed semitransparent brown glass Surg-I-Kleen bottle with non-removable cylindrical white metal screw cap; half full with white powder; circular base with slight push up, stippled outer ring, and manufacturer information embossed; straight side walls with cream and pale blue paper label with printed product information and directions nearly completely wrapped around; round shoulders taper to round neck ring and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck and base; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical indents on sides, flat top with ring indent near edges, and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1957
1967
circa 1957 – 1967
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, box month code, and “7” year code; presence of Ingram & Bell logo discontinued in late 1960s (at least 1968)
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: pale blue, navy, red, black
metal: white, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // SURG-I-KLEEN // (I & B) // TRADE MARK REGISTERED // REMOVES DRIED BLOOD AND TISSUE // EFFECTIVE // RAPID // SAFE // ECONOMICAL // NON-CORROSIVE // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // TORONTO // MONTREAL WINNIPEG CALGARY VANCOUVER // NEW // NO-SNEEZE // FORMULA // SURG-I-KLEEN // The modern, non-corrosive cleanser combining rapidity, // economy and safety for cleansing of surgical instruments, // laboratory glassware, rubber goods, syringes, needles, // catheters, canulas, rectal tubes, blood transfusion equip- // ment, etc. It is no longer necessary to use a scrub brush // to remove dried blood and tissue from crevices, locks, // serrations, ratchets which are difficult to reach by ordinary // methods // NOT EXCESSIVELY ALKALINE // DOES NOT DRY OR CHAP THE HANDS // DIRECTIONS FOR USE: // Dissolve one ounce in one gallon of hot water, immerse // instruments, etc., and maintain solution, at approximately // 120º F. for one-half hour if required. Agitate before // removing and rinse in hot water, brush lightly if necessary // to remove loose particles. Instruments, etc., will now be // found bright and clean ready for sterilization. // AVOID CONTACT WITH ALUMINUM // NET WEIGHT 1 LB.” stamped on back of label in black ink: “(L) 822422”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D 7 // 500 3 // 1842”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row G
Length
14.2 cm
Diameter
8.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and fading all over label; major corrosion to metal cap, especially around edges
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Artifact
Document
Document (online)
Website
Reference Comments
Artifact label (006.033.009)
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Surg-I-Kleen was part of Ingram & Bell’s product line developed specifically for use in the medical field; it was marketed as a safe cleaner for medical equipment and surgical tools capable of cleaning dried blood and tissue, along with other medical specific cleaning tasks, including catheters, rectal tube, and glassware; the label of this particular artifact claims a new “no-sneeze” formula.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Point St. Charles, Quebec; the progressive line system month code and “7” year code signify it was produced in either 1957 or 1967.
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Dates
1940
1960
circa 1940 - 1960
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Hygiene
Accession Number
018003002 a-b
Description
Cylindrical roll of one ply toilet paper (a) with printed paper label covering exterior; manufacturing information and Royal Arms of the United Kingdom printed on the label in dark blue ink; paper is wrapped around a thin brown nearly cylindrical cardboard tube; roll is almost square form pressure …
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Accession Number
018003002 a-b
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Sanitation
Equipment and Supplies
Hygiene
MM= Household Articles -- miscellaneous
Description
Cylindrical roll of one ply toilet paper (a) with printed paper label covering exterior; manufacturing information and Royal Arms of the United Kingdom printed on the label in dark blue ink; paper is wrapped around a thin brown nearly cylindrical cardboard tube; roll is almost square form pressure of other rolls in a box.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - roll
b - label
Provenance
Belonged to Canada’s Museum’s of Science and Innovation; deaccessioned from their collection.
Maker
J. C. Wilson Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
1960
circa 1940 - 1960
Date Remarks
Dates provided by donor
Material
paper: tan, brown, cream
ink: navy
Inscriptions
Printed on the paper label in dark blue ink: “GOVERNMENT OF CANADA // TOILET PAPER // “Made in Canada” // “J. C. WILSON LIMITED // PAPER MAKERS // MONTREAL – CANADA // 11 ounces”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-8
Length
16.3 cm
Width
15.1 cm
Depth
10.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Ppaer yellowing; object distorted but stabel; brown staining at paper seam from adhesive deterioration; minor all over surface staining especially over label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Laurin, Serge. “Wilson, James Crocket.” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, University of Toronto/Université Laval. 1990. Accessed 21 May 2019.
Research Facts
J. C. Wilson Limited was founded by James Crocket Wilson in 1870 as J. C. Wilson and Company. The company was one of Canada’s leading paper manufacturers and produced a variety of paper products, including bags, postcards, and toilet paper.
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Feminine Hygienic Syringe Kit 'Tinykit'

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15193
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag i…
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Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag inside the kit; the box contains information printed in blue, white, and red ink including the product title, the patent number, manufacturing information, ordering information, and information about the product; inside the box are a set of instructions printed in black ink on tan paper (f), a white plastic measuring spoon (e), and a tan latex case (c); inside the case are a long white plastic syringe (b), and a yellow latex bag with a white plastic nozzle (d).
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a) box: Length 15.4 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 2.0 cm
b) syringe: Length 13.6 cm X Diameter 1.9 cm
c) case: Length 14.3 cm X Width 2.0 cm X Height 6.1 cm
d) bag: Length 14.0 cm X Width 8.0 cm x Height 3.8 cm
e) measuring spoon: Length 5.9 cm X Width 2.1 cm X Height 1.1 cm
f) instructions: Length 13.9 cm X Width 5.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Shush, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Akron
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Date Remarks
Date based on patent number as well as illustration and graphic style on box.
Material
paper: tan
ink: blue, black, red
latex: tan, yellow
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Shush "tinykit®" // S // FEMININE HYGIENIC SYRINGE // BAG OF DIPPED LATEX WITH // CAPACITY FOR THOROUGH // HYGIENIC CLEANSING // SCIENTIFICALLY // DESIGNED NOZZLE // WITH A SPRAY // THAT GOES UPWARD AND OUTWARD FOR THAT CLEANSING ACTION. // RECOMMENDED BY DOCTORS FOR MAXIMUM HYGIENIC SECURITY. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893 // Complete Feminine Syringe Kit in a water-proof case for home or travel"; printed on back of box: "Shush "tinykit®" // S // Fastidious women everywhere will welcome the new // Shush "tinykit' ... a kit for her most personal // necessities, compactly arranged in a tiny inconspicuous // travel container. She'll appreciate too, a great confidence // in Shush ... for the Shush "tinykit" is scientifically designed // for maximum efficiency. Truly, Shush is the modern answer // to M'Lady's personal daintiness - at home or away. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893"; printed on long sides of box: "Shush "tinykit®" for personal daintiness // SHUSH INC., AKRON, OHIO, U.S.A."; printed on short sides of box: ""tinykit" for M'LADY'S // PERSONAL DAINTINESS"; printed on inside flap of box: "IF UNABLE TO BUY LOCALLY SEND ONE // DOLLAR WITH YOUR NAME AND ADDRESS TO // SHUSH INC., AKRON 8, OHIO // LITHO IN U.S.A."; embossed on case (c): "Shush "tinykit®" // AKRON, OHIO"; raised on measuring spoon (e): "Lysol® // BRAND DISINFECTANT"; printed on instructions sheet (f): "INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE // ADD ONE-HALF TEASPOONFUL (ONE SPOONFUL OF THE ENCLOSED // MEASURING DEVICE) OF LYSOL BRAND DISINFECTANT TO ONE // PINT OF WARM WATER. MIX THOROUGHLY IN SEPARATE // CONTAINER BEFORE POURING INTO BAG. RINSE THE TINYKIT // WITH WATER AFTER USING."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tearing and fraying of cardboard box, paper instructions minorly crumpled.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
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