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The Physician's Wife and The Things that Pertain to Her Life [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14861
Dates
1894
1900
circa 1894-1900
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
016004001
Description
Hardcover book with brown cover and includes illustrations, photo-engravings of author and poems; 186 pages plus two pages advertising two other books.
  5 images  
Accession Number
016004001
Author
Ellen M. Firebaugh
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Description
Hardcover book with brown cover and includes illustrations, photo-engravings of author and poems; 186 pages plus two pages advertising two other books.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to owner's namesake, his uncle Dr. Charles Harold Bird.
Maker
The F. A. Davis Company
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1894
1900
circa 1894-1900
Date Remarks
Publication date
Material
paper: cream, brown
ink: black, brown
Inscriptions
On frontispiece: "THE // PHYSICIAN'S WIFE // AND // THE THINGS THAT PERTAIN // TO HER LIFE. // BY // ELLEN M. FIREBAUGH // Illustrated with Forty-four Photo-Engravings of // Sketches from Life // PHILADELPHIA: // THE F. A. DAVIS COMPANY // LONDON: F. J. REBMAN // 1894"; on dedication page: "RESPECTFULLY AND AFFECTIONATELY // INSCRIBED // TO // Physician's Wives in General // AND // TO THAT ONE IN PARTICULAR WHOSE GRACIOUS PEN // HAS DONE SO MUCH FOR CHILDHOOD, AND, // THROUGH CHILDHOOD, FOR ALL // THE WORLD - // MRS. FRANCES HODGSON BURNETT
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
20.5 cm
Width
16.0 cm
Depth
2.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Shows minor wear along edges with corners bent inwards
Copy Type
original
Images
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Book on The Physician Himself and Things That Concern His Reputation and Success 10th Ed. [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14862
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
016004002
Description
Hardcover book with brown cover; inside cover with a narrow cream pre-printed label with the doctors names and phone number; handwritten name and date inside page; gold text on spine and cover; 186 pages.
  3 images  
Accession Number
016004002
Author
D. W. Cathell, M.D.
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Description
Hardcover book with brown cover; inside cover with a narrow cream pre-printed label with the doctors names and phone number; handwritten name and date inside page; gold text on spine and cover; 186 pages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to owner's namesake, his uncle Dr. Charles Harold Bird.
Maker
The F. A. Davis Company
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Date Remarks
Publication date
Material
paper: cream, brown
ink: black, gold
Inscriptions
On frontispiece: "BOOK // ON // The Physician Himself // AND THINGS THAT CONCERN // His Reputation and Success // BY // D. W. CATHELL, M.D. // BALTIMORE, MD. //"I'd sketch the world exactly as it goes" // TENTH EDITION // Carefully Revised and Greatly Enlarged // (AUTHOR'S FINAL VERSION) // PHILADELPHIA AND LONDON: // THE F. A. DAVIS CO., PUBLISHERS // 1895"; handwritten: "CHarold Bird // Gananoque // 1896"; on narrow label: "DR. C. H. BIRD DR. H. GODFREY BIRD // Pine Street Phone 90 // GANANOQUE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
25.0 cm
Width
16.5 cm
Depth
2.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Shows minor wear along edges with corners bent inwards; faded fabric on spine
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

The Reluctant Surgeon: A Biography of John Hunter [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14863
Dates
1960
1965
circa 1960-1965
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
016004003 a-b
Description
Hardcover book (a) with gold and yellow paper book cover (b); inside cover with handwritten name and date; information divided into eight sections; includes index and bibliography; gold text on spine and cover; 359 pages including index.
  5 images  
Accession Number
016004003 a-b
Author
John Kobler
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Description
Hardcover book (a) with gold and yellow paper book cover (b); inside cover with handwritten name and date; information divided into eight sections; includes index and bibliography; gold text on spine and cover; 359 pages including index.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - book
b - paper cover
Provenance
Belonged to owner's namesake, his uncle Dr. Charles Harold Bird.
Maker
Doubleday & Company, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Garden City
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
Unites Staes of America
Dates
1960
1965
circa 1960-1965
Date Remarks
Publication date
Material
paper: cream, black
ink: black, gold
Inscriptions
On paper jacket: "The // Reluctant // Surgeon: // A Biography of // John Hunter, // medical genius // and great inquirer // of Johnson's England // John Kobler"; on frontispiece: "THE RELUCTANT // SURGEON // A BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN HUNTER // JOHN KOBLER // 1960 // DOUBLEDAY & COMPANY, INC. // GARDEN CITY, NEW YORK"; HANDWRITTEN INSIDE COVER: "HGodfrey Bird // Christmas 1960 // from Mrs. Wright - Helen"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
a - 24.0 cm
b - 54.7 cm
Width
a - 15.8 cm
b - 24.0 cm
Depth
a - 4.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Book cover opened flat
Condition Remarks
Shows minor wear along edges with corners bent inwards; faded fabric on spine; all folds on paper cover split and covered with yellowing and brittle adhesive clear tape, many rips and minor losses along edges
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
From book cover flap
Research Facts
Information on the book cover flaps:
John Hunter was a gruff, unlettered Scotsman whose supreme genius brought medicine out of the Dark Ages and earned him the title of “the founder of scientific surgery.” Practicing in eighteenth-century London, he combined a gift for observation with an astounding originality of thought to become a pioneer in countless fields of science. He has been described as “the most important naturalist between Aristotle and Darwin … the Shakespeare of medicine … one of the greatest men the English nation has produced.” He was a singular man, and John Kobler tells his singular story in this remarkable biography.
Hunter was generations ahead of his time. His work in surgery and urology has only been fully appreciated in recent decades. John and his brother William were the first to trace the lymphatic system. John devised an operation for aneurisms still used today. He performed the first human artificial insemination. A hundred years before Freud he grasped the psychic factors in disease. And in several respects he anticipated Darwin.
He was perhaps the greatest dissector and collector of anatomical specimens in history. This involved him in the murky art of body snatching, but won for his museum such oddities as the skeleton of a man eight-and-a-half-feet tall. As a teacher he had enormous influence, spurring Edward Jenner to his discovery of vaccination, and profoundly affecting the development of medicine and surgery in A,ercia through his students, including John Morgan, who established the first medical school here, and Philip Syng Physick, the “Father of American Surgery”.
John Kobler paints a vivid and unusual picture of the London of Johnson and Boswell. Boswell himself appears in these pages as on of Hunter’s patients, as does the infant Lord Byron (it was Hunter who prescribed the orthopedic shoe that allowed the boy Byron to walk), the painters Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough, and Benjamin Franklin. Illustrious company, but none of whom overshadows John Hunter in long-range importance to humanity.
John Kobler is a Saturday Evening Post editor who has written innumerable articles for his own magazine, the The New Yorker, Life, the old Vanity Fair, and many other publications. His frequent writings on science and medicine have given him a grasp of these professional subjects extraordinary for a layman. A graduate of Williams College, Mr. Kobler has worked as a foreign correspondent and as an editor for Time and for Life. He married a Scottish girl during the war. They have two daughters and live in Wilton, Connecticut.
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The Clinical Assistant's Guide to the Functional Examination of the Ear 2nd. Ed. [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14864
Dates
1926
1930
circa 1926-1930
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
016004004
Description
Pocket sized black hardcover book with gold text and hospital insignia on cover; printed on one side of page; 30 pages; hand written notations on back pages and initials of owner inside cover.
  3 images  
Accession Number
016004004
Author
Central London Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Description
Pocket sized black hardcover book with gold text and hospital insignia on cover; printed on one side of page; 30 pages; hand written notations on back pages and initials of owner inside cover.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to owner's namesake, his uncle Dr. Charles Harold Bird.
Maker
Central London Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1926
1930
circa 1926-1930
Date Remarks
Publication date
Material
paper: cream, black
ink: black, gold
Inscriptions
On cover and frontispiece: "CENTRAL LONDON // THROAT, NOSE, AND EAR HOSPITAL // GRAY'S INN ROAD, W. C. // THE // CLINICAL ASSISTANT'S GUIDE // TO THE // FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION OF THE EAR // // SECOND EDITION"; next page: "First Edition, Xmas, 1915 // Second edition, January, 1926"; handwritten on frontispiece: "HG. Bird"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
13.0 cm
Width
10.4 cm
Depth
0.6 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Like new; minor white stain on front cover at edge
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Wikipedia
Research Facts
The Central London Throat Nose and Ear Hospital was founded in 1874 by Lennox Browne, Llewellyn Thomas, Alfred Hutton, George Wallis and Ernest Turner. The hospital initially opened in Manchester Street (now Argyle Street), but demand for its services was such that in 1875 it moved to its current location on Gray's Inn Road. In January 1942 the hospital was amalgamated with the Hospital for Diseases of the Throat in Golden Square to form The Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital.
In April 1991 the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, comprising the Royal Free Hospital and the Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, became one of the first NHS trusts established under the provisions of the NHS and Community Care Act 1990.
In April 2012, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust took over management of the hospital from the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust.
The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital (the RNTNEH) is a specialist otolaryngologic hospital located on Gray's Inn Road in London, England, and a part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Established in 1874, its motto is "Audient surdi mutique loquentur" (the deaf shall hear and the mute shall speak).
The hospital specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders. Departments within the hospital include an allergy clinic, rhinology and audiology / otology, and it treats a range of disorders including cancers, hearing and speech disorders, snoring and related sleep disorders.
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Dates
1893
1895
circa 1893-1895
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
016004005
Description
Pocket sized red leather hardcover book filled with handwritten medical patient notes and pharmaceutical recipes; each end cover with handwritten name of owner.
  4 images  
Accession Number
016004005
Collection
Bird Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Description
Pocket sized red leather hardcover book filled with handwritten medical patient notes and pharmaceutical recipes; each end cover with handwritten name of owner.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to owner's namesake, his uncle Dr. Charles Harold Bird.
Dates
1893
1895
circa 1893-1895
Material
paper: cream, black
ink: black, gold
Inscriptions
Handwritten on inside page: "CH. Bird // General Hospital // [illeg] // June 16 / 93"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
12.3 cm
Width
6.8 cm
Depth
1.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Cover shows wear, minor abrasions around edges
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

tooth guard safety razor set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13621
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Accession Number
010015001 a-h
Description
Durham Duplex razor handle (a) has a cream coloured celluloid sheath that hinges onto a thinner rectangular silver steel handle with vertical grip lines on each side; handle widens into a larger rectangular head with two small rectangular holes; the bottom tip of the handle flares out and then tape…
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015001 a-h
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
MeSH Heading
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Hygiene -- instrumentation
MM= Household Articles -- razor
Description
Durham Duplex razor handle (a) has a cream coloured celluloid sheath that hinges onto a thinner rectangular silver steel handle with vertical grip lines on each side; handle widens into a larger rectangular head with two small rectangular holes; the bottom tip of the handle flares out and then tapers to a point; silver steel blade guard (b) has fifteen teeth on either side and attaches to handle via two clips that fit inside the rectangular holes on (a) and is held in place by a thin piece which fits into a small groove on (a); silver steel razor blade (c) fits in between the handle and the blade guard and is rectangular in shape with rounded edges and an oblong cut out in the centre which fits over the clips on (b); replacement blades (d-e) are identical to (c) and come inside a small red paper box (f) with a cream coloured border and gold and green lettering; the company logo is printed on top and consists of two lions each holding a flag on either side of a shield with three banners below them containing the company motto; all items fit into a cream coloured celluloid box with a top (g) and a bottom (h) section which fit together.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - handle - Size: Length 21.5 cm x Width 1.7 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
b - blade guard - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
c-e - blade - Size: Length 5.8 cm x Width 2.0 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
f - paper box - Size: Length 7.0 cm x Width 3.0 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
g - box top - Size: Length 14.3 cm x Width 3.2 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
h - box bottom - Size: Length 14.0 cm x Width 2.9 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Maker
Durham Duplex Razor Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Date Remarks
Based on donor's remarks
Material
metal: silver
celluloid: cream
paper: red, cream
ink: yellow, green
Inscriptions
(a) Stamped into handle on top side: "PAT. U.S.A. MAY 28.07. // AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES"; stamped into handle on bottom side: "MADE IN CANADA"; (b) stamped into centre of blade guard: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"; (c-e) engraved onto underside of all blades: "DURHAM DUPLEX RAZOR CO. LTD. TORONTO // DURHAM DUPLEX // MADE IN CANADA"; (f) printed on the front: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"; (f) printed on the banners below the lions: "CHACUN SON PROPRE BARBIER"; printed on either side of (f): "FIVE BLADES"; printed on the back: "DURHAM DUPLEX RAZOR CO. LTD. // JERSEY CITY SHEFFIELD PARIS TORONTO // MADE IN CANADA // PRINTED IN U.S.A."; (g) embossed in the centre: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-5
Condition Remarks
Scratches present on the celluloid handle of (a); small chips out of the edges of (d) and (e); (f) shows significant signs of wear and tear and the box itself has collapsed; all objects exhibit signs of use
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
"Durham Duplex" website
Research Facts
The Durham Duplex Razor Company Ltd. was registered in the UK on May 11, 1910 as a subsidiary of the US razor blade manufacturer Durham Razor Company Inc. founded in the late 1800's; it was the US company who developed the Durham Duplex safety razor system
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rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15204
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015002 a-f
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular paper box (a,b), black on the outside and tan on the inside with removable lid, contains a glass rectal thermometer (c) with a metal end and red hatch marks, numbers, and text with a white stripe running the length of one side, a black plastic case (d,e), and an instruction sheet (f) which contains information about the product and its use, about the manufacturer, and about an extra piece not present in the box: "Faichney's Thermometer Shaker"; paper has two holes just off centre, presumably for the thermometer to be put through.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - box top: Length 13.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
b - box bottom: Length 12.2 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 1.4 cm
c - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
d - case: Length 9.1 cm X Diameter 1.2 cm
e - case lid: Length 3.5 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - instructions: Length 11.4 cm X Width 5.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Faichney Instrument Corporation
Site Made (City)
Watertown
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1936
1950
circa 1936-1950
Date Remarks
.Based on patent year printed on instructions and donor's remarks.
Material
paper: tan
ink: black, red, white
plastic: black
glass: clear
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "94 // 6 // 8 // 100 // 2 // 4 // 6 // 8 // YL176 FAICHNEY WATERTOWN NY MASS G RECTAL"; printed on front of instructions sheet: "CERTIFICATE OF ACCURACY // We, the undersigned manufacturer, certify that this thermometer has been carefully inspected and // tested. Every thermometer bearing our name, FAICHNEY--Watertown, N. Y., is fully guaranteed. If // any defect should develop or if for any reason the instrument does not give full and complete satisfaction // it will be replaced without charge. This guarantee covers everything but breakage. // The Apex of Precision // Faichney Instrument Corporation // Watertown, New York"; printed on back of instruction sheet: "To shake back the mercury column // in a Clinical Thermometer with a Pilot // Grip or similar top: Insert mercury end // into loop of shaker. Slide the shaker // on thermometer until it hits triangle // top. Take twisted ends of shaker in // thumb and first finger of both hands // as shown in illustration. Roll between // thumbs and fingers to cause ther- // mometer to revolve, twirl or spin. // Three or four spins will shake down // mercury column without any effort. // Faichney's // Thermometer // Shaker // Patented // July 1936 // No. 2047801 // DIRECTIONS FOR USE // To see the mercury column, lay // thermometer on flat surface with the // name downward. Lean over the ther- // mometer, looking directly between // scale and figures. If mercury column // stands higher than 97° mark, shake // down before using. // Sterilize by immersing in alcohol // or any dependable antiseptic solution. // DO NOT STERILIZE IN HOT // WATER AS EXCESSIVE HEAT // WILL CAUSE THERMOMETER // TO BREAK."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box corners repaired with hinging tape
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Food
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves straight out towards the side; a wooden stopper (b) sits in the neck of the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle: Length 7.2 cm X Width 5.0 cm X Height 12.3 cm
b - stopper: Length 4.9 cm X Diameter 2.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Date Remarks
Based on "A Dating Key For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles" by T. Stell Newman.
Material
glass: amber
wood: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some bubbles inside the glass and potentially some minor chipping.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.etymonline.com/word/cruet#etymonline_v_406
https://www.kovels.com/price-guide/glass-price-guide/amber-glass.html
https://www.airseacontainers.com/blog/the-science-behind-amber-glass-how-these-bottles-protect-liquids/
https://www.containerandpackaging.com/resources/colored-glass/
Research Facts
Olive oil was used in various pharmacy recipes for home use and at the pharmacists.
This type of bottle is called a cruet, and is most often used to hold vinegar, oil, or sacramental wine. The word "cruet" was first attested circa 1300, and most likely comes from the Old French "crue", meaning an earthen pot. Related to the word "crock".
Amber, the colour of this glass, was a popular colour for glass just after the American Civil War and during the 1930s-1950s, and is one of the many colours which are often cited when referring to "Depression Glass". Amber glass comes from iron, sulphur, and carbon being added to molten glass. Amber glass is good for protecting liquids, as it blocks UV light and other light wavelengths under 450 nm, which is why it is often used to store medicines, alcohols, and oils.
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oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15205
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains …
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis, Oral -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains words and numbers in black ink; the thermometer is enclosed in a grey metal case (b,c) which has a hexagonal metal piece on it just below where the lid meets the case.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - thermometer: Length 10.2 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
b - case: Length 9.2 cm X Diameter 0.7 cm
c - lid: Length 2.8 cm x Diameter 0.7 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Wm. Johnston
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Material
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: black, white
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "95 // 100 // 5 // 110 // Wm. Johnston 531 one minute 16478".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration spots on metal case; some of the numbers are beginning to rub off the thermometer.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
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9 records – page 1 of 1.