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Munyon's Whooping Cough Cure

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14222
Dates
1890
1910
circa 1890-1910
Collection
Parks Canada Agency Pharmacy Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
Accession Number
014002092 a-b
Description
Transparent cylindrical glass bottle (a) with metal screw cap (b) and cork closure full of circular white pellets; tan paper label has name, logo and directions for use.
  4 images  
Accession Number
014002092 a-b
Collection
Parks Canada Agency Pharmacy Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Whooping Cough -- drug therapy
Cough -- drug therapy
Antitussive Agents
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Transparent cylindrical glass bottle (a) with metal screw cap (b) and cork closure full of circular white pellets; tan paper label has name, logo and directions for use.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transferred from the Parks Canada Agency, via Gail Cariou of the Curatorial and Collections Branch.
Maker
James M. Munyon
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1890
1910
circa 1890-1910
Date Remarks
Provided by donor
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: green, red
cork: tan
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "WHOOPING COUGH CURE // MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // HOME REMEDIES // Directions - Dissolve twenty pellets // in ten tablespoons of water, and // give a teaspoonful every fifteen min- // utes or half hour until relieved, then // every hour."; embossed on cap: "MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // REMEDIES"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row D
Dimension Notes
Length 6.2 cm x Diam. 1.6 cm
Condition Remarks
Cap with minor dent; part of label has piece of transparent glue adhered to its surface
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
James M. Munyon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_M._Munyon; CD #6
Research Facts
Dr. James M. Munyon (1848 – 1918) was known for homeopathic patent medicines, some of which he promoted at his Hotel Hygeia on Munyon Island, named Hotel Hygeia after the Greek goddess of health and it catered to wealthy northerners who spent the winters in Palm Beach, Florida. The five-story hotel had twenty-one rooms and eight baths. The hotel burned to the ground in 1917. His first career was as a publisher, but he soon moved on to creating homeopathic medicines in the early 1890s. He employed a staff of chemists and physicians, one of them Dr. Hawley Harvey Crippen. Munyon was found guilty of fraud several times due to unsubstantiated claims for his medicines. Many of his medicines are said to have consisted mostly of sugar and alcohol. His most famous one was named "Dr. Munyon's Paw-Paw Elixir" and its main ingredient was fermented papaya juice. It was served at his resort, Hotel Hygeia, on Munyon Island. At the time his cures were highly regarded with the Philadelphia Times writing that "Professor Munyon is to medicine what Professor Edison is to electricity."
Images
Less detail
Dates
1870
1900
circa 1870-1900
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001001
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder decorated with deep blue one piece floral transfer with gilding around perimeter of top opening and spout; transfer print is raised; single open handle on back with spout pointing straight ahead; without manufacturers marks; some design overlap on b…
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001001
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder decorated with deep blue one piece floral transfer with gilding around perimeter of top opening and spout; transfer print is raised; single open handle on back with spout pointing straight ahead; without manufacturers marks; some design overlap on base; spout opening is part of body.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1870
1900
circa 1870-1900
Date Remarks
Research
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue, gold
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1
Length
16.5 cm
Width
6.1 cm
Height
5.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Base shows minor cracking under glaze; gold trim is missing in some aras and worn
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E. M. Allison, 1997.
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders’ also known as sick cups are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1930
circa 1890-1930
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001007
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder hand painted floral design in pink band with brown and red over it on upper section with gilt trim along opening, edge of handle, base edge, under pink band and spout; open handle with two raised bumps on back with spout pointing straight ahead; wit…
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001007
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder hand painted floral design in pink band with brown and red over it on upper section with gilt trim along opening, edge of handle, base edge, under pink band and spout; open handle with two raised bumps on back with spout pointing straight ahead; without manufacturers marks; spout opening is part of body; un glazed base.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1890
1930
circa 1890-1930
Date Remarks
Research
Material
ceramic: white
paint: pink, brown, blue, red
ink: gold
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1
Length
15.8 cm
Width
6.6 cm
Height
5.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Gilding worn in all areas; handle with repaired break on right side
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E.M. Allison, 1997.
Campbell, Gordon. The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006. 2006. Accessed August 18, 2016. http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195189483.001.0001/acref-9780195189483
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably. The boat shaped, which looks very similar to a gravy boat, originally evolved from the pap boat shape. It has a straight spout, main opening in the top, and an open handle in the back. This is also known as an infant feeder prior to the development of baby milk bottles. Manufacturers would market this item as both invalid and infant feeders depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1920
circa 1880-1920
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001008
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder hand painted floral design in green and orange along spout area with gilt trim along opening, middle of handle and spout; embossed floral design at spout area; open handle with flat raised piece on top with spout pointing straight ahead; without man…
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001008
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder hand painted floral design in green and orange along spout area with gilt trim along opening, middle of handle and spout; embossed floral design at spout area; open handle with flat raised piece on top with spout pointing straight ahead; without manufacturers marks; small opening; spout opening is part of body; glazed base.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1880
1920
circa 1880-1920
Date Remarks
Research
Material
ceramic: white
paint: green, orange, tan
ink: gold
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1
Length
14.5 cm
Width
6.5 cm
Height
7.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Gilding worn
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E.M. Allison, 1997.
Campbell, Gordon. The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006. 2006. Accessed August 18, 2016. http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195189483.001.0001/acref-9780195189483
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably. The boat shaped, which looks very similar to a gravy boat, originally evolved from the pap boat shape. It has a straight spout, main opening in the top, and an open handle in the back. This is also known as an infant feeder prior to the development of baby milk bottles. Manufacturers would market this item as both invalid and infant feeders depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1900
circa 1880-1900
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001010
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder decorated with transfer print of pink, yellow and green floral design over spray pained pale blue areas; body with embossed design similar to wicker basket; with gilt trim along opening, center of handle and spout; open handle with two raised bumps …
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001010
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
White oval ceramic pap boat shaped invalid feeder decorated with transfer print of pink, yellow and green floral design over spray pained pale blue areas; body with embossed design similar to wicker basket; with gilt trim along opening, center of handle and spout; open handle with two raised bumps on back with spout pointing straight ahead; without manufacturers marks; spout opening is part of body; unglazed base.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1880
1900
circa 1880-1900
Date Remarks
Research
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue, pink, green, gold
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1
Length
15.4 cm
Width
5.9 cm
Height
5.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Gilding with minor wear
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E.M. Allison, 1997.
Campbell, Gordon. The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006. 2006. Accessed August 18, 2016. http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195189483.001.0001/acref-9780195189483
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably. The boat shaped, which looks very similar to a gravy boat, originally evolved from the pap boat shape. It has a straight spout, main opening in the top, and an open handle in the back. This is also known as an infant feeder prior to the development of baby milk bottles. Manufacturers would market this item as both invalid and infant feeders depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1920
circa 1880-1920
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001011
Description
Oval white ceramic boat shaped invalid feeder; with raised rounded covered opening attached to spout; hand painted pink flowers with brown and grey leaves on top of covering and gold trim around the whole top of body; semi-circular flat small handle; spout opening and handle is part of body; glaze…
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001011
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Oval white ceramic boat shaped invalid feeder; with raised rounded covered opening attached to spout; hand painted pink flowers with brown and grey leaves on top of covering and gold trim around the whole top of body; semi-circular flat small handle; spout opening and handle is part of body; glazed base.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1880
1920
circa 1880-1920
Material
ceramic: white
ink: pink, brown, grey, gold
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1
Length
15.0 cm
Width
6.7 cm
Height
5.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Gold trim is faded, shows wear on the bottom, black dots around the inside
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E. M. Allison, 1997.
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders’ also known as sick cups are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1860
1900
circa 1860-1900
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
016001054
Description
Cream oval pap earthenware boat with ribbed curvy edge to cover; spout resembles a duck head, and handle resembles ruffled tail feathers; spout opening is part of the body; handle is located at the rear; glazed bottom.
  1 image  
Accession Number
016001054
Collection
Roeder and Szuck Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Cream oval pap earthenware boat with ribbed curvy edge to cover; spout resembles a duck head, and handle resembles ruffled tail feathers; spout opening is part of the body; handle is located at the rear; glazed bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and Alice Roeder.
Dates
1860
1900
circa 1860-1900
Material
ceramic: cream
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010 0010-D1
Length
15.0 cm
Width
8.4 cm
Height
5.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Shows wear and stain on base, lots of crazing and cracks in the glaze.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Documents
Book
eBook
Internet
Reference Comments
Allison, Eileen Michael. Ceramic Invalid Feeders, Pap Boats, and Baby Bottles of the 19th & Twentieth Century. Canada: E. M. Allison, 1997.
Donor file
Research Facts
Collected by Maryanne Szuck and sister Alice Roeder, a retired nurse. The collection consists of various eras and types of invalid / infant feeders, infant milk bottles, medicine spoons, urinals and reference material.
Invalid feeders’ also known as sick cups are designed to provide liquid or semi solid nourishment in time of illness or incapacity. There are many different shapes for invalid feeders. Some of the shapes are defined as infant or invalid feeders, however it seems that each manufacture used both terms interchangeably depending on the market they are targeting.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.2
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with cobalt blue scenic transfer-print decoration on exterior; pattern consists of a village with a castle or monastery on a hill in the background and large tree on one side; crazed glaze; partially glazed b…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.2
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with cobalt blue scenic transfer-print decoration on exterior; pattern consists of a village with a castle or monastery on a hill in the background and large tree on one side; crazed glaze; partially glazed bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 11.8 cm x Width 6.7 cm x Height 5.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Lip at back with minor chips; glaze crazed; old firing flaws on interior bottom; unglazed area on exterior bottom is soiled
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute
Images
Less detail
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.5
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; pronounced bulge on both sides; cream body and partially glazed bottom; base with numerous pits in body from resting on firing points.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.5
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; pronounced bulge on both sides; cream body and partially glazed bottom; base with numerous pits in body from resting on firing points.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Maker
Wedgwood
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Material
ceramic: white
Inscriptions
"WEDGWOOD N"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 10.1 cm x Width 5.2 cm x Height 5.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Chips in rim, with some cracks in these areas; bumpy firing flaws on bottom
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Previous inventory #AM29
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.6
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and flattened back of body partilly covered opening; cream glaze and partially glazed bottom; with half cover extending over spout; both ends available for feeding (one end is a tiny spout, and the other is open at the top); relief leaf decorati…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.6
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and flattened back of body partilly covered opening; cream glaze and partially glazed bottom; with half cover extending over spout; both ends available for feeding (one end is a tiny spout, and the other is open at the top); relief leaf decorations on both ends and cover.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
Inscriptions
"W" marked on base
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 15.3 cm x Width 7.5 cm x Height 4.8 cm
Condition Remarks
Dark stains inside opening of spout end; dark mark on side of spout; glaze is worn and scratched in several areas
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Images
Less detail

17 records – page 1 of 2.