The Elliman family came to Slough in 1845, and James Elliman Senior set up a drapery business while he developed his soon-to-be-famous embrocation, which he had been experimenting on for years before deciding to market it. The embrocation was first sold in 1847, as a rub for animals. By 1850 it was being sold for use by humans, as an aid for aching muscles and joints. He claimed that his success was down to two things - firstly, the quality of the product, and secondly to his policy of spending half of his profits on advertising, an unusual move in those days. The advertising slogan was 'An Excellent Good Thing', and Elliman, Sons & Co is credited with being the first company to use a cartoon strip in its' advertising.
James Elliman Senior made both his sons, James Junior and Samuel, partners in the company, and they took it over following his death in 1870, opening a new factory in Chandos Street. Samuel died in a hunting accident in 1884, and James Junior took sole charge of the company.
The company continued to flourish, and by 1911 the embrocation was being sold in 42 countries. There were two products - 'Universal Embrocation' for humans, and 'Royal Embrocation' for animals - but there was no difference between the two!
The embrocation was made from eggs, turpentine and vinegar. Eggs were imported from Ireland and from China. When the turpentine was added to the mix, the fire brigade had to be on alert! When James Elliman Junior died in 1924 the company was taken over by other members of the family, and it remained a family business until 1961, when it was taken over by Horlicks and the Chandos Street factory was closed. Elliman's Embrocation is now made by GlaxoSmithKline.
Embossed on front of bottle: "DR. T.A. SLOCUM // LIMITED // 179 KING ST. WEST, TORONTO CANADA"L; to the left of this is an embossed circular trade mark; around the circumference is: "HOPE IS THE ANCHOR OF THE SOUL"; the inner circle has an image of an anchor with the words "TRADE" "MARK" on either side of it; embossed on both edges of the bottle: "THE GREATEST OF TONICS"; "PSYCHINE"
Blood pressure is measured and recorded using a sphygmograph. It is strapped to the wrist. The pulse beat is transmitted to a lever which records it on smoked paper. The first efficient sphygmograph was designed by Étienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904) in 1863. This example belonged to Dr Robert Ellis Dudgeon (1820-1904). He was a prominent figure in homeopathy. Dudgeon also made his own changes to Marey’s original design. It was made by instrument maker J. Gauter in 1876. In the late 1800s, physiology teachers used sphygmographs to visually demonstrate blood pressure. Instruments such as this were also valuable diagnostic aids. They were the predecessor of the modern arm cuffs physicians now use to measure blood pressure.
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Thirty corked bottles (a-dd) of homeopathic pellets in a wooden box (ee) with lid and key plate; inside of lid and bottom of box is lined with red paper; edges above bottle compartments lined with red velvet; inside of lid has a paper label affixed listing contents: 1. Aconitum nap. 3 (a) 2. Arnica…
Thirty corked bottles (a-dd) of homeopathic pellets in a wooden box (ee) with lid and key plate; inside of lid and bottom of box is lined with red paper; edges above bottle compartments lined with red velvet; inside of lid has a paper label affixed listing contents:
1. Aconitum nap. 3 (a)
2. Arnica mont. 3 (b)
3. Arsenicum alb. 6 (c)
4. Belladonna 3 (d)
5. Bryonia alb. (e);
6. Calcarea Carb. (f);
7. Cantharsis 3 (g)
8. Carbo veg. 6 (h)
9. Chamomilla 3. (i)
10. China officinalis 3. (j)
11. Cina 3. (k)
12. Cocculus 3. (l)
13. Coffea crud. 3. (m)
14. Drosera rotund. 3. (n)
15. Dulcamara 3. (o)
16. Hepar sulph. (p)
17. Ifnatia amara 3. (q)
18. Ipecacuanha 3. (r)
19. Kahli bichrom. 3. (s)
20. Merc. sol. Hahn. 6. (t)
21. Nux vomica 3. (u)
22. Petoleum 3. (v)
23. Phosphorus 3. (w)
24. Pulsatilla 3. (x)
25. Rhus. toxicod. 3. (y)
26. Sambucus nig. 3. (z)
27. Songia mar. tost. 3. (aa)
28. Sulphur. 6. (bb)
29. Veratrum alb. 3. (cc)
30. Arnical tinct. (dd)
Number Of Parts
aa-dd - bottles - Length 6.0 cm x Width 1.5 cm x Depth 1.5 cm
ee - box - Length 15.0 cm x Width 13.0 cm x Depth 7.5 cm
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; Mr. Wallace Beatty.
Boericke & Tafel is the longest running homeopathic pharmaceutical company in the United States, still running as of 2018, while it started (under a different name and ownership) in 1835. Boericke and Tafel also published books on homeopathy, and their families intermarried. The popularity of homeopathy dwindled after about 1915 in the United States, but rose again in the 1980s and 90s.
Chamomile has a long history of medicinal use. It's natural soothing and anti-inflammatory properties make it great at helping to soothe all kinds of coughs. It's also helpful to add chamomile to your syrup for it's natural calming capabilities, to help you sleep better while getting over your cough.
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Basic Science Artifacts
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
A wooden case (l) with a drawer (k) has a brass handle affixed to top; two hooks, with eyes, at top and bottom of the box for closure; contains a student's microscope (a) with horseshoe-shaped iron base; all fittings of brass; light condenser attached to front of microscope; extra eyepieces (b,c) a…
A wooden case (l) with a drawer (k) has a brass handle affixed to top; two hooks, with eyes, at top and bottom of the box for closure; contains a student's microscope (a) with horseshoe-shaped iron base; all fittings of brass; light condenser attached to front of microscope; extra eyepieces (b,c) and objective (d); additional parts provided: a round pillbox (e), empty; a round wooden cover glass box (f) containing glass cover discs; a rectangular box (g) containing glass discs; a round box (h) containing pieces of glass; a round box (i) containing broken pieces of glass; a paper (j) printed in French listing a table of lenses.
Number Of Parts
a - microscope - Size: Length 31.0 cm
b - eyepiece
c - eyepiece
d - objective
e - pillbox - Size: Diam. 3.5 cm
f - box - Size: Depth 3.0 cm x Diam. 4.5 cm
g - box
h - box - Size: Diam. 3.5 cm
i - box - Size: Diam. 3.0 cm
j - paper sheet
k - drawer
l - case - Size: Length 35.5 cm x Width 18.5 cm x Depth 15.5 cm
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Miss A. Jeffers; microscope belonged to her grandfather, Dr. Wellington Colman Jeffers (1847-1917).
On cover glass box (f): "cover glass box, Bausch & Lomb"; on rectangular box (g): "Jas. W. Queen & Co., Opticians, No. 924 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia"; on round box (h): "Victoria Cachous" surrounding a picture of the young Queen Victoria.
Storage Room 0007
Microscope only: On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Metal ring supporting mirror is broken; back panel of box detached; drawer pull broken off and missing; #2: there is a crack in the door of the case 10.0 cm long in the top proper left corner; a curving scratch in the door at the midpoint running across the width and a straight imprint in the width of the wood directly below this; there is a nick in the proper left edge of the door; there were cracks in the lower left corner of the proper left side 3.5 cm long and 4.3 cm long near the lower eye hook; and another crack in the opposite lower corner 3.2 cm long; there were several worn patches on the back surface and a crack running lengthwise from the top midpoint 30.6 cm long; the proper right edge was worn; there was a crack in the lower left corner of the proper left side 6.2 cm long, and in the lower right corner 4.0 cm long; the top was dusty, the handle worn but not corroded; and there was a black "X"-shaped deposit near the front and four black patches of deposit at the back; there were four light scratches at the front of the top; the door was stiff; objective (c) was worn but no corrosion or breaks in the glass; the bottom wooden microscope platform slides out easily but the proper left leaf is rough on its outside edge, indicating a previous break; the brass surface of the microscope is worn, and there are traces of orange corrosion in the grooves of the spine and the lower main cylinder; the mirror support is broken;the lower mirror has a series of weblike crackes that expose the black paint; the platform is worn in patches; no cracks in glass magnifiers; the knob of the inner box is broken; the box moves freelyl; the inner paper (j) is yellowed but not torn; (h) contains broken glass pieces, as does (i); other glass pieces are whole; inner box is scratched on the front and sides; the joints and pivots of the microscope move freely.
Dr. Wellington Colman Jeffers (1847-1917) graduated M.D. University of Victoria College in 1867, O.M.A. registrant 1876; he first practised in Oakwood, Ontario, on Main Street; he then practised from his house in Lindsay; he was the doctor for the military district of Lindsay, W.W.I, Ross Memorial Hospital, Lindsay, from 1889.
"When Medicine Met Science," Museum of Health Care, April 29, 2003 - 25 Jan 2017
A sponge-tipped, flexible rod with expanding bristles and an ivory tip at the pushing end.
Number Of Parts
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. R.H. Wesley.
Original record had "19c."
Storage Room 0010
Length 37.5 cm
Rod has lost its flexibility.
Used to locate and test strictures in the esophagus and for displacing foreign bodies down to the stomach; replaced by x-ray diagnosis and peroral endoscopy; part of a group of instruments belonging to the donor's great-grandfather, Dr. W.W. Ogden (1837-1917) and grandfather, Dr. S.M. Hay (?-1943).