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glycerated vaccine virus

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14730
Dates
1935
1939
circa 1935-1939
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
Accession Number
1997.3.2 a-b
Description
Empty rectangular cream cardboard box.
Accession Number
1997.3.2 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
Empty rectangular cream cardboard box.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Penny Ecclestone; belonged to her father, Dr. Leland W. C. Sturgeon (1905-78).
Maker
Connaught Laboratories
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1935
1939
circa 1935-1939
Material
cardboard: cream
ink: black, red
Inscriptions
On box: “2 TUBES // VACCINE VIRUS, GLYCERINATED // Canadian // Licence // No. 3 // Connaught Laboratories, University of Toronto // NOT TO BE SOLD // Distributed FREE by the Department of Health, Ontario //KEEP IN REFRIGERATOR // If kept in a temperature below 5’C (41’F), this vaccine will retains its // potency until AUG 27 1939 Lot 380-2”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-4 Row A Box 2
Length
9.0 cm
Width
1.2 cm
Depth
1.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Research Facts
Dr. Sturgeon graduated from the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine in 1930; he was in private practice from 1931 to 1940, at which time he joined the RCAF as a medical officer; in 1945, he went into Public Health in Welland, Ont., where he was Medical Officer of Health until his retirement in 1973.
Less detail

Whittemore's Automatic Vaccinator

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact9882
Dates
1860
1890
circa 1860-1890
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Patient Care
Vaccination
Accession Number
1930.3.1 a-b
Description
Nickle-plated brass vaccinator (a) in brown leather covered wooden case (b) with interior of blue velvet; rectangular vaccinator has finger hole on one end, thumb-worked single-action and hollow needle.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1930.3.1 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Patient Care
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
Nickle-plated brass vaccinator (a) in brown leather covered wooden case (b) with interior of blue velvet; rectangular vaccinator has finger hole on one end, thumb-worked single-action and hollow needle.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - vaccinator - Length 6.0 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 4.5 cm
b - box
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. Gilbert Parker.
Maker
Codman & Shurtleff
Site Made (City)
Boston
Site Made (State)
Massachusetts
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1860
1890
circa 1860-1890
Date Remarks
Patent date of 1866 stamped on vaccinator
Material
leather: brown
fabric: dark blue
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Stamped on vaccinator: "WHITTEMORE'S // PATENT // FEB. 21, 1866"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-5
Temporary Location
(a): On exhibit “Growing Pains: the 1867 Kingston General Hospital Crisis” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Case hinge broken; operable; #2: vaccinator is in good condition, with no active corrosion; minor metal wear in the form of fingerprints on the lever and body; parts move freely; case is in fair condition; leather is dry and brittle; top lid covering is totally detached; leather well worn at top and bottom and along edges; velvet lining is slightly faded; round velvet-covered piece in bottom of case is loose; front eye hook moves freely
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
http://obgynmedicalantiques.com/med-vaccination-1/whittemores-automatic-vaccinator
Research Facts
In using the device, the forefinger is passed into the ring and the thumb pressed upon the lever, by which the perforator is raised, and upon reaching a point is deployed by the force of a spring, and, slightly puncturing the skin deposits the virus. Thus, in a single, easy motion, a vaccination is performed. “The pain attending its use is so slight, as rarely to awaken a sleeping child, while the operation is rendered much more certain than by other methods.”
At the time Whittemore’s vaccinator was available, just smallpox had a vaccine, with rubella, measles, mumps, polio and other dreaded diseases still running unchecked.
The tip of the vaccinator is a hollow tube for holding the vaccine or serum. It is activated by a lever on the top, which both cocks and releases the blade. These are often mistaken for bleeders.
Exhibit History
"When Medicine Met Science," Museum of Health Care, April 29, 2003 (a) - 25 Jan 2017
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
circa 1850
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Patient Care
Vaccination
Accession Number
1934.5.7 a-d
Description
Small roughly rectangular round on end end spring / vaccinator and punch on opposite, trigger on face, sliding name plate to expose works; case wood, leather cover, velvet lining; small glass bottle with cork containing some contents.
  2 images  
Accession Number
1934.5.7 a-d
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Patient Care
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
Small roughly rectangular round on end end spring / vaccinator and punch on opposite, trigger on face, sliding name plate to expose works; case wood, leather cover, velvet lining; small glass bottle with cork containing some contents.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
punch - Size: Length 5.0 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
cover plate
case
glass bottle - Size: Length 4.0 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Edward Allister McCulloch.
Maker
W.J.M. Gordon & Bro.
Site Made (City)
Cincinnati
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1850
circa 1850
Date Remarks
Patented Jan. 27, 1857
Material
metal
wood
fabric
leather
glass
cork
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-5
Temporary Location
On display: "Vaccines and Immunization: Epidemics, Prevention, and Canadian Innovation"; Museum of Health Care, Nov. 28, 2013 (vaccinator only).
Condition Remarks
The spring lancet was in good condition; there was one patch of grey-green corrosion on the lever side, 0.3 cm x 0.2 cm; the metal was slightly worn; the velvet lining was slightly faded along the sides; the box was in good condition except for one torn patch on the top of the lid, 1.3 cm x 0.8 cm, and a slight crack in the leather running lengthwise across the lid; the cork in the vial has cracked and was in two pieces; there were two more slightly worn patches on the side of the lid and box where the latch came in contact with the leather; #3: the case is deteriorating.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Exhibit History
Used in "Name that Artifact" night, Feb. 27, 2003; on exhibit: "War and Medicine," Canadian War Museum, 12 Jan 2011-31 Dec. 2011.
Images
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hollow-pointed vaccination lancet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5832
Dates
1830
1870
circa 1830-1870
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
Accession Number
1969.222.4
Description
A metal hollow-pointed blade swivels on a rivet between two ridged handle pieces made from horn.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.222.4
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
A metal hollow-pointed blade swivels on a rivet between two ridged handle pieces made from horn.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source unknown.
Maker
Charrière
Site Made (Country)
France
Dates
1830
1870
circa 1830-1870
Material
metal: grey
shell: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped inscription: "Charriere"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-5
Temporary Location
On loan to Brooklyn Historical Society, NY, for exhibit on Health and Disease in Brooklyn L-2019-2 22 March 2019 - 31 Dec 2022.
Length
9.3 cm
Width
1.02 cm
Depth
0.3 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
#2: No active corrosion on blade; black discolouration over approx. 50% of surface; no major cracks in handle; minor orange deposits on handle near pivot point; parts move freely
Copy Type
Original
Exhibit History
Agnes Etherington Art Centre - July 2002; on display in "When Medicine Met Science" exhibit, Ann Baillie Building, April 29, 2003
Images
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Mulford's glycerated vaccine tubes

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6030
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
Accession Number
1969.362.1 a-g
Description
A tubular wooden case, cap that has a 1.5 cm needle protruding from the underside; contains a glass phial containing three narrow glass capillary tubes of vaccine; phial is closed with a rubber plug and has a paper label affixed.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.362.1 a-g
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
A tubular wooden case, cap that has a 1.5 cm needle protruding from the underside; contains a glass phial containing three narrow glass capillary tubes of vaccine; phial is closed with a rubber plug and has a paper label affixed.
Number Of Parts
7
Part Names
phial - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 0.75 cm
rubber plug
tube of vaccine - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Diam. 1.0 mm
case - Size: Length 13.5 cm x Diam. 1,5 cm
cap
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source unknown.
Maker
H. K. Mulford Co.
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Material
wood: brown
glass: yellowish, translucent
metal: grey
rubber: brown
paper: white; black
Inscriptions
Inscriptions on wood case: “PHILADA. CHICAGO // Mulford’s Glycerinized Vaccine // PAT. APPLIED FOR // CASE AND SCARIFIER”; on vial: ”GLYCERINIZED VACCINE LYMPH // This Vaccine // should be returned // for exchange after // June 1, 1900 // ”Prepared at the Vaccine // Laboratory of // H. K. MULFORD CO. // CHEMISTS // Philada. Chicago // This package con- // tains 3 tubes of // Vaccine, each tube // sufficient for 1 vac- // cination// LB No. 226c”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-4 Row A Box 2
Temporary Location
With Research Group 5 Dec 2017
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
For smallpox vaccination.
Exhibit History
On display: "Vaccines and Immunization: Epidemics, Prevention, and Canadian Innovation"; Museum of Health Care, Nov. 28, 2013
Images
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Mulford's glycerated vaccine phial

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6032
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
Accession Number
1969.364.1 a-f
Description
A cylindrical wooden container holding a phial with a label wrapped around it; the phial contains ten narrow capillary glass tubes of vaccine and a long needle.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1969.364.1 a-f
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Vaccination
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Vaccination
MeSH Heading
Vaccination
Smallpox Virus
Immunization
Public Health
Description
A cylindrical wooden container holding a phial with a label wrapped around it; the phial contains ten narrow capillary glass tubes of vaccine and a long needle.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
tube - Size: Length 10.0 cm x Diam. 1.5 cm
tube lid
phial - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Diam. 0.75 cm
tube
needle
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source unknown.
Maker
H. K. Mulford Co.
Dates
1895
1900
circa 1895-1900
Material
wood: light brown
glass: amber
paper: white; black
Inscriptions
Inscriptions on wood case: “PHILADA. CHICAGO // Mulford’s Glycerinized Vaccine // PAT. APPLIED FOR // CASE AND SCARIFIER”; on vial: ”GLYCERINIZED VACCINE LYMPH // This Vaccine // should be returned // for exchange after // June 1, 1900 // ”Prepared at the Vaccine // Laboratory of // H. K. MULFORD CO. // CHEMISTS // Philada. Chicago // This package con- // tains 10 tubes of // Vaccine, each tube // sufficient for 1 vac- // cination// LB No. 231c”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-4 Row A Box 2
Temporary Location
On display: "Vaccines and Immunization: Epidemics, Prevention, and Canadian Innovation"; Museum of Health Care, Nov. 28, 2013 (c).
Condition Remarks
Rubber plug broken off in phial; contents not accessible.
Copy Type
Original
Images
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smallpox vaccine (glycerinated)

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15280
Dates
1978
1979
circa 1978 – 1979
Category
Vaccination
Classification
Vaccination
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
Accession Number
012037001 a-e
Description
Small cylindrical white plastic smallpox vaccine tube (a) with cylindrical black metal screw cap (b) containing one small transparent cylindrical glass vial of yellow glycerinated smallpox vaccine (c), one small transparent cylindrical glass vial containing grey metal scarification needle (d) and s…
  5 images  
Accession Number
012037001 a-e
Category
Vaccination
Classification
Vaccination
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
MeSH Heading
Vaccines
Vaccination
Vaccination -- instrumentation
Smallpox Vaccine
Smallpox Virus
Infection
Description
Small cylindrical white plastic smallpox vaccine tube (a) with cylindrical black metal screw cap (b) containing one small transparent cylindrical glass vial of yellow glycerinated smallpox vaccine (c), one small transparent cylindrical glass vial containing grey metal scarification needle (d) and small pyriform black rubber bulb (e); tube has circular push up at base with manufacturer information embossed, product information printed on sides in black ink, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cap has flat top, vertical indents in sides, rolled bottom edge, and brass coloured interior with circular white paper insert at top; both vials are thin and have round ends; bulb is hollow with circular hole at both ends.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a – tube – Length 8.6 cm Diameter 1.4 cm
b – cap – Length 0.8 cm Diameter 1.6 cm
c – vaccine – Length 6.4 cm Diameter 0.1 cm
d – needle – Length 6.4 cm Diameter 0.2 cm
e – bulb – Length 1.2 cm Diameter 0.8 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor, found at estate yard sale; previous owner was a nurse.
Maker
Connaught Laboratories Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1978
1979
circa 1978 – 1979
Date Remarks
Based on expiration date printed on container tube
Material
plastic: white
metal: black, brass, grey
paper: white
glass: clear
rubber: black
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on exterior of tube: “SMALLPOX VACCINE (GLYCERINATED) // Freon Purified // STORE BELOW 5ºC (41ºF.) // Directions for use: See enclosed leaflet // Can. Lic. No. 3 Code: PEACH Pres: Phenol 0.4% // CONNAUGHT LABORATORIES LIMITED // Willowdale Toronto, Canada // LOT 796-15 // EXP. DATE: APR 25 79 // DIN 075027 // 1 TUBE // 1 TUBE”; embossed on base of tube: “LERMER // GARWOOD, N. J.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion near top edge of cap; minor scratching all over exterior of tube
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Article (online)
Website
Reference Comments
Rutty, Christopher J. “Origins: From the Connaught Fund & Back to Connaught Laboratories.” Connaught Fund, The Connaught Fund at the University of Toronto, 2019. Accessed 3 August 2019.
Tesini, Brenda L. “Smallpox.” Merck Manual, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, 2019. Accessed 3 August 2019.
Research Facts
Smallpox was a highly infectious disease with an extremely high mortality rate; it was caused by the variola virus and spread through the air from person to person; symptoms included severe abdominal pain, fever, and rash; the smallpox vaccine was developed in 1796 by Edward Jenner and is considered the first vaccine ever developed; smallpox is considered eradicated and no cases have been reported since 1977.
Connaught Laboratories was established in 1914 at the University of Toronto as the Antitoxin Laboratory in the Department of Hygiene; it was established in part due to increased awareness and agency in treatment and prevention of infectious diseases within the public health context of Canadian society; Dr. John Gerald FitzGerald was the driving force behind the establishment of the laboratory which initially focused on producing diphtheria antitoxin; Connaught Laboratories maintained a non-commercial mandate for much of the twentieth century and expanded significantly following the discovery of insulin and through combating the spread of infectious diseases during and after the World Wars; Connaught Laboratories was an industry leader in the production of a variety of vaccines including typhus, smallpox, and polio, as well as other medical products including penicillin and insulin; eventually became privately owned in 1986 under the Mulroney government.
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7 records – page 1 of 1.