Carbolic sprayer composed of cylindrical apparatus (d); wire mesh in the middle, wooden handle, ivory cylinders as insulators and metal spray tube with rubber end at top; sits on round metal base (a); attached round metal holder (c) for a glass bottle (b); manufacturer's logo, crest and animals sta…
Carbolic sprayer composed of cylindrical apparatus (d); wire mesh in the middle, wooden handle, ivory cylinders as insulators and metal spray tube with rubber end at top; sits on round metal base (a); attached round metal holder (c) for a glass bottle (b); manufacturer's logo, crest and animals stamped on front and base.
Number Of Parts
a - base - Size: Length 11.3 cm x Diam. 13.7 cm
b - bottle - Size: Length 13.8 cm x Diam. 9.0 cm
c - holder - Size: Length 9.7 cm x Diam. 9.3 cm
d - cylindrical apparatus - Size: Length 21.5 cm x Width 35.0 cm x Depth 13.3 cm
Donated by Dean Barry Smith, Faculty of Medicine, Queen's University.
Stamped on front of (d) and base (a): "A. YOUNG // 57 FORREST ROAD // EDINBURGH"
Storage Room 0007
Mesh torn and bent in places; rubber broken and peeling; metal tarnished
"Catalogue of Surgical Instruments & Appliances," Down Bros. Ltd., 1906, p. 1283 (similar to model #5628); "Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality," 21st ed., Kny-Scheerer Co., ca. 1915, p. 3271 (similar to model #C/-14979)
Also known as antiseptic spray, carbolic sprayers were used for disinfecting sick-rooms and for inhalation; the wire gauze helped to stop vapour from the anaesthetic from igniting or cause any accidents with the spirit lamp.
On exhibit: Listerism: Antisepsis and the Roots of Modern Surgery," Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Canada; Ottawa, 30 May 2013.
On exhibit: "War and Medicine," Canadian War Museum, 12 Jan 2011-31 Dec. 2011.
On exhibit in the Friend-Vandewater Gallery in Botterell Hall, Queen's University; removed January 27, 2010
A cylindrical cardboard box with a lid containing a roll of recording paper.
Number Of Parts
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Austin, administrator, Dept. of Pathology, Banting Institute; belonged to Dr. O. Klotz, chairman of the pathology labs at Banting Institute during the 1930s.
On top of box lid: "Fabrik für wissenshaftliche chronometrie // A.G. James Jaquet // Basel (Schweiz) // Sphygmotonographe, Sphygmocardiographe, // Sphygmochronographe, // Graphische Chronometer, // Chronoscope. // etc. // und Präzisionsmechanik"; translated: "Scientific chronometry factory A.G. James Jaquet Basel (Schweiz) Sphygmotonographe, Sphygmocardiographe, Sphygmochronographe, Graphical chronometer, chronoscope, etc. and precision mechanics"
Blood pressure is measured and recorded using a sphygmograph. It is strapped to the wrist. The pulse beat is transmitted to a lever which records it on smoked paper. The first efficient sphygmograph was designed by Étienne-Jules Marey (1830-1904) in 1863. This example belonged to Dr Robert Ellis Dudgeon (1820-1904). He was a prominent figure in homeopathy. Dudgeon also made his own changes to Marey’s original design. It was made by instrument maker J. Gauter in 1876. In the late 1800s, physiology teachers used sphygmographs to visually demonstrate blood pressure. Instruments such as this were also valuable diagnostic aids. They were the predecessor of the modern arm cuffs physicians now use to measure blood pressure.