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The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp [print]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11940
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Accession Number
002050008
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plai…
Accession Number
002050008
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
MeSH Heading
Anatomy -- pictorial works
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plain border; paper still flexible.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Site Made (City)
Amsterdam
Site Made (Country)
Holland
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Material
paper: cream
ink: black
graphite: grey
Inscriptions
"Rembrandt van Ryn pinoc 1632 // T de Frey f: aquforti 1798 // DEMONSTRATION ANATOMIQUE, // faite par le celebre Medicine Nicolas Tulp. // Profesfeur d'anatomic a Amsterdam, l'An 1683 // le tableau original se trouve au Theatre // anatomique d'Amsterdam."; repeated in Dutch
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-3 Box D
Length
44.0 cm
Width
36.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Heavily foxed and yellowed paper; missing minor piece on bottom edge and 1.5 cm tear at upper left edge
Copy Type
reproduction
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Zygmont, Bryon. “Rembrant, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.” Khan Academy. Accessed February 23, 2017. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/baroque-art1/holland/a/rembrandt-the-anatomy-lesson-of-dr-tulp
Research Facts
The original portrait, painted by Dutch Baroque Rembrandt van Rijn in 1632, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson. It was commissioned to hang in the board room of the Guild of Surgeons, a group that Tulp had become a reader of three years before. Tulp is shown as the only man wearing a hat, showing his elevated position over his pupil, as he demonstrates how arm muscles are attached to the body using forceps. He was known to give theory lessons twice a week in Amsterdam with one public autopsy a year being conducted. The painting shows the 1632 autopsy that used the body of a criminal, an executed thief named Adriaen het Kint as their cadaver. The surgeon in the centre towards the back holds a sheet of paper that lists the names of all the men in participating in the lesson, many of whom would have paid for the honor of being included in the composition.
Though it was one of Rembrandt’s earlier works, The Anatomy Lesson remains one of his most well-known paintings; the skill is evident in the expressive, recognizable faces of the surgeons and the dynamic contrast between light and dark. Rembrandt does, however, some artistic liberties, particularly as the surgeon would have begun with opening the chest cavity in an autopsy as opposed to beginning with an arm.
This was also one of the first painting that Rembrandt signed with his forename as opposed to RHL which he had used on previous ones, likely showing his increasing confidence in his artistic abilities.
Prev. # L42 / AMP344
Less detail

ophthalmic operating case

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact3765
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Ophthalmology
Accession Number
997001279 a-as
Description
Ophthalmic operating case, which consists of several ophthalmic instruments housed in a case; the case (a) consists of a rectangular-shaped box that has a lid hinged onto the bottom of the back and a sliding clasp at the front; the inside of both the top and bottom have wooden inserts set in, which…
  5 images  
Accession Number
997001279 a-as
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Ophthalmology
MeSH Heading
MM= Surgical Set -- ophthalmic
Description
Ophthalmic operating case, which consists of several ophthalmic instruments housed in a case; the case (a) consists of a rectangular-shaped box that has a lid hinged onto the bottom of the back and a sliding clasp at the front; the inside of both the top and bottom have wooden inserts set in, which hold specific instruments securely in place; there are places for 17 instruments in the top of the case (three are missing); the top left corner of the case has a pair of Desmarres entropium forceps (c); below the entropium forceps are two pairs of iris scissors (d,e); below the scissors is a pair of De Wecker's iris scissors; the lower right corner of the lid houses an Anel's lachrymal syringe (g) and three tips (h-j); the upper left corner of the lid houses a test drum (k); this consists of a short, hollow cylindrical length of bakelite that has a metal ring of slightly larger diameter that fits over top; below the test drum are two pairs of iris forceps (l,m); below the iris forceps is a pair of Erhardt's lid forceps; below the lid forceps is a pair of Lambert's entropium forceps (o); the lower left corner of the lid houses a pair of Graefe's fixation forceps, with spring catch (p); the right and central part of the case bottom holds 20 instruments (q-jj); all of these instruments (with the exception of [ff]) have four-sided handles that taper at the end to a smooth, rounded area and taper also at the tip to join with the instrument tip; to the right of the eye instrument section and at the left side of the case bottom is a rectangular area that houses an Elliott's corneal trephine with blades in a box (kk-oo); the lower right corner of the case bottom houses a Mueller's sac retractor (pp); above the sac retractor, in the upper right corner of the case bottom is a Weeks eye speculum (qq); to the left of the eye speculum is a packet of corneal needles (rr); the packet consists of printed paper glued into a rectangular envelope with closed bottom and sides and an open top with a triangular-shaped flap; the flap folds over the opening and tucks into a slit in the front of the envelope; the envelope contains another piece of paper that has been folded to hold 13 corneal needles (not numbered); the needles vary in size, but all consist of a short curved length of metal with a sharp, pointed tip and a small elongated eye at the other end; in the top section of the case bottom (above the row of instruments) is an ivory rule; this rule is made of a single flat piece of narrow rectangular ivory that has a slightly bevelled upper edge on one side; the ruler has stained increment lines and numbers etched into the ivory to measure mm and lignes on one side and inches on the other.
Number Of Parts
45
Part Names
a - case (closed) - Size: Length 23.5 cm x Width 17.5 cm x Depth 7.4 cm
b - cover - Size: Length 21.3 cm x Width 15.2 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
c - Desmarres entropium forceps - Size: Length 10.2 cm x Width 2.9 cm x Depth 1.6 cm
d - iris scissors, straight - Size: Length 9.0 cm x Width 3.6 cm x Depth 0.4 cm
e - iris scissors, curved - Size: Length 8.9 cm x Width 3.9 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
f - De Wecker's iris scissors - Size: Length 10.7 cm x Width 1.6 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
g - Anel's lachrymal syringe - Size: Length 10.6 cm x Width 5.4 cm x Depth 1.2 cm
h - syringe tip, curved - Size: Length 3.6 cm x Width 0.6 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
i - syringe tip, straight - Size: Length 4.0 cm x Diam. 0.6 cm
j - syringe tip, straight - Size: Length 3.2 cm x Diam. 0.6 cm
k - test drum - Size: Length 2.3 cm x Diam. 4.2 cm
l - iris forceps, straight - Size: Length 10.1 cm x Width 1.9 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
m - iris forceps, angular - Size: Length 9.0 cm x Width 2.0 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
n - Erhardt's lid forceps - Size: Length 9.8 cm x Width 2.4 cm x Depth 1.9 cm
o - Lambert's entropium forceps - Size: Length 9.8 cm x Width 1.1 cm x Depth 1.8 cm
p - Graefe's fixation forceps - Size: Length 10.8 cm x Width 0.8 cm x Depth 0.9 cm
q - Stevens' eye needle holder - Size: Length 12.4 cm x Width 0.6 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
r - Graefe's strabismus hook - Size: Length 13.6 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
s - Beard's cystotome - Size: Length 11.8 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
t - Meyhoefer's chalazion curette - Size: Length 12.2 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
u - Beer's keratome - Size: Length 13.2 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
v - Graefe's strabismus hook - Size: Length 13.9 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
w - Tyrrell's blunt hook - Size: Length 12.0 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
x - Wilder's lens curette, serrated - Size: Length 14.1 cm x Width 0.6 cm x Depth 0.8 cm
y - Graefe's cataract knife - Size: Length 12.4 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
z - Graefe's tortoiseshell eye spoon - Size: Length 13.9 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
aa - Jaeger's keratome, angular - Size: Length 13.3 m x Width 1.0 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
bb - Daviel's eye spoon - Size: Length 12.5 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
cc - Desmarre's lid retractor - Size: Length 13.1 cm x Width 1.5 cm x Depth 0.7 cm
dd - Desmarre's lid retractor - Size: Length 13.1 cm x Width 1.2 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
ee - Hebra oval spoon curette - Size: Length 12.5 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
ff - Ruedemann lachrymal dilator - Size: Length 8.8 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm
gg - Agnew's flexible shank canaliculus knife - Size: Length 14.2 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
hh - probe and spatula - Size: Length 13.2 cm x Width 0.5 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
ii - Greene's double-ended spatula - Size: Length 13.9 cm x Width 0.6 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
jj - Steven's eye needle holder - Size: Length 13.2 cm x Width 0.6 cm x Depth 1.4 cm
kk - corneal trephine box - SIze: Length 8.6 cm x Width 2.7 cm x Depth 2.2 cm
ll - corneal trephine handle - Size: Length 4.2 cm x Diam. 1.1 cm
mm - corneal trephine blade - Size: Length 2.4 cm x Diam. 1.0 cm
nn - corneal trephine blade - Size: Length 2.5 cm x Diam. 2.0 cm
oo - corneal trephine blade - Size: Length 2.5 cm x Diam. 2.0 cm
pp - Mueller's sac retractor - Size: Length 7.5 cm x Width 2.9 cm x Depth 1.4 cm
qq - Weeks eye speculum (open) - Size: length 7.3 cm x Width 4.9 cm x Depth 1.9 cm
rr - corneal needles (envelope) - Size: Length 6.2 cm x Width 3.0 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
ss - rule - Size: Length 15.9 cm x Width 1.2 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. F.X. O'Connor; donated by Miss Helen Cobb; collected by Dr. A.A. Travill for the Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Site Made (State)
(gg, kk-oo, qq): New York
Site Made (Country)
(c-f,l,o,p,pp): France; (x,z): Germany; (gg,kk-oo,qq): USA; (rr): England
Material
wood: brown
metal: silver
leather: brown
plastic: black
tortoiseshell: brown; yellow
fabric: black; green
paper: off-white; grey
ivory: cream
Inscriptions
(a,b) none; (c) one side of the forceps has the word "FRANCE" stamped into the metal; the other side has, "MORIA" stamped into the metal; (d) one side of the scissors has the word "MORIA" stamped into the metal at the joint; the other side has the word "FRANCE" stamped into the metal; the inside edges both have the number "4" stamped into the metal of the joint; (e) one side of the scissors has the word "MORIA" stamped into the metal at the joint and the word "FRANCE" stamped further up on a handle shaft; the inside edges both have "4 // 3" stamped on the inside edges at the joint; (f) one side of the scissors has the word "FRANCE" stamped into the metal; the other side has "MORIA // MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal; (g-k) none; (l) one side of the end of the forceps has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal; the inner edge of the opposite side has the word "GERMANY" stamped into the metal; (m) the centre inner edge of one of the sides has "E.B. MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal; (n) one side of the forceps has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal on the centre outside, above the gripping lines; (o) one side of the forceps has the word "GERMANY" stamped into its outer edge near the tip; (p) the central outer side of one side of the forceps has the words, "FRANCE // MORIA" stamped into the metal; (q) one side of the handle has the letters, "SR" stamped into the metal; one of the inner edges of the tips has "C8" stamped on the under edge of the area above the catch; (r) one side of the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal just before the tip; (s,t) one side of the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre; (u) one side of the handle has "E.B. MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre and the number "3" just before the tip; (v) one side of the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ"stamped into the metal just before the tip; (w) one side of the handle has "E.B. MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre; (x) one side of the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal near the end; the opposite side of the handle has the word "GERMANY" stamped into the metal, also near the end; (y) one side of the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre; (z) one side of the handle has the word, "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal just before the tip; (aa) one side of the handle has the letter "W" stamped into the metal just before the tip; (bb-ee) one side of the handle has "E.B. MEYROWITZ" stamped into the handle at the centre; (ff) none; (gg) one side of the handle has, "J.E. CAREY, N.Y." stamped into the metal at the centre; (hh) one side of the handle has "E.B. MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre; (ii) none; (jj) one side of the handle has "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal at the centre; (kk) the outside of the box lid has lettering that reads, "ELLIOTT'S // Corneal Trephine"; the inside of the box lid has lettering that reads, "E.B. MEYROWITZ, Inc. // New York"; (ll) the handle has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal near the end; (mm-oo) none; (pp) the inside edge of one of the finger grips has the word "MEYROWITZ" stamped into the metal; the inside of the other finger grip has "FRANCE" stamped into the metal; (gg) the bottom of the speculum has the words, "J. MEHRLUST // U.S.A. // NEW YORK" stamped into the metal; (rr) the front of the envelope reads "AIGUILLES // DE // CHIRURGIE // Garantie Parfait"; on the flap, and "TRADE MARK // DEPOSE À PARIS // 1 Douzaine // No. // AIGUILLES // À CORNÉE" on the front; the back of the envelope reads, "Qualité // "Première" // DEPOSÉ À PARIS // IMPORTATION D'ANGLETERRE // AGUILLES // DE CHIRURGIE"; (ss) one side of the ruler has increment lines on the top and bottom and numbers that read (top): "0 // M - M // 1 // 2 // 3 // 4 // 5 // 6 // 7 // 8 // 9 // 10 // 11 // 12 // 13 // 14 // 15" and (bottom) "0 // LIGNES // 1 // 2 // 3 // 4 // 5"; the other side has increment lines at the top and numbers, reading: "0 // INCHES // 1 // 2 // 3 // 4 // 5 // 6".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E4-9
Condition Remarks
The metal is worn, but shows no corrosion (except for an area on the upper handle of [jj]); the wood, leather, bakelite, tortoiseshell, cloth, paper and ivory pieces all show wear, but are complete; all moving parts move freely.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Books
Document
Photographs
JPG
Reference Comments
Previous number #670; Faculty of Medicine Collection 1984 Inventory; "Surgical Instruments," by the Kny-Scheerer Company, 1915, pp. 3109, 3030, 3034, 3038 and 3041 (see attached photocopies); "Illustrated Catalog of Standard Surgical Instruments," by Codman & Shurtleff, 1920, pp. 127-135, 141-143, and 145 (see attached photocopies); "Eye Instrument Catalog," 7th ed., by the Storz Instrument Co., pp. 19, 22, 51, 87, 91 and 113 (see attached photocopies); CD #5
Images
Less detail
Dates
1955
1961
1955-1961
Collection
Dr. Hans Westenberg Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
Accession Number
005007001
Description
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the d…
  2 images  
Accession Number
005007001
Collection
Dr. Hans Westenberg Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
MeSH Heading
Physical Examination
Cardiology -- instrumentation
MM= Pulse -- sphygmograph
Description
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the device.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
The donor first used this device during his medical studies at the University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam) in the late 1950s where Prof. Borst was faculty chairman; the donor believes everyone who wished to gradate used one and every clinical clerk, intern, and resident would carry one of these in there pocket with the string tied to a button on their jacket; Dr. Westenberg brought this instrument with him when he came to Canada in 1961 and used it for a while, although he believes this measure may not have been widely used beyond Prof. Borst and his students in Amsterdam.
Maker
Probably custom made at the University of Amsterdam.
Site Made (City)
Amsterdam
Site Made (Country)
Netherlands
Dates
1955
1961
1955-1961
Date Remarks
The donor says these devices were used in the late 1950s, and he brought this one to Canada in 1961.
Material
glass: clear
liquid: amber
fabric: beige
Inscriptions
"WESTENBURG" hand printed on a piece of tape on the device
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E6-7
Dimension Notes
Length 14.2 cm x Diam 1.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Some minor surface wear; the piece of tape is deteriorated.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. Hans Westenburg; CD #1
Research Facts
The donor believes that Prof. Borst (best known for his low protein diet for people in acute renal failure) had these objects made up by one of his technicians; this devices was used to measure the height of a patient's jugular venous pressure; before the development of diuretics in the mid-1961s for patients suffering from renal failure, this instrument was a method of determining whether congestive heart failure was improving or deteriorating - an elevated jugular vein pulse could indicate a backup in the right atrium of the heart; one end was placed on the patient's sternal notch, about 5 cm above the right atrium in a person lying down - the other end would be placed on the highest point of the jugular vein in the anterior neck.
Images
Less detail