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The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp [print]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11940
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Accession Number
002050008
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plai…
Accession Number
002050008
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
MeSH Heading
Anatomy -- pictorial works
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plain border; paper still flexible.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Site Made (City)
Amsterdam
Site Made (Country)
Holland
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Material
paper: cream
ink: black
graphite: grey
Inscriptions
"Rembrandt van Ryn pinoc 1632 // T de Frey f: aquforti 1798 // DEMONSTRATION ANATOMIQUE, // faite par le celebre Medicine Nicolas Tulp. // Profesfeur d'anatomic a Amsterdam, l'An 1683 // le tableau original se trouve au Theatre // anatomique d'Amsterdam."; repeated in Dutch
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-3 Box D
Length
44.0 cm
Width
36.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Heavily foxed and yellowed paper; missing minor piece on bottom edge and 1.5 cm tear at upper left edge
Copy Type
reproduction
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Zygmont, Bryon. “Rembrant, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.” Khan Academy. Accessed February 23, 2017. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/baroque-art1/holland/a/rembrandt-the-anatomy-lesson-of-dr-tulp
Research Facts
The original portrait, painted by Dutch Baroque Rembrandt van Rijn in 1632, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson. It was commissioned to hang in the board room of the Guild of Surgeons, a group that Tulp had become a reader of three years before. Tulp is shown as the only man wearing a hat, showing his elevated position over his pupil, as he demonstrates how arm muscles are attached to the body using forceps. He was known to give theory lessons twice a week in Amsterdam with one public autopsy a year being conducted. The painting shows the 1632 autopsy that used the body of a criminal, an executed thief named Adriaen het Kint as their cadaver. The surgeon in the centre towards the back holds a sheet of paper that lists the names of all the men in participating in the lesson, many of whom would have paid for the honor of being included in the composition.
Though it was one of Rembrandt’s earlier works, The Anatomy Lesson remains one of his most well-known paintings; the skill is evident in the expressive, recognizable faces of the surgeons and the dynamic contrast between light and dark. Rembrandt does, however, some artistic liberties, particularly as the surgeon would have begun with opening the chest cavity in an autopsy as opposed to beginning with an arm.
This was also one of the first painting that Rembrandt signed with his forename as opposed to RHL which he had used on previous ones, likely showing his increasing confidence in his artistic abilities.
Prev. # L42 / AMP344
Less detail

Starrett registering speed indicator

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6904
Dates
1897
circa 1897
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
Accession Number
1976.5.8 a-d
Description
A small wooden end handle (a), widens out to a calibrated metal indicator, narrows to a metal pointer with a rubber tip (d) which moves the indicator when turned; contained in carboard box (b,c).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1976.5.8 a-d
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Laboratories
Description
A small wooden end handle (a), widens out to a calibrated metal indicator, narrows to a metal pointer with a rubber tip (d) which moves the indicator when turned; contained in carboard box (b,c).
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - handle and indicator - Size: Length 13.3 cm x Width 4.0 cm
b,c - container - Size: Length 16.0 cm x Width 5.0 cm x Depth 2.0 cm
d - rubber tip
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Austin, administrator, Dept. of Pathology, Banting Institute.
Maker
L.S. Starrett
Site Made (City)
Athol
Site Made (State)
Massachusetts
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1897
circa 1897
Date Remarks
Patented April 15, 1898.
Material
metal: grey
rubber: black
wood: dark brown
cardboard: brown; black
Inscriptions
Inscribed on centre of dial: "L.S. STARRETT ATHOL, MASS. U.S.A. // PAT. APRIL 15, 1897"; metal indicator is calibrated 10 to 100 and 100 to 10; lid of box has, "Red - Labelled No. 107 STARRETT // Registering Speed Indicator // MADE BY".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F6-10
Condition Remarks
#2: cardboard box falling apart
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Smithsonian National Museum of American History
Research Facts
A revolution counter. To count revolutions of the shafts that ran machinery, engineers used counters like this one. The manufacturer, L. S. Starrett Company of Athol , Mass., called the device a speed indicator, although it has no timekeeping apparatus. The steel counter has a flat handle on one side and a rotating cylindrical rod on the other. In between is a flat curved case on which a dial is mounted. Pressing the rod against a rotating shaft rotates it and advances the dial. The edge of the dial is divided into 100 equal parts, which are numbered from 10 to 100 by tens. Two different nozzles fit into the far end of the cylinder. The instrument fits in a red, white, and black paper box.
his counter is one of the many inventions of Laroy Starrett (1836-1922), who was born and raised on a farm in Maine. In 1880, having successfully patented and sold a meat chopper, as well as shoe studs and hooks, Starrett established a business in Athol, Mass., to sell drawing instruments and small tools. He applied for a patent for a speed indicator in 1895, and received it in 1897.
patent to L. S. Starrett Company when it was granted March 28, 1905. The device sold in at least three models. This is No. 104, which was particularly intended for high speeds. It was sold both directly by Starrett and through distributors of tools and steam engine equipment. This speed indicator is mentioned in Starrett catalogues into the 1930s.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1930
1939
circa 1930-1939
Collection
Gillies Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
Accession Number
004045011
Description
A metal protractor with a half circle head and an attached handle with an arm that swings around the edge of the circle to accurately take measurements.
  1 image  
Accession Number
004045011
Collection
Gillies Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Weights and Measures
MM= Household Articles -- ruler, compass, protractor, timepiece
Description
A metal protractor with a half circle head and an attached handle with an arm that swings around the edge of the circle to accurately take measurements.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
This artifact was used by the donor's uncle Dr. Walter Barnhart during the 1920s to the 1940s in his personal lab; possibly for arthritis research.
Maker
The R. S Starrett Co.
Site Made (City)
Athol
Site Made (State)
Massachusetts
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1930
1939
circa 1930-1939
Date Remarks
The donor states that it was used from the 1920s through to the 1940s; identical item on website dated to 1930s.
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Measurement numbers from 1 to 180 degrees going both ways on the circular edge; "No 19 // THE L.S. STARRETT CO. // ATHOL. MASS. U.S.A." engraved on the protractor; "READ INSIDE SCALE // READ OUTSIDE SCALE" written in pen on a piece of tape on the handle
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-7
Dimension Notes
Length 20.1 cm x Width 8.4 cm x Depth 1.2 cm
Condition Remarks
Some scratches and staining.
Reference Types
Person
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Richard Gillies; Internet: "goantiques"; CD #9
Research Facts
The donor graduated from medical school in 1955.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1955
1961
1955-1961
Collection
Dr. Hans Westenberg Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
Accession Number
005007001
Description
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the d…
  2 images  
Accession Number
005007001
Collection
Dr. Hans Westenberg Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Cardiology
MeSH Heading
Physical Examination
Cardiology -- instrumentation
MM= Pulse -- sphygmograph
Description
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the device.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
The donor first used this device during his medical studies at the University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam) in the late 1950s where Prof. Borst was faculty chairman; the donor believes everyone who wished to gradate used one and every clinical clerk, intern, and resident would carry one of these in there pocket with the string tied to a button on their jacket; Dr. Westenberg brought this instrument with him when he came to Canada in 1961 and used it for a while, although he believes this measure may not have been widely used beyond Prof. Borst and his students in Amsterdam.
Maker
Probably custom made at the University of Amsterdam.
Site Made (City)
Amsterdam
Site Made (Country)
Netherlands
Dates
1955
1961
1955-1961
Date Remarks
The donor says these devices were used in the late 1950s, and he brought this one to Canada in 1961.
Material
glass: clear
liquid: amber
fabric: beige
Inscriptions
"WESTENBURG" hand printed on a piece of tape on the device
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E6-7
Dimension Notes
Length 14.2 cm x Diam 1.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Some minor surface wear; the piece of tape is deteriorated.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. Hans Westenburg; CD #1
Research Facts
The donor believes that Prof. Borst (best known for his low protein diet for people in acute renal failure) had these objects made up by one of his technicians; this devices was used to measure the height of a patient's jugular venous pressure; before the development of diuretics in the mid-1961s for patients suffering from renal failure, this instrument was a method of determining whether congestive heart failure was improving or deteriorating - an elevated jugular vein pulse could indicate a backup in the right atrium of the heart; one end was placed on the patient's sternal notch, about 5 cm above the right atrium in a person lying down - the other end would be placed on the highest point of the jugular vein in the anterior neck.
Images
Less detail