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Esmarch bandage; Esmarch tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15382
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six f…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six figures; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point; text in German.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped on cloth: "Der erlte Verband // nach // Profelsor Esmarch"; "gez. Wittmaack"; "Druck der Gesellschaft fur Baumwoll-Industrie // vorm Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALLE RECHTE VORBEHALTON"; translated: "The last association // after Profelsor Esmarch // signed Wittmaack // Pressure from the Society for the Cotton Industry // in front of Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
127.0 cm
Depth
21.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 84.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Textile conservator washed fabric in standard conservation soap and water, however the solution drastically faded the printed illustrations to almost nothing; this was an attempt to remove the heavy brown medicine stains along fold lines; foxing of material remains
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
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Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8651
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. R. Josephson of Toronto.
Maker
Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Oakville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Material
wood: tan
paper: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "DR. A. A. CHASE'S // KIDNEY- // LIVER PILLS // DIRECTIONS: // One pill at bedtime as often as // required. If a stronger purgative is // desired, take two pills. if too // strong divide the pill in half. // As a regulator of the liver, // kidneys and bowels, and pre- // ventive of serious disease, take // one pill once or twice a week. // One Pill a Dose"; repeates in French; "No.4972 Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act // Manufactured by // Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited // Sole Distributors // THE // DR. A. W. CHASE MEDICINE CO."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Length
6.0
Diameter
2.7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor staining of label
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries.
Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
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Dr. H. Sanche Oxydonor No. 2

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14634
Dates
1898
1929
circa 1898 - 1929
Category
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
016024001 a-d
Description
Rectangular folded cardboard hinge burgundy cardboard box (a) with string attached to the lid and body of the box; printed directions in French on the label in the lid of the box; containing a metal cylinder oxydonor with fabric covered wire attached to the top ending with a metal disk and ankle st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016024001 a-d
Category
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
MM= patent, proprietary, over-the-counter all-purpose cures
Description
Rectangular folded cardboard hinge burgundy cardboard box (a) with string attached to the lid and body of the box; printed directions in French on the label in the lid of the box; containing a metal cylinder oxydonor with fabric covered wire attached to the top ending with a metal disk and ankle strap (b); directions booklet (c); an important notice flyer (d).
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a- box b- oxydonor c- directions booklet d- notice flyer
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Dr. H. Sanche & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1898
1929
circa 1898 - 1929
Material
paper: red, tan, blue
metal: silver
material: red, black
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on lid of box: “OXYDONOR // DR. H. SANCHE & CO. LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA”; printed on paper label inside lid: “DIRECTIONS EN ABREGE” directions follow in French; embossed on body of oxydonor: “M - 6019 // Oxydonor No. 2 // Manufactured by // Dr. H. Sanche & Co. // Montreal Canada // Dr. Hercules Sanche // VICTORY // DIADUCTION RULES LIFE // TRADE MARK // REGISTERED // Dr. H. Sanche & Co. // Montreal Can. // Pat. Dec 27, 1898”; printed on cover of booklet: “Brief Directions // for the use of // OXYDONOR // ..Written by.. // DR. HERCULES SANCHE.”; printed on sheet (d): “IMPORTANT NOTICE!” directions for the care of the Oxydonor follows.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F5-3
Length
a - 16.2 b - 9.6 c - 12.5 d - 28.0
Width
a - 7.9 c - 8.7 d - 21.9
Depth
a - 5.4 c - 0.5 d - 0.1
Diameter
b - 3.4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor wear of silver finish on bottom of oxydonor; minor wear on string by ankle attachment; minor staining of box and residue inside
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Oxydonor No.2. American Artifacts.
Oxydonor. The Free Medical Dictionary.
Research Facts
The Oxydonor Victory is simply a metal tube filled with carbon. It was claimed to cure virtually all diseases simply by forcing oxygen into the body. Proponents of Sanche's incredible theory of "Diaduction" (the pseudoscientific explanation of the Oxydonor cure) organized as the Fraternity of Duxanimae. In this way, Sanche solicited donations for the cause (Diaduction), in addition to sales of the Oxydonor.
One of America's most notorious quacks, Dr. Sanche apparently moved around a lot, keeping one step ahead of the authorities. His July 27, 1897 patent lists his residence as New Orleans, and his Aug 3, 1897 patent as Detroit. In 1915, a fraud order was issued against Dr. Sanche & Co., of New York, Rochester, Chicago and Detroit. He soon evaded this setback by marketing his devices from Montreal. In Feb, 1916, the fraud order was extended to cover his Montreal address. This device likely dates from that period.
The user was required to place the centralmetal tube, or "Vocor", in a jar of iced water and then attach the the contact disk on the client’s ankle. It was declared worthless by the American Medical Association.
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Hints to Mothers On the Treatment of their Children 5th Ed. [booklet]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15377
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Category
Archival Items
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Home Health Care
Paediatrics
Accession Number
019020001 a-b
Description
Small pocket sized softcovered booklet with red paper cover; large sized print with numerous photos of young healthy children; contents include information about childhood illnesses; body of text separated from cover; 59 pages.
Accession Number
019020001 a-b
Author
Steedman's Soothing Powders
Category
Archival Items
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Home Health Care
Paediatrics
MeSH Heading
Pediatrics
Infant Care
Description
Small pocket sized softcovered booklet with red paper cover; large sized print with numerous photos of young healthy children; contents include information about childhood illnesses; body of text separated from cover; 59 pages.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - cover
b - body of text
Provenance
Transferred as deaccessioned.
Maker
Steedman's Soothing Powders
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Date Remarks
Reference information states the first edition was in published in 1904
Material
paper: cream red
ink: black
Inscriptions
On frontispiece: "HINTS // to // MOTHERS // on the // TREATMENT // of their // CHILDREN // FIFTH EDITION // Printed in Canada"; inside page: "IMPORTANT NOTICE // Steedman's Soothing Powders // have been in use over // 100 years"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Assorted Binder B Manuals pg. 13 a
Length
11.0 cm
Width
8.9 cm
Depth
0.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Body of booklet separatedCover scuffed, page corners bent; some pages and photographs scribbled over with pencil; couple of minor brown stains
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://wellcomecollection.org/articles/WckzzigAACe3DJPD
https://history.rcplondon.ac.uk/blog/mother-will-make-it-better-targeting-women-healthcare-advertising
Research Facts
Teething was seen as one of the “most perilous transitions” in the 19th century, linked to insomnia and drooling, deafness and epilepsy. Steedman’s Soothing Powders, first made in the early 1800s, fought an intense battle with its rival Stedman’s Teething Powders. Stedman’s adoption of an imitative brand name led to Steedman’s creating its double EE logo to emphasise its originality and distinctiveness. Ironically, neither manufacturer could exploit an ethical advantage in their promotions, as both products contained calomel (mercurous chloride), about which, Bull says, “pages might be written upon the evil effects which have resulted from its indiscriminate use in the nursery”.
Some companies also produced promotional material in the form of reference books aimed at mothers, advising them on the best ways to prevent and treat common childhood ailments. Often this would involve using the company’s own medicines. Adverts and testimonials for these could be found throughout the publications. Here, too, guilt was used to persuade mothers to buy brand name medicines, or to rely on their manufacturers for instruction.
In 1904, John Steedman and Company produced the first edition of their own guide book 'Hints to mothers' on the treatment of their children, claiming inside that:
The greatest of all gifts that the Almighty can bestow upon you is your baby. It is your duty to sacrifice yourself, to give your whole thought to the well being of the charge that is trusted to you.
A range of illnesses are covered in the guides. Many of them are recommended to be treated with Steedman’s Powders, the company’s own product, and the guides also include directions for taking the powders and a caution not to purchase imitation medicines. For more serious conditions, the guides recommend that ‘a medical man should at once be called in’.
Steedman’s ‘Hints to Mothers’ was a popular series, often known simply as ‘the little red book’. It stretched to twenty editions, the last published in 1961, and was also translated into French.
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
Accession Number
1955.5.1
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior end of spout; pattern consists of leaves and scrolls; partially glazed bottom.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.1
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior end of spout; pattern consists of leaves and scrolls; partially glazed bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 10.8 cm x Width 6.3 cm x Height 4.8 cm
Condition Remarks
A few glaze chips from rim and around base; rough area at tip of spout; some cracking of the glaze in interior of boat
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
http://www.silvercollection.it/dictionarypapboat.html
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Previous inventory #AM25
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.2
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with cobalt blue scenic transfer-print decoration on exterior; pattern consists of a village with a castle or monastery on a hill in the background and large tree on one side; crazed glaze; partially glazed b…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.2
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with cobalt blue scenic transfer-print decoration on exterior; pattern consists of a village with a castle or monastery on a hill in the background and large tree on one side; crazed glaze; partially glazed bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 11.8 cm x Width 6.7 cm x Height 5.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Lip at back with minor chips; glaze crazed; old firing flaws on interior bottom; unglazed area on exterior bottom is soiled
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
Accession Number
1955.5.3
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior perimeter of the opening; pattern consists of "Chinese" landscape scene on exterior; weave pattern transfer-print on inside edge of ri…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.3
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior perimeter of the opening; pattern consists of "Chinese" landscape scene on exterior; weave pattern transfer-print on inside edge of rim; small blue square mark on oval-shaped bottom; partially glazed bottom.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 11.9 cm x Width 6.1 cm x Height 4.5 cm
Condition Remarks
Surface crack under spout along mould lines, crazed glaze
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute
Previous inventory #AM27
Images
Less detail
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
Accession Number
1955.5.4
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior perimenter of opening; pattern depicting an English landscape scene with a masted ship, trees; partially glazed bottom; stamped in bas…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.4
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Nursing
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; white glaze with light blue floral transfer-print decoration on exterior and interior perimenter of opening; pattern depicting an English landscape scene with a masted ship, trees; partially glazed bottom; stamped in base "Wedgewood England"
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Maker
Wedgwood
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue
Inscriptions
"WEDGWOOD M // INP"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 10.3 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Height 4.8 cm
Condition Remarks
Some cracks in glaze
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Previous inventory #AM28
Images
Less detail
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.5
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; pronounced bulge on both sides; cream body and partially glazed bottom; base with numerous pits in body from resting on firing points.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.5
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and raised back of body; pronounced bulge on both sides; cream body and partially glazed bottom; base with numerous pits in body from resting on firing points.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Maker
Wedgwood
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1830
1900
circa 1830-1900
Material
ceramic: white
Inscriptions
"WEDGWOOD N"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 10.1 cm x Width 5.2 cm x Height 5.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Chips in rim, with some cracks in these areas; bumpy firing flaws on bottom
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Previous inventory #AM29
Images
Less detail
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
Accession Number
1955.5.6
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and flattened back of body partilly covered opening; cream glaze and partially glazed bottom; with half cover extending over spout; both ends available for feeding (one end is a tiny spout, and the other is open at the top); relief leaf decorati…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1955.5.6
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Feeding Methods
Home Health Nursing
MM= Feeding Dish
Nursing Care -- instrumentation
Description
Ceramic open vessel style pap boat with a pouring lip and flattened back of body partilly covered opening; cream glaze and partially glazed bottom; with half cover extending over spout; both ends available for feeding (one end is a tiny spout, and the other is open at the top); relief leaf decorations on both ends and cover.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; donated by Dr. T. G. H. Drake, through the University of Toronto Department of Pediatrics.
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1850
1910
circa 1850-1910
Material
ceramic: white
Inscriptions
"W" marked on base
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D1-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 15.3 cm x Width 7.5 cm x Height 4.8 cm
Condition Remarks
Dark stains inside opening of spout end; dark mark on side of spout; glaze is worn and scratched in several areas
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Pap boat is a small receptacle for feeding pap to infants and invalids. The typical form is boat-shaped, having the feeding end shaped as a short lip or an extended tapering lip to be placed on the mouth of the person being fed, and the holding end somewhat incurved and usually without a handle.
The term 'pap', allegedly derived from the Scandinavian for the sound made when a baby opens his mouth for nourishment, was probably introduced before its first recordings in literature in the mid-18th century. Recipes for pap usually called for bread, flour and water. A more nourishing mixture, 'panada', was a pap base with added butter and milk, or cooked in broth as a milk substitute.
Images
Less detail

37 records – page 1 of 4.