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Esmarch bandage; Esmarch tourniquet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15382
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six f…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.10.37
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Description
Cream finely woven cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with six illustrations of young men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; this design is one of the original layouts with six figures; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point; text in German.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: owned and used by Dr. James (Jim) Robert Ronald McCrindle (1862-1952); he probably acquired it in the United Kingdom and brought it to Jamaica in 1904; donated by his granddaughter, Mrs. C. C. James of Kingston, Ontario.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped on cloth: "Der erlte Verband // nach // Profelsor Esmarch"; "gez. Wittmaack"; "Druck der Gesellschaft fur Baumwoll-Industrie // vorm Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALLE RECHTE VORBEHALTON"; translated: "The last association // after Profelsor Esmarch // signed Wittmaack // Pressure from the Society for the Cotton Industry // in front of Ludwig & Gustav Cramer // Hilden // ALL RIGHTS RESERVED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
127.0 cm
Depth
21.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 84.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Textile conservator washed fabric in standard conservation soap and water, however the solution drastically faded the printed illustrations to almost nothing; this was an attempt to remove the heavy brown medicine stains along fold lines; foxing of material remains
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
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Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8651
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. R. Josephson of Toronto.
Maker
Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Oakville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Material
wood: tan
paper: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "DR. A. A. CHASE'S // KIDNEY- // LIVER PILLS // DIRECTIONS: // One pill at bedtime as often as // required. If a stronger purgative is // desired, take two pills. if too // strong divide the pill in half. // As a regulator of the liver, // kidneys and bowels, and pre- // ventive of serious disease, take // one pill once or twice a week. // One Pill a Dose"; repeates in French; "No.4972 Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act // Manufactured by // Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited // Sole Distributors // THE // DR. A. W. CHASE MEDICINE CO."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Length
6.0
Diameter
2.7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor staining of label
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries.
Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
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Kwikstop for Tooth Ache

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8863
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Home Health
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - bottle
b - box
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick
e - toothpick
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Material
paper: cream
glass: transparent
ink: green
wood: tan
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
On box: "Kwikstop // for // TOOTH ACHE // 13633 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // NORTHROP & LYMAN CO. // TORONTO LIMITED CANADA // DIRECTIONS // caution - Do not swallow. Where there is a cavity in the // tooth apply Kwikstop on a piece of absorbent cotton. If there // is no cavity moisten a piece of cotton with kwikstop and // swab the gum on both sides of the tooth. // Kwikstop // Has a local // Anaesthetic // Action'; repeated in French
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
a - bottle - Height 6.0 cm x Width 2.1 cm x depth 2.1 cm
b - box - Length 7.8 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 2.5 cm
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
e - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
Condition Remarks
Never used
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

graduated medicine spoon

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7291
Dates
1920
1977
1920-1977
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Patient Care
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1977.22.1
Description
A silver-plated graduated medicine spoon with marks for one teaspoon and one dessert spoon; originally in the shape of a large dinnerware soup spoon and modified by shaping the handle to form a loop and inscribing the measurement lines.
  5 images  
Accession Number
1977.22.1
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Patient Care
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Administration, Oral -- instrumentation
Weights and Measures
Pharmacy -- instrumentation
MM= Commemorative and Association Items
MM= Administration Drug, Oral -- medicine spoon
Description
A silver-plated graduated medicine spoon with marks for one teaspoon and one dessert spoon; originally in the shape of a large dinnerware soup spoon and modified by shaping the handle to form a loop and inscribing the measurement lines.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: American Collectors of Infant Feeders (USA).
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1920
1977
1920-1977
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Engraved in the bowl: "A. C. I. F. // TORONTO '77 // DES. // TEA."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A8-3
Length
13.3 cm
Width
4.3 cm
Depth
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
#2: tarnished
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
A member of the American Collectors of Infant Feeders bought a job lot of these spoons from an old drugstore and gave them to members attending the annual meeting held in Toronto July, 1977.
Similar item: Dose measuring medicine spoon from Rexall drug stores which numbered 12,000 at its peak from 1920-1977. On the curved handle it reads REXALL DOSE MEASURING MEDICINE SPOON. Written on the top of the handle is "2 Teaspoons = 1 Dessert Spoon, and 4 Teaspoons = 1 Tablespoon. In the bowl of the spoon is "To outside line one correct teaspoon" and "To inside line Correct Half Teaspoon".
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graduated set of Curvlite rectal dilators

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14732
Dates
1920
1960
circa 1920-1960
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Proctology
Treatment, General
Accession Number
016022049
Description
Black cardboard box with separate lid (a-b) has dividers for four graduated sizes of clear plastic rectal dilators (c - f); dilators are one piece crystal clear plastic and are boilable and unbreakable; box lid has decorative Curvlite logo in gold; design is without air vents; a set of four "torped…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016022049
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Proctology
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Rectum
Hemorrhoids
Description
Black cardboard box with separate lid (a-b) has dividers for four graduated sizes of clear plastic rectal dilators (c - f); dilators are one piece crystal clear plastic and are boilable and unbreakable; box lid has decorative Curvlite logo in gold; design is without air vents; a set of four "torpedolike" instruments varying in diameter from 1/2 to 1 inch and in length from 3 to 4 inches.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - box top - Length 14.5 cm x Width 12.2 cm x Depth 4.1 cm
b - box bottom - Length 14.3 cm x Width 11.9 cm x Depth 3.8 cm
c - dilator - Length 9.3 cm x Diam 2.0 cm
d - dilator - Length 9.8 cm x Diam 2.5 cm
e - dilator - Length 11.7 cm x Diam 2.8 cm
f - dilator - Length 11.3 cm x Diam 3.3 cm
Maker
Curvlite Surgical Product Company
Site Made (State)
Florida
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1920
1960
circa 1920-1960
Material
plastic: clear
paper: black, cream
Inscriptions
Printed on box lid: CURVLITE // REG. U.S. PAT. OFF."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Diameter measurements are at the widest part of the dilator
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Research Facts
While similar to Dr. Young’s Rectal Dilators, Curvlite dilators were prescribed for the relief of hemorrhoids, constipation and other rectal maladies.
Images
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Dr. H. Sanche Oxydonor No. 2

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14634
Dates
1898
1929
circa 1898 - 1929
Category
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
016024001 a-d
Description
Rectangular folded cardboard hinge burgundy cardboard box (a) with string attached to the lid and body of the box; printed directions in French on the label in the lid of the box; containing a metal cylinder oxydonor with fabric covered wire attached to the top ending with a metal disk and ankle st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016024001 a-d
Category
Home Health Care
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
MM= patent, proprietary, over-the-counter all-purpose cures
Description
Rectangular folded cardboard hinge burgundy cardboard box (a) with string attached to the lid and body of the box; printed directions in French on the label in the lid of the box; containing a metal cylinder oxydonor with fabric covered wire attached to the top ending with a metal disk and ankle strap (b); directions booklet (c); an important notice flyer (d).
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a- box b- oxydonor c- directions booklet d- notice flyer
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Dr. H. Sanche & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1898
1929
circa 1898 - 1929
Material
paper: red, tan, blue
metal: silver
material: red, black
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on lid of box: “OXYDONOR // DR. H. SANCHE & CO. LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA”; printed on paper label inside lid: “DIRECTIONS EN ABREGE” directions follow in French; embossed on body of oxydonor: “M - 6019 // Oxydonor No. 2 // Manufactured by // Dr. H. Sanche & Co. // Montreal Canada // Dr. Hercules Sanche // VICTORY // DIADUCTION RULES LIFE // TRADE MARK // REGISTERED // Dr. H. Sanche & Co. // Montreal Can. // Pat. Dec 27, 1898”; printed on cover of booklet: “Brief Directions // for the use of // OXYDONOR // ..Written by.. // DR. HERCULES SANCHE.”; printed on sheet (d): “IMPORTANT NOTICE!” directions for the care of the Oxydonor follows.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F5-3
Length
a - 16.2 b - 9.6 c - 12.5 d - 28.0
Width
a - 7.9 c - 8.7 d - 21.9
Depth
a - 5.4 c - 0.5 d - 0.1
Diameter
b - 3.4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor wear of silver finish on bottom of oxydonor; minor wear on string by ankle attachment; minor staining of box and residue inside
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Oxydonor No.2. American Artifacts.
Oxydonor. The Free Medical Dictionary.
Research Facts
The Oxydonor Victory is simply a metal tube filled with carbon. It was claimed to cure virtually all diseases simply by forcing oxygen into the body. Proponents of Sanche's incredible theory of "Diaduction" (the pseudoscientific explanation of the Oxydonor cure) organized as the Fraternity of Duxanimae. In this way, Sanche solicited donations for the cause (Diaduction), in addition to sales of the Oxydonor.
One of America's most notorious quacks, Dr. Sanche apparently moved around a lot, keeping one step ahead of the authorities. His July 27, 1897 patent lists his residence as New Orleans, and his Aug 3, 1897 patent as Detroit. In 1915, a fraud order was issued against Dr. Sanche & Co., of New York, Rochester, Chicago and Detroit. He soon evaded this setback by marketing his devices from Montreal. In Feb, 1916, the fraud order was extended to cover his Montreal address. This device likely dates from that period.
The user was required to place the centralmetal tube, or "Vocor", in a jar of iced water and then attach the the contact disk on the client’s ankle. It was declared worthless by the American Medical Association.
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The Baby [infant care book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15202
Dates
1924
1930
circa 1924-1930
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Pediatrics
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Paediatrics
Home Health
Home Health Care
Accession Number
019001001
Description
Rectangular book with a glued binding and paper covers; the front cover contains a colour illustration of two toddlers on a beach, one wearing a red swim suit and grabbing the other's hand, who is wearing a green swim suit; the background is mostly brown, and near the top. the title "The Baby" is p…
  5 images  
Accession Number
019001001
Author
Department of Health of Ontario
Category
Archival Items
Education Artifacts
Pediatrics
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Education
Paediatrics
Home Health
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Infant Care -- handbooks
Infant Care
Infant Nutrition
Child Care -- handbooks
Child Nutrition
Child
Mother-Child Relations -- handbooks
Pregnancy
Pediatrics
Home Health
Description
Rectangular book with a glued binding and paper covers; the front cover contains a colour illustration of two toddlers on a beach, one wearing a red swim suit and grabbing the other's hand, who is wearing a green swim suit; the background is mostly brown, and near the top. the title "The Baby" is printed in flourished script and outlined in pink; the spine is white and also contains the title and small illustrations of children's toys and animals; the back cover is backgrounded in black and contains a yellow, orange, pink, and red illustration of numerous children playing on a beach with a giant baby in the background in front of the sun, mouth open and holding up a rattle as birds fly in front of it; the book has sixty four pages and contains information about pre-natal care, preparation for confinement, registration of the baby's birth, care of the infant, infant feeding, care of the runabout child, common ailments of childhood, immunization, baby's record, and baby's development.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Department of Health of Ontario
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1924
1930
circa 1924-1930
Date Remarks
Honourable Forbes Godfrey was Minister of Health in Ontario from 1924 until 1930.
Material
paper: tan
ink: black, green, pink, red, grey, purple, brown, tan, yellow, orange.
Inscriptions
Printed on front cover: "The Baby"; printed on back cover: "Issued by the Department of Health of Ontario. // Honorable Forbes Godfrey - Minister of Health".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
22.5 cm
Width
15.0 cm
Height
0.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fraying at spine and bending at corners
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.ola.org/en/members/all/forbes-elliott-godfrey
https://www.ola.org/en/members/all/harold-james-kirby
https://www.leonardshoup.com/product/64654/The-Baby--Department-of-Health-of-Ontario-----Dionne-Quintuplets-Cover-Art-No-Author--Department-of-Health-of-Ontario-Honourable-Harold-J-Kirby-Minister
http://mimicohistory.blogspot.com/2011/05/dr-forbes-godfrey-first-ontario.html
Research Facts
A later edition of this book, from 1937-1942, in print while Harold J. Kirby was Ontario's Minister of Health, has an illustration of the famous Dionne quintuplets on the front cover.
Forbes Godfrey was Ontario's first Minister of Health, and he was a doctor before entering the realm of politics. Dr. Godfrey wanted the government to do more to combat tuberculosis, as the disease was devastating Ontario's citizens. As a result of his efforts, a system of government supported tuberculosis hospitals was created. Dr. Godfrey was also a strong believer in vaccination. He was responsible for organizing the ministry of health from its beginnings, and he helped protect miners from silicosis; started industrial health programs; created public health clinics in remote areas, and began free immunization programs for Ontario school children.
Exhibit History
On exhibit 100TH Anniversary of Public Health Canada, Ottawa L-2019-7 27 Nov – 2 Dec 2019
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Hints to Mothers On the Treatment of their Children 5th Ed. [booklet]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15377
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Category
Archival Items
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Home Health Care
Paediatrics
Accession Number
019020001 a-b
Description
Small pocket sized softcovered booklet with red paper cover; large sized print with numerous photos of young healthy children; contents include information about childhood illnesses; body of text separated from cover; 59 pages.
Accession Number
019020001 a-b
Author
Steedman's Soothing Powders
Category
Archival Items
Home Health Care
Classification
Archival, Publications
Home Health Care
Paediatrics
MeSH Heading
Pediatrics
Infant Care
Description
Small pocket sized softcovered booklet with red paper cover; large sized print with numerous photos of young healthy children; contents include information about childhood illnesses; body of text separated from cover; 59 pages.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - cover
b - body of text
Provenance
Transferred as deaccessioned.
Maker
Steedman's Soothing Powders
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1905
1920
circa 1905-1920
Date Remarks
Reference information states the first edition was in published in 1904
Material
paper: cream red
ink: black
Inscriptions
On frontispiece: "HINTS // to // MOTHERS // on the // TREATMENT // of their // CHILDREN // FIFTH EDITION // Printed in Canada"; inside page: "IMPORTANT NOTICE // Steedman's Soothing Powders // have been in use over // 100 years"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Assorted Binder B Manuals pg. 13 a
Length
11.0 cm
Width
8.9 cm
Depth
0.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Body of booklet separatedCover scuffed, page corners bent; some pages and photographs scribbled over with pencil; couple of minor brown stains
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://wellcomecollection.org/articles/WckzzigAACe3DJPD
https://history.rcplondon.ac.uk/blog/mother-will-make-it-better-targeting-women-healthcare-advertising
Research Facts
Teething was seen as one of the “most perilous transitions” in the 19th century, linked to insomnia and drooling, deafness and epilepsy. Steedman’s Soothing Powders, first made in the early 1800s, fought an intense battle with its rival Stedman’s Teething Powders. Stedman’s adoption of an imitative brand name led to Steedman’s creating its double EE logo to emphasise its originality and distinctiveness. Ironically, neither manufacturer could exploit an ethical advantage in their promotions, as both products contained calomel (mercurous chloride), about which, Bull says, “pages might be written upon the evil effects which have resulted from its indiscriminate use in the nursery”.
Some companies also produced promotional material in the form of reference books aimed at mothers, advising them on the best ways to prevent and treat common childhood ailments. Often this would involve using the company’s own medicines. Adverts and testimonials for these could be found throughout the publications. Here, too, guilt was used to persuade mothers to buy brand name medicines, or to rely on their manufacturers for instruction.
In 1904, John Steedman and Company produced the first edition of their own guide book 'Hints to mothers' on the treatment of their children, claiming inside that:
The greatest of all gifts that the Almighty can bestow upon you is your baby. It is your duty to sacrifice yourself, to give your whole thought to the well being of the charge that is trusted to you.
A range of illnesses are covered in the guides. Many of them are recommended to be treated with Steedman’s Powders, the company’s own product, and the guides also include directions for taking the powders and a caution not to purchase imitation medicines. For more serious conditions, the guides recommend that ‘a medical man should at once be called in’.
Steedman’s ‘Hints to Mothers’ was a popular series, often known simply as ‘the little red book’. It stretched to twenty editions, the last published in 1961, and was also translated into French.
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Dr. Ross' Kidney and Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7817
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
1980.18.203
Description
A paper roll containing a glass jar of large kidney and liver pills; metal screw-on top.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.18.203
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
A paper roll containing a glass jar of large kidney and liver pills; metal screw-on top.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Dean Charters.
Maker
Ross Medicine Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1800
1899
1800-1899
Date Remarks
Original record had "19c."
Material
glass
metal
paper: light green; brown
Inscriptions
Printed on paper covering: "DR. ROSS' // Kidney and Liver Pills // For Headache // Biliousness, Constipation, Bad Blood, Indigestion, Rheumatism"; "Price 25¢"; "The Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Dimension Notes
Length 6.0 cm x Diam. 1.5 cm
Copy Type
Original
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Gin Pills for the Kidneys

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2176
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
996001097
Description
Circular yellow metal tin with decorative design on top with black text; not openeable, stuck together; direction on bottom and sides.
  3 images  
Accession Number
996001097
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Kidney Diseases -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Backache -- drug therapy -- advertisements
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Pharmacy -- pamphlet
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures – container
Description
Circular yellow metal tin with decorative design on top with black text; not openeable, stuck together; direction on bottom and sides.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased in Kingston in Feb.1994.
Maker
National Drug and Chemical Co. of Canada Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
metal: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
On top: "B C D // GIN // PILLS // FOR THE // KIDNEYS // TRADE MARK REGISTERED"; on bottom: "Gin // Pills // for the // Kidneys // No. 5611 The Proporietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // Take one or two pills four times a day, // before or after meals, and at bed-time. // French version // GIN PILLS CONTAIN THREE-EIGHTS (3/8) OF A GRAIN // OF METHYLENE BLUE PER MAXIMUM ADULT 1 DOSE // PROPRIETARY ARTICLES DEPT. // National Drug and Chemical // Company of Canada Limited // MONTREAL // CANADA"; on sides: "THESE PILLS ARE RECOMMENDED FOR LAME BACK, IRRITATION OF THE KIDNEYS OR BLADDER, BED WETTING, MUCOUS DEPOSITS IN THE URINE 40 PILLS"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Height
3.1
Diameter
5.2
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Shows minor wear on bottom; closure stuck together
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
http://necrophiliac-joe.blogspot.com/2012/02/bdc-gin-pills-for-kidneys.html
Research Facts
Have been said to turn the urine green, most likely because they contain methylene blue.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017
Images
Less detail

40 records – page 1 of 4.