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oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15205
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains …
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015004 a-c
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Patient Care Artifacts
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis, Oral -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Glass mercury oral thermometer (a) with metal end; the glass is marked withhand painted numbers and hatch marks from 95, closest to the tapered end which ends with the metal, to 110 at the glass end; a white stripe runs the length of the thermometer on the opposite side of the numbers and contains words and numbers in black ink; the thermometer is enclosed in a grey metal case (b,c) which has a hexagonal metal piece on it just below where the lid meets the case.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - thermometer: Length 10.2 cm X Diameter 0.5 cm
b - case: Length 9.2 cm X Diameter 0.7 cm
c - lid: Length 2.8 cm x Diameter 0.7 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor.
Maker
Wm. Johnston
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1900-1930
Date Remarks
.Based on donor's remarks.
Material
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: black, white
Inscriptions
Printed on thermometer: "95 // 100 // 5 // 110 // Wm. Johnston 531 one minute 16478".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration spots on metal case; some of the numbers are beginning to rub off the thermometer.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
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