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Nyal castor oil

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4348
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
000006003
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the…
Accession Number
000006003
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the metal cap has a rolled end, a round groove on the top and vertical grooves around its raised side; there is no evidence of threading (see accession sheet for sketch); a thick, yellow liquid fills about 40% of the bottle
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Jack Willson
Maker
Nyal, Company, Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Date Remarks
The bottle's mould seams continue over the bottle's lip, indicating fabrication after 1880; screw cap became popular after 1924, so possibly the bottle was made between these two dates
Material
glass: clear
paper: orange
metal: orange
Inscriptions
"NYAL // QUALITY // A" is inscribed in raised letters in a circle on the front of the bottle; the last letter "A" is in a smaller circle on a chain pattern, all in the larger circle; bottom: "D [or a square] inside a diamond shape, and "2" to the left of the diamond, in raised letters; label: "TRADE MARK NYAL [illeg.] // TASTY // Castor Oil // Rx [the "x" part of the tail of the "R"] D3 2 FL. OZ. // Pure, Refined Castor Oil // sweetened and flavored. // Directions – Infants 20 to 40 // drops; children four years old, // 1 to 2 teaspoonfulls; eight years // old, ½ to one tablespoonful; // adults; 1 to 2 tablespoonfuls; // Mode D'Emploi — Pour petits // enfants 20 à 40 gouttes; pour // enfants de 4 ans 1 à 2 cuillerées // à thé; 8 ans ½ à 1 cuillerée à // table; pour adultes, 1 à 2 cuil- // lerées à table. // NYAL COMPANY, Limited // Windsor, Ontario, Canada"; the label is toned with light grey mesh behind the text, leaving a frame of brighter orange around the label; on the back of the bottle neck, there is "H5" in raised lettering
Permanent Location
Storage Room 1013
Dimension Notes
Length 13.3 cm x Width 5.8 cm x Depth 3.4 cm
Condition Remarks
Bottle and cap are dusty and have residual stains; cap has two dents; the paint on the cap is blackened around the side and there are some very small spots where the metal substrate is exposed; the cap is stuck on the bottle; the paper label has two holes (around 0.1 cm); note: residue on bottle may attract pests.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
"Bottles: Identification and Price Guide," by Michael Polak, 1994, pp. 19, 21, 24; "The Snake-Oil Syndrome: Patent Medicine Advertising," by A. Walker Bingham, 1994, p. 108; "The Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs," 7th ed., Merck & Co., 1960, pp. 219-220; "The Oxford Dictionary of Current English," Oxford University Press, 1998; "Text-book of the Principles and Practice of Nursing," by Bertha Harmer, 1927, pp. 435-436; see also 000.006.022
Research Facts
Castor oil is "oil from the seeds of a tropical plant, used as a purgative and lubricant (Oxford Dictionary). Castor oil may be used both as a laxative and as an emollient (Merck), but this product is flavoured, so it is a laxative. (See accession sheet for further details.)
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oral thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11291
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
000008002 a-b
Description
'Birks Aseptic 1 minute' thermometer (b) with a case (a) and chain cylindrical brass tube closed at one end with fluted spiral groves running from the bottom to the top; a chain is fastened to a ring in the bottom and attached at the other end to a safety pin; (b) glass tube with a tapered end and …
Accession Number
000008002 a-b
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Thermometers
Body Temperature
Description
'Birks Aseptic 1 minute' thermometer (b) with a case (a) and chain cylindrical brass tube closed at one end with fluted spiral groves running from the bottom to the top; a chain is fastened to a ring in the bottom and attached at the other end to a safety pin; (b) glass tube with a tapered end and a brass cap on the other; the brass cap screws into (a); the tapered end contains mercury; on the inside there is a yellow line which helps make the mercury line visible; there is a scale from 94 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - case
b - thermometer
Provenance
Owned by Dr. and Mrs. Kidd of Ottawa, Ontario; Dr. Kidd graduated from Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Class of 1929; Mrs. Kidd graduated from the Ottawa Civic Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1925. Dr. John Franklin Kidd (1865-1932).
Maker
Birks
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1915
circa 1900-1915
Date Remarks
Item looks similar to one seen in a catalogue with that date.
Material
metal: silver; yellow
glass: clear, white
glaze: black, yellow, orange
mercury: silver
Inscriptions
(a) "Prima" engraved or pressed into the metal of the pin; (b) printed in gold "Birks Aseptic 1 minute" in orange; "364"; on the reverse side is a scale 94-110 degrees Fahrenheit printed on in black; an orange arrow is where a person's normal temperature would be (98.3 degrees Fahrenheit).
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Length
a - 26.2 cm b - 10.4 cm
Diameter
a - 0.9 cm b - 0.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
The glass of the thermometer is a little cloudy, the brass of the case and the thermometer is beginning to darken.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Illustrations of Surgical Instruments of Superior Quality," 21st ed., Kny-Scheerer Co., Milwaukee, ca. 1915, p. 1074 (similar to item A/-3442-48).
Research Facts
This is a thermometer which screws into the case and can be pinned onto clothing to be carried around; possibly used by nurses.
Exhibit History
On exhibit "When Medicine Met Science," Museum of Health Care, April 29, 2003 - 25 Jan 2017
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000
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uterine syringe irrigator set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11292
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Gynaecology
Accession Number
000008003 a-c
Description
Irrigator with case; is wood case (a) iexterior covered in black fabric and interior with salmon-coloured velvet and metal latches; on the inside there are sections which hold the items inside securely; (b) syringe is a glass tube with a metal plunger and a leather stopper; Bakelite ends at the top…
  1 image  
Accession Number
000008003 a-c
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
MM= Irrigation -- irrigator -- uterine
Description
Irrigator with case; is wood case (a) iexterior covered in black fabric and interior with salmon-coloured velvet and metal latches; on the inside there are sections which hold the items inside securely; (b) syringe is a glass tube with a metal plunger and a leather stopper; Bakelite ends at the top and bottom; the bottom Bakelite end is threaded so the syringe can attach to irrigator (c) with one end threaded with a leather gasket so it attaches to (b) without leaking; the other end has two rows of holes to let the irrigation fluid pass through.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - case
b - syringe
c - irrigator
Provenance
Owned by Dr. and Mrs. Kidd of Ottawa, Ontario; Dr. Kidd graduated from Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Class of 1929; Mrs. Kidd graduated from the Ottawa Civic Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1925. Dr. John Franklin Kidd (1865-1932).
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Date Remarks
Item similar to one in catalogue of that date.
Material
paper: black
plastic: black
fabric: pink
metal: silver
glass: clear
leather: brown
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on the side of the glass tube (b) in ink is a scale "10 20 40 60" with a mark for every unit in between.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E8-3
Length
a - 21.0 cm b - 12.2 cm c - 20.2 cm
Width
a - 5.5 cm b - 12.2 cm c - 1.2 cm
Depth
a - 2.9 cm b - 2.1 cm c - 1.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
The metal shows some signs of corrosion on (a); the paper covering the case is beginning to peel at the corners and fray on the back hinge; (b) the glass is dirty and the leather is beginning to crumble; (c) there is some dirt on the threaded part.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Aloe's Illustrated and Priced Catalogue of Superior Surgical Instruments, Physician's Supply and Hospital Furnishings," 6th ed., A.S. Aloe Co., St. Louis, 189-, p. 469 (similar to item number 7398)
Research Facts
Used to introduce liquids such as water or medicine into the uterus; for treatment or cleaning.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017.
Images
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surgical needle sample book

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14385
Dates
1898
1900
circa 1898-1900
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
000008008
Description
Red fabric accordian style salesman's sample book of surgical needles with nineteen thick fiberboard pages of gold covered metal needles in a wide range of sizes and types with order numbers under each needle; names of needle type, size and style are indicated in silver ink under each item; pages …
  4 images  
Accession Number
000008008
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Needles; Suture Techniques
Needles -- case
Surgery
Surgery, Operative -- instrumentation
Sutures
Description
Red fabric accordian style salesman's sample book of surgical needles with nineteen thick fiberboard pages of gold covered metal needles in a wide range of sizes and types with order numbers under each needle; names of needle type, size and style are indicated in silver ink under each item; pages are numbered up to nineteen; stitched on to black paper covered panels; types of specialized needles include: abdominal, intestinal, eye surgery, and veterinary; text on front cover in gold and text on each panel in silver; several needles missing; 183.0 cm long when fully open.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Dr. and Mrs. Kidd of Ottawa, Ontario; Dr. Kidd graduated from Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Class of 1929; Mrs. Kidd graduated from the Ottawa Civic Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1925. Dr. John Franklin Kidd (1865-1932).
Maker
The Kny - Scheerer Co.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U. S. A.
Dates
1898
1900
circa 1898-1900
Date Remarks
Dates manufacturer in Chicago
Material
paper: black
metal: gold
ink silver, gold
fabric: red
Inscriptions
Printed on front cover: "Sample Book // First Edition // Astra // Surgical Needles // manufactured by // The Kny - Scheerer Co. // NEW - YORK // W. R. GRADY CO. // CHICAGO"; printed on each page: "Page 1 SURGEON'S NEEDLES // Page 2 SURGEON'S NEEDLES // Page 3 SURGEON'S NEEDLES EMMETT'S NEEDLES // Page 4 EMMETT'S NEEDLES // Page 5 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Dr. Hagedorn's Pattern // Page 6 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Dr. Hagedorn's Pattern // Page 7 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Dr. Hagedorn's Pattern // Page 8 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Dr. Hagedorn's Pattern Stout Fistula Thin Fistula Intestinal eye needle // Page 9 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Dr. Hagedorn's Pattern reversed eye // Page 10 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Ferguson's cutting edge taper point // Page 11 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Emmett's Pattern Taper point // Page 12 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Emmett's Pattern Trocar point Sim's Pattern Lance Point // Page 13 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Goodell's Pattern for Perineum Keith's abdominal For Intestinal Work Dr. Child's Needles // Page 14 SURGEON'S NEEDLES For Intestinal Work Kelly's Intestinal Needles Kelly's Pattern with Lister's Eye Kelly's Intestinal Needles with patent Eye // Page 15 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Moynihan's Pattern with patent eye For Intestinal Work // Page 16 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Martin's Martin's Pattern Special Mayo's Intestinal Packard's // Page 17 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Murphy's Pattern for Trachelorraphy Pratt's Pettern for Cervix Schnetter's // Page 18 SURGEON'S NEEDLES for Eye Work Mayo's pattern Flat shank with square eye Mayo's pattern with taper point // Page 19 SURGEON'S NEEDLES Veterinary needles
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-3
Length
20.0 cm
Width
9.0 cm
Depth
4.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Measured closed
Condition Remarks
Exterior shows wear, needles are new
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet Book
Reference Comments
American Surgical instrument: The History of their manufacturer and an Directory of Instrument makers to 1900 by James M. Edmonson, PhD 1997 ISBN 0-930405-70-6
Research Facts
W. R. Grady was a medical supply salesman in 1891, then a year later became a buyer and a year after is listed as a manufacturer of surgical instruments all under the company name of W. R. Grady Co.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black t…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
MM= Cutting Tool -- knife -- scalpel
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black text printed directly on box lid.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a-scalpel
b-scalpel
c-scalpel
d-box
Provenance
Used at the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Arnold & Sons Ltd.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Material
metal: silver, gold
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on one side of (a): “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON”; stamped on the other side: “C7”; (b) has: “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON // 4”; (c) has: "J. F. Hartz // Co LIMD // J. GREY & SON // SHEFFIELD”; (d) printed on the box: “ARNOLD & SONS. // SAVORY & MOORE LTD // STANDARD WORKS // LAWRENCE ROAD, // TOTTENHAM, // LONDON, N.15. // SURGICAL AND // VETERINARY // INSTRUMENTS // MANUFACTURERS.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F1-8
Length
a - 15.7 cm b - 16.1 cm c - 15.0 cm d - 18.0 cm
Width
d - 2.6 cm
Depth
d - 2.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
(a-c) good condition with minor rusting on the blades; (d) stable condition with minor areas of rust and finish removed by wear
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
"Science Museum" website
"The Medical Tour" website
Research Facts
These instruments can be fully sterilised, meaning they can be re-used without fear of causing infection. Non-sterilised instruments were used in the previous century.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was oficially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group
Images
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Wellcome's Excerpta Therapeutica [book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15279
Dates
1905
circa 1905
Category
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
Accession Number
000018029
Description
Small rectangular book with paper covers and a sewn binding; entitled "Wellcome's Excerpta Therapeutica", printed in 1905; 293 pages; book contains paper tucked behind front cover (b) which contains a handwritten recipe for a starch enema; the main body of the book contains an alphabetical list of …
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018029
Author
Burroughs Wellcome and Co.
Category
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Publications
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Infectious Diseases
MeSH Heading
Therapeutics
Disease
Diseases
Drugs
Books
Description
Small rectangular book with paper covers and a sewn binding; entitled "Wellcome's Excerpta Therapeutica", printed in 1905; 293 pages; book contains paper tucked behind front cover (b) which contains a handwritten recipe for a starch enema; the main body of the book contains an alphabetical list of therapeutics (drugs), their uses, and their preparations; also an index of diseases and their remedies, a posological table, a list of poisons and their treatments and antidotes, British legal information, Irish legal information, a table of infectious diseases, their incubation periods, period of quarantine, period of infection, and what days the illness appears and begins to fade; the book also contains information on disinfection in phthisis, London ambulance service, diet tables, the feeding of children and infants, information on food and cooking, average weights and measurements of adult human organs, average weights and heights, the metric system of weights and measures, urine testing, water analysis, examination of sewage and sewage effluents, microscopic stains, indicators for chemical tests, notes on radiography, postal information for the United Kingdom, utero-gestation, and Wellcome brand products and price list; the pages bear the remnants of being coloured red at the edges.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - book: Length 16.5 cm X Width 10.0 cm X Height 1.2 cm
b - paper: Length 12.7 cm X Width 9.15 cm
Provenance
Originally owned by the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Burroughs Wellcome and Co.
Site Made (City)
London, Sydney, Cape Town
Site Made (Country)
England, Australia, South Africa
Dates
1905
circa 1905
Date Remarks
Publication date printed in book
Material
paper: tan, brown
ink: black, red
thread: tan
Inscriptions
Handwritten on paper (b): "Starch Enema - // Starch 1 [illegible], // Mix with sufficient cold // water to make a thick // paste, then pour on boiling // water untill it becomes // the consistence of mu[illegible]lage // ten to thirty gtts of Laudenum // is often added to this Enema."; printed on title page of book (a): "WELLCOME'S // Excerpta Therapeutica // 1905 // BURROUGHS WELLCOME AND Co. // LONDON, SYDNEY AND CAPE TOWN // COPYRIGHT] // ALL RIGHTS RESERVED".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper very brittle and delicate, pages coming out of binding, binding falling apart, covers torn along edges
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Wellcome Library search, "Wellcome's Excerpta Therapeutica": http://archives.wellcome.ac.uk/DServe/dserve.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqCmd=NaviTree.tcl&dsqField=RefNo&dsqItem=WF/M/PB/28/01/12#HERE
Wellcome, "History of Wellcome": https://wellcome.ac.uk/about-us/history-wellcome
Research Facts
Sir Henry Wellcome was born in the U.S.A. in 1853, and moved to the UK in 1880 to found a pharmaceutical company with his friend Silas Burroughs. Wellcome established laboratories and funded scientists developing antitoxins, etc. He was a lover of medical history and had a collection of many objects relating to it. When Wellcome died in 1936, a charity intended to advance medical research and history was created according to his will. This grew over the 20th century into the Wellcome Trust of today, worth $33.5 billion CAN. The Wellcome Collection, a free medical museum and library, was founded in 2007.
Wellcome Excerpta Therapeutica was published in different editions from approximately 1883 to 1976.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was officially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group.
Images
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bottle of cod liver oil

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12236
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Collection
Royal Ontario Museum Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Accession Number
000038001 a-b
Description
An empty rectangular clear glass bottle (a) with distinct moulded lip and screw threadings; embossed on the back of the bottle is a man holding a fish over his shoulder; with metal cap (b)
  1 image  
Accession Number
000038001 a-b
Collection
Royal Ontario Museum Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
MeSH Heading
Cod Liver Oil
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- vitamins, health restorers, protectors -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
An empty rectangular clear glass bottle (a) with distinct moulded lip and screw threadings; embossed on the back of the bottle is a man holding a fish over his shoulder; with metal cap (b)
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle - Size: Length 23.0 cm x Diam. 21.0 cm
b - lid - Size: Length 3.0 cm x Diam. 9.5 cm
Provenance
This bottle was used in a study collection at the Royal Ontario Museum, located in Toronto, Ontario.
Maker
Scott and Brown
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Date Remarks
Based on other similar items in the collection.
Material
glass: clear
metal: silver
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010 A
Condition Remarks
Cap has significant rust and small hole; inside bottle has residue including a black splotch.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Medical Information Hong Kong Web site; CD #11
Research Facts
Scott's Cod Liver Oil is used to maintain healthy tissues and promote strong bones and teeth.
Images
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surgical silk thread

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14607
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Collection
Mackenzie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
002014001 b
Description
Cream shaped flat cardboard card with cream super fine surgical silk thread wrapped around centre; shaped with rounded top and bottom sections and square central section; printing and hand-writing on one side of card; thread crossed in X-pattern on side without printing; not used.
Accession Number
002014001 b
Collection
Mackenzie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Sutures
MM= Ligation and Suture -- suture
Description
Cream shaped flat cardboard card with cream super fine surgical silk thread wrapped around centre; shaped with rounded top and bottom sections and square central section; printing and hand-writing on one side of card; thread crossed in X-pattern on side without printing; not used.
Provenance
Owned by Dr. John Youell, who passed it on to his nephew, the donor's father, Dr. Donald Hutchins, who practiced in Aurora from 1947-1984.
Dates
1880
1910
circa 1880-1910
Material
paper: cream
fabric: silk
ink: purple, grey
Inscriptions
Stamped on one side: "Surgeon's Silk"; handwritten on same side of card: "Surgeons Silk // Small 6 yds".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0009
0009-3-5
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length: 6.0 cm x Width: 4.0 cm x Depth 0.02 cm
Condition Remarks
Small pull in thread at one side
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The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp [print]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11066
Dates
1890
1920
circa 1890-1920
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Accession Number
002050007
Description
Cololurful print mounted on fabric with a varnish on top, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; unframed.
  1 image  
Accession Number
002050007
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
MeSH Heading
Art
Description
Cololurful print mounted on fabric with a varnish on top, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; unframed.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Dates
1890
1920
circa 1890-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: brown, cream, black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-6
Length
73.2 cm
Width
55.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Very fragile
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Zygmont, Bryon. “Rembrant, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.” Khan Academy. Accessed February 23, 2017. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/baroque-art1/holland/a/rembrandt-the-anatomy-lesson-of-dr-tulp
Research Facts
The original portrait, painted by Dutch Baroque Rembrandt van Rijn in 1632, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson. It was commissioned to hang in the board room of the Guild of Surgeons, a group that Tulp had become a reader of three years before. Tulp is shown as the only man wearing a hat, showing his elevated position over his pupil, as he demonstrates how arm muscles are attached to the body using forceps. He was known to give theory lessons twice a week in Amsterdam with one public autopsy a year being conducted. The painting shows the 1632 autopsy that used the body of a criminal, an executed thief named Adriaen het Kint as their cadaver. The surgeon in the centre towards the back holds a sheet of paper that lists the names of all the men in participating in the lesson, many of whom would have paid for the honor of being included in the composition.
Though it was one of Rembrandt’s earlier works, The Anatomy Lesson remains one of his most well-known paintings; the skill is evident in the expressive, recognizable faces of the surgeons and the dynamic contrast between light and dark. Rembrandt does, however, some artistic liberties, particularly as the surgeon would have begun with opening the chest cavity in an autopsy as opposed to beginning with an arm.
This was also one of the first painting that Rembrandt signed with his forename as opposed to RHL which he had used on previous ones, likely showing his increasing confidence in his artistic abilities.
The work in our collection is a hand-painted copy made with oil on canvas, likely with a varnish on top (this would have to be confirmed by a conservationist however). We can assume this as the weave of the canvas is evident and the corners have some paint flaking off, but also there are small details of the copy that vary from the original.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1901
1900-1901
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Accession Number
002050069
Description
Photo of U of T Medical Society, Executive Committee, 1900-01.
Accession Number
002050069
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Anniversaries and Special Events -- pictorial works
Description
Photo of U of T Medical Society, Executive Committee, 1900-01.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Dates
1900
1901
1900-1901
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-1 Box D
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Other
Reference Comments
Prev. # L29
Less detail

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