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tooth guard safety razor set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13621
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Accession Number
010015001 a-h
Description
Durham Duplex razor handle (a) has a cream coloured celluloid sheath that hinges onto a thinner rectangular silver steel handle with vertical grip lines on each side; handle widens into a larger rectangular head with two small rectangular holes; the bottom tip of the handle flares out and then tape…
  4 images  
Accession Number
010015001 a-h
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
MeSH Heading
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Hygiene -- instrumentation
MM= Household Articles -- razor
Description
Durham Duplex razor handle (a) has a cream coloured celluloid sheath that hinges onto a thinner rectangular silver steel handle with vertical grip lines on each side; handle widens into a larger rectangular head with two small rectangular holes; the bottom tip of the handle flares out and then tapers to a point; silver steel blade guard (b) has fifteen teeth on either side and attaches to handle via two clips that fit inside the rectangular holes on (a) and is held in place by a thin piece which fits into a small groove on (a); silver steel razor blade (c) fits in between the handle and the blade guard and is rectangular in shape with rounded edges and an oblong cut out in the centre which fits over the clips on (b); replacement blades (d-e) are identical to (c) and come inside a small red paper box (f) with a cream coloured border and gold and green lettering; the company logo is printed on top and consists of two lions each holding a flag on either side of a shield with three banners below them containing the company motto; all items fit into a cream coloured celluloid box with a top (g) and a bottom (h) section which fit together.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - handle - Size: Length 21.5 cm x Width 1.7 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
b - blade guard - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
c-e - blade - Size: Length 5.8 cm x Width 2.0 cm x Depth 0.2 cm
f - paper box - Size: Length 7.0 cm x Width 3.0 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
g - box top - Size: Length 14.3 cm x Width 3.2 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
h - box bottom - Size: Length 14.0 cm x Width 2.9 cm x Depth 1.0 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Maker
Durham Duplex Razor Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Date Remarks
Based on donor's remarks
Material
metal: silver
celluloid: cream
paper: red, cream
ink: yellow, green
Inscriptions
(a) Stamped into handle on top side: "PAT. U.S.A. MAY 28.07. // AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES"; stamped into handle on bottom side: "MADE IN CANADA"; (b) stamped into centre of blade guard: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"; (c-e) engraved onto underside of all blades: "DURHAM DUPLEX RAZOR CO. LTD. TORONTO // DURHAM DUPLEX // MADE IN CANADA"; (f) printed on the front: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"; (f) printed on the banners below the lions: "CHACUN SON PROPRE BARBIER"; printed on either side of (f): "FIVE BLADES"; printed on the back: "DURHAM DUPLEX RAZOR CO. LTD. // JERSEY CITY SHEFFIELD PARIS TORONTO // MADE IN CANADA // PRINTED IN U.S.A."; (g) embossed in the centre: "DURHAM [company logo] DUPLEX"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-5
Condition Remarks
Scratches present on the celluloid handle of (a); small chips out of the edges of (d) and (e); (f) shows significant signs of wear and tear and the box itself has collapsed; all objects exhibit signs of use
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
"Durham Duplex" website
Research Facts
The Durham Duplex Razor Company Ltd. was registered in the UK on May 11, 1910 as a subsidiary of the US razor blade manufacturer Durham Razor Company Inc. founded in the late 1800's; it was the US company who developed the Durham Duplex safety razor system
Images
Less detail
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves st…
  5 images  
Accession Number
010015003 a-b
Collection
Alice L. Leavitt Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Food
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Amber glass bottle (a) with flat base and rounded square shaped body, tapering up into a cylindrical neck with a handle connecting the neck to the body; opposite the handle is a short spout which protrudes from just below the neck and stretches upwards, tapering into a small opening which curves straight out towards the side; a wooden stopper (b) sits in the neck of the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle: Length 7.2 cm X Width 5.0 cm X Height 12.3 cm
b - stopper: Length 4.9 cm X Diameter 2.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by donor
Dates
1880
1913
circa 1880-1913
Date Remarks
Based on "A Dating Key For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles" by T. Stell Newman.
Material
glass: amber
wood: brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some bubbles inside the glass and potentially some minor chipping.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.etymonline.com/word/cruet#etymonline_v_406
https://www.kovels.com/price-guide/glass-price-guide/amber-glass.html
https://www.airseacontainers.com/blog/the-science-behind-amber-glass-how-these-bottles-protect-liquids/
https://www.containerandpackaging.com/resources/colored-glass/
Research Facts
Olive oil was used in various pharmacy recipes for home use and at the pharmacists.
This type of bottle is called a cruet, and is most often used to hold vinegar, oil, or sacramental wine. The word "cruet" was first attested circa 1300, and most likely comes from the Old French "crue", meaning an earthen pot. Related to the word "crock".
Amber, the colour of this glass, was a popular colour for glass just after the American Civil War and during the 1930s-1950s, and is one of the many colours which are often cited when referring to "Depression Glass". Amber glass comes from iron, sulphur, and carbon being added to molten glass. Amber glass is good for protecting liquids, as it blocks UV light and other light wavelengths under 450 nm, which is why it is often used to store medicines, alcohols, and oils.
Images
Less detail