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Dates
1914
1918
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
Accession Number
995002134
Description
Black and white photographic print of a nurse in a WWI military nursing sister's uniform including white veil from the 1914-18 era; white border around the print.
  1 image  
Accession Number
995002134
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
MeSH Heading
Archival
Nurses
Nurse's Uniform
Nursing
Military Medicine
Military Medicine -- Archival -- photographs
Military Medicine -- nursing
Military Medicine -- Nursing Sisters
Military Medicine -- First World War -- World War One -- WW1 -- WWI
Military Personnel -- nurse
Military Personnel -- portraits
Description
Black and white photographic print of a nurse in a WWI military nursing sister's uniform including white veil from the 1914-18 era; white border around the print.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae
Dates
1914
1918
Material
paper: white
ink: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-3 Box 16
Dimension Notes
Length 17.7 cm x Width 12.7 cm
Condition Remarks
Minor adhesive tape residue on border of print; slight cupping
Copy Type
Replica
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
Marilyn Boston
Research Facts
Marion Edna Stevens (1889-1972) was born in Napanee Ontario and graduation from the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing in 1912; she served with the Canadian Forces in Europe during World War I; she nursed in Toronto for the rest of her nursing career. Photo taken at the Nasrieh School Hospital in Egypt.
Images
Less detail

certificate of achievement

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12402
Dates
1919
circa 1919
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
Accession Number
995002135
Description
Photocopy of a military achievement certificate for a "Mentioned in Despatch" issued by the British War Office to a Canadian Nursing Sister Marion Stevens during 1914-1918.
  1 image  
Accession Number
995002135
Collection
Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing Alumnae Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
MeSH Heading
Military Medicine
Military Medicine -- Archival -- documents
Military Medicine -- Archival -- certificates
Military Medicine -- army
Military Medicine -- First World War -- World War One -- WW1 -- WWI
Military Medicine -- nursing
Military Medicine -- Nursing Sisters
Military Personnel -- nurse
MM= Commemorative and Association Items
Description
Photocopy of a military achievement certificate for a "Mentioned in Despatch" issued by the British War Office to a Canadian Nursing Sister Marion Stevens during 1914-1918.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
British War Office
Site Made (City)
Whitehall
Site Made (State)
South Wales
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1919
circa 1919
Date Remarks
Date is printed on the artifact
Material
paper: white
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on document: "The War of 1914-1918. // Canadian Forces // Nursing Sister Miss M. E. Stevens, Can. Army Nursing Serv. // was mentioned in a Despatch from // Field Marshall Sir Douglas Haig. G.C.B., G.C.V.O., K.C.J.E. // dated 9th April 1917 // for gallant and distinguished services in the Field. // I have it in command from the King to record His Majesty's // high appreciation of the services rendered. // War Office // Whitehall, S.W. // 1st March, 1919 //Secretary of State for War."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-3 Box 16
Dimension Notes
Length 21.5 cm x Width 28.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Poor reproduction.
Copy Type
Replica
Reference Types
Document
JPG
Reference Comments
Donor file; CD #1.
Research Facts
Marion Stevens (1889-1972) was born in Napanee, Ontario and graduated from the Kingston General Hospital School of Nursing in 1912. She served with the Canadian Army in Europe during World War I and spent the remainder of her career nursing in Toronto.
Images
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certificate of military service

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12469
Dates
1944
Collection
Colonel S. M. Polson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
Accession Number
995008001
Description
Framed paper certificate of military service for S. M. Polson for Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps during WWII.
  1 image  
Accession Number
995008001
Collection
Colonel S. M. Polson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
MeSH Heading
Military Medicine
Archival
Military Medicine -- Archival -- certificates
Military Medicine -- Archival -- documents
Military Medicine -- army
Military Medicine -- army -- R. C. A. M. C.
Military Medicine -- Second World War -- World War Two -- WW2 -- WWII
Military Personnel -- doctor
MM= Commemorative and Association Items
Description
Framed paper certificate of military service for S. M. Polson for Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps during WWII.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Colonel S. M. Polson; donated to the Canadian Forces Communications and Electronics Museum, Kingston, Ontario by Harold Polson Davis via Neil Davis Sep 1994; transferred to The Museum of Health Care at Kingston.
Maker
Department of National Defence
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1944
Date Remarks
Date of certificate
Material
paper: cream
ink: black, yellow
wood: brown
glass: clear
paint: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on the certificate: "Stuart MacDowall POLSON // was appointed to Commissioned Rank // in the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps // CANADIAN ARMY (Active) on the THIRD day // of February 1940."; printed on back: "I CAME FROM, // GARTLAND'S // Art and Gift Shop // 338 PRINCESS ST. KINGSTON, ONT."; printed on back at bottom: "94-144 // Certificate SM Polson // Polson Collection // Donated By C Davis // Sep 94 // C&E Museum"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-1
Dimension Notes
Length 24.9 cm x Width 22.3 cm x Depth 1.4 cm
Condition Remarks
Backing paper is loose
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #1
Images
Less detail

framed photograph

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12470
Dates
1941
Collection
Colonel S. M. Polson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
Accession Number
995008002 a-b
Description
Painted wood framed monochromatic photograph (a) of 31 uniformed military officers at Camp Headquarters Officers' Mess in Petawawa, Ontario; removable paper back (b).
  2 images  
Accession Number
995008002 a-b
Collection
Colonel S. M. Polson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
MeSH Heading
Military Personnel -- portraits
Military Medicine
Description
Painted wood framed monochromatic photograph (a) of 31 uniformed military officers at Camp Headquarters Officers' Mess in Petawawa, Ontario; removable paper back (b).
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - photograph - Size: Length 36.6 cm x Width 33.0 cm x Depth 1.7 cm
b - back paper - Size: Length 32.2 cm x Width 26.1 cm
Provenance
Owned by Colonel S. M. Polson; donated to the Canadian Forces Communications and Electronics Museum by Harold Polson Davis via Neil Davis Sept 1994; transferred to The Museum of Health Care at Kingston.
Maker
Department of National Defence
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1941
Date Remarks
Date on photograph
Material
paper: white
wood: brown
glass: clear
ink: black
paint: grey
Inscriptions
On photograph: "MEMBERS - CAMP HDQRS. OFFICERS' MESS // PETAWAWA JULY 4 - 1941. // 405-B // LEFT TO RIGHT Major W. A. Cunningham, E.D., C.S. & T.O. - Col. R. L. Bradburn, M.C., Provost // Marshal - Lieut. Col. F. E. Wootton, M.C., A.A. & Q. M. G. - Brigadier M.H.S. Penhale - // Brigadier W. C. Hyde, D.S.O., V.D. - Brigadier R. A. Wyman - Lieut. Col. S. M. Polson,"; on back: "Artona Studio // PHOTOGRAPHERS // PEMBROKE, ONT."; back label: "94-144 // Polson Collection // Donated By C Davis // C&E museum Sep 94"; back of matt: "# 33 [Illeg.] Silver"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
(a) 2005-2-1 (b) 2005-4-3
Condition Remarks
Photograph in good condition; fragile loose back paper shows wear.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #1
Images
Less detail
Dates
1925
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
Accession Number
000008006
Description
Wood framed photograph of Dr. J. F. Kidd in military uniform with a blue ribbon hanging from the neck with a military medal; handwitten signature on photograph; painted wood frame.
  1 image  
Accession Number
000008006
Collection
Eleanor E. Anderson Collection
Category
Archival Items
Military Medicine
Classification
Archival, Images
Military Medicine
Archival, Military
MeSH Heading
Archival
Physicians -- portraits
Military Medicine
Military Medicine -- Archival -- photographs
Military Personnel -- doctor
Military Personnel -- portraits
Description
Wood framed photograph of Dr. J. F. Kidd in military uniform with a blue ribbon hanging from the neck with a military medal; handwitten signature on photograph; painted wood frame.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Dr. and Mrs. Kidd of Ottawa, Ontario; Dr. Kidd graduated from Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Class of 1929; Mrs. Kidd graduated from the Ottawa Civic Hospital School of Nursing Class of 1925. Dr. John Franklin Kidd (1865-1932).
Dates
1925
Date Remarks
Date is written on frame
Material
paper: cream
ink: brown
glass: clear
wood: brown
paint: brown, yellow
Inscriptions
On the photograph (signature): "J. F. Kidd"; written on backing: "Dr. J. F Kidd [Illeg.] // John Franklin // 1925 // Born 1865 - 1932 died"; on label: "FINE ART // J. WILSON & CO. // 108 SPARKS ST. // OTTAWA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-2-1
Length
36.9 cm
Width
29.5 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Photograph is faded; frame shows wear along the edges; backing paper is loose
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
Accession Number
000018030
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and woun…
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018030
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Classification
Home Health Care
Military Medicine
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Military Medicine -- emergency
Military Medicine -- equipment and supplies
Military Medicine -- textile
Military Medicine -- War
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; nine separate small illustrations of special knotted wraps; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; cut from preprinted length of fabric with remnants of the dotted cutting line showing that the fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point is circle with St. John Ambulance Association emblem.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on fabric: starting at point: "THE St. JOHN AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION // POINT // SIDE // END // BASE // END // SIDE // REGISTERED DESIGN 7764
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
145.0 cm
Depth
66.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 97.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Minor staining overall, rusty stains on corners possibly from safety pins
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
First Aid booklet 000.018.007 related to this item
Images
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surgical instrument kit

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14633
Dates
1860
1895
circa 1860 - 1895
Category
Military Medicine
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Military Medicine
General Surgery
Accession Number
000028001 a-ee
Description
Hinged wooden rectangular surgical case with brass banding along edges and across top of lid (a) with lift out drawer (b) both lined with purple velvet and two removable covers (c,d); contains two Liston (e,g) and one Catling (f) amputating knives of varying sizes; set of minor operating knives (h…
  3 images  
Accession Number
000028001 a-ee
Category
Military Medicine
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Military Medicine
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
Military Medicine -- army
Military Medicine -- instruments
Military Medicine -- surgery
Military Personnel -- doctor
Amputation -- instrumentation
Trephining -- instrumentation
Military Medicine
Description
Hinged wooden rectangular surgical case with brass banding along edges and across top of lid (a) with lift out drawer (b) both lined with purple velvet and two removable covers (c,d); contains two Liston (e,g) and one Catling (f) amputating knives of varying sizes; set of minor operating knives (h-k) along with two other scalpels (l,m); clear plastic spool of braided silk and another spool with no thread (n,o); curved surgical needles of varying sizes (p-r) and two hooked needles of different sizes (s,t); a needle holder (u); hand saw (v) with narrow (w) and wide (x) saw blades; hey saw (y); steel trephine handle (z); steel trephine (aa); black brush (bb); narrow retractor all metal one piece (cc); angled surgical scalpel (dd); curved director / dilator (ee); there are pieces missing; knives and scalpels with incised cross-hatched ebony handles.
Number Of Parts
31
Part Names
a - wood case
b - lift out drawer
c - large removable cover
d - removable cover
e - surgical knife Liston 8 3/4”
f - surgical bistory Catling 7”
g - surgical knife Liston 6”
h - short surgical scalpel
i - short surgical scalpel J. J. TEUFEL
j - short surgical scalpel
k - short surgical scalpel
l - short surgical scalpel with worn handle
m - scalpel metal one piece
n - spool of braided silk
o - spool
p - curved surgical needle
q - curved surgical needle
r - curved surgical needle
s - hooked surgical needle
t - hooked surgical needle
u - needle holder
v - hand saw
w - narrow saw blade
x - wide saw blade
y - hey saw
z - trephine handle
aa - trephine
bb - brush
cc - narrow retractor all metal one piece
dd - angled surgical scalpel
ee - curved director/ dilator
Provenance
Originally owned by Dr. Peter William Reid (Reed) of Madoc, Ontario. Donated by great grandson.
Maker
Kuhlman
Site Made (City)
Detroit
Site Made (State)
Michigan
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1860
1895
circa 1860 - 1895
Material
wood: brown
fabric: purple
metal: silver; brass
leather: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on neck of (e- f): "KUHLMANN"; (g-h): "A. KUHLMANN"; (i): "J. J. TEUFEL"; (j-l): "A. KUHLMANN"; (m); "GERMANY"; (u): "TIEMANN & CO"; (z): "H. McC. & D. // CHICAGO"; (dd): "CTRUAX & CO"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E1-7
Temporary Location
For u, z-aa only: On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Length
a - 41.0 b - 38.5 c - 38.6 d - 5.2 e - 36.1 f - 35.4 g - 28.5 h - 16.3 i - 16.5 j - 16.5 k - 15.6 l - 16.2 m - 16.8 n - 2.4 o - 2.5 p - 7.5 q - 5.0 r - 4.2 s - 5.4 t - 4.1 u - 11.5 v - 36.5 w - 26.2 x - 26.2 y - 17.3 z - 9.7cm aa - 10.5 bb - 9.6 cc - 13.3 dd - 20.2 ee - 24.6
Width
a - 16.5 b - 13.8 c - 13.9 d - 3.9 e - 1.9 f - 1.9 g - 1.9 h - 1.7 i - 1.7 j - 1.2 k - 1.6 l - 1.2 m - 0.9 p - 0.1 q - 0.1 r - 0.1 s -0.2 t - 0.1 u - 2.0 v - 9.9 w - 1.1 x - 2.0 y - 4.8 z - 1.9 aa - 1.9 bb - 1.8 cc - 1.0 dd - 0.9 ee - 0.5
Depth
a - 8.7 b - 2.2 c - 0.5 d - 0.4 e - 1.4 f - 1.9 g - 1.8 h - 0.6 i - 0.6 j - 0.6 k - 0.6 l - 0.6 m - 0.4 p - 0.1 q - 0.1 r - 0.1 s - 0.1 t - 0.1 u - 1.0 v - 2.2 w - 0.1 x - 0.1 y - 1.0 z - 2.0 aa - 1.9 bb - 0.9 cc - 0.5 dd - 0.6 ee - 0.5
Diameter
n - 1.4 o - 1.3
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor lifting of double decorative brass wire; discolourization of velvet to a light brown; lid warped does not fully close
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Dr. William Standish Reed.
Civil War issue U. S. Army Hospital Department set by Geo. Tiemann. American Civil War Surgical Antiques.
Research Facts
Dr. Peter William Reid (1827 - 1898) was born in Stirling Ontario and was an Empire Loyalist. Dr. Reid moved to the United States and due to a clerical error the spelling of his last name was changed to Reed.
The layout and instruments would indicate use as a field set as opposed to hospital use. Field sets are not as extensive as hospital sets and would have been used for initial treatment of war wounds as well as for treatment of day-to-day surgical problems.
The case has indentations for approximately 37 tools, but there is only 19 remaining instruments that fit into their designated areas. Three instruments do not appear to have designated spots within the case.
Images
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blood transfusion apparatus

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14918
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Collection
Fransman Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Nursing
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Phlebotomy
Accession Number
000050002
Description
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000050002
Collection
Fransman Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Nursing
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Phlebotomy
MeSH Heading
Phlebotomy
Military Medicine
Description
Portable blood transfusion apparatus housed in upright brown varnished wood box (a) with hinged front lid and two metal latches on left opening side and brass key lock, key missing; interior with portion of top of box hinged to open for access to removable upper shelf (c) and pull out wood drawer (b) on bottom; two clear hand blown glass bottles (e-f), one with graduated measurements from 20 to 1100 cc in 20 cc gradations and the other without markings are held in place by a removable shaped wood piece (d) with a metal snap latch to join this piece to the built in wood shelf; bottles with wedge shaped red rubber plugs with a pair of glass rods descending into the bottle interior, with multiple and long red rubber tubes attached to glass rods on top of plugs; apparatus (g) of rubber tubes with a series of three metal clamps, two glass cylinders one filled with white cotton batting and one ‘T’ shaped glass connector rod all leading to a pair of long glass rods in ‘U’ shape attached to hinged door with wood toggles have bulbous tops and one bulb is open, placed in front of a pale yellow printed measurement guide with gradation from the center number “0” at the middle and measurements decreasing below and above by 20 ending in ‘30’ at both ends; several wood parts have hand written numbers while the bottle holder has a stamped number; bottles with minor bubbles in glass with etched interior of neck; silver stainless steel needle (h) with removable screw off top and similar style of trocar (i) with removable sections to change size of trocar stored inside.
Number Of Parts
9
Part Names
a – case: 46.4 cm Height x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth b – drawer: 26.3 cm Length x 28.3 cm Width x 21.3 cm Depth c – shelf: 26.3 cm Length x 15.9 cm Height x 0.6 cm Depth d – bottle holder: 26.3 cm Length x 5.6 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth e – f -bottle: 26.3 cm Height x 5.6 cm Diam g – rubber apparatus h - needle: 12.4 cm Length x 3.3 cm Width x 0.8 cm Depth I - trocar: 11.8 cm Length x 3.5 cm Width x 1.0 cm Depth
Provenance
Collected by Dr. Fransman, donor's father.
Dates
1910
1920
circa 1910-1920
Material
wood: brown
rubber: tan
glass: transparent
metal: silver
leather: brown
Inscriptions
Stamped on trocar: "HOLBONDS // LONDON"; on latch of bottle holder: "BRITISH // PAT NO // 165333 // MADE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Q2-1
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Condition report created by Canadian War Museum, 25 June 2018; in donor file
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Wikipedia
Research Facts
Beginning with William Harvey's experiments on the circulation of blood, research into blood transfusion began in the 17th century, with successful experiments in transfusion between animals. However, successive attempts by physicians to transfuse animal blood into humans gave variable, often fatal, results.
James Blundell in london, UK, successfully transfused human blood in 1818. The largest series of early successful transfusions took place at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary between 1885 and 1892. Edinburgh later became the home of the first blood donation and blood transfusion services. It was not until 1901, when the Austrian Karl Landsteiner discovered three human blood groups (O, A, and B), that blood transfusion was put onto a scientific basis and became safer.
The First World War acted as a catalyst for the rapid development of blood banks and transfusion techniques. Canadian doctor and Lieutenant Lawrence Bruce Robertson was instrumental in persuading the Royal Army Medical Corps to adopt the use of blood transfusion at the Casualty Clearing Stations for the wounded. In October 1915, Robertson performed his first wartime transfusion with a syringe to a patient suffering from multiple shrapnel wounds. He followed this up with four subsequent transfusions in the following months.
Dr. Fransman graduated from medical school in 1940 and lived in Amsterdam. Worked in Holland, England during WWII. Came to Kingston General Hosptial, Ontario in 1951 as a chest specialist and managed the TB clinincs. Radiologist specialist in 1960 and managed the x-ray department at Kingston General Hosptial, retiring in 1983. Post-retirement he worked at the Collins Bay prison, Kingston Psychiatric Hopsital, Ongwanada and St. Mary's of the Lake, retiring again in 1996.
Exhibit History
On exhibit 100TH Anniversary of Public Health Canada, Ottawa L-2019-7 27 Nov – 2 Dec 2019
On loan L-2018-6 Canadian War Musuem for exhibit 'Last 100 Days of the First World War' 17 May 2018 - 20 April 2019
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Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5007
Dates
1950
circa 1950
Collection
Dr. Charles Sorbie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Classification
Orthopedic Surgery
Military Medicine
Accession Number
001002033
Description
Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail, which consists of a single piece of vitallium formed into a long, straight, hollow cylindrical piece with an open base that forms a "C" at both ends; the outer edges of the nail are rounded and the ends are bevelled; on the top, there is a small, rectangular op…
  3 images  
Accession Number
001002033
Collection
Dr. Charles Sorbie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Classification
Orthopedic Surgery
Military Medicine
MeSH Heading
Femoral Fractures
Fracture Fixation -- instrumentation
MM= Orthopedic Fixation Devices -- bone nail, pin, screw
Military Medicine
Military Medicine -- air force
Description
Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail, which consists of a single piece of vitallium formed into a long, straight, hollow cylindrical piece with an open base that forms a "C" at both ends; the outer edges of the nail are rounded and the ends are bevelled; on the top, there is a small, rectangular opening just before one end.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used at Kingston General Hospital by Dr. Charles Sorbie
Dates
1950
circa 1950
Date Remarks
Vitallium used for implants from 1950 onwards.
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
One side of the nail has, "10 X 46 // VITALLIUM" stamped into the metal.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E2-10
Dimension Notes
Length 46.2 cm x Width 0.9 cm x Depth 0.9 cm
Condition Remarks
The metal shows some wear and a few deep scratches; no corrosion is visible.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. Charles Sorbie; "Surgical Instruments & Hospital Equipment," 23rd Edition, by Downs Surgical PLC, c. 1982, p. G45 (see attached photocopy); CD #3
Research Facts
The medullary nail is used for stabilizing fractured femurs; Gerhart Kuntscher developed them in 1938 from stainless steel and vitallium; this advanced the treatment of long bone (femur and tibia) fractures and was a breakthrough development in 1939 -- just before WW II; allied pilots who were shot down in Europe and broke their femurs were treated with this type of rod; some escaped and brought the technology back; German pilots were often back flying in six weeks with this type of treatment for femoral fractures; the slot at the one end was used to knock in and pull out the nail.
Images
Less detail

Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5008
Dates
1950
circa 1950
Collection
Dr. Charles Sorbie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Classification
Orthopedic Surgery
Military Medicine
Accession Number
001002034
Description
Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail, which consists of a single piece of vitallium formed into a long, straight, hollow cylindrical piece with an open base that forms a "C" at both ends; the outer edges of the nail are rounded and the ends are bevelled; on the top, there are two small, rectangular…
  3 images  
Accession Number
001002034
Collection
Dr. Charles Sorbie Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Military Medicine
Classification
Orthopedic Surgery
Military Medicine
MeSH Heading
Femoral Fractures
Fracture Fixation -- instrumentation
MM= Orthopedic Fixation Devices -- bone nail, pin, screw
Military Medicine
Military Medicine -- air force
Description
Kuntscher clover leaf medullary nail, which consists of a single piece of vitallium formed into a long, straight, hollow cylindrical piece with an open base that forms a "C" at both ends; the outer edges of the nail are rounded and the ends are bevelled; on the top, there are two small, rectangular openings, one just before each end.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used at Kingston General Hospital by Dr. Charles Sorbie
Dates
1950
circa 1950
Date Remarks
Vitallium used for implants from 1950 onwards.
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
One side of the nail has, "10 MM X 40 CM V[the "V" inside a shield shape]" etched into the metal; another side of the nail has "VITALLIUM" stamped into the metal.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E2-10
Dimension Notes
Length 40.3 cm x Width 0.9 cm x Depth 0.9 cm
Condition Remarks
The metal shows some wear and a few deep scratches; no corrosion is visible.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. Charles Sorbie; "Surgical Instruments & Hospital Equipment," 23rd Edition, by Downs Surgical PLC, c. 1982, p. G45 (see attached photocopy); CD #3
Research Facts
The medullary nail is used for stabilizing fractured femurs; Gerhart Kuntscher developed them in 1938 from stainless steel and vitallium; this advanced the treatment of long bone (femur and tibia) fractures and was a breakthrough development in 1939 -- just before WW II; allied pilots who were shot down in Europe and broke their femurs were treated with this type of rod; some escaped and brought the technology back; German pilots were often back flying in six weeks with this type of treatment for femoral fractures; the slots at either end were used to knock in and pull out the nail.
Images
Less detail

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