Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. J. Hannah of Toronto; Dr. Weston L. Herriman.
Storage Room 0010
UHN artefact files;
This artefact is part of a set of surgical instruments belonging to Dr. Weston L. Herriman, who was one of the first nine students who graduated in 1855 from the newly formed School of Medicine at the Church of Scotland-affiliated University of
Queen's College (1854, Kingston, Ont.). The nine senior students had transferred from the Anglican Upper Canada School of Medicine (Toronto) to the new school at Queen's.
Kerosene-fueled vaporizer c. 1880-1900 has original box with descriptions how to use, line drawing of item in use & lithograph of child sleeping & vaporizer on; ornate cast-iron stand is painted gold with attached metal receptacle on top to hold basin of medicine; kerosene fuel recommended; spare w…
On inside of mask, stamped twice: "THE RESPIRATOR // PATENT // JULIUS JEFFREYS // London Depôt // 148 Regent St E"
Storage Room 0010
Julius Jeffreys (1800–1877) was a British surgeon and writer, was the inventor of the respirator, and was a pioneer in the development of early air conditioning systems.
On his arrival in England in 1835, Julius was distressed to find his now-widowed sister, Harriett, suffering from tuberculosis, and he was shocked by the general prevalence of lung diseases in England. In a time before there were medications to treat these ailments, mortality data from the period shows that, except during epidemics, the most common cause of death was lung afflictions.
Julius invented a mask, which he called a "Respirator". The mask worked by capturing moisture and warmth in exhaled air in a grid of fine metal wires. Inhaled air then was warmed and moistened as it passed through the same metal grid, providing relief to sufferers of lung diseases. The invention was patented and received patent number 10287, in 1836. The Respirator became very popular, and was mentioned in the literature of the day, including in the writings of Elizabeth Gaskell, William Makepeace Thackeray and Charles Dickens.
Despite the popularity of the Respirator, opposition came from some in the medical profession since it was sold through pharmacies and did not require a prescription.
Patent for "improvements in curing or relieving disorders of the lungs" by means of an "apparatus [that] will [enable the wearer to] constantly breath warm air". Specification of Julius Jeffreys design upgrade, 1857.