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Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
Accession Number
018012001
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an il…
  4 images  
Accession Number
018012001
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Food
Food -- ephemera
Advertisements -- ephemera
Advertisements
Hygiene -- ephemera
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an illustration in blue inside a circle, across which a banner stretches reading "ACKERS HYGEIA"; in front of the banner is an illustration of a woman, the Greek goddess Hygeia, dressed in robes, holding a snake, and standing on a pedestal upon which more words are printed; the circle is backgrounded in lighter blue.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Finley Acker & Co.
Site Made (City)
Philadelphia
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Date Remarks
Based on the time in which Finley Acker & Co. existed
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue, gold
Inscriptions
Printed in middle of bowl: “ACKERS HYGEIA // HYGEIA // PURITY // TRADE // HYGEIA FLOUR // MARK // QUALITY”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D2-8
Height
3.0 cm
Circumference
44.6 cm
Diameter
14.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Lightly cleaned
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, books, illustrations.
Reference Comments
https://www.pennypost.org/pdf/farrell/Ackers_FarrellCollection.pdf
https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/siris_arc_255514
https://books.google.ca/books?id=kyQWAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=%22finley+acker+%26+co%22&source=bl&ots=_exq6DsqoX&sig=ACfU3U2ousTMAFMlgfcfQUv1Ua2nEhD26g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiF9vWiwNfiAhUlnq0KHaqbA9QQ6AEwD3oECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22finley%20acker%20%26%20co%22&f=false
https://www.flickr.com/photos/scavenger49/6753335531
https://philly.newspapers.com/search/#query=ackers+hygeia
https://newspaperarchive.com/philadelphia-inquirer-dec-28-1916-p-3/
http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/hygeia
Research Facts
Finley Acker & Co., makers of Ackers Hygeia, were large grocery stores in Philadelphia from 1882 until 1920. They specialized in teas, coffees, candies, cigars, and various food items including those given the name "Hygeia": flour, buckwheat, and "Snowdrift" (a cereal).
Ackers Weekly was a publication sent out by the store every week to advertise products.
Finley Acker & Co. became known and loved for their delivery system, reasonable prices, and quality of goods.
The name "Hygeia" comes from the Greek goddess of health, and daughter of Asklepios, god of medicine. She is often depicted holding or feeding a snake, the symbol of Asklepios. In Greek, "Hygeia" means "soundness" or "wholeness", and health and hygiene were based around keeping the body sound and whole.
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Grobleswski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7226
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has fla…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Liniments
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Archival
Advertisements
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has flat sides with recesses on front, back, right, and left; bottle has round shoulders, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom and arch topped rectangular cream paper label with product information printed in red ink attached to front; cap has domed top with embossed ring, vertical ridges on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; box is tall and rectangular with product information and directions printed in English on front and in Polish on back; box opens at top with folding flaps; broken red paper seals with product information attached to top and bottom of box; instruction booklet consists of long folded paper sheets bound with two grey metal staples at fold; booklet contains product directions and additional product advertisements printed in black ink in English at front and Polish inversed at back.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.2 cm Depth 2.2 cm
b – box – Length 14.4 cm Width 4.9 cm Depth 2.9 cm
c – instruction booklet – Length 18.7 cm Width 10.7 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
A. G. Groblewski & Co.
Site Made (City)
Plymouth
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Groblewski began producing medicine in 1892, direction booklet claims “making for over 50 years”
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, red, pink
metal: black, brass, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // This Liniment Contains // ALCOHOL 41 %; ETHER 99 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., CHLOROFORM 75 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., AMMONIA WATER, // SAFROL 5 %; OIL OF PEPPERMINT // 3 %; CAMPHOR .8 %; IMITATION // OIL OF WINTERGREEN 2 %; MEN- // THOL, TR. BENZOIN COMP., OIL // CAJEPUT. // FOR EXTERNAL USE // See booklet for directions. // PRICE 35 CENTS // THE PROPIETARY OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT, NO. 15874 // Manufactured by // A. G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // Made in U. S. A. PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed on front of box: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // Reg. U. S. Pat. Office & Canada // This Liniment Contains // Alcohol 41 %; Ether 99 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Chloroform 75 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Amonia Water; // Safrol 5 %; Oil of Peppermint // 3 %; Camphor .8 %; Imitation // Oil of Wintergreen 2 %; Men- // thol, Tr. Benzoin Comp., Oil // Cajeput. // For External Use // Apply freely for relief of // Soreness in Muscles and Ten- // dons following over-exertion // and exposure, sometimes re- // sulting in Muscular Cramps // or Stiff Neck. // Also for Minor // Burns, Bruises, Stings of // Mosquitoes and other insects, // or for general use whenever // a good Liniment is indicated. // See enclosed booklet for // directions. // MANUFACTURED BY // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO., // PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed of proper right side of box: “THIS // END // UP // PRICE // 35 // CENTS // THE PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT // NO. 15874 // MADE IN U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “NOTICE // When you buy // THIS PRODUCT // see that // the package is // unbroken”; printed on box seals: “GENUINE IF SEAL IS WHOLE // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // ZMIJECZNIK // PLYMOUTH, PA., U. S. A.”; printed at top of front page of instruction booklet: “Groblewski’s // DIRECTIONS FOR // LINIMENT (Rattlesnake Brand) // (The same good Liniment we have been making for over 50 years)”; headings printed in instruction booklet: “FOR MAKING AN EFFICIENT “CHILD’S // RUB” IN A NON-GREASY FORM”, “TO HELP KEEP AWAY MOSQUITOES”, “FOR THAT STIMULATING EFFECT OF AM- // MONIA WATER, CAMPHOR AND MENTHOL”, “FOR THAT COOLING EFFECT OF MENTHOL // ON THE BROW OR FORHEAD”, TO PROMOTE SWEATING OVER EN- // TIRE BODY”, “TO PROMOTE SWEATING IN SOME PAR- // TICULAR PART OF THE BODY”, “THERAPEUTIC LAMP TREATMENTS”; names of advertised products printed in instruction booklet: “BEAR BRAND SALVE”, “EGIUTERRO”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // LINDEN COUGH BALSOM”, “GROBLEWSKI’S COLICRAMP DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HEADACHE POWDERS”, “FIRE-DRAW BURN LOTION”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TROJANKA”, “CHILDREN LINIMENT”, “GROBLEWSKI’S PLASTER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S STOMACH DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // PREPERATION C”, “GROBLEWSKI’S CORN APPLICATION”, “NERVOTEINE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TOOTHACHE DROPS”, “HEARTBURN DROPS”, “CHAPINE LOTION”, “PEDODOR SALVE”, “EATONIC”, “GARGLELICK”, “ITCHYOLA SALVE”, GROBLEWSKI’S // TONIC and APPETIZER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // POWDERS FOR ROUND WORMS”, “EYE WATER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S REVILA POWDERS”, “REDOL SALVE”, “EXOR SALVE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S NASAL JELLY”, “BEAVER DROPS COMPOUND”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // SOAP FOR HAIR AND SCALP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S LAPINOL SOAP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HAIR POMADE”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 4 Row B (a-b)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-15 (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling to top of bottle label; major staining on bottom half of box; minor soiling all over box; major tear to top flap of box causing complete separation; major tear to proper right flap of box causing complete separation; minor distortion to instructional booklet, but stable; minor dark staining to bottom of instruction booklet pages; minor pink pigment transfer on bottom of instruction booklet pages
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Website (document)
Website
Reference Comments
“A. G. Groblewski Dies at Plymouth.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, 18 April 1925, Newspapers.com, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
“1917 Groblewski's Remedies Quack Medicine Plymouth PA.” Worthpoint, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
Research Facts
Albert G. Groblewski was a patent medicine salesman and manufacturer most famous for his Groblewski Liniment Rattlesnake Brand (Zmijecznik); he was born in Poland in 1861 and moved to the U. S. A. in 1877; he bought his own drug store in 1892 and began manufacturing his famous liniment; it was originally marketed as a cure for rheumatism but this iteration of the product is marketed as a treatment for muscle soreness, aches, small wounds, and insect bites; the company became known as Albert G. Groblewski & Co. Inc. following incorporation in 1921; Groblewski passed away in 1925, but his company continued to grow following his death.
Images
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