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teaching skeleton

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact5074
Dates
1940
1970
circa 1940-1970
Collection
Rockwood / Kingston Psychiatric Hospital / Providence Continuing Care Centre Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
Accession Number
000003315
Description
Teaching skeleton, which consists of a human female skeleton, wired together by a central metal rod that runs down through th top of the skull, down the centre of the spinal column, and bolted in place at the bottom of the spine in the centre of the pelvis; an oval-shaped, bent wire is attached to …
  5 images  
Accession Number
000003315
Collection
Rockwood / Kingston Psychiatric Hospital / Providence Continuing Care Centre Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
MeSH Heading
Skeleton -- models
Anatomy -- models
Description
Teaching skeleton, which consists of a human female skeleton, wired together by a central metal rod that runs down through th top of the skull, down the centre of the spinal column, and bolted in place at the bottom of the spine in the centre of the pelvis; an oval-shaped, bent wire is attached to the top of the rod to secure the skeleton to a hood; the smaller joints are joined with spring connectors; the hips are joined with bolts, wingnuts and washers; four metal wires connect the ribs; a cylindrical bar, a bolt and a square housing secure each knee joint; there is a spring on either side of the jawbone that allow it to move; on either side of the skull, there is a hook and a small bolt that secure the top of the skull, which has been cut in an oval shape, and the main part of the skull; there are several small pins set along the edge of the top piece that fit into holes along the rim of the bottom piece; the hooks can be released to allow lifting of the top of the skull to reveal the inner structure of the skull; the skeleton seems to have been covered with a varnish; the front of the rib cage has been painted a reddish brown.
The names of the muscles and their respective insertions are written on the skeleton in black marker or paint; areas of muscles are indicated by a red outline, and their insertions in blue; all seem to be hand-painted or handwritten, including a black manufacturer's mark, which is inside a flattish diamond shape.
Arrived hanging on irrigation stand 000.003.314
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital
Maker
Denoyer-Geppert Co.
Site Made (City)
Chicago
Site Made (State)
Illinois
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1940
1970
circa 1940-1970
Material
bone: yellow-white
varnish: clear
paint: red-brown; blue; yellow
metal: silver
tape: silver; cream
Inscriptions
"made by // Denoyer-Geppart Co. // Chicago, Illinois"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0009
0009-2
Temporary Location
Agnes Etherington Art Centre - July 2002
Dimension Notes
Length 75.0 cm x Width 37.5 cm x Depth 23.0 cm
Condition Remarks
The artifact was on display in the North Gallery Room 1013 of the museum as part of the “Electricity and the Invisible Ray” from Oct. 2006 to March 2016. The skeleton was hanging on an irrigation stand 000.003.3140. There was dust and dirt all over the skeleton. There were numerous abrasions to bone surfaces caused by friction and by tangling bones hitting against each other and against the metal rod of the stand. There were several breaks and cracks on ribs, scapula and pelvis. A small piece from the metatarsal 5 was broken and loose but still held in place by supporting wire. There was a dislocation of the correct (anatomical) position of both scapulas. This was possibly caused by the breaking of the rib bones onto which the scapula was attached by means of metal connectors. The position of the scapulas shifted because there were no more securely attached to the thoracic bones. The weight of the arm also increased the dislocation of the scapula because it’s attached to the scapula and clavicle.
There was moderate damage on the heels, tailbone and one vertebra from contact with the IV pole; the paint along the upper edges of the pelvis, the tailbone, and the breastplate had been worn; a hole had been punched in both shoulderblades and both were brittle and translucent; twelve teeth had been damaged in a previous accident, one of which was missing entirely; there were 14 cracks in the front rib cage; two of these had previously been bound with duct tape; there were nine fractures in the rear of the rib cage, five of which had been bound with duct tape and medical tape; the proper left knee had been damaged; a chunk of bone 4.0 x 3.5 cm is missing from the bottom of the femur (medial epicondyle), and a chunk 12.5 cm x 3.2 cm from the top of the tibia (medial condyle); a piece of the jawbone had been broken off, approximately 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm, from the left side where the insertion "temporalis" should appear; the skeleton was dusty; metal pieces seem to be in good condition, with no signs of significant corrosion.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
"Aloe's Illustrated and Priced Catalogue of Superior Surgical Instruments, Physicians Supplies, and Hospital Furnishings," by the A.S. Aloe Co., 189–, p. 954 (imilar to item shown in Fig. 11277
Exhibit History
To display in Museum (North Gallery Room 1013): "Electricity and the Invisible Ray," Oct. 2006 - Feb 12, 2016.
Images
Less detail

Grobleswski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7226
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has fla…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Liniments
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Archival
Advertisements
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has flat sides with recesses on front, back, right, and left; bottle has round shoulders, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom and arch topped rectangular cream paper label with product information printed in red ink attached to front; cap has domed top with embossed ring, vertical ridges on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; box is tall and rectangular with product information and directions printed in English on front and in Polish on back; box opens at top with folding flaps; broken red paper seals with product information attached to top and bottom of box; instruction booklet consists of long folded paper sheets bound with two grey metal staples at fold; booklet contains product directions and additional product advertisements printed in black ink in English at front and Polish inversed at back.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.2 cm Depth 2.2 cm
b – box – Length 14.4 cm Width 4.9 cm Depth 2.9 cm
c – instruction booklet – Length 18.7 cm Width 10.7 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
A. G. Groblewski & Co.
Site Made (City)
Plymouth
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Groblewski began producing medicine in 1892, direction booklet claims “making for over 50 years”
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, red, pink
metal: black, brass, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // This Liniment Contains // ALCOHOL 41 %; ETHER 99 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., CHLOROFORM 75 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., AMMONIA WATER, // SAFROL 5 %; OIL OF PEPPERMINT // 3 %; CAMPHOR .8 %; IMITATION // OIL OF WINTERGREEN 2 %; MEN- // THOL, TR. BENZOIN COMP., OIL // CAJEPUT. // FOR EXTERNAL USE // See booklet for directions. // PRICE 35 CENTS // THE PROPIETARY OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT, NO. 15874 // Manufactured by // A. G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // Made in U. S. A. PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed on front of box: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // Reg. U. S. Pat. Office & Canada // This Liniment Contains // Alcohol 41 %; Ether 99 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Chloroform 75 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Amonia Water; // Safrol 5 %; Oil of Peppermint // 3 %; Camphor .8 %; Imitation // Oil of Wintergreen 2 %; Men- // thol, Tr. Benzoin Comp., Oil // Cajeput. // For External Use // Apply freely for relief of // Soreness in Muscles and Ten- // dons following over-exertion // and exposure, sometimes re- // sulting in Muscular Cramps // or Stiff Neck. // Also for Minor // Burns, Bruises, Stings of // Mosquitoes and other insects, // or for general use whenever // a good Liniment is indicated. // See enclosed booklet for // directions. // MANUFACTURED BY // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO., // PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed of proper right side of box: “THIS // END // UP // PRICE // 35 // CENTS // THE PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT // NO. 15874 // MADE IN U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “NOTICE // When you buy // THIS PRODUCT // see that // the package is // unbroken”; printed on box seals: “GENUINE IF SEAL IS WHOLE // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // ZMIJECZNIK // PLYMOUTH, PA., U. S. A.”; printed at top of front page of instruction booklet: “Groblewski’s // DIRECTIONS FOR // LINIMENT (Rattlesnake Brand) // (The same good Liniment we have been making for over 50 years)”; headings printed in instruction booklet: “FOR MAKING AN EFFICIENT “CHILD’S // RUB” IN A NON-GREASY FORM”, “TO HELP KEEP AWAY MOSQUITOES”, “FOR THAT STIMULATING EFFECT OF AM- // MONIA WATER, CAMPHOR AND MENTHOL”, “FOR THAT COOLING EFFECT OF MENTHOL // ON THE BROW OR FORHEAD”, TO PROMOTE SWEATING OVER EN- // TIRE BODY”, “TO PROMOTE SWEATING IN SOME PAR- // TICULAR PART OF THE BODY”, “THERAPEUTIC LAMP TREATMENTS”; names of advertised products printed in instruction booklet: “BEAR BRAND SALVE”, “EGIUTERRO”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // LINDEN COUGH BALSOM”, “GROBLEWSKI’S COLICRAMP DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HEADACHE POWDERS”, “FIRE-DRAW BURN LOTION”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TROJANKA”, “CHILDREN LINIMENT”, “GROBLEWSKI’S PLASTER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S STOMACH DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // PREPERATION C”, “GROBLEWSKI’S CORN APPLICATION”, “NERVOTEINE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TOOTHACHE DROPS”, “HEARTBURN DROPS”, “CHAPINE LOTION”, “PEDODOR SALVE”, “EATONIC”, “GARGLELICK”, “ITCHYOLA SALVE”, GROBLEWSKI’S // TONIC and APPETIZER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // POWDERS FOR ROUND WORMS”, “EYE WATER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S REVILA POWDERS”, “REDOL SALVE”, “EXOR SALVE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S NASAL JELLY”, “BEAVER DROPS COMPOUND”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // SOAP FOR HAIR AND SCALP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S LAPINOL SOAP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HAIR POMADE”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 4 Row B (a-b)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-15 (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling to top of bottle label; major staining on bottom half of box; minor soiling all over box; major tear to top flap of box causing complete separation; major tear to proper right flap of box causing complete separation; minor distortion to instructional booklet, but stable; minor dark staining to bottom of instruction booklet pages; minor pink pigment transfer on bottom of instruction booklet pages
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Website (document)
Website
Reference Comments
“A. G. Groblewski Dies at Plymouth.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, 18 April 1925, Newspapers.com, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
“1917 Groblewski's Remedies Quack Medicine Plymouth PA.” Worthpoint, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
Research Facts
Albert G. Groblewski was a patent medicine salesman and manufacturer most famous for his Groblewski Liniment Rattlesnake Brand (Zmijecznik); he was born in Poland in 1861 and moved to the U. S. A. in 1877; he bought his own drug store in 1892 and began manufacturing his famous liniment; it was originally marketed as a cure for rheumatism but this iteration of the product is marketed as a treatment for muscle soreness, aches, small wounds, and insect bites; the company became known as Albert G. Groblewski & Co. Inc. following incorporation in 1921; Groblewski passed away in 1925, but his company continued to grow following his death.
Images
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promotional pill holder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15120
Dates
1980
2015
circa 1980-2015
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
017020013
Description
Rectangular blue plastic pill holder with an attached self hinged lid and six equal compartments inside with white text on the top advertising "Peters Drugs Ltd,"
  5 images  
Accession Number
017020013
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Advertisements
Pharmacies -- advertisements
Pharmacy -- advertisements
Drug Storage
Description
Rectangular blue plastic pill holder with an attached self hinged lid and six equal compartments inside with white text on the top advertising "Peters Drugs Ltd,"
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor, Dr. Jacalyn Duffin, MD, PhD, a hematologist and historian who held the Hannah Chair of the History of Medicine at Queen's University from 1988 to 2017.
Dates
1980
2015
circa 1980-2015
Date Remarks
Date based on design, text style, and material, as well as the history of Peters Drugs
Material
plastic: blue
ink: white
Inscriptions
Printed on top: "Peters Drugs Ltd. // Established 1930 // 640 King St. West // Kingston. Ont Ph: (613) 546-5165 // Rx PharmaChoice"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A7-6
Length
8.6 cm
Width
5.9 cm
Height
1.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratches
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://www.petersdrugs.ca/about-us
Research Facts
Peters Drugs is a small, family run pharmacy established in 1930 in Portsmouth Village, now part of Kingston.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1977
2005
circa 1977-2005
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
017020014
Description
Rectangular pin made of thin metal with safety pin closure on reverse, from the ALS Society of Canada; front contains a monochrome photograph of Lou Gehrig, made to look like it has been torn up with text printed in black ink; on the edge of the front is the pin manufacturers name and phone number.
  3 images  
Accession Number
017020014
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Advertisements -- ephemera
Advertisements
Fund Raising -- advertisements
Description
Rectangular pin made of thin metal with safety pin closure on reverse, from the ALS Society of Canada; front contains a monochrome photograph of Lou Gehrig, made to look like it has been torn up with text printed in black ink; on the edge of the front is the pin manufacturers name and phone number.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor, Dr. Jacalyn Duffin, MD, PhD, a hematologist and historian who held the Hannah Chair of the History of Medicine at Queen's University from 1988 to 2017.
Maker
ALS Society of Canada / Productive Marketing Inc.
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1977
2005
circa 1977-2005
Date Remarks
ALS Society of Canada was founded in 1977; pin most likely pre-1990s as there is no website listed on the pin.
Material
metal: grey
plastic: white
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front: "LOU GEHRIG // Lou Gehrig says // WE'RE FIGHTING LOU GEHRIG'S DISEASE WITH EVERYTHING YOU GIVE // LA SOCIÉTÉ // CANADIENNE // DE LA SLA // ALS // SOCIETY OF // CANADA"; printed on edge: "PRODUCTIVE MARKETING INC. (905) 660-6198"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C4-7
Length
7.0 cm
Width
4.4 cm
Height
0.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://www.als.ca
Research Facts
The ALS Society of Canada was founded in 1977, and is dedicated to working "with the ALS community to improve the lives of people affected by ALS through support, advocacy and investment in research for a future without ALS." ALS stands for Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles. It is sometimes called Lou Gehrig's disease after a famous baseball player who died of it.
Images
Less detail