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Kwikstop for Tooth Ache

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8863
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1999.3.52 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Home Health
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (b) contains short square clear glass bottle (a) with cream metal screw cap closure and paper lable, two flat wood toothpicks (d-e) and a cream absorbent cotton ball; box with green panels and cream text.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - bottle
b - box
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick
e - toothpick
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
Northrop & Lyman Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1910
1950
circa 1910-1950
Material
paper: cream
glass: transparent
ink: green
wood: tan
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
On box: "Kwikstop // for // TOOTH ACHE // 13633 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // NORTHROP & LYMAN CO. // TORONTO LIMITED CANADA // DIRECTIONS // caution - Do not swallow. Where there is a cavity in the // tooth apply Kwikstop on a piece of absorbent cotton. If there // is no cavity moisten a piece of cotton with kwikstop and // swab the gum on both sides of the tooth. // Kwikstop // Has a local // Anaesthetic // Action'; repeated in French
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-4 Row A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
a - bottle - Height 6.0 cm x Width 2.1 cm x depth 2.1 cm
b - box - Length 7.8 cm x Width 2.5 cm x Depth 2.5 cm
c - cotton ball
d - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
e - toothpick - Length 5.9 cm
Condition Remarks
Never used
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

Grobleswski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7226
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has fla…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1977.12.48 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Archival Items
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Archival, Items
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Liniments
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Archival
Advertisements
Description
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has flat sides with recesses on front, back, right, and left; bottle has round shoulders, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom and arch topped rectangular cream paper label with product information printed in red ink attached to front; cap has domed top with embossed ring, vertical ridges on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; box is tall and rectangular with product information and directions printed in English on front and in Polish on back; box opens at top with folding flaps; broken red paper seals with product information attached to top and bottom of box; instruction booklet consists of long folded paper sheets bound with two grey metal staples at fold; booklet contains product directions and additional product advertisements printed in black ink in English at front and Polish inversed at back.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.2 cm Depth 2.2 cm
b – box – Length 14.4 cm Width 4.9 cm Depth 2.9 cm
c – instruction booklet – Length 18.7 cm Width 10.7 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Maker
A. G. Groblewski & Co.
Site Made (City)
Plymouth
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Groblewski began producing medicine in 1892, direction booklet claims “making for over 50 years”
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, red, pink
metal: black, brass, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // This Liniment Contains // ALCOHOL 41 %; ETHER 99 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., CHLOROFORM 75 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., AMMONIA WATER, // SAFROL 5 %; OIL OF PEPPERMINT // 3 %; CAMPHOR .8 %; IMITATION // OIL OF WINTERGREEN 2 %; MEN- // THOL, TR. BENZOIN COMP., OIL // CAJEPUT. // FOR EXTERNAL USE // See booklet for directions. // PRICE 35 CENTS // THE PROPIETARY OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT, NO. 15874 // Manufactured by // A. G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // Made in U. S. A. PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed on front of box: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // Reg. U. S. Pat. Office & Canada // This Liniment Contains // Alcohol 41 %; Ether 99 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Chloroform 75 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Amonia Water; // Safrol 5 %; Oil of Peppermint // 3 %; Camphor .8 %; Imitation // Oil of Wintergreen 2 %; Men- // thol, Tr. Benzoin Comp., Oil // Cajeput. // For External Use // Apply freely for relief of // Soreness in Muscles and Ten- // dons following over-exertion // and exposure, sometimes re- // sulting in Muscular Cramps // or Stiff Neck. // Also for Minor // Burns, Bruises, Stings of // Mosquitoes and other insects, // or for general use whenever // a good Liniment is indicated. // See enclosed booklet for // directions. // MANUFACTURED BY // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO., // PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed of proper right side of box: “THIS // END // UP // PRICE // 35 // CENTS // THE PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT // NO. 15874 // MADE IN U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “NOTICE // When you buy // THIS PRODUCT // see that // the package is // unbroken”; printed on box seals: “GENUINE IF SEAL IS WHOLE // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // ZMIJECZNIK // PLYMOUTH, PA., U. S. A.”; printed at top of front page of instruction booklet: “Groblewski’s // DIRECTIONS FOR // LINIMENT (Rattlesnake Brand) // (The same good Liniment we have been making for over 50 years)”; headings printed in instruction booklet: “FOR MAKING AN EFFICIENT “CHILD’S // RUB” IN A NON-GREASY FORM”, “TO HELP KEEP AWAY MOSQUITOES”, “FOR THAT STIMULATING EFFECT OF AM- // MONIA WATER, CAMPHOR AND MENTHOL”, “FOR THAT COOLING EFFECT OF MENTHOL // ON THE BROW OR FORHEAD”, TO PROMOTE SWEATING OVER EN- // TIRE BODY”, “TO PROMOTE SWEATING IN SOME PAR- // TICULAR PART OF THE BODY”, “THERAPEUTIC LAMP TREATMENTS”; names of advertised products printed in instruction booklet: “BEAR BRAND SALVE”, “EGIUTERRO”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // LINDEN COUGH BALSOM”, “GROBLEWSKI’S COLICRAMP DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HEADACHE POWDERS”, “FIRE-DRAW BURN LOTION”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TROJANKA”, “CHILDREN LINIMENT”, “GROBLEWSKI’S PLASTER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S STOMACH DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // PREPERATION C”, “GROBLEWSKI’S CORN APPLICATION”, “NERVOTEINE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TOOTHACHE DROPS”, “HEARTBURN DROPS”, “CHAPINE LOTION”, “PEDODOR SALVE”, “EATONIC”, “GARGLELICK”, “ITCHYOLA SALVE”, GROBLEWSKI’S // TONIC and APPETIZER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // POWDERS FOR ROUND WORMS”, “EYE WATER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S REVILA POWDERS”, “REDOL SALVE”, “EXOR SALVE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S NASAL JELLY”, “BEAVER DROPS COMPOUND”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // SOAP FOR HAIR AND SCALP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S LAPINOL SOAP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HAIR POMADE”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 4 Row B (a-b)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-15 (c)
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling to top of bottle label; major staining on bottom half of box; minor soiling all over box; major tear to top flap of box causing complete separation; major tear to proper right flap of box causing complete separation; minor distortion to instructional booklet, but stable; minor dark staining to bottom of instruction booklet pages; minor pink pigment transfer on bottom of instruction booklet pages
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Website (document)
Website
Reference Comments
“A. G. Groblewski Dies at Plymouth.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, 18 April 1925, Newspapers.com, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
“1917 Groblewski's Remedies Quack Medicine Plymouth PA.” Worthpoint, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
Research Facts
Albert G. Groblewski was a patent medicine salesman and manufacturer most famous for his Groblewski Liniment Rattlesnake Brand (Zmijecznik); he was born in Poland in 1861 and moved to the U. S. A. in 1877; he bought his own drug store in 1892 and began manufacturing his famous liniment; it was originally marketed as a cure for rheumatism but this iteration of the product is marketed as a treatment for muscle soreness, aches, small wounds, and insect bites; the company became known as Albert G. Groblewski & Co. Inc. following incorporation in 1921; Groblewski passed away in 1925, but his company continued to grow following his death.
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Homepathic B & R No. 20

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14632
Dates
1910
1960
circa 1890 - 1960
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
Pharmacy, Homeopathic
Accession Number
016022042
Description
Rectangular white plastic bottle, rounded shoulders that taper into a wide neck ending with screw on lid; tan paper label; three quarters full of 0.4 cm white tablets; plastic bottle is more modern than label attached.
  1 image  
Accession Number
016022042
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
Pharmacy, Homeopathic
MeSH Heading
Homeopathy
Drug Therapy, Homeopathy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Rectangular white plastic bottle, rounded shoulders that taper into a wide neck ending with screw on lid; tan paper label; three quarters full of 0.4 cm white tablets; plastic bottle is more modern than label attached.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
Boericke & Runyon
Site Made (City)
Philadelphia
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1910
1960
circa 1890 - 1960
Material
plastic: white, black
paper: tan
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "3000 // HOMEOPATHIC // B & R TABLETS // No. 20 // Each tablet Represents: // Spigelia 3x // Magnesia Phosphorica 6x // Belladonna 3x // (Total Belladonna Alkaloids // .000001 gr.) // To allay neuralgic pains, especially // those relieved by warmth. Facial // neuralgia. // FOR ADULTS ONLY. Dose: Two tablets every fifteen minutes for four doses. If necessary two tablets // can be continued every two hours // for several more doses. If conditions // are not alleviated consult a physic- // cian. // 2035 // BOERICKE & RUNYON // Division of Boericke & Tafel, Inc. // 1011 ARCH STREET. PHILA. 7, PA."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row F
Width
7.2
Height
13.8
Depth
5.2
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Yellowing of label; minor tears; moderate lifting of label from bottle
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Boericke & Tafel. The Herb Museum.
Research Facts
Over the years, Boericke and Tafel maintained branches in many cities across the United States. They were staffed by experienced pharmacists, many of whom had worked with Boericke and Tafel "since boyhood."
In about 1890, William Boericke formed a partnership with E. W. Runyon, in San Francisco, and formed the company of Boericke and Runyon.
Sometime during the 1940's Boericke and Runyon were sold to Humphreys Pharmacal, and became a division of that company.
The label on the bottle dates to 1910 - 1930 but the plastic bottle it is affixed to dates to 1950 - 1960.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023004
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023004
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Inflammation
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
Description
Transparent glass shield-shape based Castor Oil bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; bottle half full of thick semi-transparent yellow oil; flat rectangular front and back walls, beveled back corners, and rounded side walls; round, ringed shoulders, short cylindrical neck, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines from base to top and around neck; yellow and blue paper label with product information attached to front; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; cap has rolled bottom edge, flat top, and threaded sides with exterior vertical ridges.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
Rolls & Darlington Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 - 1952
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: clear
paper: yellow
ink: blue
metal: black
graphite: dark grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “R & D // CASTOR // OIL // Dose – for adults 1 to 4 // tablespoonfuls. Dose for // infants ½ to 2 teaspoon- // fuls as may be required // Contents 2 fluid ounces // Rolls & Darlington // Limited // Toronto, Ontario”; hand written on label in graphite: “23”; embossed on bottom: “4 // B D 2 // 2 oz.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Length
12.0 cm
Width
4.4 cm
Depth
2.9 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and fading all over label; small area of loss to bottom of label; minor rusting of top and bottom edge of cap
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Document (online)
Website
Document
Reference Comments
Kandola, Aaron. “Benefits of Castor Oil for the Face and Skin.” Medical News Today, 2018. Accessed 28 May 2019.
“ROLLS & DARLINGTON LIMITED.” Canada Business Directory, 2019. Accessed 28 May 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Castor oil is mainly used as a laxative to treat constipation, but has also been used as a treatment for inflammation and to treat skin conditions.
Rolls & Darlington was incorporated in 1930 and operated out of Toronto, Ontario.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company at their factory in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Cress Bunion Salve

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15182
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1940
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
017040001
Description
Small short transparent cylindrical glass Cress Bunion Salve jar with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; full with light brown paste; circular push-up base with embossed product and manufacturer information; round rings at base and just below cap; continuous external thread finish; re…
  5 images  
Accession Number
017040001
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Podiatry
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs -- topical -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- jar
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Description
Small short transparent cylindrical glass Cress Bunion Salve jar with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; full with light brown paste; circular push-up base with embossed product and manufacturer information; round rings at base and just below cap; continuous external thread finish; rectangular cream and black paper label with product information and directions wrapped around sides; cap has rolled bottom edge, flat top with ring indent, vertical ridges on sides, and continuous internal thread; circular white coated paper insert in top interior of cap.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor; purchased in the 1980s at the Circle M Flea Market outside Hamilton, Ontario.
Maker
Cress Laboratories
Site Made (City)
Kitchener
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1940
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on bottom of jar in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: cream, white
ink: black
metal: black, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on label: “Cress // BUNION // SALVE // CONTAINS CARBOLIC ACID 2% // CRESS LABORATORIES // KITCHENER, ONT. CANADA // DIRECTIONS: // RUB IN THOROUGHLY, NIGHT AND MORNING, // UNTIL SALVE DISAPEARS. PRESS BONE IN // TO KEEP THE TOE OUT AND JOINT IN. IT // TAKES MANY MONTHS TO REMOVE A // BUNION, AND USUALLY REQUIRES SEV- // ERAL JARS. RESULTS DEPEND UPON // REGULAR USE. // DIRECTIONS: // IF THERE IS A HARD CALLOUS // ON THE BUNION APPLY CRESS // CORN SALVE FIRST AS BUN- // ION REDUCES CHANGE TYPE OF SHOE, // IF NECESSARY. FULL DIRECTIONS IN ENCLOSED CIRCULAR. // No. 20389 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT. // REG CAN PAT OFF”; embossed on bottom: “CRESS // D”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row E
Length
3.2 cm
Diameter
3.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor areas of loss of coating on sides of cap; minor fading all over label; dark discolouration on edges and end of label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Bunions – Diagnosis and Treatment.” Mayo Clinic, 2017. Accessed 2 June 2019.
“What is Carbolic Salve?” wiseGeek, 2019. Accessed 2 June 2019.
Miller, George L., and Elizabeht A. Jorgensen. "Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors." Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
Bunions are a common foot condition that form at the base of big toe; the toe joint extends outward causing redness, discomfort, and pain.
The label on the Cress Bunion Salve jar claims to cure bunions after several months, although the carbolic acid in the formula may have been a source of pain relief in combination with the other directions to position the foot properly.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates glass jar itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; Dominion Glass Company trademarked the D-in-diamond logo in 1928; date marks were first introduced by Dominion in 1940.
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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
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Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic B. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15257
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 – 1952
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
018011006
Description
Elliptical based semi-transparent brown glass Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic bottle with non-removable painted white metal screw cap; one third full with transparent liquid; base is textured with elliptical push up and embossed manufacturers information; slightly rounded front and back walls and ro…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018011006
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Fainting -- drug therapy
Pharmacy
MM= Drug Packagaing -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
First Aid
First Aid -- instrumentation
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medicine
Health and Safety
Description
Elliptical based semi-transparent brown glass Rexall Spirit Ammonia Aromatic bottle with non-removable painted white metal screw cap; one third full with transparent liquid; base is textured with elliptical push up and embossed manufacturers information; slightly rounded front and back walls and round side walls; round ribbed shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck and base; rectangular cream and blue paper label with printed product information and dosage attached to front; cap has flat top with ring indentation near edge, vertical indentations on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; part of contents in Rexall First Aid Kit (018.011.001).
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Company Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1942
1952
circa 1942 – 1952
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company letter date code on bottom of bottle, only used from 1941 to 1953, and embossed “2” year code
Material
glass: brown
paper: cream
ink: blue, navy
metal: grey
paint: white
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “1 FLUID OUNCE // Rexall // SPIRIT // AMMONIA // AROMATIC // B. P. // Dose: From one [Illeg.] // to one teaspoonful [Illeg.] // little water // REXALL DRUG [Illeg.] // LIMITED // TORONTO, CA[Illeg.] // Los Angeles, St. [Illeg.] // Boston, U. S. A.”; embossed on base: “B D 2”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-7
Length
8.3 cm
Width
4.0 cm
Depth
2.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major bleeding of pigment on bottle label, obscuring some text; label stiff and separating from bottle at bottom; major chipping of paint on cap, especially near top edge
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Company.” Rexall, Rexall Pharmacy Group Ltd., 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“The World’s Largest Drugstore.” J. H. Graham, 2017. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
Miller, George and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Parks Canada, 1984.
Research Facts
This artifact is part of a first aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Rexall began in 1903 in Boston, U. S. A., as the United Drug Company; the Rexall name, meaning “King of All,” first gained popularity in Canada in 1904; Rexall became an industry leader in retail pharmaceuticals and produced and sold a wide variety of products
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
The D in diamond symbol and date codes embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Wallaceburg, Ontario; the “B” and “2” date codes signify it was likely produced in either 1942 or 1952.
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S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15194
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and …
  5 images  
Accession Number
019003001 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Dental
Classification
Pharmacy, Pain
Dental
MeSH Heading
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anesthetics -- therapeutic use
Dental Care
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription; Analgesics
Toothache
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics
MM= Drugs -- anesthetics -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- toothache remedies
Description
Small empty rectangular transparent S. O. S. Tooth Ache Remedy bottle (a) with removable cylindrical black plastic screw cap (b) and rectangular tan, green, and black cardboard box (c); bottle has flat rectangular side walls with beveled corners and top arches; round shoulders, round neck ring and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; rectangular cream and green paper label with product information in English and French on front, right, and left sides; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; circular mold mark and embossed manufacturer information on bottom; cap has curved indents on sides, slightly rounded top, internal continuous thread, and circular grey metallic covered paper insert in interior top; box has product information and directions on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right side.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 5.7 cm Width 2.0 cm Depth 2.0 cm
b – cap – Length 0.9 cm Diameter 1.7 cm
c – box – Length 7.7 cm Width 2.5 cm Depth 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
1969
circa 1940 - 1969
Date Remarks
Presence of Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940; presence of Dominion Glass Company diamond logo, discontinued in 1970
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan, cream
ink: light green, dark green, black
plastic: black
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “- S O S - // S. O. S. relieves toothache. // Not to be swallowed. // S. O. S. soulange la mal de dents. // Ne doit pas être avalé. // Proprietary or Patent Medicine // Act No. 11476 // The Toronto Pharmacal Co., Limited // Toronto, Canada”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D” // 6”; printed on front of box: “S // O // S // Relieves // Tooth- // Ache // Quickly !”; printed on proper left side of box: “Effective whether // there is a dental // cavity or not. // Has local // anesthetic action // but no // narcotics. // DIRECTIONS: // Saturate a small // piece of cotton with // S. O. S. and fill // cavity; if no cavity, // rub on gums. // Repeat frequently // if necessary. // Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act 11476. // THE // TORONTO // PHARMACAL // COMPANY // Established 1896 // TORONTO, ONT.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Condition Remarks
Fading all over bottle label, especially along top; minor soiling on proper right side of bottle label; top missing from box; proper right top flap detached; major tear to proper left top flap; minor soiling all over exterior of box, especially on top front and top proper right side
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Anaesthetic.” English Oxford Living Dictionaries, Oxford University Press, 2019. Accessed 8 June 2019.
Miller, George L. and Elizabeth A. Jorgensen. “Some Notes on Bottle Mould Numbers from the Dominion Glass Company and its Predecessors.” Park Canada, 1984.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
S. O. S. was marketed as remedy for toothaches; the label claims that the formula contained no narcotics.
S. O. S. had anaesthetic action, which means it caused insensitivity to pain; this means it was a form of pain relief, not an actual treatment for a dental condition.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the Dominion Glass Company factory mark, first introduced in 1940, indicates this bottle was manufactured in Hamilton, Ontario; the Dominion Glass Company diamond logo was discontinued in 1970.
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Carter's Little Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15192
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
Accession Number
016002004
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered …
  5 images  
Accession Number
016002004
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Treatment, General
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered with a small cork at the neck end of the vial.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Carter Products, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Date Remarks
Date based on the year of the Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act (1908) and Carter's Little Liver Pills were renamed Carter's Little PIlls in 1959
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: red, black
cork: tan
pills: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on paper label: "No. 4490 PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // CARTER'S // LITTLE // LIVER // PILLS //. REGISTERED // TRADE MARK // FOR // HEADACHE // DIZZINESS // BAD BREATH // DUE TO // CONSTIPATION // Directions for Adults:- 1 to 2 Pills after each // meal and at bedtime. For Occassional Consti- // pation 2 to 4 Pills at bedtime. // Dose pour Adultes:- 1 a 2 Pilules apres chaque // repas et le soir au coucher. Pour Constipation // Passagere 2 a 4 Pilules le soir au coucher. // Price // 25 Cents // CARTER PRODUCTS, INC. // TORONTO, CANADA // 40 // PILLS // MADE IN CANADA".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row A
Length
6.1 cm
Diameter
1.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratching of label.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Journal Articles
Reference Comments
https://www.southernliving.com/culture/carters-little-liver-pills
https://web.archive.org/web/20080821131531/http://www.cannabisculture.com/backissues/apr95/cside4.html
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.queensu.ca/stable/20252214?pq-origsite=summon&seq=3#metadata_info_tab_contents
https://www.rexall.ca/articles/view/2903/Carters-Little-Pills
Research Facts
Carter's Little Liver Pills were developed in 1868 by Samuel J. Carter from Erie, Pennsylvania.
In 1959, the United States Federal Trade Commission forced Carter's Little Liver Pills to undergo a name change after it was found around 1943 that the pills had nothing to do with the liver. After this, they became simply "Carter's Little Pills", and spawned a saying popular in the American South "He has more ___ than Carter has little pills" (the saying previously went "more than Carter has little liver pills").
Carter's Little Liver Pills were often advertised as a cure-all; a remedy for distress from dyspepsia, indigestion, and too hearty eating, and a remedy for dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, bad taste in the mouth, coated tongue, pain in the side; they regulate the bowels and prevent constipation and piles.
In 1911, the ingredients of Carter's Little Liver Pills were listed in the British Medical Journal as sugar, grain, aloes (Barbados), podophyllin, powdered licorice root, wheat starch.
Today, Carter's Little Pills still exist, and the ingredients are bisacodyl USP 5 mg, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, carnauba wax, cellulose, gelatin, kaolin, magnesium stearate, methacrylic acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol pregelatinized starch, silicon dioxide, sucrose, talc, titanium dioxide, and white wax.
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