University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has fla…
Transparent octagonal based glass bottle containing Groblewski’s Rattlesnake Brand Liniment (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, tan and pink cardboard packaging box (b) and rectangular tan paper instruction booklet (c); bottle one quarter full with brown liquid; bottle has flat sides with recesses on front, back, right, and left; bottle has round shoulders, cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom and arch topped rectangular cream paper label with product information printed in red ink attached to front; cap has domed top with embossed ring, vertical ridges on exterior sides, rolled bottom edge, and internal continuous thread; box is tall and rectangular with product information and directions printed in English on front and in Polish on back; box opens at top with folding flaps; broken red paper seals with product information attached to top and bottom of box; instruction booklet consists of long folded paper sheets bound with two grey metal staples at fold; booklet contains product directions and additional product advertisements printed in black ink in English at front and Polish inversed at back.
Number Of Parts
a – bottle – Length 13.1 cm Width 4.2 cm Depth 2.2 cm
b – box – Length 14.4 cm Width 4.9 cm Depth 2.9 cm
c – instruction booklet – Length 18.7 cm Width 10.7 cm
Groblewski began producing medicine in 1892, direction booklet claims “making for over 50 years”
paper: cream, tan
ink: black, red, pink
metal: black, brass, grey
Printed on bottle label: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // This Liniment Contains // ALCOHOL 41 %; ETHER 99 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., CHLOROFORM 75 M. to // 1 Fl. Oz., AMMONIA WATER, // SAFROL 5 %; OIL OF PEPPERMINT // 3 %; CAMPHOR .8 %; IMITATION // OIL OF WINTERGREEN 2 %; MEN- // THOL, TR. BENZOIN COMP., OIL // CAJEPUT. // FOR EXTERNAL USE // See booklet for directions. // PRICE 35 CENTS // THE PROPIETARY OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT, NO. 15874 // Manufactured by // A. G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // Made in U. S. A. PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed on front of box: “AV. CONTENTS 1 FL. OZ. // ZMIJECZNIK // GROBLEWSKI’S // LINIMENT // RATTLESNAKE BRAND // Reg. U. S. Pat. Office & Canada // This Liniment Contains // Alcohol 41 %; Ether 99 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Chloroform 75 M. to // 1 Fl. oz., Amonia Water; // Safrol 5 %; Oil of Peppermint // 3 %; Camphor .8 %; Imitation // Oil of Wintergreen 2 %; Men- // thol, Tr. Benzoin Comp., Oil // Cajeput. // For External Use // Apply freely for relief of // Soreness in Muscles and Ten- // dons following over-exertion // and exposure, sometimes re- // sulting in Muscular Cramps // or Stiff Neck. // Also for Minor // Burns, Bruises, Stings of // Mosquitoes and other insects, // or for general use whenever // a good Liniment is indicated. // See enclosed booklet for // directions. // MANUFACTURED BY // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO., // PLYMOUTH, PA.”; printed of proper right side of box: “THIS // END // UP // PRICE // 35 // CENTS // THE PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT // MEDICINE ACT // NO. 15874 // MADE IN U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “NOTICE // When you buy // THIS PRODUCT // see that // the package is // unbroken”; printed on box seals: “GENUINE IF SEAL IS WHOLE // ALBERT G. GROBLEWSKI & CO. // ZMIJECZNIK // PLYMOUTH, PA., U. S. A.”; printed at top of front page of instruction booklet: “Groblewski’s // DIRECTIONS FOR // LINIMENT (Rattlesnake Brand) // (The same good Liniment we have been making for over 50 years)”; headings printed in instruction booklet: “FOR MAKING AN EFFICIENT “CHILD’S // RUB” IN A NON-GREASY FORM”, “TO HELP KEEP AWAY MOSQUITOES”, “FOR THAT STIMULATING EFFECT OF AM- // MONIA WATER, CAMPHOR AND MENTHOL”, “FOR THAT COOLING EFFECT OF MENTHOL // ON THE BROW OR FORHEAD”, TO PROMOTE SWEATING OVER EN- // TIRE BODY”, “TO PROMOTE SWEATING IN SOME PAR- // TICULAR PART OF THE BODY”, “THERAPEUTIC LAMP TREATMENTS”; names of advertised products printed in instruction booklet: “BEAR BRAND SALVE”, “EGIUTERRO”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // LINDEN COUGH BALSOM”, “GROBLEWSKI’S COLICRAMP DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HEADACHE POWDERS”, “FIRE-DRAW BURN LOTION”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TROJANKA”, “CHILDREN LINIMENT”, “GROBLEWSKI’S PLASTER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S STOMACH DROPS”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // PREPERATION C”, “GROBLEWSKI’S CORN APPLICATION”, “NERVOTEINE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S TOOTHACHE DROPS”, “HEARTBURN DROPS”, “CHAPINE LOTION”, “PEDODOR SALVE”, “EATONIC”, “GARGLELICK”, “ITCHYOLA SALVE”, GROBLEWSKI’S // TONIC and APPETIZER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // POWDERS FOR ROUND WORMS”, “EYE WATER”, “GROBLEWSKI’S REVILA POWDERS”, “REDOL SALVE”, “EXOR SALVE”, “GROBLEWSKI’S NASAL JELLY”, “BEAVER DROPS COMPOUND”, “GROBLEWSKI’S // SOAP FOR HAIR AND SCALP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S LAPINOL SOAP”, “GROBLEWSKI’S HAIR POMADE”
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 4 Row B (a-b)
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder E-15 (c)
Unit Of Measure
Minor soiling to top of bottle label; major staining on bottom half of box; minor soiling all over box; major tear to top flap of box causing complete separation; major tear to proper right flap of box causing complete separation; minor distortion to instructional booklet, but stable; minor dark staining to bottom of instruction booklet pages; minor pink pigment transfer on bottom of instruction booklet pages
“A. G. Groblewski Dies at Plymouth.” The Wilkes-Barre Record, 18 April 1925, Newspapers.com, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
“1917 Groblewski's Remedies Quack Medicine Plymouth PA.” Worthpoint, 2019. Accessed 26 July 2019.
Albert G. Groblewski was a patent medicine salesman and manufacturer most famous for his Groblewski Liniment Rattlesnake Brand (Zmijecznik); he was born in Poland in 1861 and moved to the U. S. A. in 1877; he bought his own drug store in 1892 and began manufacturing his famous liniment; it was originally marketed as a cure for rheumatism but this iteration of the product is marketed as a treatment for muscle soreness, aches, small wounds, and insect bites; the company became known as Albert G. Groblewski & Co. Inc. following incorporation in 1921; Groblewski passed away in 1925, but his company continued to grow following his death.
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut …
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut out at top of front side facilitates opening; product and company information appears on exterior of top, bottom, back, and proper right side; directions with illustrations appear on front; capsules consist of hard cylinder wrapped in soft cream fabric and silken mesh with both ends tied closed around the cylinder; part of contents in Rexall First Aid Kit (018.011.001).
Number Of Parts
a – box – Length 10.4 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 1.7 cm
b-e – capsules – Length 4.1 cm Diameter 1.0 cm
f – insert – Length 9.9 cm Width 5.0 cm Depth 1.7 cm
Similar items in other museum collections; new MSA letter logo introduced in 1967
paper: brown, cream
fabric: cream, white
Printed on top and bottom of box: “MINE SAFETY // APPLIANCES CO. // EFFICIENCY // SERVICE SAFETY // PITTSBURGH PA // AMMONIA INHALANTS // (Aromatized Ammonia – Alcohol 38 %) // 10 Per Package // Cat. No. FA - 2156”; printed on front of box: “Crush inhalant // between thumb and // finger // Hold about 4 inches from nose. // As ammonia gets weaker, hold closer. // Try the strength of inhalant by placing // it under your own nose at about // one minute intervals. When too // weak, use another inhalant”; printed on back of box: “AMMONIA INHALANTS // Aromatized Ammonia : : Alcohol 38 % // Active Ingredients: Ammonia Carbonate, Stronger // Ammonia Water, Oil Lemon, Oil Lavender and Oil // Nutmeg. // 10 Per Package Containing 1/3 cc. Each. // MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; stamped on proper right side of box: “9 D 11”
Storage Room 0010
Unit Of Measure
Minor soiling and foxing all over box; minor distortion to back of box; minor soiling and foxing all over insert; minor discolouration on ends of capsules
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Our History.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“1960 – 1969 A decade of MSA in review.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“Collections Online.” Bulkley Valley Museum, Bulkley Valley Museum Society, 2019. Accessed 19 July 2019.
This artifact is part of a first aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
The Mine Safety Appliance Company was founded by John T. Ryan Sr. and George H. Deike following a tragic mining accident in 1912; with the help of Thomas Edison, they developed an electric mining lamp that helped reduce mine explosions; from there, the company expanded and developed a wide variety of safety products for a variety of applications; this Ammonia Inhalant set was likely produced before 1967 because of the absence of the “MSA” logo first introduced in 1967.
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an il…
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an illustration in blue inside a circle, across which a banner stretches reading "ACKERS HYGEIA"; in front of the banner is an illustration of a woman, the Greek goddess Hygeia, dressed in robes, holding a snake, and standing on a pedestal upon which more words are printed; the circle is backgrounded in lighter blue.
Finley Acker & Co., makers of Ackers Hygeia, were large grocery stores in Philadelphia from 1882 until 1920. They specialized in teas, coffees, candies, cigars, and various food items including those given the name "Hygeia": flour, buckwheat, and "Snowdrift" (a cereal).
Ackers Weekly was a publication sent out by the store every week to advertise products.
Finley Acker & Co. became known and loved for their delivery system, reasonable prices, and quality of goods.
The name "Hygeia" comes from the Greek goddess of health, and daughter of Asklepios, god of medicine. She is often depicted holding or feeding a snake, the symbol of Asklepios. In Greek, "Hygeia" means "soundness" or "wholeness", and health and hygiene were based around keeping the body sound and whole.
Printed on one side: "MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // HOME REMEDIES"; on another side: "MUNYON'S // CATARRH TABLETS // PRICE, 25 CENTS."; from label: "When dissolved in water, it gives immediate relief, cleansing and soothing the inflamed mucous membranes. They remove all irritating discharges from the head and throat."
Printed on one side: "MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // HOME REMEDIES"; on another side: "MUNYON'S // NEURALGIA CURE. // PRICE, 25 CENTS."; from label: "Cures sharp, shooting, knife-like pains in the face, head, chest, and back, and neuralgia pains in any part of the body."
Printed on one side: "MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // HOME REMEDIES"; on another side: "MUNYON'S // LIVER CURE. // PRICE, 25 CENTS."; embossed on metal top: "MUNYON'S HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES"; from circular: "Munyon's Liver-cure will positively cure biliousness, constipation, jaundice, and torpid liver, bilious headache, sick headache, coated tongue, bad taste in the mouth, tired, wound-out feeling, highly-coloured urine, wind in the stomach, pain and soreness in the right side under the lower ribs, depressed and dull spirits and restless nights."
Printed on one side: "MUNYON'S // HOMEOPATHIC // HOME REMEDIES"; on another side: "MUNYON'S // NERVE CURE. // PRICE, 25 CENTS."; embossed on metal top: "MUNYON'S HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES"; from circular: "Restores overworked and overstrained nerves to a healthy condition. It cures all the symptoms of nervous exhaustion, such as depressed spirits, peevishness, irritability, general sensitiveness of the whole nervous system, failure of memory, inability to concentrate the thoughts, morbid fears, restless and sleepless nights, pains in the head, noises in the ears, and dizziness. It cures nervous prostration, stimulates and strengthens the nerves, and tones up the whole body."
Printed on box: "MUNYON'S // WITCH HAZEL BALM"; embossed on back of bottle: "Munyon's Homeopathic Home Remedies"; from attached circular: "Munyon's Witch Hazel-Balm has no equal in its curative qualities, its soothing influences and its wonderful remedial effects on cuts, bruises, sore eyes, sore mouth, and old or irritated raw ulcers. Its marvelous healing properties as an external application make it a household necessity."
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-5 Box 4 Row A
On travelling exhibit ‘Unmasking Influenza’ Ottawa L-2019-3 30 April 2019-31 Dec 2022.
Printed on label: "MUNYON'S // GERMICIDE // SOLUTION // SHAKE WELL // POISON // When used in connection with Munyon's Inhaler Tablets in Munyon's Inhaler according to directions, cures colds, catarrh, and all throat and lung diseases."