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The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp [print]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11940
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Accession Number
002050008
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plai…
Accession Number
002050008
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
MeSH Heading
Anatomy -- pictorial works
Description
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plain border; paper still flexible.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine.
Site Made (City)
Amsterdam
Site Made (Country)
Holland
Dates
1798
1840
circa 1798-1840
Material
paper: cream
ink: black
graphite: grey
Inscriptions
"Rembrandt van Ryn pinoc 1632 // T de Frey f: aquforti 1798 // DEMONSTRATION ANATOMIQUE, // faite par le celebre Medicine Nicolas Tulp. // Profesfeur d'anatomic a Amsterdam, l'An 1683 // le tableau original se trouve au Theatre // anatomique d'Amsterdam."; repeated in Dutch
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-3 Box D
Length
44.0 cm
Width
36.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Heavily foxed and yellowed paper; missing minor piece on bottom edge and 1.5 cm tear at upper left edge
Copy Type
reproduction
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Zygmont, Bryon. “Rembrant, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.” Khan Academy. Accessed February 23, 2017. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/baroque-art1/holland/a/rembrandt-the-anatomy-lesson-of-dr-tulp
Research Facts
The original portrait, painted by Dutch Baroque Rembrandt van Rijn in 1632, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson. It was commissioned to hang in the board room of the Guild of Surgeons, a group that Tulp had become a reader of three years before. Tulp is shown as the only man wearing a hat, showing his elevated position over his pupil, as he demonstrates how arm muscles are attached to the body using forceps. He was known to give theory lessons twice a week in Amsterdam with one public autopsy a year being conducted. The painting shows the 1632 autopsy that used the body of a criminal, an executed thief named Adriaen het Kint as their cadaver. The surgeon in the centre towards the back holds a sheet of paper that lists the names of all the men in participating in the lesson, many of whom would have paid for the honor of being included in the composition.
Though it was one of Rembrandt’s earlier works, The Anatomy Lesson remains one of his most well-known paintings; the skill is evident in the expressive, recognizable faces of the surgeons and the dynamic contrast between light and dark. Rembrandt does, however, some artistic liberties, particularly as the surgeon would have begun with opening the chest cavity in an autopsy as opposed to beginning with an arm.
This was also one of the first painting that Rembrandt signed with his forename as opposed to RHL which he had used on previous ones, likely showing his increasing confidence in his artistic abilities.
Prev. # L42 / AMP344
Less detail
Dates
1800
1867
circa 1800-1867
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Respirology
Accession Number
002050405 a-c
Description
A brass vaporizer (a) with a handle; a lid (c) that screws on top; burner resevoir (b) is attached to flat metal insert; metal insert has a small round ring at front; several wicks pertrude from the top of the resevoir; a pin stuck to the bottom of the vaporizer container
  1 image  
Accession Number
002050405 a-c
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Respirology
MeSH Heading
Nebulizers and Vaporizers
Administration, Inhalation -- instrumentation
MM= Nebulizers and Vaporizers -- vaporizer
Description
A brass vaporizer (a) with a handle; a lid (c) that screws on top; burner resevoir (b) is attached to flat metal insert; metal insert has a small round ring at front; several wicks pertrude from the top of the resevoir; a pin stuck to the bottom of the vaporizer container
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a- container - Size: Length 20.7 cm x Width 19.0 cm x Depth 13.0 cm
b – burner – Size: Length 12.3 cm x Width 7.8 cm x Depth 5.8 cm
c – lid – Size: Length 4.4 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. P.A. Ryan of Toronto.
Dates
1800
1867
circa 1800-1867
Date Remarks
Based on information from Academy of Medicine accession records
Material
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
Engraved on the side: "W [Illeg.] KE MAN JR // NTED // JUNE 11TH 1867"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-H2-3
Condition Remarks
Some corrosion throughout; small dent located on the brass top; dent located on the maker's mark; signs of previous repair.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
JPG
Reference Comments
"The George P. Pilling & Son Co." Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1932; p.107; CD #2.
Research Facts
Object named based on similar model in reference book.
Images
Less detail

menthol plaster tube

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact10674
Dates
1800
1920
circa 1800-1920
Collection
Dr. Donald B. Jennings Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
004006001 a-b
Description
A tin tube used to store menthol plaster consisting of the tube (a) and a removable cap (b).
  3 images  
Accession Number
004006001 a-b
Collection
Dr. Donald B. Jennings Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Ointments
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container
Description
A tin tube used to store menthol plaster consisting of the tube (a) and a removable cap (b).
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - tube - Size: Length 15.2 cm x Diam. 3.4 cm
b - cap - Size: Length 1.4 cm x Diam. 3.5 cm
Provenance
The tube was left at the Queen's University Department of Physiology by Dr. Donald B. Jennings when he retired.
Maker
Thos. Davidson Mfg. Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1800
1920
circa 1800-1920
Date Remarks
The company that made the tin was prevalent during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Material
tin: yellow; black
Inscriptions
"the // D & L // MENTHOL PLASTER // MOST WONDERFUL PLASTER MADE // PREPARED BY THE // DAVIS & LAWRENCE CO. (LIMITED.) // MONTREAL, P.Q. // EVERY PLASTER IN A SINGLE AIR TIGHT BOX. // THE THOS. DAVIDSON MFG. CO. LIMITED, MONTREAL, TIN BOXES" printed on the tube
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-4
Condition Remarks
Some corrosion and staining; the tin is dented and deformed.
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Internet: "Canadian Advertising Tins"; CD #9
Research Facts
The tube was made by Thos. Davidson Mfg. Co. Limited, and used by Davis & Lawrence Co.
Images
Less detail

veterinary bloodletting fleam

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14379
Dates
1800
1830
circa 1800-1830
Collection
Dr. Martin T. Jeremias Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
004015004
Description
19th century English veterinary bloodletting instrument, folding fleam with three grey metal double-edged curved 7.7 cm. blades in graduating sizes that fold into a curved brass shield; blades rotate out to almost 360'; one blade has incised name of maker.
  2 images  
Accession Number
004015004
Collection
Dr. Martin T. Jeremias Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
Phlebotomy
Veterinary Medicine
Description
19th century English veterinary bloodletting instrument, folding fleam with three grey metal double-edged curved 7.7 cm. blades in graduating sizes that fold into a curved brass shield; blades rotate out to almost 360'; one blade has incised name of maker.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Donated by Dr. Martin T. Jeremias to the University of Alberta and its library; collection was then donated to the museum via Dr. Merrill Distad
Maker
G. GREGORY
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1800
1830
circa 1800-1830
Date Remarks
Date based on research
Material
metal: gold, grey
Inscriptions
Stamped on blade: "G. GREGORY"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-5
Length
7.8 cm
Width
2.7 cm
Depth
0.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
measured when closed and at fullest point of shield
Condition Remarks
All blades are showing signs of black staining; visible scratches are present all over the object.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
http://www.medicalantiques.com/medical/Scarifications_and_Bleeder_Medical_Antiques.htm; http://www.alllancets.com/Braspg2.html
Research Facts
The fleams used for veterinary purposes were placed over the jugular vein of the neck most commonly and inserted with the help of a fleam stick. This was a heavy wooden club used to drive the blade in with a quick motion (so the horse didn’t know what hit him).
Images
Less detail

glass cupping cup

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1022
Dates
1780
1850
circa 1780-1850
Collection
Dr. James J. A. Fraser Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997038001
Description
Glass cupping cup, which consists of a hand-blown cup with a round open top and lip; the sides of the cup are rounded and the bottom is somewhat bulbous; there is a flat section on the base, which allows the cup to sit upright
  2 images  
Accession Number
997038001
Collection
Dr. James J. A. Fraser Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Cupping -- cup
Description
Glass cupping cup, which consists of a hand-blown cup with a round open top and lip; the sides of
the cup are rounded and the bottom is somewhat bulbous; there is a flat section on the base, which
allows the cup to sit upright
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Dr. James J. A. Fraser, 1955 Queen's University Faculty of Medicine graduate 1916-1917
Dates
1780
1850
circa 1780-1850
Date Remarks
Free-blown glass cups were not found after the 1850's, when molds came into use; likely made between 1780 and 1850
Material
glass: clear
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-7
Depth
6.3 cm.
Diameter
5.0 cm
Condition Remarks
The glass shows several small scratch marks as well as a small chip at the side and a chip out of the lip; there is one large scratch mark on the side, near the lip; #2: glass chipped, has two cracks
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments," by C. Keith Wilbur, M.D., p. 117
Images
Less detail
Dates
1790
1830
circa 1790-1830
Collection
Dr. James J. A. Fraser Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
997038002 a-c
Description
Scarificator in a leather two piece box, which consists of (a) a square four-sided brass scarificator that has a flat round metal decorative holding piece at the left and right side, a metal cocking lever, and a heart-shaped blade adjustor at the top and a release lever at the top right; there are …
  5 images  
Accession Number
997038002 a-c
Collection
Dr. James J. A. Fraser Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Bloodletting -- instrumentation
MM= Bloodletting -- scarificator
Description
Scarificator in a leather two piece box, which consists of (a) a square four-sided brass scarificator that has a flat round metal decorative holding piece at the left and right side, a metal cocking lever, and a heart-shaped blade adjustor at the top and a release lever at the top right; there are also small metal screws on the front and back and two on the top; the bottom of the scarificator has 16 long rectangular slots where blades will come out when the top lever is cocked; the scarificator fits into (b) a square leather-covered cardboard box that has an open top and a V-shaped notch cut into one side; the notch accomodates the release lever; the opposite side wall is lower, as part of it has broken off; a box lid (c) fits over the bottom; the top is square at the base and rounded into a domed semi-circle at the top; there is a small hole in the top that accomodates the cocking lever; black thread can be seen along one side, where a tear was sewn shut
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - scarificator - Size: Length 3.7 cm. x Width 4.5 cm. x Depth 5.5 cm.
b - box bottom - Size: Length 4.4 cm. x Width 4.6 cm. x Depth 3.7 cm.
c - box lid - Size: Length 4.6 cm. x Width 4.6 cm. x Depth 4.1 cm.
Provenance
Owned by Dr. James J. A. Fraser, 1955 Queen's University Meds graduate
Dates
1790
1830
circa 1790-1830
Date Remarks
Style of blades are pointed
Material
metal: grey; yellow
leather: brown
paper: grey
fabric: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-5
Condition Remarks
(a) There are several deep scratches on the sides of the scarificator, but no corrosion is visible; the cocking and release levers both work, but the blade adjustor will not move; (b) the box base shows a great deal of wear; half of one side has been broken off and another side is also broken; the top (c) also shows a great deal of wear and the sides have split; one has been repaired with black thread
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Antique Medical Instruments," by C. Keith Wilbur, M.D., p. 119
Images
Less detail

lower partial denture

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13633
Dates
1800
1825
circa 1800-1825
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020464
Description
Lower partial denture carved out of ivory with porcelain teeth based on an unknown black metal alloy; teeth present are two central and two lateral incisors, two canines, and two first premolars all in porcelain, one second premolar, one first and one second molars all in ivory; teeth missing are o…
  4 images  
Accession Number
010020464
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Partial
Description
Lower partial denture carved out of ivory with porcelain teeth based on an unknown black metal alloy; teeth present are two central and two lateral incisors, two canines, and two first premolars all in porcelain, one second premolar, one first and one second molars all in ivory; teeth missing are one second premolar, one first and one second molars; porcelain attachment is held in place with metal posts.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1800
1825
circa 1800-1825
Date Remarks
Based on research and similar artefacts in the collection
Material
ivory: cream
porcelain: grey
metal: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 4.0 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 1.5 cm
Condition Remarks
Ivory is very discoloured as are the porcelain teeth; the metal is also very tarnished
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; similar to 010.020.455; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a common material used in the manufacture of dentures in the 18th century; a down side to ivory is that it degrades quickly in the mouth resulting in bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth; human teeth were preferred as they did not degrade like ivory or were too white like porcelain
Images
Less detail
Dates
1780
1800
circa 1780-1800
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020466
Description
Lower denture made entirely of porecelain with pink gums and a complete set of cream coloured porcelain teeth minus the third molars; gold coloured metal posterior attachments are present which would have held springs connected to upper dentures
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020466
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Lower
Description
Lower denture made entirely of porecelain with pink gums and a complete set of cream coloured porcelain teeth minus the third molars; gold coloured metal posterior attachments are present which would have held springs connected to upper dentures
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1780
1800
circa 1780-1800
Date Remarks
Date based on donor's remarks
Material
porcelain: cream, pink
metal: yellow
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 4.7 cm x Width 6.5 cm x Depth 1.5 cm
Condition Remarks
Porcelain teeth are discoloured; teeth, particularly the molars have dirt on them; shows signs of use
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"Medical Discoveries - False Teeth" website; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; porcelain teeth first appeared in 1774 in France when dentist Dubois de Chemat began to make them; de Chemant patented his improved version in 1789 and took them with him when he emigrated to England; Claudius Ash of London, England invented an improved porcelain tooth around 1837; the French dentist A.A. Planteau first brought porcelain dentures to the United States in 1817, and Charles Peale began making porcelain teeth in Philadelphia in 1822; a down side to porcelain teeth was their bright whiteness
Images
Less detail
Dates
1800
1850
circa 1800-1850
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020078
Description
Single piece of ivory carved into lower denture; curved gum with ten teeth at front; left side has two more molars then a cut-out space; right side has a large round cut-out space, then a more crudely carved molar with a cross pattern on top; anterior teeth believed to be human
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020078
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Lower
Description
Single piece of ivory carved into lower denture; curved gum with ten teeth at front; left side has two more molars then a cut-out space; right side has a large round cut-out space, then a more crudely carved molar with a cross pattern on top; anterior teeth believed to be human
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1800
1850
circa 1800-1850
Date Remarks
Based on donors remarks
Material
ivory: white, grey
Permanent Location
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.8 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Depth 1.3 cm
Condition Remarks
Ivory is scratched, especially on top of gum; ivory is darkened, especially on underside of gum
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website; CD #4
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a good, but expensive, option for dentures in the early 19th century, however they did not always look natural and deteriorated quickly; finding human teeth to be used in dentures was a lucrative business; teeth would be taken from soldiers, dead on the battlefield, and graverobbers would pull the teeth from corpses in cemetaries
Images
Less detail
Dates
1800
1850
circa 1800-1850
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020079
Description
Upper denture; twelve white teeth affixed to curved ivory gum, painted pink on inside, remnants of pink paint on outside; anterior teeth believed to be human, posterior teeth believed to be ivory
  3 images  
Accession Number
010020079
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Dental Prosthesis
Denture, Complete, Upper
Description
Upper denture; twelve white teeth affixed to curved ivory gum, painted pink on inside, remnants of pink paint on outside; anterior teeth believed to be human, posterior teeth believed to be ivory
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Dates
1800
1850
circa 1800-1850
Date Remarks
Based on donor's remarks
Material
ivory: white, grey
paint: pink
Permanent Location
0010-B
Dimension Notes
Length 5.5 cm x Width 3.7 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
Condition Remarks
Paint is faded on front of gums; molars are darkened; eight of the teeth have darkened cracked line across front
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
"British Dental Association Museum" website
CD #9
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008; ivory was a good, but expensive, option for dentures in the early 19th century, however they did not always look natural and deteriorated quickly; finding human teeth to be used in dentures was a lucrative business; teeth would be taken from soldiers, dead on the battlefield, and graverobbers would pull the teeth from corpses in cemetaries
Images
Less detail

300 records – page 1 of 30.