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Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black t…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
MM= Cutting Tool -- knife -- scalpel
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black text printed directly on box lid.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a-scalpel
b-scalpel
c-scalpel
d-box
Provenance
Used at the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Arnold & Sons Ltd.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Material
metal: silver, gold
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on one side of (a): “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON”; stamped on the other side: “C7”; (b) has: “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON // 4”; (c) has: "J. F. Hartz // Co LIMD // J. GREY & SON // SHEFFIELD”; (d) printed on the box: “ARNOLD & SONS. // SAVORY & MOORE LTD // STANDARD WORKS // LAWRENCE ROAD, // TOTTENHAM, // LONDON, N.15. // SURGICAL AND // VETERINARY // INSTRUMENTS // MANUFACTURERS.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F1-8
Length
a - 15.7 cm b - 16.1 cm c - 15.0 cm d - 18.0 cm
Width
d - 2.6 cm
Depth
d - 2.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
(a-c) good condition with minor rusting on the blades; (d) stable condition with minor areas of rust and finish removed by wear
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
"Science Museum" website
"The Medical Tour" website
Research Facts
These instruments can be fully sterilised, meaning they can be re-used without fear of causing infection. Non-sterilised instruments were used in the previous century.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was oficially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group
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Nyal castor oil

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4348
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
000006003
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the…
Accession Number
000006003
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the metal cap has a rolled end, a round groove on the top and vertical grooves around its raised side; there is no evidence of threading (see accession sheet for sketch); a thick, yellow liquid fills about 40% of the bottle
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Jack Willson
Maker
Nyal, Company, Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Date Remarks
The bottle's mould seams continue over the bottle's lip, indicating fabrication after 1880; screw cap became popular after 1924, so possibly the bottle was made between these two dates
Material
glass: clear
paper: orange
metal: orange
Inscriptions
"NYAL // QUALITY // A" is inscribed in raised letters in a circle on the front of the bottle; the last letter "A" is in a smaller circle on a chain pattern, all in the larger circle; bottom: "D [or a square] inside a diamond shape, and "2" to the left of the diamond, in raised letters; label: "TRADE MARK NYAL [illeg.] // TASTY // Castor Oil // Rx [the "x" part of the tail of the "R"] D3 2 FL. OZ. // Pure, Refined Castor Oil // sweetened and flavored. // Directions – Infants 20 to 40 // drops; children four years old, // 1 to 2 teaspoonfulls; eight years // old, ½ to one tablespoonful; // adults; 1 to 2 tablespoonfuls; // Mode D'Emploi — Pour petits // enfants 20 à 40 gouttes; pour // enfants de 4 ans 1 à 2 cuillerées // à thé; 8 ans ½ à 1 cuillerée à // table; pour adultes, 1 à 2 cuil- // lerées à table. // NYAL COMPANY, Limited // Windsor, Ontario, Canada"; the label is toned with light grey mesh behind the text, leaving a frame of brighter orange around the label; on the back of the bottle neck, there is "H5" in raised lettering
Permanent Location
Storage Room 1013
Dimension Notes
Length 13.3 cm x Width 5.8 cm x Depth 3.4 cm
Condition Remarks
Bottle and cap are dusty and have residual stains; cap has two dents; the paint on the cap is blackened around the side and there are some very small spots where the metal substrate is exposed; the cap is stuck on the bottle; the paper label has two holes (around 0.1 cm); note: residue on bottle may attract pests.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
"Bottles: Identification and Price Guide," by Michael Polak, 1994, pp. 19, 21, 24; "The Snake-Oil Syndrome: Patent Medicine Advertising," by A. Walker Bingham, 1994, p. 108; "The Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs," 7th ed., Merck & Co., 1960, pp. 219-220; "The Oxford Dictionary of Current English," Oxford University Press, 1998; "Text-book of the Principles and Practice of Nursing," by Bertha Harmer, 1927, pp. 435-436; see also 000.006.022
Research Facts
Castor oil is "oil from the seeds of a tropical plant, used as a purgative and lubricant (Oxford Dictionary). Castor oil may be used both as a laxative and as an emollient (Merck), but this product is flavoured, so it is a laxative. (See accession sheet for further details.)
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