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corrective eyeglasses

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact11300
Dates
1890
1910
circa 1890-1910
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Vision
Visual Aids
Classification
Optometry
Eyeglasses
Vision
Visual Aids
Accession Number
000018003 a-c
Description
One complete pair of corrective eyeglasses with nose clip and arms attached directly to the lenses (a); the arms are curled; the lenses are convex ovals; one incomplete pair of eyeglasses with nose clip and one bracket for the arm attached to the lenses (b); the lenses are oval and convex; eyeglass…
  3 images  
Accession Number
000018003 a-c
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Vision
Visual Aids
Classification
Optometry
Eyeglasses
Vision
Visual Aids
MeSH Heading
Eyeglasses
Vision
Optometry
Description
One complete pair of corrective eyeglasses with nose clip and arms attached directly to the lenses (a); the arms are curled; the lenses are convex ovals; one incomplete pair of eyeglasses with nose clip and one bracket for the arm attached to the lenses (b); the lenses are oval and convex; eyeglasses case covered in a green print fabric lined with black fabric (c).
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - eyeglasses - Size: Length 14.4 cm x Width 11.3 cm x Depth 4.8 cm
b - incomplete eyeglasses - Size: Length 11.2 cm x Width 3.2 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
c - case - Size: Length 13.2 cm x Width 5.5 cm x Depth 2.3 cm
Provenance
Originally owned by Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Dates
1890
1910
circa 1890-1910
Material
glass: clear
metal: yellow
fabric: black, green
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E4-12
Condition Remarks
The lenses of pair of eyeglasses (a) are dirty; there are several areas on each pair where chips are visible; only one pair is intact; the case is very dirty on the inside; incomplete pair of eyeglasses (b) was broken while being catalogued; the glass lenses cracked into several pieces; the remaining pieces are labeled in a mylar bag in the permanent storage location.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Reference Comments
"Aloe's Illustrated and Priced Catalogue of Superior Surgical Instruments, Physician's Supply and Hospital Furnishings, " 6th ed., A.S. Aloe Co., St. Louis, 189-, p. 159 (similar to item 4299)
Exhibit History
To display in Museum (North Gallery Room 1013): "Electricity and the Invisible Ray," Oct. 2006 - Feb 2016.
Images
Less detail

First Aid to the Injured [first aid instructional book]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12546
Dates
1897
1933
circa 1897-1933
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
Accession Number
000018007 a-b
Description
Fabric-covered hardbound first aid instructional book (a) with information and illustrations about first aid practices that have been authorized by the St. John Ambulance Association; title and symbol stamped on front cover in silver ink; endpaper is brown; 103 pages; also contains a smaller compan…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000018007 a-b
Author
Peter Shepherd
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Publications
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- manuals
Description
Fabric-covered hardbound first aid instructional book (a) with information and illustrations about first aid practices that have been authorized by the St. John Ambulance Association; title and symbol stamped on front cover in silver ink; endpaper is brown; 103 pages; also contains a smaller companion booklet (b) with similiar first aid information; reprint of original 1897 issue with new preface dated 1933; 28 pages.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - book - Size: Length 13.2 cm x Width 11.3 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
b - booklet - Size: Length 12.2 cm x Width 7.6 cm
Provenance
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1897
1933
circa 1897-1933
Date Remarks
Printed in book
Material
paper: cream, brown
fabric: black
ink: black, silver
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Stamped on first page: "DR. RYERSON // GENERAL SECRETARY FOR CANADA, // TORONTO"; printed on first page: ""FIRST AID TO THE INJURED: // PETER SHEPHERD, M.B., // 550TH THOUSAND. // 1897."; printed in booklet (b): "FIRST AID TO THE SICK // AND INJURED // PREFACE // Ottawa, 1933."
Permanent Location
(a) Storage Room 2005
2005-3
(b) Storage Room 2005
2005-2-5 Box 17
Condition Remarks
Cover and spine of book (a) severely worn and separating from pages; book is curled upward; booklet (b) missing cover; staples rusted; pages faded
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black t…
  4 images  
Accession Number
000018021 a-d
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
General Surgery
MeSH Heading
MM= Cutting Tool -- knife -- scalpel
Description
Long narrow hinged lid gold tin box (d) has dividers for three one piece silver metal scalpels (a-c); two are similar with the same blade, handle style and manufacturer (c) has a shorter blade, different handle style and manufacturer; box has silver interior and gold finish on exterior with black text printed directly on box lid.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a-scalpel
b-scalpel
c-scalpel
d-box
Provenance
Used at the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Arnold & Sons Ltd.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1930
circa 1901-1930
Material
metal: silver, gold
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on one side of (a): “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON”; stamped on the other side: “C7”; (b) has: “ARNOLD & SONS // LONDON // 4”; (c) has: "J. F. Hartz // Co LIMD // J. GREY & SON // SHEFFIELD”; (d) printed on the box: “ARNOLD & SONS. // SAVORY & MOORE LTD // STANDARD WORKS // LAWRENCE ROAD, // TOTTENHAM, // LONDON, N.15. // SURGICAL AND // VETERINARY // INSTRUMENTS // MANUFACTURERS.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F1-8
Length
a - 15.7 cm b - 16.1 cm c - 15.0 cm d - 18.0 cm
Width
d - 2.6 cm
Depth
d - 2.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
(a-c) good condition with minor rusting on the blades; (d) stable condition with minor areas of rust and finish removed by wear
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
"Science Museum" website
"The Medical Tour" website
Research Facts
These instruments can be fully sterilised, meaning they can be re-used without fear of causing infection. Non-sterilised instruments were used in the previous century.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was oficially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group
Images
Less detail
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Patient Care
Emergency Medicine
First Aid
Military Medicine
Classification
Patient Care
Emergency Medicine
First Aid
Military Medicine
Accession Number
000018030
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and woun…
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018030
Collection
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital Collection
Category
Patient Care
Emergency Medicine
First Aid
Military Medicine
Classification
Patient Care
Emergency Medicine
First Aid
Military Medicine
MeSH Heading
First Aid -- instrumentation
Tourniquets
Bandages, First Aid
Military Medicine
Emergencies
Military Medicine -- emergency
Military Medicine -- equipment and supplies
Military Medicine -- textile
Military Medicine -- War
Description
Cream cotton fabric triangluar bandage, sling or tourniquet with x18 illustrations of young men, six men with moustaches showing full figures wearing suits and ties with multiple injuries wrapped in the bandage; two men not wearing clothes except under pants who have had various fractures and wounds bound with the bandage and wooden splints for support; nine separate small illustrations of special knotted wraps; the aim is first aid in emergencies rather than full clinical treatment during military field dressing and or in civilian first aid; cut from preprinted length of fabric with remnants of the dotted cutting line showing that the fabric was cut on the bias; each side is noted to related to instructions on how to fold, wrap and tie; at centre point is circle with St. John Ambulance Association emblem.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
St. John Ambulance Association
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
fabric: cream
ink: black
Inscriptions
Stamped on fabric: starting at point: "THE St. JOHN AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION // POINT // SIDE // END // BASE // END // SIDE // REGISTERED DESIGN 7764
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-Closet
Length
145.0 cm
Depth
66.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Sides = 97.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Minor staining overall, rusty stains on corners possibly from safety pins
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esmarch_bandage
Research Facts
The original version was designed by Friedrich von Esmarch, professor of surgery at the University of Kiel, Germany, and is generally used in battlefield medicine. Esmarch himself had been Surgeon General to the German army during the Franco-German War. It consisted of a three-sided piece of linen or cotton, the base measuring 4 feet and the sides 2 feet 10 inches. It could be used folded or open, and applied in thirty-two different ways. An improved form was devised by Bernhard von Langenbeck later on.
First Aid booklet 000.018.007 related to this item
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Collection
Mrs. Iva Teepell Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pediatrics
Classification
Pediatrics
Paediatrics
Home Health Care
Accession Number
003036001
Description
Baby carriage consists of a collapsible wooden frame on wheels; seating area is made of an oil cloth that is stretched along the back and sides of frame; back rest is decorated with tassles and is positioned opposite to the horizontal push handle bar so that the child faces the person pushing; carr…
  3 images  
Accession Number
003036001
Collection
Mrs. Iva Teepell Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pediatrics
Classification
Pediatrics
Paediatrics
Home Health Care
MeSH Heading
Pediatrics
Household Articles
Description
Baby carriage consists of a collapsible wooden frame on wheels; seating area is made of an oil cloth that is stretched along the back and sides of frame; back rest is decorated with tassles and is positioned opposite to the horizontal push handle bar so that the child faces the person pushing; carriage has a wooden feet supporting tier; carriage has a sitting and a reclining position.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased in Brockville and used by donor's sister as a wheelchair when she was a child
Dates
1890
1900
circa 1890-1900
Date Remarks
Timeline for improvements on wheelchairs.
Material
wood: brown
fabric: green, grey
metal: yellow
rubber: black
Permanent Location
Storage Room W1
W1-2-1
Dimension Notes
Length 112.0 cm x Width 53.0 cm x Depth 38.0 cm
Condition Remarks
Wood is tarnished and scratched in several places; metal is rusty throughout the artifact; rubber is stiff and deteriorating; rubber has broken off larges wheels; finish on the oil cloth is peeling in some places; oil cloth is frayed and torn at the seams.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Mrs Iva Teepell (donor); CD #1
Research Facts
Chair was purchased second-hand in Brockville in 1919. Donor's father obtained the chair for her sister, to be used as a wheelchair after the sister was injured by a kick in the stomach. The sister was less than 8 years old.
Images
Less detail