University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plai…
Monotone reproduction print of a painting affixed to heavy paper; depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson on a cadaver; text on front in Dutch and French; appears to be removed from frame; embossed line around perimeter of print with wide plain border; paper still flexible.
"Rembrandt van Ryn pinoc 1632 // T de Frey f: aquforti 1798 // DEMONSTRATION ANATOMIQUE, // faite par le celebre Medicine Nicolas Tulp. // Profesfeur d'anatomic a Amsterdam, l'An 1683 // le tableau original se trouve au Theatre // anatomique d'Amsterdam."; repeated in Dutch
Storage Room 2005
2005-1-3 Box D
Unit Of Measure
Heavily foxed and yellowed paper; missing minor piece on bottom edge and 1.5 cm tear at upper left edge
Zygmont, Bryon. “Rembrant, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp.” Khan Academy. Accessed February 23, 2017. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/baroque-art1/holland/a/rembrandt-the-anatomy-lesson-of-dr-tulp
The original portrait, painted by Dutch Baroque Rembrandt van Rijn in 1632, depicts a group of seven surgeons looking on as physician Nicolaes Tulp leads an anatomy lesson. It was commissioned to hang in the board room of the Guild of Surgeons, a group that Tulp had become a reader of three years before. Tulp is shown as the only man wearing a hat, showing his elevated position over his pupil, as he demonstrates how arm muscles are attached to the body using forceps. He was known to give theory lessons twice a week in Amsterdam with one public autopsy a year being conducted. The painting shows the 1632 autopsy that used the body of a criminal, an executed thief named Adriaen het Kint as their cadaver. The surgeon in the centre towards the back holds a sheet of paper that lists the names of all the men in participating in the lesson, many of whom would have paid for the honor of being included in the composition.
Though it was one of Rembrandt’s earlier works, The Anatomy Lesson remains one of his most well-known paintings; the skill is evident in the expressive, recognizable faces of the surgeons and the dynamic contrast between light and dark. Rembrandt does, however, some artistic liberties, particularly as the surgeon would have begun with opening the chest cavity in an autopsy as opposed to beginning with an arm.
This was also one of the first painting that Rembrandt signed with his forename as opposed to RHL which he had used on previous ones, likely showing his increasing confidence in his artistic abilities.
A long thin single-piece cardboard box (a) containing a Flexi-T 300 intrauterine device (d) in plastic packaging with a paper backing (b); IUD is made from cyllindrical white polyethylene formed into the shape of a T with a small round knob at the top and bottom of the post and arms that curl downw…
A long thin single-piece cardboard box (a) containing a Flexi-T 300 intrauterine device (d) in plastic packaging with a paper backing (b); IUD is made from cyllindrical white polyethylene formed into the shape of a T with a small round knob at the top and bottom of the post and arms that curl downward toward its centre; post is wrapped in tightly-coiled copper wire which also holds the top of a long blue filament to the post; applicator is a clear plastic tube with black graduations on the side; the top of the IUD sticks out of one end of the tube and the filament extends from the other end; filament is held to the outside of the tube with a blue plastic attachment which can slide up and down; also included in the box is a folded paper instruction sheet (c).
Number Of Parts
a - box - Size: Length 24.7 cm x Width 6.0 cm x Depth 1.1 cm
b - plastic packaging - Size: Length 23.8 cm x Width 4.9 cm x Depth 0.9 cm
c - paper instructions - Size: Length 29.5 cm x Width 21.0 cm
d - IUD - Size: Length 19.2 cm x Width 2.8 cm x Depth 0.6 cm
Owned and used by Dr. Robert Reid at the Kingston General Hospital.
Instructions indicate a five-year shelf life; expiration date on package is 2006
paper: white, blue
plastic: white, clear, black, blue
Graduations on the side of applicator are denoted at "4", "7" and "10"; front of box: "PROSAN // female health care // Flexi~T 300 Intrauterine contraceptive device // COPPER IUD // CE0344"; right side of box: "Flexi~T 300 [the number 2 in a circle with a diagonal line through it] ["STERILE
R" inside a rectangle] [hourglass shape with grains in the bottom] 2006_05 ["LOT" in a rectangle] 01E11"; back of box: "patented product // PROSAN // female health care // Flexi~T 300 Intrauterine contraceptive device // to be inserted by a physician only [triangle with an exclamation point inside it] // COPPER IUD // CE0344"; left side of box: "Flexi~T 300 manufactured by Prosan International B.V. // IJsselburcht 3 - 6825 BS Arnhem - the Netherlands"; top of box: "Flexi~T 300"; on flap: Art.nr. 123070 Rev. 01"; bottom of box: "Flexi~T 300"; back of plastic packaging: "To be opened by // physician only // [exclamation mark inside a triangle] // ["LOT" in a rectangle] // 01E1 // [image of an hourglass with all grains in the bottom] // 2006-05 // Flexi-T 300 // ["STERILE
R" inside a rectangle] // CE0344 // Patented Product // Prosan International // IJaawlburcht 3 // 6825 BS Arnhem // Tel: +31 26 365 33 63 // Fax: +31 26 365 33 69 // The Netherlands // REF: 123074 Rev.02 // [the number 2 in a circle with a diagonal line through it] // PEEL HERE // [arrow pointing downward]"; instruction sheet front: "Flexi~T 300/200 // intrauterine contraceptive device // PROSAN // female health care // [...] // INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PHYSICIAN // [images depicting how to insert the IUD] // DESCRIPTION // The Flexi-T is an intrauterine device made of polyethylene mixed with barium sulfate which makes it visible to X-ray. [...] // The simple one-hand "push-in" technique requires neither sterile gloves nor a plunger. [...] // The design of the Flexi-T is based on data obtained through extensive in vivo measurements of the transverse and longitudinal dimensions of the // uterine cavities in thousands of fertile women of all age and parity groups, resulting in an optimal compatibility. The shape of the Flexi-T avoids // irritation of the uterine mucosa and provides a "fundus seeking" and anti-expulsive mechanism (fig. 8). // INDICATION // Intrauterine contraceptive device for parous and nulliparous women. Postcoital interception. // MODE OF ACTION // [...] // TIME OF INSERTION // [...] // DURATION OF USE // [...]"; back of information sheet: "INSERTION PROCEDURE // [...] // REMOVAL // [...] // CONTRA-INDICATIONS // [...] // WARNINGS // [...] // SIDE EFFECTS // [...] // CHECK // [...] // INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USER // [...] // PHARMACEUTICAL PRECAUTIONS // [...] // LEGAL CATEGORY CE 0344 // [...] // PACKAGING // Each blister contains one sterile IUD. // Expiry date is indicated on the package. When stored in a dry place // at room temperature the maximum shelf life is 5 years. // Cartons containing: 1 x 1 sterile Flexi-T // 10 x 1 sterile Flexi-T // art. nr. 125011 Rev. 04, Juli 2001"
Storage Room 0010
Little wear to box; instruction sheet creased at one corner; IUD in good condition; packaging opened; thin paper peeled away from plastic.
Inserted into the uterus to prevent conception; the polyethylene in the IUD is mixed with barium sulfate to make it visible on X-rays.
History of Contraception exhibit, Fraser-Armstrong 5, Kingston General Hospital; March 2004 - Case #3
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the d…
A glass bowmeter (pulse measuring device); the device is a curved tube, sealed at each end; the tube is filled with an amber coloured liquid with a bubble in it; along the tube are a series of black and red dots (one red, four black, one red, four black, one red); there is a string tied on to the device.
Number Of Parts
The donor first used this device during his medical studies at the University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam) in the late 1950s where Prof. J. G. G. Borst was faculty chairman; the donor believes everyone who wished to gradate used one and every clinical clerk, intern, and resident would carry one of these in their pocket with the string tied to a button on their jacket; Dr. Westenberg brought this instrument with him when he came to Canada in 1961 and used it for a while, although he believes this measure may not have been widely used beyond Prof. Borst and his students in Amsterdam.
Probably custom made at the University of Amsterdam.
The donor says these devices were used in the late 1950s, and he brought this one to Canada in 1961 and used it a few years later.
"WESTENBURG" hand printed on a piece of tape on the device
Storage Room 0010
Length 14.2 cm x Diam 1.0 cm
Some minor surface wear; the piece of tape is deteriorated.
Dr. Hans Westenburg
The donor believes that Prof. J. G. G.Borst (best known for his low protein diet for people in acute renal failure) had these objects made up by one of his technicians; this devices was used to measure the height of a patient's jugular venous pressure; before the development of diuretics in the mid-1960s for patients suffering from renal failure, this instrument was a method of determining whether congestive heart failure was improving or deteriorating - an elevated jugular vein pulse could indicate a backup in the right atrium of the heart; one end was placed on the patient's sternal notch, about 5.0 cm above the right atrium in a person lying down - the other end would be placed on the highest point of the jugular vein in the anterior neck.