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Dates
1940
1960
circa 1940 - 1960
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Hygiene
Accession Number
018003002 a-b
Description
Cylindrical roll of one ply toilet paper (a) with printed paper label covering exterior; manufacturing information and Royal Arms of the United Kingdom printed on the label in dark blue ink; paper is wrapped around a thin brown nearly cylindrical cardboard tube; roll is almost square form pressure …
  5 images  
Accession Number
018003002 a-b
Category
Hygiene
Classification
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Sanitation
Equipment and Supplies
Hygiene
MM= Household Articles -- miscellaneous
Description
Cylindrical roll of one ply toilet paper (a) with printed paper label covering exterior; manufacturing information and Royal Arms of the United Kingdom printed on the label in dark blue ink; paper is wrapped around a thin brown nearly cylindrical cardboard tube; roll is almost square form pressure of other rolls in a box.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - roll
b - label
Provenance
Belonged to Canada’s Museum’s of Science and Innovation; deaccessioned from their collection.
Maker
J. C. Wilson Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
1960
circa 1940 - 1960
Date Remarks
Dates provided by donor
Material
paper: tan, brown, cream
ink: navy
Inscriptions
Printed on the paper label in dark blue ink: “GOVERNMENT OF CANADA // TOILET PAPER // “Made in Canada” // “J. C. WILSON LIMITED // PAPER MAKERS // MONTREAL – CANADA // 11 ounces”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Length
16.3 cm
Width
15.1 cm
Depth
10.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Ppaer yellowing; object distorted but stabel; brown staining at paper seam from adhesive deterioration; minor all over surface staining especially over label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Laurin, Serge. “Wilson, James Crocket.” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, University of Toronto/Université Laval. 1990. Accessed 21 May 2019.
Research Facts
J. C. Wilson Limited was founded by James Crocket Wilson in 1870 as J. C. Wilson and Company. The company was one of Canada’s leading paper manufacturers and produced a variety of paper products, including bags, postcards, and toilet paper.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
Accession Number
018012001
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an il…
  4 images  
Accession Number
018012001
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Food
Food -- ephemera
Advertisements -- ephemera
Advertisements
Hygiene -- ephemera
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an illustration in blue inside a circle, across which a banner stretches reading "ACKERS HYGEIA"; in front of the banner is an illustration of a woman, the Greek goddess Hygeia, dressed in robes, holding a snake, and standing on a pedestal upon which more words are printed; the circle is backgrounded in lighter blue.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Finley Acker & Co.
Site Made (City)
Philadelphia
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Date Remarks
Based on the time in which Finley Acker & Co. existed
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue, gold
Inscriptions
Printed in middle of bowl: “ACKERS HYGEIA // HYGEIA // PURITY // TRADE // HYGEIA FLOUR // MARK // QUALITY”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D2-8
Height
3.0 cm
Circumference
44.6 cm
Diameter
14.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Lightly cleaned
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, books, illustrations.
Reference Comments
https://www.pennypost.org/pdf/farrell/Ackers_FarrellCollection.pdf
https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/siris_arc_255514
https://books.google.ca/books?id=kyQWAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=%22finley+acker+%26+co%22&source=bl&ots=_exq6DsqoX&sig=ACfU3U2ousTMAFMlgfcfQUv1Ua2nEhD26g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiF9vWiwNfiAhUlnq0KHaqbA9QQ6AEwD3oECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22finley%20acker%20%26%20co%22&f=false
https://www.flickr.com/photos/scavenger49/6753335531
https://philly.newspapers.com/search/#query=ackers+hygeia
https://newspaperarchive.com/philadelphia-inquirer-dec-28-1916-p-3/
http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/hygeia
Research Facts
Finley Acker & Co., makers of Ackers Hygeia, were large grocery stores in Philadelphia from 1882 until 1920. They specialized in teas, coffees, candies, cigars, and various food items including those given the name "Hygeia": flour, buckwheat, and "Snowdrift" (a cereal).
Ackers Weekly was a publication sent out by the store every week to advertise products.
Finley Acker & Co. became known and loved for their delivery system, reasonable prices, and quality of goods.
The name "Hygeia" comes from the Greek goddess of health, and daughter of Asklepios, god of medicine. She is often depicted holding or feeding a snake, the symbol of Asklepios. In Greek, "Hygeia" means "soundness" or "wholeness", and health and hygiene were based around keeping the body sound and whole.
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Feminine Hygienic Syringe Kit 'Tinykit'

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15193
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag i…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag inside the kit; the box contains information printed in blue, white, and red ink including the product title, the patent number, manufacturing information, ordering information, and information about the product; inside the box are a set of instructions printed in black ink on tan paper (f), a white plastic measuring spoon (e), and a tan latex case (c); inside the case are a long white plastic syringe (b), and a yellow latex bag with a white plastic nozzle (d).
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a) box: Length 15.4 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 2.0 cm
b) syringe: Length 13.6 cm X Diameter 1.9 cm
c) case: Length 14.3 cm X Width 2.0 cm X Height 6.1 cm
d) bag: Length 14.0 cm X Width 8.0 cm x Height 3.8 cm
e) measuring spoon: Length 5.9 cm X Width 2.1 cm X Height 1.1 cm
f) instructions: Length 13.9 cm X Width 5.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Shush, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Akron
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Date Remarks
Date based on patent number as well as illustration and graphic style on box.
Material
paper: tan
ink: blue, black, red
latex: tan, yellow
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Shush "tinykit®" // S // FEMININE HYGIENIC SYRINGE // BAG OF DIPPED LATEX WITH // CAPACITY FOR THOROUGH // HYGIENIC CLEANSING // SCIENTIFICALLY // DESIGNED NOZZLE // WITH A SPRAY // THAT GOES UPWARD AND OUTWARD FOR THAT CLEANSING ACTION. // RECOMMENDED BY DOCTORS FOR MAXIMUM HYGIENIC SECURITY. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893 // Complete Feminine Syringe Kit in a water-proof case for home or travel"; printed on back of box: "Shush "tinykit®" // S // Fastidious women everywhere will welcome the new // Shush "tinykit' ... a kit for her most personal // necessities, compactly arranged in a tiny inconspicuous // travel container. She'll appreciate too, a great confidence // in Shush ... for the Shush "tinykit" is scientifically designed // for maximum efficiency. Truly, Shush is the modern answer // to M'Lady's personal daintiness - at home or away. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893"; printed on long sides of box: "Shush "tinykit®" for personal daintiness // SHUSH INC., AKRON, OHIO, U.S.A."; printed on short sides of box: ""tinykit" for M'LADY'S // PERSONAL DAINTINESS"; printed on inside flap of box: "IF UNABLE TO BUY LOCALLY SEND ONE // DOLLAR WITH YOUR NAME AND ADDRESS TO // SHUSH INC., AKRON 8, OHIO // LITHO IN U.S.A."; embossed on case (c): "Shush "tinykit®" // AKRON, OHIO"; raised on measuring spoon (e): "Lysol® // BRAND DISINFECTANT"; printed on instructions sheet (f): "INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE // ADD ONE-HALF TEASPOONFUL (ONE SPOONFUL OF THE ENCLOSED // MEASURING DEVICE) OF LYSOL BRAND DISINFECTANT TO ONE // PINT OF WARM WATER. MIX THOROUGHLY IN SEPARATE // CONTAINER BEFORE POURING INTO BAG. RINSE THE TINYKIT // WITH WATER AFTER USING."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tearing and fraying of cardboard box, paper instructions minorly crumpled.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1943
1980
circa 1944-1980
Category
Surgery, Instrumentation
Hygiene
Classification
General Surgery
Hygiene
Patient Care
Surgery, instrumentation
Accession Number
000018028
Description
Rectangular bar of antiseptic surgical soap, wrapped in cream paper with green text and stripe running vertically along the right and left sides; lists active ingredients, manufacturing information, and instructions for use on the front, back, top, and bottom.sides.
  5 images  
Accession Number
000018028
Category
Surgery, Instrumentation
Hygiene
Classification
General Surgery
Hygiene
Patient Care
Surgery, instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Hygiene
Surgery
Soaps
Antisepsis
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Rectangular bar of antiseptic surgical soap, wrapped in cream paper with green text and stripe running vertically along the right and left sides; lists active ingredients, manufacturing information, and instructions for use on the front, back, top, and bottom.sides.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Originally owned by the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital.
Maker
Jules R. Gilbert Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1943
1980
circa 1944-1980
Date Remarks
Based on patent date, dihydroxyhexachlorodiphenyl was created and the existence of Jules R. Gilbert Ltd.
Material
paper: tan
ink: green
soap
Inscriptions
Printed on top: "Surgene // (HEXACHLOROPHENE) // SURGICAL SOAP // ANTISEPTIC"; printed on front side: "ESPECIALLY RECOMMENDED // TO REDUCE BACTERIA // CONTAMINATION OF ALL // BODY SURFACES"; printed on bottom: "ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: // DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL // METHANE (HEXACHLOROPHENE) // 2% ANHYDROUS SOAP // WEIGHT 4 OUNCES // JULES R. GILBERT LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // MADE IN CANADA // PAT. 1943 // 1-1082 // (L)-9-u"; printed on back: "DAILY USE REGULARLY // PROVIDES MAXIMUM // ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
8.0 cm
Width
5.5 cm
Depth
2.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some minor discoloured spots on paper
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Catalogue
"The Medical Tour" website
Google Books
Reference Comments
"American Hospital Supply Catalogue (C30)," AHSC (Canada) Ltd., 1964 (item #13600)
https://www.nytimes.com/1972/09/24/archives/germicide-limit-stirs-confusion-store-managers-unsure-on.html
https://www.nytimes.com/1971/12/07/archives/fda-warns-on-hexachlorophene-bath-fda-warns-on-daily-baths-in.html
https://books.google.ca/books?id=kgcEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA21&lpg=PA21&dq=%22DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL%22&source=bl&ots=excY1AomtG&sig=ACfU3U3o5xTrBmiBZGHT0HPOVQ-a-8QIjA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwitho_J-9fiAhVomK0KHV-KDO4Q6AEwAXoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22DIHYDROXYHEXACHLORODIPHENYL%22&f=false
Research Facts
Dihydroxyhexachlorodiphenyl is a chemical compound created during the Second World War as an antiseptic. It was made to kill bacteria and smell nice. Because its name was so long, it was often shortened to hexachlorophene.
In 1971, the American Food and Drug Administration warned against using products with more than 3% hexachlorophene, as it was shown to have been susceptible to being absorbed through the skin into the bloodstream and causing damage to the white matter of the brain. In 1972, the American FDA halted the production of products containing more than one percent hexachlorophene. Canada did not issue the same precautions.
Formerly known as the Eastern Hospital for the Insane, the Brockville Psychiatric Hospital opened in 1894; in 1903 the School of Nursing opened with one student who was given a two year course in nursing the mentally ill, this was one of Ontario's first nursing programs to specialize in psychiatric care; early in the 20th Century, the population expanded to 800 patients with as many as 100 patients at work on the grounds daily, the facility had a bakery, farm, garden, and a variety of shops including a butcher, tailor and carpenter (none of which are operational today); systems of treatment used throughout the years consisted of hydrotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy and vocational therapy; in 2000 the hospital was officially transferred from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care to the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group.
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Colgate Elephant Laundry Bar

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15155
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
Accession Number
010042001
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042001
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Soaps
Laundering
Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital KingstonSchool of Nursing School, Grad 1962.
Maker
Colgate-Palmolive Limited
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Date Remarks
Based on the year the Colgate-Palmolive company got its name and the time Constance Cox was a nurse, as well as the general dwindling use of laundry bar soap.
Material
soap: tan
Inscriptions
Embossed on bar: "COLGATE // ELEPHANT // LAUNDRY BAR // COLGATE-PALMOLIVE // LIMITED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
10.0 cm
Width
6.4 cm
Height
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Soap drying out and chipping along edges, especially the edge directly below the words "LAUNDRY BAR".
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://web.archive.org/web/20060513062621/http://www.colgate.com/app/Colgate/US/Corp/History/1931.cvsp
Research Facts
Colgate began when a man named William Colgate started a starch, soap, and candle business in New York in 1806. In 1953, Colgate-Palmolive became the company's official name.
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Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15216
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a ca…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Suppositories
Vagina
Hygiene
Antisepsis
Deodorants
Gynaecology
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a cardboard divider (c) folded equally five times accordion style; inside a fold of the divider is a vaginal suppository (d) sealed in grey metal foil; the suppository is shaped like a semi-flattened cone; in the bottom of the box below the divider is a flat sheet of card with "NORFORMS" printed in brown in the centre of one side.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - cover: Length 8.1 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 4.3 cm
b - box: Length 8.0 cm X Width 3.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
c - divider: Length 7.8 cm X Width 4.2 cm X Height 3.0 cm
d - suppository: Length 3.4 cm X Width 3.8 cm X Height 0.8 cm
e - card: Length 7.4 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Norwich Pharmacal Company, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Paris
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Date Remarks
Based on the registration of the trademark "Norforms" in Canada and the Smithsonian's record of a package of Norforms.
Material
paper: tan
ink: red, gold, brown
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on top of cover (a): "Norforms®"; printed on front of cover: "ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // Each Norforms is hermetically sealed to avoid leakage. // Norforms are of proper consistency for use at average // temperatures. In very hot weather keep in a cool place, or // hold, before unwrapping, under cold water for a few // minutes. // 50 // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL"; printed on bottom of cover (some words obscured by water damage): "NORFORMS // ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // EACH NORFORM [...] // Phenylmercuric Acetate [...] thonium // Chloride 0.2%, Methylparab [...] dispers- // ible base. // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL // NORWICH PHARMACAL COMPANY, LTD., PARIS, CANADA // 13-03-60 // LOT NO. 1020"; printed on side of box (some words obscured by water damage, but the French side of the box reveals what they are): "6 // NEW, IMPROVED // NORFORMS® // Norwich ® // FOR MEDICINAL // PURPOSES ONLY // INSTRUCTIONS INSIDE"; printed on suppository package (d): "NORFORMS"; printed on card (e):" NORFORMS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some water damage on outer box; printing in these spots has been washed away and is no longer readable, especially on the bottom of the box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazine
Reference Comments
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company.html
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company_20.html
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Norforms Antiseptic Deodorant Suppositories, catalogue number 1986.0198.037: https://www.si.edu/object/nmah_738638
Government of Canada, Canadian Trademarks Database, NORFORMS — 0200962: http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/opic-cipo/trdmrks/srch/viewTrademark.html?id=200962&lang=eng
Jet (magazine), 10 Dec 1959, Vol XVII, no. 7, page 1: https://books.google.ca/books?id=vK4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=norforms+antiseptic+vaginal+suppositories&source=bl&ots=DP_igBSM_X&sig=ACfU3U2inkjqlPbh-Gtw5x-NIL_vZ1Wckg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj5xLHTi6jjAhWoZd8KHSbKDqw4ChDoATABegQIBxAB#v=onepage&q=norforms%20antiseptic%20vaginal%20suppositories&f=false
Wikipedia, Phenymercury acetate, last edited 23 December, 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylmercury_acetate
Research Facts
Norforms were intended to protect the vaginal tract from germs. They were used by manner of inserting the suppository into the vagina, where it would melt at body temperature. Advertisements claimed that the suppositories would not harm delicate tissues and that they were tested and proved in hospital clinics. They were also intended to eliminate odours. Today, the ingredients may be considered dangerous because of the presence of phenylmercuric acetate, which contains mercury.
The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in Norwich, N.Y. by Rev. Mr. Lafayette Moore in 1885, and began from a small basket of pills and the equipment to make them. This company was the first to use the word "pharmacal", not technically an English word at the time, but one which grew popular because of their use of it.
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Lysol Brand Disinfectant

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15220
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Disinfectant
Disinfection
First Aid
Home Health
Hygiene
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on one side and English on the other; the top and bottom of the box are red, and the top contains the product name printed in white, as well as residue from a sticker and the number 89; the bottle (b) is nearly full of a liquid and is brown glass with a yellow metal screw cap; the glass is almost flat on the two largest sides, and contains small decorative ridges in the glass; the smaller sides of the bottle are more rounded and the bottle tapers inward so that it is thinner in the middle than at the top and bottom; the bottom of the bottle contains three raised symbols; the bottle's label is an inverted triangle, printed in French on one side of the bottle and in English on the other; the label contains the product name, its purpose, usage directions, amount, warnings, and manufacturing information.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Length 5.4 cm X Width 2.9 cm X Height 11.4 cm
b - bottle - Length 4.9 cm X Width 2.5 cm X Height 11.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Drug Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Aurora
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Date Remarks
Date based on advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32, and when Sterling Drugs acquired Lysol.
Material
paper: tan
glass: brown
ink: red, white, black, yellow
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // DEEP CLEANS // Walls · Floors · Kitchens // · Sickrooms · Baby's room // · Porcelain · Linoleum // · Bathrooms · Woodwork // · Floor tiles · Refuse // pails · Diaper pails // 2 OUNCES // CONCENTRATED // MAKES // MORE THAN // 1 // GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION // *TRADE MARK REG."; printed on side of box: "Lysol // TRADE MARK REG. // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // DESTROYS DISEASE // GERMS AND ODOUR- // CAUSING BACTERIA // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION — Toi- // lets, Floors, Walls, etc. Add // 3 tablespoonfuls to each // gallon of water. // DIAPERS — Soak diapers in // solution of 3 tablespoonfuls // to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID — Cuts, scratches // — Add 1 teaspoonful to 1 // cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFICIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd., Aurora, Ont. // C82B"; printed on label of bottle: "L46B // Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // *Trade Mark Reg. // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION- Toilets, Floors, Walls, etc. // Add 3 tablespoonfuls to each gallon of water. // DIAPERS- Soak diapers in solution of 3 table- // spoonfuls to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID- Cuts, scratches- Add 1 teaspoonful // to 1 cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFIECIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd. // Aurora, Ont. // 2 FLUID OUNCES // NEVER USE UNDILUTED // CONCENTRATED // MAKES MORE THAN // 1 GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor sticker residue and scratching on top of box; minor scratching and liquid damage on bottom of box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, newspapers
Reference Comments
Advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32: https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/77091686/.
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
https://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/sterling-drug-inc
"Fight Spanish Influenza With Daily Disinfection" (advertisement). The New York Times. 30 October 1918, p. 9. (Accessed via ProQuest, New York Times (1857–Current file), Document ID 97039401)
Research Facts
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
Lysol was advertised in 1918 as a way to fight the Spanish Flu Pandemic; it was recommended that everything in contact with flu patients, including their rooms, be cleaned with Lysol to prevent the spread of the disease.
Lysol contains phenol, another term for carbolic acid, an early disinfectant employed by Joseph Lister.
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Rexall Hygienic Powder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15224
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Wound Healing
Gynecology
Hygiene
Powders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacy
Home Health
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the product inside a decorative printed dark blue border on a dark blue background; below this on a light blue background is a short description of the product's qualities and ingredients, and below this is the manufacturing information on a dark blue border; the side of the box contains directions on the use of the product and its quantity; the other two sides of the box contain the same information in French; the jar is of clear glass, nearly full of white powder; there is a cream coloured paper label which goes around the whole jar; the label's print is all in dark blue, and is of the same design and contains the same information in both English and French (except the front panel with the product name, which is only listed in English) as the box.; the jar has a metal screw cap painted white, and the bottom of the jar contains raised symbols in the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a- box: Length 6.5 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 12.7 cm
b- jar: Height 11.6 cm X Diameter 5.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Date Remarks
Based on design and Rexall history
Material
paper: tan, cream
ink: light blue, dark blue, white
metal: yellow
glass: clear
powder: white
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // D 432"; printed on front of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // Non-irritating // Cleansing // and // Soothing // Contains selected qualities of // Boric Acid, Borax, Bicarbon- // ate of Soda, Thymol, Menthol, // Methyl Salicylate and Eucal- // yptol in well balanced pro- // portions. // REXALL DRUG CO. // LIMITED. // TORONTO, // CANADA."; printed on side of box: "DIRECTIONS // As a Gargle, or as a // cleansing dressing for // minor skin injuries: // Dissolve one heaping tea- // spoonful in a glass of // water. // As a Spray for use in an // Atomizer: Dissolve one - // half teaspoonful in a glass // of water. // As a douche for fountain // syringe: Dissolve one // heaping tablepoonful in // two quarts of warm water. // Use at a comfortable tem - // perature. // Repeat as necessary. // 5 Ounces D 432".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
https://newscenter.dollargeneral.com/news/dollar-general-to-be-exclusive-retailer-of-rexall-brand-products.htm
LIFE magazine, 5 May, 1952, page 157: https://books.google.ca/books?id=HVYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=%22rexall+hygienic+powder%22&source=bl&ots=h5UvB6SRUY&sig=ACfU3U3x_jY6yeg-_uHeMScmzNGHUefZ7A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiCzZzg4ozjAhWXXc0KHVtICOEQ6AEwDXoECAUQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22rexall%20hygienic%20powder%22&f=false
Research Facts
In 1952, Rexall Hygienic Powder sold for 65 cents,
Rexall began in the United States in 1902 in Boston, and expanded throughout the country during the early 20th century. Rexall went under in 1986 in the United States, but remains a brand name there and a chain of Drug Stores in Canada.
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Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15247
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Electricity
Hygiene
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with white fabric and "Lady Sunbeam" is printed in the centre in gold print; the shaver (b) is slightly trapezoidal in shape, and rounded near the bottom where there is a hole for the cream cord (c) to plug into; the shaver is mainly made of pink plastic, with a metal comb end cut differently on each side; on the legs side of the shaver, the middle of the shaver is clear plastic over a white plastic design of curly lines, and in the centre of this is a gold line design over a small lightbulb; in the case with the shaver are the rubber cord wrapped in a pink elastic (d), a small cleaning brush (e) with a metal stem and tan bristles, arranged on one end like a paint brush and on the other end like a toilet brush; there is also an instruction booklet (f) which details how to properly use and clean the shaver; it is printed in white, black, grey, and pink ink and contains illustrations; one end of the booklet is French and the other is in English, and they meet in the middle of the booklet.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - case: Length 14.2 cm X Width 11.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
b - shaver: Length 7.7 cm X Width 6.8 cm X Height 3.1 cm
c - cord (when coiled): Length 10.3 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
d - elastic: Height 1.5 cm X Diameter 3.5 cm
e - brush: Length 8.3 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 0.5 cm
f - booklet: Length 10.6 cm X Width 8.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sunbeam Corporation (Canada) Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Date Remarks
Based on advertising for the product
Material
vinyl: tan
metal: brass, brown, grey
fabric: cream, green
plastic: pink, white, gold, clear
paper: tan
rubber: cream, pink
bristles: tan
ink: gold, pink, white, black, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on inside of case (a): "Lady Sunbeam"; engraved on shaver (b): "FOR LEGS // FOR UNDERARMS"; raised on shaver: "Lady Sunbeam // MODEL LS5-1 110-120 V 5W // AC ONLY 60 CYCLES // PATENTED // UL // LISTED 422A // .08 AMPS LR-28688 CSA // MX"; embossed on cord (c): "SCHICK"; printed on booklet (f), cover: "Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // built-in light gives added // convenience and // comfort in // grooming // FOR LEGS // See inside for // suggestions on how // to obtain the best possible // results from your Lady Sunbeam"; printed on inside pages of booklet: "only the // Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // has the exclusive MICRO-TWIN HEAD // Now, you have the convenience and comfort of // an exclusive built-in light which affords the // ultimate in modern grooming ease. // And you'll enjoy new freedom from nicks, // cuts, and razor burns this safe, gentle, electric // way. // The Lady Sunbeam has a shaving head with // one edge especially ground to shave the legs, // and the other edge especially ground for under- // arm use. It is small as a "compact" and ends // muss and fuss, nicks and cuts of soap and // blade. The Lady Sunbeam's gentle, sure per- // formance gives you a new easy way to keep // neat, fresh and dainty. Wonderful at home, or // for traveling."; page 2: "this side for close, // clean leg shaving // this side for // underarm shaving // For use on 110-120 volt 60 cycle alternating current (A.C. only)"; page 3: "how to use // For best results hold the // Lady Sunbeam at an angle // with comb teeth flat // against the skin as shown. // Move the shaver against // the grain. Use short // strokes and apply only // light pressure. Pressing // too hard prevents hairs // from entering the shaver. // Completely shave one // small area at a time. // SKIN SURFACE // CORRECT // SKIN SURFACE // INCORRECT"; page 4: "your Lady Sunbeam // FOR LEGS // Make sure the skin is // clean and perfectly dry. // Move the shaver slowly, // at an angle as shown. // Shave with light short // strokes. Shave a small // area at a time. DO NOT // PRESS. // FOR UNDERARMS // It is recommended you // trim very long underarm // hair before shaving with // the Lady Sunbeam. In hot // weather you may wish to // use dusting powder before // shaving. If you do use // powder, you should clean // the shaver more frequently // as explained on page 7."; page 5/6: "care of your lady sunbeam shavemaster // FOR LEGS // FOR LEGS // removing // the comb // guard // Remove the plastic comb guard as // shown. Replace this guard after each // use to protect the comb. // attaching // the cord // When you attach the cord after plug- // ging in, the Lady Sunbeam will start // automatically, and the light will go // on. The special plug fits into place // easily. For use on 110-120 volt 60 // cycle alternating current—AC only. // cleaning // After each use, blow on the shaving // comb to remove loose hair. Use the // brush to clean comb teeth. Occasion- // ally, clean the head thoroughly. To // do this, lift the comb from shaver // with thumb and forefinger. Allow // cutter blade to slide out of the comb // and clean comb and cutter with the // small brush."; page 7/8: "important! to re-assemble, follow instructions closely // CUTTER CAN BE INSERTED IN COMB // FROM ONE SIDE ONLY // CUTTER // COMB // IF HEAD WILL // NOT LOCK // INTO SHAVER // REVERSE ENDS // re-assemble comb and cutter // After cleaning the head, re-insert the cutter // completely in the comb. The cutter can be // inserted in the comb only from one end. Do not // force the cutter in the comb. If you find obstruc- // tion, reverse cutter. // placing comb and cutter // in shaver // Replace the head in the shaver and apply pressure // at both ends of the head, so that it locks into // position. If the head will not easily lock into // place it is in the wrong position and should be // reversed. Be careful not to apply excessive // pressure on the head when it is in the wrong // position, as you will damage the shaver. Oiling // the Lady Sunbeam is unnecessary. // Should your light burn out, it can be replaced // at your nearest Sunbeam Service Station."; page 9: "guarantee // Upon receipt of the guarantee registration // card packed with this appliance your Lady // Sunbeam Shavemaster Shaver is guaranteed // for one (1) year against electrical and me- // chanical defects in material and workman- // ship, which will be repaired or parts replaced // free of charge during this period. The guar- // antee does not cover damage caused by mis- // use, negligence, or use on current or voltage // other than that stamped on the appliance. // This guarantee is in lieu of any other war- // ranty either expressed or implied. If service // is required, send the appliance prepaid to // the nearest Sunbeam Appliance Service // Company branch shown on the enclosed list. // Please write a letter explaining the nature of // your difficulty. // Sunbeam CORPORATION (CANADA) LIMITED // 220 Islington Avenue South, Toronto 18, Canada // ® Sunbeam, Lady Sunbeam, Micro-Twin // Printed in Canada Design Patent D-176,406 Form No. 153-0951".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration and staining on outside of case; the small end of the cord contains a green substance; the brush is slightly bent, the shaver blade is a bit rusty on the legs side.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Handbook of Buying Issue, Consumers' Research, Incorporated, 1963-1964, Consumer Bulliten Annual: https://books.google.ca/books?id=dWAkAQAAMAAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=
Life Mangazine, 28 Nov 1960, 120 pages, Vol. 49, No. 22, ISSN 0024-3019, page 112: https://books.google.ca/books?id=0U0EAAAAMBAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s
United States Patent Office, Des. 176,406, Patented Dec. 20, 1955, Electric Shaver:https://patents.google.com/patent/USD176406S/en?oq=d176%2c406
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
"Hair Trimmer Comb: Barber-ism Begins At Home", by bohus, October 7th, 2010: https://www.retrothing.com/2010/10/hair-trimmer-comb-barber-ism-begins-at-home.html
Research Facts
In the Annual Consumer Bulliten for 1963-1964, the Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster was said to have cost $12.95, and given "average performance", and was "quiet, but some vibration".
Patented in 1955 by Robert O. Ernest and Ivar Jepson for the Sunbeam Corporation.
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
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Remington Princess Shaver

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15249
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Patient Care
Hygiene
Home Health
Accession Number
015011013 a-e
Description
Remington Princess Electric Shaver (b) in blue plastic case (a); the case stands on two edges raised on the bottom, and it opens outward, allowing a second compartment near the bottom to open; the front is decorated with flowery patters printed in silver and blue ink, and the name of the shaver is …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011013 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Patient Care
Hygiene
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Dermatology
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Electricity
Description
Remington Princess Electric Shaver (b) in blue plastic case (a); the case stands on two edges raised on the bottom, and it opens outward, allowing a second compartment near the bottom to open; the front is decorated with flowery patters printed in silver and blue ink, and the name of the shaver is raised in silver on the front of the bottom compartment; the back of the case is embossed with a flowery pattern but no ink; inside the case, there is an indentation in which the shaver fits, with a lip on the bottom of the indentation; the shaver has the same pattern printed on one side as is on the front of the case; the company name is raised on the other side; embossed on the bottom around the electrical outlet for the cord is the manufacturing and model information; in the sides of the shaver are two black plastic tabs, which, when squeezed, release the comb (c); the comb is made of metal and has tabs on the sides which can be slid between the printed words "LEGS" and "ARMS"; there are numerous tiny slits in the metal, and the interior pieces slide across inside; the cord (d) is stored in the bottom compartment of the case, and is cream coloured, with prongs for a regular outlet on one side and a rubber piece with the holes to match the outlet on the shaver on the other side; the brush (e) is also stored in the bottom compartment, and is made of a twisted stem of metal with bristles arranged like a paint brush on one end and a toilet brush on the other.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - case: Length 7.0 cm X Width 10.0 cm X Height 16.2 cm
b - shaver: Length 2.8 cm X Width 6.3 cm X Height 7.5 cm
c - comb: Length 4.2 cm X Width 2.6 cm X Height 1.0 cm
d - cord: Length 215.0 cm X Width 2.0 cm X Height 1.2 cm
e - brush: Length 10.1 cm X Width 1.5 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Remington
Site Made (Country)
France
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Date Remarks
Based on advertisements for product
Material
plastic: blue, cream, black
metal: grey, brown
ink: black, blue, pink, silver
rubber: cream
bristles: tan
Inscriptions
Raised on case (a): REMINGTON // PRINCESS"; raised / embossed on shaver (b): "REMINGTON // MODEL CL-50 // MADE IN FRANCE // 300A UL® LISTED // 8W..60 Hz // 110-125 VAC ONLY"; printed on comb (c): "LEGS // ARMS // LEGS // ARMS"; raised on cord (d): "15A-125V // PWC // 4 // PWC // S".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Brush slightly bent; minor stains and discolouration on plastic case and shaver
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazines, book
Reference Comments
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
Life Magazine, 6 May 1957, 204 pages, Vol. 42, No. 18, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 153: https://books.google.ca/books?id=KD8EAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 9 Dec 1957, 174 pages, Vol. 43, No. 24, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, pages 30-31: https://books.google.ca/books?id=xlUEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 1 Apr 1957, 150 pages, Vol. 42, No. 13, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 48-49: https://books.google.ca/books?id=7kwEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 20 Dec 1968, 90 pages, Vol. 65, No. 25, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 57: https://books.google.ca/books?id=rVIEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Canada Law Reports: Exchequer Court of Canada, Volume 59, Canada. Exchequer Court, F. A. Acland, printer to the King, 1960, page 463: https://books.google.ca/books?id=Mf4uAAAAIAAJ&dq=%22remington+princess%22+shaver&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=
Research Facts
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
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