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Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2311
Dates
1919
1930
circa 1919 - 1930
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
Accession Number
996001232
Description
Tan hollow, cylindrical wooden pill container which originally contained kidney-liver pills; the original seal has been broken and the top is removable; paper label on bottle with printed product information.
  5 images  
Accession Number
996001232
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Tan hollow, cylindrical wooden pill container which originally contained kidney-liver pills; the original seal has been broken and the top is removable; paper label on bottle with printed product information.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased in Toronto in Feb.1994.
Maker
Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Oakville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1919
1930
circa 1919 - 1930
Material
wood: tan
paper: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "DR. A. W. CHASE'S // Kidney-Liver Pills // Directions:" (dosage information follows); printed in English and French; "No. 4972 Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act // Manufactured by // Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited // THE Sole Distributors // DR. A. W. CHASE MEDICINE CO. // OAKVILLE, CAN. Limited"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Depth
6.3
Diameter
2.7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
There is some minor staining on the lid; the container has been opened and the contents are missing; the paper label has minor wrinkling on one section
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Book
Reference Comments
"Dr. Chase's Recipes or Information for Everybody" (1862 edition), by A. W. Chase M.D.
Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
Medication for liver and kidney -- a regulator of the liver, kidneys and bowels.
Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries.
In 1904, the original product line included Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, Liver Cure, Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
Images
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Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney and Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2346
Dates
1919
1930
circa 1919 - 1930
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
Accession Number
996001267
Description
Cylindrical cardboard container and lid with Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney & Liver pills; sealed with a single sheet of printed yellow paper; wrapper has product information listed on it.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001267
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Cylindrical cardboard container and lid with Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney & Liver pills; sealed with a single sheet of printed yellow paper; wrapper has product information listed on it.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection; purchased in Toronto in Feb.1994.
Maker
The Dr. A. W. Chase Medicine Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Oakville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1919
1930
circa 1919 - 1930
Material
wood: beige
paper: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
Wrapper reads, "DR. A. W. CHASE'S // K & L KIDNEY & LIVER PILLS // BACKACHE // due to // URINARY // IRRITATION // or BLADDER // DISCOMFORT // CONSTIPATION // INDIGESTION // BILIOUSNESS // and HEADACHE // due to // CONSTIPATIION // ONE PILL A DOSE [in English and French]. No. 4972 PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // THE DR. A. W. CHASE Medicine Co. Ltd. // OAKVILLE, CANADA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Length
6.4
Diameter
2.8
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
The container is sealed and unopened; outside paper wrapper minor wear, all writing is legible
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Book
Reference Comments
"Dr. Chase's Recipes or Information for Everybody" (1862 edition), by A. W. Chase, M.D.
Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
Used to treat urinary irritation and constipation
Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries.
In 1904, the original product line included Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, Liver Cure, Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017.
Images
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Dr. A. W. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8651
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1991.17.82 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Tan wooden cylindrical box (a) and lid (b); yellow paper label around box; directions and manufacturing information printed with black ink in English and French.
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. R. Josephson of Toronto.
Maker
Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Oakville
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1904
1930
circa 1904 - 1930
Material
wood: tan
paper: yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label: "DR. A. A. CHASE'S // KIDNEY- // LIVER PILLS // DIRECTIONS: // One pill at bedtime as often as // required. If a stronger purgative is // desired, take two pills. if too // strong divide the pill in half. // As a regulator of the liver, // kidneys and bowels, and pre- // ventive of serious disease, take // one pill once or twice a week. // One Pill a Dose"; repeates in French; "No.4972 Proprietary or Patent // Medicine Act // Manufactured by // Edmanson, Bates & Co. Limited // Sole Distributors // THE // DR. A. W. CHASE MEDICINE CO."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-5 Row E
Length
6.0
Diameter
2.7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor staining of label
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries.
Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
Images
Less detail

Carter's Little Liver Pills

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15192
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
Accession Number
016002004
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered …
  5 images  
Accession Number
016002004
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Home Health Care
Classification
General Treatment
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Treatment
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmaceuticals
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- vial
Description
Small circular glass vial of Carter's Little Liver Pills with red paper label that surrounds the vial; the label contains the price, manufacturing information, title, amount, uses, and directions printed in black ink; inside the vial are two small, round cream-coloured pills; the vial is stoppered with a small cork at the neck end of the vial.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Carter Products, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1908
1959
circa 1908-1959
Date Remarks
Date based on the year of the Proprietary or Patent Medicine Act (1908) and Carter's Little Liver Pills were renamed Carter's Little PIlls in 1959
Material
glass: clear
paper: tan
ink: red, black
cork: tan
pills: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on paper label: "No. 4490 PROPRIETARY // OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT // CARTER'S // LITTLE // LIVER // PILLS //. REGISTERED // TRADE MARK // FOR // HEADACHE // DIZZINESS // BAD BREATH // DUE TO // CONSTIPATION // Directions for Adults:- 1 to 2 Pills after each // meal and at bedtime. For Occassional Consti- // pation 2 to 4 Pills at bedtime. // Dose pour Adultes:- 1 a 2 Pilules apres chaque // repas et le soir au coucher. Pour Constipation // Passagere 2 a 4 Pilules le soir au coucher. // Price // 25 Cents // CARTER PRODUCTS, INC. // TORONTO, CANADA // 40 // PILLS // MADE IN CANADA".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row A
Length
6.1 cm
Diameter
1.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor scratching of label.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Journal Articles
Reference Comments
https://www.southernliving.com/culture/carters-little-liver-pills
https://web.archive.org/web/20080821131531/http://www.cannabisculture.com/backissues/apr95/cside4.html
https://www-jstor-org.proxy.queensu.ca/stable/20252214?pq-origsite=summon&seq=3#metadata_info_tab_contents
https://www.rexall.ca/articles/view/2903/Carters-Little-Pills
Research Facts
Carter's Little Liver Pills were developed in 1868 by Samuel J. Carter from Erie, Pennsylvania.
In 1959, the United States Federal Trade Commission forced Carter's Little Liver Pills to undergo a name change after it was found around 1943 that the pills had nothing to do with the liver. After this, they became simply "Carter's Little Pills", and spawned a saying popular in the American South "He has more ___ than Carter has little pills" (the saying previously went "more than Carter has little liver pills").
Carter's Little Liver Pills were often advertised as a cure-all; a remedy for distress from dyspepsia, indigestion, and too hearty eating, and a remedy for dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, bad taste in the mouth, coated tongue, pain in the side; they regulate the bowels and prevent constipation and piles.
In 1911, the ingredients of Carter's Little Liver Pills were listed in the British Medical Journal as sugar, grain, aloes (Barbados), podophyllin, powdered licorice root, wheat starch.
Today, Carter's Little Pills still exist, and the ingredients are bisacodyl USP 5 mg, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, carnauba wax, cellulose, gelatin, kaolin, magnesium stearate, methacrylic acid copolymer, polyethylene glycol pregelatinized starch, silicon dioxide, sucrose, talc, titanium dioxide, and white wax.
Another mucilaginous herb that helps to soothe inflammation, licorice root is great for all sorts of coughs. Its mucilaginous properties make it great for dry irritated membranes, while it's also a natural expectorant, making it great for helping rid a wet productive cough of all the phlegm. Licorice root is also used in many syrups to help sweeten the flavor due to some of the bitter tasting herbs that many syrups contain.
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Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15184
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liq…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009002 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Jaundice
Headache -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Description
Transparent rounded rectangular based glass Dreco Stomach Tonic and Alternative bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical grey metal screw cap, beige and navy rectangular cardboard box (b) with removable brown rectangular corrugated cardboard box liner (c); bottle three quarters full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls with product name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external lug type thread; rectangular push-up, circular mold mark, and manufacturer information embossed on bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; rectangular white and navy paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label with information and directions in French on back; cap has vertical indents on sides and flat top; box has product information and directions in English on front and proper left side and in French on back and proper right sides bordered in decorative geometric patterns; corrugated liner folded into rectangular box shape with open top and bottom ends.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 21.1 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 3.7 cm
b – box – Length 25.1 cm Width 8.0 cm Depth 4.5 cm
c – box liner – Length 16.5 cm Width 7.7 cm Depth 4.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Dreco Co. of Canada Limited
Dates
1928
1940
circa 1928 - 1094
Date Remarks
Dominion Glass Company trademarked D-in-diamond logo on the bottom of the bottle in 1928; no date marks present, were first introduced by Dominion in 1940
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, white
ink: navy
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “DRECO // AN EFFECTIVE TONIC // AND ALTERNATIVE // A splendid Remedy for disorders arising from slug- // gish action or functional in- // activity of the liver, kidneys // and bowels. // DIRECTIONS // Take one tablespoonful three time a // day, best taken before meals. If it // acts too freely on the bowels, lessen // the dose: if it does not act free enough, // increase the dose. For children about // 12 years old, a tablespoonful three times // a day. // No. 9280. PROPRIETARY AND PATENT MEDICINE ACT // Distributed by // The DRECO CO. of CANADA // LIMITED. // BALTIMORE, U. S. A. and // MONTREAL, Canada.”; embossed on right and left sides of bottle: “DRECO”; embossed on bottom of bottle: “D”; printed on front of box: “DRECO // No. 9280 The Proprietary and Patent Medicine Act. // A // STOMACH TONIC // and ALTERNATIVE // A splendid remedy // for disorders arising // from sluggish action // or functional inac- // tivity of the liver, // kidneys and bowels. // PRICE $1.25 // DISTRIBUTED BY // Dreco Co. of Canada // LIMITED // MONTREAL, CANADA // also at // BALTIMORE U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “DRECO – For chronic constipation, biliousness, jaundice, sick headache lassitude and other disorders arising from chronic // inactivity of the stomach, liver and bowels. // In therapeutic activity it covers a wider range than that of simple cathartics since its tendency is to restore the organs con- // cerned in elimination of waste products to a state of normal healthy activity. // It is not intended as a purgative and for some persons it is not sufficiently laxative at the beginning. In such cases where // additional laxative action is necessary, we strongly recommend HI – SPEED LAXATIVE TABLETS to be taken in connection // with DRECO. The formula for these tablets was selected with great care in order that the best results possible would be // obtained from Dreco by their supplemental action.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-2 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor corrosion all over cap; minor tears in edges and areas of discolouration on bottom of back bottle label; minor discolouration all over front bottle label; front bottle label separated and creased at bottom; top of box missing; minor discolouration on front of box; major tears in top of box resulting in 6 separate pieces
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions; Dreco was marketed as a treatment for several ailments, including constipation, biliousness, jaundice, and headaches.
The D-in-diamond logo indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company; the logo was introduced in 1928 and markings for dates were introduce in 1940; the lack of date marks suggests the bottle was manufactured between 1928 and 1940.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; ba…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009003 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Food, Formulated
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Empty semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Byno” Phosphates bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, green, white and black rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; yellow, black and white rectangular label with product information and dosage on front; box has product information on front and left side, testimonial on right side, and information for other products on back; small white paper tag with number and price affixed to top of left side; corrugated interior; paper promotional leaflet has 4 pages with illustrations and information for different products.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.5 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.4 cm
b – box – Length 20.4 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 19.2 cm Width 11.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1910
1930
circa 1910 - 1930
Date Remarks
Mold marks from machine go from bottom to top; use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, green, red, blue
cork: tan, dark brown
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD // TRADE “Byno” MARK // Phosphates // TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // COMPOSITION : // Ferri Phosph 1 gr. // Calcii Phosph 1 ½ gr. // Potassii Phosph 1/8 gr. // Sodii Phosph 1/8 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of the well-known Parrish’s // Chemical Food the sugar of the ordinary prepar- // ation, being replaced by the digestive constituents of // “Bynin” Liquid Malt. // It is especially serviceable as a tonic for growing // children and is a valuable restorative in cases of de- // bility, promoting also the digestion of other foods. // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three time a day, with or immediately after food. // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on bottle label: “4390 // Net Contents 10 FL ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // One of the best forms of // administering Iron to // pale and delicate Children // TRADE // MARK // “Byno = // Phosphates” // A MALTED CHEMICAL FOOD. // A modification of the well known - // Parrish’s Chemical Food in which // the Active Malt Extract, Bynin, // replaces the Inert sugar of the // ordinary preparations. It contains // in solution the phosphates of Iron, Lime, Potash and Soda. // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ Liquid Malt // ‘Bynin’ Emulsion // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Glycerophosphates // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, Can. NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box: “ “BYNO” PHOSPHATES is especially serviceable as a general tonic for weekly a[Illeg.] // growing children, and as a restorative in cases of debility, promoting also the digesti[Illeg.] // of all foods.”; hand written of tag on left side; “64056 // $15.00”; printed on right side of box: “The BRITTISH COLONIAL DRUGGIST writes: - “ ‘Byno’ Phosphates is the well- // known Chemical Food with the sugar replaced by the nutrient and digestive constituents // of Liquid Malt. This cannot but be considered a great advance on the ordinary form, as // it presents the additional advantage of digestive aid.” ”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet page include: “ “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”, “ “Byno”- Hypophosphites”, “Trade ‘ BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt” “The ‘Allenburys’ DIET // A complete food rich in brain, nerve // and body building element.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
(c) 2005-5-6 Binder E pg 9 a
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major area of loss on top of cork; minor fading all over bottle label; dark discolouration on top of bottle label; top of box missing; minor tears all over edges of box; major dark staining to top half of box; minor abrasion and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in top and bottom edge of leaflet; minor dark stain of top edge of leaflet; large stain in centre of leaflet on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
“Byno” Phosphates were marketed as a chemical food with added digestive benefits; the proposed benefits were numerous and the product was also specifically marketed as a remedy for children.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wa…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009004 a-c
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- digestive disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- multi-purpose cures -- container
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- headache remedies -- container
Drugs -- advertisements
Drugs -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription -- pamphlet
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
MM= Drug Packaging -- advertisements
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- advertisements
Description
Semi-transparent octagonal based brown glass “Bynin” Amara bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical tan cork closure, light green with black text rectangular cardboard box (b) and rectangular tan paper promotional leaflet (c); bottle has flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; back wall recessed; flat rectangular side walls recessed with company name embossed; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck and cylindrical unthreaded finish; octagonal push-up and circular mold mark on bottom; mold lines on sides from bottom to top and around neck; bottle is almost full of solid mass creating a heavy bottle; bottle has gold white, and black rectangular label with product information and dosages on front; box has product information on front, testimonials on right and left sides, and information for other products on back; promotional leaflet is one sheet folded into six sections with information for other products on both sides in black ink.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 19.6 cm Width 6.9 cm Depth 4.3 cm
b – box – Length 20.3 cm Width 7.8 cm Depth 5.3 cm
c – leaflet – Length 15.1 cm Width 10.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
The Allen & Hanburys Co. Limited
Dates
1890
1950
circa 1890 - 1950
Date Remarks
Box and leaflet have appearance though graphics and text styles to be circa 1890s, use of cork closures not common in non-alcoholic bottles after 1930s and the lable text style and lack of graphics appear from 1950s
Material
glass: brown
paper: tan, light brown, white
ink: black, yellow, light green
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on bottle label: “MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA // “Bynin” Amara // COMPOSITION: // Quinine Phosphate 1 ½ gr. // Iron Phosphate 2 gr. // Nux Vomica Alkaloids equal to // Strychnine Phosphate 1 – 16 gr. // “Bynin” Liquid Malt 1 oz. // A modification of Easton’s Syrup (one fourth the strength) in // which the sugar in the ordinary preparation is replaced by the // flesh – forming nutritive and digestive constituents of BYNIN. // “BYNIN” Amara is a palatable and reliable tonic. It promotes // digestion, increases the appetite, braces up the nervous system, // strengthens the heart beat and circulation, combats anemia and // cachexia. (It is very serviceable in neuralgia and similar nerve // troubles.) // DOSE – A dessertspoonful to a tablespoonful in water // three times a day, with or immediately before food. // This preparation contains a small quantity of Nux Vomica and // must therefore, in conformity with the Pharmacy Act, be labeled // (Poison.) // SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING // MANUFACTURED BY // The Allen & Hanburys Co., Limited // NIAGARA FALLS, N. Y. TORONTO, CAN. // Established London, England, 1715.”; stamped on top of bottle label in blue ink: “Net Contents 10 FL Ounces”; embossed on right and left sides: “ALLEN & HANBURYS”; printed on front of box: “TRADE MARK // A. D. 1715 // A Powerful Tonic // and Digestive // “Bynin” // TRADE MARK // Amara // MALTED PHOSPHATES // WITH QUININE AND NUX VOMICA. // ‘Bynin’ Amara is a combina- // tion of the Phosphates of Iron, Quinine and Strychnine, with the Active Malt Extract, ‘Bynin // It is an excellent // General Tonic // Allen & Hanburys Ltd., // Lombard Street, London, // AND AT // Vere St. Cavendish Square, London, W. // UNITED STATES : Niagara Falls, N. Y. // CANADA : Garrard Street East, Toronto. // AUSTRALASIA : Market St., Sydney. // SOUTH AFRICA : Smith Street, Durban. // COPYRIGHT // NET CONTENTS 10 OZS.”; printed on back of box: “SPECIAL // Malted Combinations // MANUFACTURED BY // Allen & Harburys Co., Ltd., // ‘Bynin,’ liquid malt. // ‘Bynin’ Amara // ‘Byno’ Chrismol // ‘Bynol,’ The ‘Allenburys’ Malt and Oil // ‘Byno Cascada’ // ‘Byno’ Haemoglobin // ‘Byno’ Hypophosphites // ‘Byno’ Phosphates // Allen & Hanburys Co., Ltd., // TORONTO, CANADA // (Established London, Eng., A. D. 1715.)”; printed on left side of box; “THE MEDICAL MAGAZINE writes : - “ ‘Bynin’ Amara is an excellent tonic and its power is // much increased by the nutritive and digestive qualities of that reliable form of Malt which this firm issue // under the name ‘Bynin.’ If ‘Bynin’ Amara proves as useful and as popular as ‘BYNO’ HYPOPHOS- // PHITES, Messrs. Allen and Hanburys must be congratulated on having added two most valuable // preparations to our Therapeutics.” “; printed on right side of box: “The LANCET writes: - “This excellent preparation is a distinct advance on Easton’s Syrup. // Not only does it contain the phosphates and iron, quinine and strychnine unimpaired, but the vehicle for // their palatable administration is, as our experiments have shown, a powerful digestive of farinaceous food. // This vehicle is ‘Bynin’, or Liquid Malt, which exhibits a powerful liquefying and converting action upon // starch. This formula is such as is admirably adapted for the administration of one of the best tonic // combinations known.”; titles printed at top of promotional booklet pages include: “ “Trade ‘BYNOL’ Mark // Cod-Liver Oil and Malt”; “Byno”- Phosphates // An Improved Chemical Food for Children”; “CHRISMOL // An Intestinal Lubricant”; “ ‘Allenbury’ // RUSKS (Malted)”; “The “Allenburys” // Diet // A Light Food // for General Use”; “Byno Chrismol // The “Allenbury’s Malt and Chrismol”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
(a-b) 0010-A3-9 Row C
(c) 2005-5-6 Binder E pg 9 a
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration along mouth of bottle; front label separating from bottle; minor discolouration and scratches to top of cork; top of box missing; large tear top corner on front of box; minor staining on proper left side of box; small white encrustations on front and proper right side of box; minor abrasion, tears, and areas of loss on edges of box; leaflet distorted and creased but stable; minor tears in edges of booklet; large tide marks and white encrustations on all pages
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Tonic.” Cambridge Dictionary. Cambridge University Press, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Peterson, John. “How to Date Antique Glass Bottles.” Our Pastimes, 2017. Accessed 5 June 2019.
“Bottle Dating.” Society For Historical Archaeology, 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Research Facts
Tonics were used to improve ones general well being and were said to improve many different medical conditions.
“Bynin” Amara was marketed as an effective tonic capable of treating many different ailments; the label claims that it strengthens heart rate and circulation, relieves anemia and cachexia, imporves appetite, and treats nervous troubles; the formula contains strychnine and the required designation of “Poison” is printed on the label.
Images
Less detail

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