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Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
Accession Number
018012001
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an il…
  4 images  
Accession Number
018012001
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Ephemera
Hygiene
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Food
Food -- ephemera
Advertisements -- ephemera
Advertisements
Hygiene -- ephemera
Description
Shallow promotional ceramic bowl for Ackers Hygeia, white with blue designs and lettering, and gold rim that has mostly chipped off; the edges of the bowl are scalloped, with blue transferware floral designs all the way around which come towards the centre of the bowl; in the centre, there is an illustration in blue inside a circle, across which a banner stretches reading "ACKERS HYGEIA"; in front of the banner is an illustration of a woman, the Greek goddess Hygeia, dressed in robes, holding a snake, and standing on a pedestal upon which more words are printed; the circle is backgrounded in lighter blue.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Finley Acker & Co.
Site Made (City)
Philadelphia
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1882
1920
circa 1882-1920
Date Remarks
Based on the time in which Finley Acker & Co. existed
Material
ceramic: white
ink: blue, gold
Inscriptions
Printed in middle of bowl: “ACKERS HYGEIA // HYGEIA // PURITY // TRADE // HYGEIA FLOUR // MARK // QUALITY”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D2-8
Height
3.0 cm
Circumference
44.6 cm
Diameter
14.2 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Lightly cleaned
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, books, illustrations.
Reference Comments
https://www.pennypost.org/pdf/farrell/Ackers_FarrellCollection.pdf
https://americanhistory.si.edu/collections/search/object/siris_arc_255514
https://books.google.ca/books?id=kyQWAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA151&lpg=PA151&dq=%22finley+acker+%26+co%22&source=bl&ots=_exq6DsqoX&sig=ACfU3U2ousTMAFMlgfcfQUv1Ua2nEhD26g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiF9vWiwNfiAhUlnq0KHaqbA9QQ6AEwD3oECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22finley%20acker%20%26%20co%22&f=false
https://www.flickr.com/photos/scavenger49/6753335531
https://philly.newspapers.com/search/#query=ackers+hygeia
https://newspaperarchive.com/philadelphia-inquirer-dec-28-1916-p-3/
http://broughttolife.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/hygeia
Research Facts
Finley Acker & Co., makers of Ackers Hygeia, were large grocery stores in Philadelphia from 1882 until 1920. They specialized in teas, coffees, candies, cigars, and various food items including those given the name "Hygeia": flour, buckwheat, and "Snowdrift" (a cereal).
Ackers Weekly was a publication sent out by the store every week to advertise products.
Finley Acker & Co. became known and loved for their delivery system, reasonable prices, and quality of goods.
The name "Hygeia" comes from the Greek goddess of health, and daughter of Asklepios, god of medicine. She is often depicted holding or feeding a snake, the symbol of Asklepios. In Greek, "Hygeia" means "soundness" or "wholeness", and health and hygiene were based around keeping the body sound and whole.
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Colgate Elephant Laundry Bar

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15155
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
Accession Number
010042001
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
  5 images  
Accession Number
010042001
Category
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Patient Care
Nursing
MeSH Heading
Soaps
Laundering
Nursing
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Description
Thick rectangular bar of tan laundry soap; beveled design around perimeter with embossed text in center of front and back.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used by donor’s great aunt, Connie Cox (20 Aug 1939- 5 June 2010), while working at the Kingston Psychiatric Hospital for over 35 years. Ontario Hospital KingstonSchool of Nursing School, Grad 1962.
Maker
Colgate-Palmolive Limited
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1953
2000
circa 1953-2000
Date Remarks
Based on the year the Colgate-Palmolive company got its name and the time Constance Cox was a nurse, as well as the general dwindling use of laundry bar soap.
Material
soap: tan
Inscriptions
Embossed on bar: "COLGATE // ELEPHANT // LAUNDRY BAR // COLGATE-PALMOLIVE // LIMITED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Length
10.0 cm
Width
6.4 cm
Height
2.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Soap drying out and chipping along edges, especially the edge directly below the words "LAUNDRY BAR".
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
https://web.archive.org/web/20060513062621/http://www.colgate.com/app/Colgate/US/Corp/History/1931.cvsp
Research Facts
Colgate began when a man named William Colgate started a starch, soap, and candle business in New York in 1806. In 1953, Colgate-Palmolive became the company's official name.
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disposable surgical gloves

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8532
Dates
1985
1989
circa 1985-1989
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Surgery, Instrumentation
Archival Items
Classification
Patient Care
Archival, Items
General Surgery
Hygiene
Surgery, instrumentation
Accession Number
1989.13.1 a-e
Description
Two pairs of yellowed latex pre-powdered non-sterile disposable surgeon's gloves (c, d) wrapped in wax paper (b) and tucked inside a paper envelope (a); each latex glove is folded into itself in half, with a "7" stamped on one side in black ink; the paper is folded in half and each side is folded i…
  5 images  
Accession Number
1989.13.1 a-e
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Surgery, Instrumentation
Archival Items
Classification
Patient Care
Archival, Items
General Surgery
Hygiene
Surgery, instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Gloves, Surgical
Hygiene
Product Packaging
Disinfection
Sterilization
Description
Two pairs of yellowed latex pre-powdered non-sterile disposable surgeon's gloves (c, d) wrapped in wax paper (b) and tucked inside a paper envelope (a); each latex glove is folded into itself in half, with a "7" stamped on one side in black ink; the paper is folded in half and each side is folded in about 4 and a half centimeters in order to keep the gloves separated inside; when unfolded part way, the paper that covers each glove has a dashed line illustration of a right or left glove; the outside of the wax paper has the company logo and name on both sides printed in black at the top, with a large "7" in the middle, and a warning below; the outer paper package / envelope (a) has blue print on one side with opening instructions printed near the top, the company logo and name below that, followed by the product name and some details about the product, with the manufacturing information printed near the bottom; stamped in black in the spaces are updates on the sterile status of the gloves, as well as some extra information about this particular pair; there is an information sheet printed in colour with photographs of the product and its use (e).
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - outer package: Length 32.0 cm X Width 15.2 cm
b - package (opened flat): Length 51.0 cm X Width 32.0 cm
c-d - gloves (folded): Length 17.7 cm X Width 9.3 cm
e - information sheet: Length 27.9 cm X Width 21.6 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Sterling Rubber Inc. representative.
Maker
Sterling Rubber (1985) Inc.
Site Made (City)
Fergus
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1985
1989
circa 1985-1989
Date Remarks
Date printed on package
Material
paper: white, grey
ink: grey, blue, black, purple
latex: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on wax paper (b): "STERLING // 7 // WARNING: // SURFACE POWDER SHOULD BE // REMOVED PRIOR TO UNDERTAKING // OPERATIVE PROCEDURES IN ORDER // TO MINIMIZE THE RISK OF ADVERSE // TISSUE REACTION"; printed on outer package (a): "PEEL BACK TO OPEN // DÉCOLLEZ POUR OUVRIR // S // STERLING // SURGEONS' GLOVES // DISPOSABLE // GANTS DE CHIRURGIE // STERILE // NON STERILE // PRE-POWDERED // PRÉ-POUDRÉS // Gloves in unopened // and undamaged // package are sterile // Les gants dans cette // enveloppe sont stériles à // condition que l'empaquetage // soit intact // 0425109 // SMOOTH WHITE // BLANC LISSE // B // 7 // EXTRA PROTECTION // Manufactured by / Fabriqué par // STERLING RUBBER (1985) INC. // 675 Woodside Street, Fergus, Ontario Canada N1M 2M4 (519) 843-4032 // Printed in U.S.A. Imprimé au U.S.A."; printed on information sheet front side (e): "SURGICAL // GLOVES // At Sterling, we view surgical // gloves as a fine surgical instru- // ment. They must be complemen- // tary of every move the surgeon // performs. Gloves must work with // the surgeon's fingers - promoting // sensory perception and motor // function. // When developing Sterling // surgical gloves, surgeons told us // that the ideal glove is strong; tear // resistant; yet it may be worn as a // second skin - virtually unnoticed. // We at Sterling believe that // we have achieved the surgical glove // that comes closer than any other // in meeting the surgeon's require- // ments of comfort; sensitivity; // strength and convenience of use. // S // STERLING"; printed on back of information sheet (e): Comfort & Sensitivity // Comfort and sensitivity are // derived from product design // and process formulation. // Sterling surgical gloves // feature a curved finger design // following the natural contours // Curved finger design for comfort // of the hand. The glove supports // each move of the surgeon's // fingers, returning to a natural, // comfortable rest position when // relaxed. // Sterling's unique, latex // formulation offers the surgeon // a glove of incredible softness. // Surgeons have long recognized // Hand inspection ensures quality // that as softness increases, so // does comfort. // Strength // Advanced production techno- // logy enables Sterling to pre- // cisely control the latex thickness // throughout the various areas of // the glove. Since fingertips are // the area of greatest sensitivity, // we maintain latex thinness // there and throughout the rest of // the glove. // A secondary benefit of // Sterling's product formulation // stems from the high purity of // the latex compound. This not // only increases glove strength but // minimizes opportunity for aller- // gic reactions. // To further cuff end strength // and eliminate roll down, Sterling // beads all surgical glove cuffs. // Product Preference // In consideration of surgeons' // expressed product preferences, // Sterling offers surgical gloves // with both smooth and textured // surfaces. // Smooth surgical gloves are // offered in white while textured // surface is offered in both brown // and white colors. All are pro- // duced through the same precise // process to the most exacting // standards. // Convenience // A special powdering process // using bio-absorbable glove // powder dusts each glove thor- // oughly on the inside ... while // leaving the outside virtually // powder free. Surgeons do not // Smooth or deeply textured finish // need to wash gloves after donning. // The donning procedure is // further aided through a gener- // ous size, memory-free, moisture // resistant paper inner wallet // which assists aseptic technique. // Wallets are clearly marked with // size and cuff end identification. // Outer packages are fully // labelled and easy to peel open // with no fibre tear. // Sterling surgical gloves are // packaged 50 pair per box for // easy transportation and storage. // S // STERLING // STERLING RUBBER (1985) INC. // 675 Woodside Street, // Fergus, Ontario, Canada // N1M 2M4 (519) 843-4032".
Permanent Location
(a,b,e): Storage Room 2005
2005-2-3 Box 15
(c,d): Storage Room 0010
0010-D6-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Gloves severely yellowed, colour leaking onto the wax paper; should not unfold gloves in case of brittleness and the plastic separates
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Companylisting.ca, "Sterling Rubber Co. Div. 925285 Ont. Inc.":http://www.companylisting.ca/Sterling_Rubber_Co_Div_925285_Ont_Inc/default.aspx
Past Medical History, "THE HISTORY OF SURGICAL GLOVES", Sep 19, 2018: https://www.pastmedicalhistory.co.uk/the-history-of-surgical-gloves/
Research Facts
Sterling Rubber Company was establised in 1917 and (as of 2016) is Canada's only manufacturer of Latex surgeon's gloves. They also produce sterile procedure gloves, post mortem gloves, and laboratory gloves for sale in Canada and the United States.
In 1889-1890, at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. Nurse Caroline Hampton and Dr. William Stewart Halsted were working with a combination of carbolic acid and mercuric chloride as a disinfectant for surgeries. This produced a dermatitis of Hampton's arms and hands, and so Dr. Halsted, whom she would later marry, had the Goodyear Rubber Company fashion a pair of thin rubber gloves to protect her hands. They worked so well that they soon became used by others in the hospital and outside of it.
In 1964, the first disposable latex medical gloves were created by the Ansell Rubber Company in Australia. Gloves were formerly powdered for ease of use, but powdered gloves were banned in 2016 because their use was linked to post-operative scars and inflammation.
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Feminine Hygienic Syringe Kit 'Tinykit'

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15193
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag i…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018023001 a-f
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
MeSH Heading
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Description
Feminine syringe kit in rectangular cardboard box; the box (a) is printed in blue ink and contains an illustration of a smiling nurse's head on the two largest sides of the box and a blue cross with an "S" in the middle; there is also an illustration on the front of the box of the syringe and bag inside the kit; the box contains information printed in blue, white, and red ink including the product title, the patent number, manufacturing information, ordering information, and information about the product; inside the box are a set of instructions printed in black ink on tan paper (f), a white plastic measuring spoon (e), and a tan latex case (c); inside the case are a long white plastic syringe (b), and a yellow latex bag with a white plastic nozzle (d).
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a) box: Length 15.4 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 2.0 cm
b) syringe: Length 13.6 cm X Diameter 1.9 cm
c) case: Length 14.3 cm X Width 2.0 cm X Height 6.1 cm
d) bag: Length 14.0 cm X Width 8.0 cm x Height 3.8 cm
e) measuring spoon: Length 5.9 cm X Width 2.1 cm X Height 1.1 cm
f) instructions: Length 13.9 cm X Width 5.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Shush, Inc.
Site Made (City)
Akron
Site Made (State)
Ohio
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1954
1970
circa 1954-1970
Date Remarks
Date based on patent number as well as illustration and graphic style on box.
Material
paper: tan
ink: blue, black, red
latex: tan, yellow
plastic: white
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Shush "tinykit®" // S // FEMININE HYGIENIC SYRINGE // BAG OF DIPPED LATEX WITH // CAPACITY FOR THOROUGH // HYGIENIC CLEANSING // SCIENTIFICALLY // DESIGNED NOZZLE // WITH A SPRAY // THAT GOES UPWARD AND OUTWARD FOR THAT CLEANSING ACTION. // RECOMMENDED BY DOCTORS FOR MAXIMUM HYGIENIC SECURITY. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893 // Complete Feminine Syringe Kit in a water-proof case for home or travel"; printed on back of box: "Shush "tinykit®" // S // Fastidious women everywhere will welcome the new // Shush "tinykit' ... a kit for her most personal // necessities, compactly arranged in a tiny inconspicuous // travel container. She'll appreciate too, a great confidence // in Shush ... for the Shush "tinykit" is scientifically designed // for maximum efficiency. Truly, Shush is the modern answer // to M'Lady's personal daintiness - at home or away. // U.S. PATENT 2,664,893"; printed on long sides of box: "Shush "tinykit®" for personal daintiness // SHUSH INC., AKRON, OHIO, U.S.A."; printed on short sides of box: ""tinykit" for M'LADY'S // PERSONAL DAINTINESS"; printed on inside flap of box: "IF UNABLE TO BUY LOCALLY SEND ONE // DOLLAR WITH YOUR NAME AND ADDRESS TO // SHUSH INC., AKRON 8, OHIO // LITHO IN U.S.A."; embossed on case (c): "Shush "tinykit®" // AKRON, OHIO"; raised on measuring spoon (e): "Lysol® // BRAND DISINFECTANT"; printed on instructions sheet (f): "INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE // ADD ONE-HALF TEASPOONFUL (ONE SPOONFUL OF THE ENCLOSED // MEASURING DEVICE) OF LYSOL BRAND DISINFECTANT TO ONE // PINT OF WARM WATER. MIX THOROUGHLY IN SEPARATE // CONTAINER BEFORE POURING INTO BAG. RINSE THE TINYKIT // WITH WATER AFTER USING."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor tearing and fraying of cardboard box, paper instructions minorly crumpled.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
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feminine spray douche

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15219
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from th…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Gynaecology
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from the bottom of the circle to the right edge of the box with white print inside the line; this same logo is on the left side of the box, and there is handwriting on the side of the lid above it, as well as manufacturing and quantity information printed in black on the same side; inside the box lid is also covered in yellow paper with the same logo on it, and above the logo is the Rexall logo in white on a black background, and to the right is an illustration of the product and its parts and how they fit together, along with instructions on how to store them; inside the box is a cardboard cut-out coloured gold which is the shape of the bulb; the bulb (b) fits inside this shape and is made of rubber, with black on the bottom and white on the top; it has a flat bottom and widens in the middle before becoming rounded at the top, with a protrusion at the very top which contains the hole into which the pipe (c) can be screwed on; the pipe has two sets of threading on the end and is made of rubber; the other end of the pipe is slightly bulbous and has a hole in the end; stored under the cardboard cutout in the box is a metal spoon (d) shaped like a ladle with a hooked end and the product name and patent information engraved on the handle; also in the box is a small piece of paper with blue print (e) detailing the directions for the use of the product.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - box: Length 17.4 cm x Width 11.2 cm X Height 7.9 cm
b - bulb: Length 12.6 cm X Diameter 7.7 cm
c - pipe: Length 13.3 cm X Diameter 2.3 cm
d - spoon: Length 10.0 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
e - instructions: Length 10.6 cm X Width 7.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Rexall Drug Company
Site Made (City)
Los Angeles, Boston, St. Louis
Site Made (State)
California, Massachusetts, Missouri
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Date Remarks
Date based on when Rexall became Rexall Drug Company and when the St. Louis plant closed
Material
paper: tan
ink: yellow, pink, white, black, blue, gold
rubber: black, tan
metal: grey
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Hy·da·way // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; handwritten on edge of left side of lid: "KORN // 3 95"; printed on left side of box: "Hy·da·way // R 303 // 8 OZ. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING // REXALL DRUG COMPANY · DISTRIBUTO // LOS ANGELES · BOSTON · ST. LOUIS · TORONTO, CANADA"; printed on inside of box lid: "Rexall // The Hy-Da-Way Swirl Spray Douche is con- // venient for traveling (pipe can be concealed // inside bulb and sealed with cap) and per- // fect for home use. Before using, remove // pipe from inside bulb and fit into assembled // position shown above. // MADE IN U.S.A. // Hy·da·way // Sanitary leakproof cap // After using, clean, // drain, reverse pipe in // bulb as indicated; then // screw cap on tightly. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; embossed on spoon: "Cream Top. // PAT. // SEPT. 2ND 1924 // MAR. 3RD 1925"; printed on instructions sheet: "DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Compress bulb as much as possible and submerge in solution // to be used. Release the bulb slowly. Lift the douche out // of solution, holding it upright, and then press gently on the // bulb until liquid appears at tip of pipe. Then, without re- // leasing the pressure, submerge pipe again, then release // bulb slowly. This should fill the bulb completely. // CAUTION: The user is warned against the use of undue pressure // on the bulb which might result in spreading infection. // Moderate pressure of the solution is sufficient for cleans- // ing. Withdraw nozzle and fluid will flush out quickly. // Greater effectiveness may result if used when reclining. // SP 474 // PRINTED IN U. S. A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box has a strong smell; rubber bulb hardened and discoloured; some bubbling in paper on box; paper instructions minorly crumpled around top left corner.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20151030025534/http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
Justia Trademarks, Hy-Da-Way: https://trademarks.justia.com/720/70/hy-da-way-72070946.html
Chapter 2a, Dating Milk Bottles, © Bill Lockhart 2011; page 15, "Cream-Top Milk Bottles: oterochap2a.pdf
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
Hy-da-way was trademarked by Rexall in 1959 in relation to their Folding Fountain Syringe; another douche-like product.
The Cream Top spoon found with this object was created by Herbert E. Hill for Cream-Top milk bottles, which were bottles with a bulbous top where the cream could rise to and remain; the spoon was created in order to block the opening of the bottle below the bulbous part and prevent milk from escaping when the cream was poured out. It may possibly be present in this douche kit to be used for measuring the cleansing solution.
The cap is missing from this object, but is illustrated inside the lid.
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hair trimmer comb

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15217
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Accession Number
015011014 a-e
Description
Yellow plastic trapezoidal hair trimmer comb with two razor blades, one on each side and both lined with plastic guards meant to comb through hair at two different short lengths such as men's side burns, neck or beard; there are raised letters in the plastic on both flat sides and on the back there…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011014 a-e
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Dermatology
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Description
Yellow plastic trapezoidal hair trimmer comb with two razor blades, one on each side and both lined with plastic guards meant to comb through hair at two different short lengths such as men's side burns, neck or beard; there are raised letters in the plastic on both flat sides and on the back there is a square of plastic which is used to open and close the razor; the razor splits in half so there are two flat yellow pieces inside of which the three razor blades sit, two on one side and one on the other.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - plastic case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 6.3 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - plastic case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 6.3 cm X Height 0.5 cm
c-e - razors: Length 4.3 cm X Width 2.3 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Date Remarks
Based on the inventions of the safety razor and the twin-blade razor.
Material
plastic: yellow
metal: black
ink: green
Inscriptions
Raised on yellow plastic a): "HAIR // MADE IN BRITISH HONG KONG"; raised on yellow plastic b): "TRIMMING // RAZOR CUT // TO OPEN // PRESS & SLIDE LEFT // SIDE BURNS NECK"; printed on razor blades c,d,e): "Old Man // TRADE MARK".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
"Hair Trimmer Comb: Barber-ism Begins At Home", by bohus, October 7th, 2010: https://www.retrothing.com/2010/10/hair-trimmer-comb-barber-ism-begins-at-home.html
Research Facts
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
This hair trimmer comb was meant to be used in order to extend time between hair cuts by simply being combed through the hair to cut off the ends. It cost a dollar or less, and users ran the risk of cutting off much more hair than they originally wished.
Images
Less detail

Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15247
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Electricity
Hygiene
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with white fabric and "Lady Sunbeam" is printed in the centre in gold print; the shaver (b) is slightly trapezoidal in shape, and rounded near the bottom where there is a hole for the cream cord (c) to plug into; the shaver is mainly made of pink plastic, with a metal comb end cut differently on each side; on the legs side of the shaver, the middle of the shaver is clear plastic over a white plastic design of curly lines, and in the centre of this is a gold line design over a small lightbulb; in the case with the shaver are the rubber cord wrapped in a pink elastic (d), a small cleaning brush (e) with a metal stem and tan bristles, arranged on one end like a paint brush and on the other end like a toilet brush; there is also an instruction booklet (f) which details how to properly use and clean the shaver; it is printed in white, black, grey, and pink ink and contains illustrations; one end of the booklet is French and the other is in English, and they meet in the middle of the booklet.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - case: Length 14.2 cm X Width 11.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
b - shaver: Length 7.7 cm X Width 6.8 cm X Height 3.1 cm
c - cord (when coiled): Length 10.3 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
d - elastic: Height 1.5 cm X Diameter 3.5 cm
e - brush: Length 8.3 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 0.5 cm
f - booklet: Length 10.6 cm X Width 8.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sunbeam Corporation (Canada) Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Date Remarks
Based on advertising for the product
Material
vinyl: tan
metal: brass, brown, grey
fabric: cream, green
plastic: pink, white, gold, clear
paper: tan
rubber: cream, pink
bristles: tan
ink: gold, pink, white, black, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on inside of case (a): "Lady Sunbeam"; engraved on shaver (b): "FOR LEGS // FOR UNDERARMS"; raised on shaver: "Lady Sunbeam // MODEL LS5-1 110-120 V 5W // AC ONLY 60 CYCLES // PATENTED // UL // LISTED 422A // .08 AMPS LR-28688 CSA // MX"; embossed on cord (c): "SCHICK"; printed on booklet (f), cover: "Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // built-in light gives added // convenience and // comfort in // grooming // FOR LEGS // See inside for // suggestions on how // to obtain the best possible // results from your Lady Sunbeam"; printed on inside pages of booklet: "only the // Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // has the exclusive MICRO-TWIN HEAD // Now, you have the convenience and comfort of // an exclusive built-in light which affords the // ultimate in modern grooming ease. // And you'll enjoy new freedom from nicks, // cuts, and razor burns this safe, gentle, electric // way. // The Lady Sunbeam has a shaving head with // one edge especially ground to shave the legs, // and the other edge especially ground for under- // arm use. It is small as a "compact" and ends // muss and fuss, nicks and cuts of soap and // blade. The Lady Sunbeam's gentle, sure per- // formance gives you a new easy way to keep // neat, fresh and dainty. Wonderful at home, or // for traveling."; page 2: "this side for close, // clean leg shaving // this side for // underarm shaving // For use on 110-120 volt 60 cycle alternating current (A.C. only)"; page 3: "how to use // For best results hold the // Lady Sunbeam at an angle // with comb teeth flat // against the skin as shown. // Move the shaver against // the grain. Use short // strokes and apply only // light pressure. Pressing // too hard prevents hairs // from entering the shaver. // Completely shave one // small area at a time. // SKIN SURFACE // CORRECT // SKIN SURFACE // INCORRECT"; page 4: "your Lady Sunbeam // FOR LEGS // Make sure the skin is // clean and perfectly dry. // Move the shaver slowly, // at an angle as shown. // Shave with light short // strokes. Shave a small // area at a time. DO NOT // PRESS. // FOR UNDERARMS // It is recommended you // trim very long underarm // hair before shaving with // the Lady Sunbeam. In hot // weather you may wish to // use dusting powder before // shaving. If you do use // powder, you should clean // the shaver more frequently // as explained on page 7."; page 5/6: "care of your lady sunbeam shavemaster // FOR LEGS // FOR LEGS // removing // the comb // guard // Remove the plastic comb guard as // shown. Replace this guard after each // use to protect the comb. // attaching // the cord // When you attach the cord after plug- // ging in, the Lady Sunbeam will start // automatically, and the light will go // on. The special plug fits into place // easily. For use on 110-120 volt 60 // cycle alternating current—AC only. // cleaning // After each use, blow on the shaving // comb to remove loose hair. Use the // brush to clean comb teeth. Occasion- // ally, clean the head thoroughly. To // do this, lift the comb from shaver // with thumb and forefinger. Allow // cutter blade to slide out of the comb // and clean comb and cutter with the // small brush."; page 7/8: "important! to re-assemble, follow instructions closely // CUTTER CAN BE INSERTED IN COMB // FROM ONE SIDE ONLY // CUTTER // COMB // IF HEAD WILL // NOT LOCK // INTO SHAVER // REVERSE ENDS // re-assemble comb and cutter // After cleaning the head, re-insert the cutter // completely in the comb. The cutter can be // inserted in the comb only from one end. Do not // force the cutter in the comb. If you find obstruc- // tion, reverse cutter. // placing comb and cutter // in shaver // Replace the head in the shaver and apply pressure // at both ends of the head, so that it locks into // position. If the head will not easily lock into // place it is in the wrong position and should be // reversed. Be careful not to apply excessive // pressure on the head when it is in the wrong // position, as you will damage the shaver. Oiling // the Lady Sunbeam is unnecessary. // Should your light burn out, it can be replaced // at your nearest Sunbeam Service Station."; page 9: "guarantee // Upon receipt of the guarantee registration // card packed with this appliance your Lady // Sunbeam Shavemaster Shaver is guaranteed // for one (1) year against electrical and me- // chanical defects in material and workman- // ship, which will be repaired or parts replaced // free of charge during this period. The guar- // antee does not cover damage caused by mis- // use, negligence, or use on current or voltage // other than that stamped on the appliance. // This guarantee is in lieu of any other war- // ranty either expressed or implied. If service // is required, send the appliance prepaid to // the nearest Sunbeam Appliance Service // Company branch shown on the enclosed list. // Please write a letter explaining the nature of // your difficulty. // Sunbeam CORPORATION (CANADA) LIMITED // 220 Islington Avenue South, Toronto 18, Canada // ® Sunbeam, Lady Sunbeam, Micro-Twin // Printed in Canada Design Patent D-176,406 Form No. 153-0951".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration and staining on outside of case; the small end of the cord contains a green substance; the brush is slightly bent, the shaver blade is a bit rusty on the legs side.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Handbook of Buying Issue, Consumers' Research, Incorporated, 1963-1964, Consumer Bulliten Annual: https://books.google.ca/books?id=dWAkAQAAMAAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=
Life Mangazine, 28 Nov 1960, 120 pages, Vol. 49, No. 22, ISSN 0024-3019, page 112: https://books.google.ca/books?id=0U0EAAAAMBAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s
United States Patent Office, Des. 176,406, Patented Dec. 20, 1955, Electric Shaver:https://patents.google.com/patent/USD176406S/en?oq=d176%2c406
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
"Hair Trimmer Comb: Barber-ism Begins At Home", by bohus, October 7th, 2010: https://www.retrothing.com/2010/10/hair-trimmer-comb-barber-ism-begins-at-home.html
Research Facts
In the Annual Consumer Bulliten for 1963-1964, the Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster was said to have cost $12.95, and given "average performance", and was "quiet, but some vibration".
Patented in 1955 by Robert O. Ernest and Ivar Jepson for the Sunbeam Corporation.
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
Images
Less detail

Lysol Brand Disinfectant

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15220
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Disinfectant
Disinfection
First Aid
Home Health
Hygiene
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on one side and English on the other; the top and bottom of the box are red, and the top contains the product name printed in white, as well as residue from a sticker and the number 89; the bottle (b) is nearly full of a liquid and is brown glass with a yellow metal screw cap; the glass is almost flat on the two largest sides, and contains small decorative ridges in the glass; the smaller sides of the bottle are more rounded and the bottle tapers inward so that it is thinner in the middle than at the top and bottom; the bottom of the bottle contains three raised symbols; the bottle's label is an inverted triangle, printed in French on one side of the bottle and in English on the other; the label contains the product name, its purpose, usage directions, amount, warnings, and manufacturing information.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Length 5.4 cm X Width 2.9 cm X Height 11.4 cm
b - bottle - Length 4.9 cm X Width 2.5 cm X Height 11.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Drug Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Aurora
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Date Remarks
Date based on advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32, and when Sterling Drugs acquired Lysol.
Material
paper: tan
glass: brown
ink: red, white, black, yellow
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // DEEP CLEANS // Walls · Floors · Kitchens // · Sickrooms · Baby's room // · Porcelain · Linoleum // · Bathrooms · Woodwork // · Floor tiles · Refuse // pails · Diaper pails // 2 OUNCES // CONCENTRATED // MAKES // MORE THAN // 1 // GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION // *TRADE MARK REG."; printed on side of box: "Lysol // TRADE MARK REG. // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // DESTROYS DISEASE // GERMS AND ODOUR- // CAUSING BACTERIA // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION — Toi- // lets, Floors, Walls, etc. Add // 3 tablespoonfuls to each // gallon of water. // DIAPERS — Soak diapers in // solution of 3 tablespoonfuls // to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID — Cuts, scratches // — Add 1 teaspoonful to 1 // cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFICIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd., Aurora, Ont. // C82B"; printed on label of bottle: "L46B // Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // *Trade Mark Reg. // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION- Toilets, Floors, Walls, etc. // Add 3 tablespoonfuls to each gallon of water. // DIAPERS- Soak diapers in solution of 3 table- // spoonfuls to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID- Cuts, scratches- Add 1 teaspoonful // to 1 cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFIECIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd. // Aurora, Ont. // 2 FLUID OUNCES // NEVER USE UNDILUTED // CONCENTRATED // MAKES MORE THAN // 1 GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor sticker residue and scratching on top of box; minor scratching and liquid damage on bottom of box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, newspapers
Reference Comments
Advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32: https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/77091686/.
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
https://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/sterling-drug-inc
"Fight Spanish Influenza With Daily Disinfection" (advertisement). The New York Times. 30 October 1918, p. 9. (Accessed via ProQuest, New York Times (1857–Current file), Document ID 97039401)
Research Facts
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
Lysol was advertised in 1918 as a way to fight the Spanish Flu Pandemic; it was recommended that everything in contact with flu patients, including their rooms, be cleaned with Lysol to prevent the spread of the disease.
Lysol contains phenol, another term for carbolic acid, an early disinfectant employed by Joseph Lister.
Images
Less detail

Mixed Isomeric Menthols B. P.

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15333
Dates
1942
circa 1942
Category
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Other
Accession Number
006033047
Description
Green glass bottle containing mixed isomeric menthols with a paper label on the front reaching halfway around, and a smaller paper label at the back reaching the rest of the way; bottle is two thirds full of liquid, some of which has crystallized in the interior; bottle is sealed with a brown cork,…
Accession Number
006033047
Category
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Pharmacy, Other
MeSH Heading
Perfume
Hygiene
Pharmacy
Description
Green glass bottle containing mixed isomeric menthols with a paper label on the front reaching halfway around, and a smaller paper label at the back reaching the rest of the way; bottle is two thirds full of liquid, some of which has crystallized in the interior; bottle is sealed with a brown cork, and there is a brown string tied around the neck; the front label contains a decorative illustrated border, and an illustration in black ink in the middle of a man seated at a desk, surrounded by apothecary paraphernalia.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Givaudan Delawanna Inc.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U. S. A.
Dates
1942
circa 1942
Date Remarks
Based on the date code on the bottom of the bottle for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
Material
glass: green
paper: tan
ink: sepia, black
string: brown
cork: tan
Inscriptions
Printed on front label: "1 023552D753MDC // GIVAUDAN DELAWANNA INC. // NEW YORK // REG. U. S. PAT. OFF. // De la Galerie de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc d'Orleans // MIXED ISOMERIC // MENTHOLS B.P. NOT // U.S.P. // NET 1 OZ. // PRINTED IN U.S.A. // FOR MANUFACTURING USE ONLY"; printed on back label: "NON-WARRANTY // The supplier makes no warranty of any // kind, expressed or implied, concerning the // use of this product. The user assumes // all risk of use or handling, whether or not // in accordance with any directions or sug - // gestions of the supplier."; raised on glass: "Duraglas // Duraglas // 3 // 2 // 1"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Height
9.0 cm
Diameter
3.7 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"Givaudan SA - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Givaudan SA", Reference for Business: https://www.referenceforbusiness.com/history2/8/Givaudan-SA.html
"Molecule of the Week Archive (–)-Menthol", December 26, 2016, ACS Chemistry for Life: https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/molecule-of-the-week/archive/m/menthol.html
SA Bottle Glossary, "Duraglass", Society for Historical Archaeology Inc.: https://sha.org/bottle/glossary.htm
"Bottle Dating: Machine-made bottles portion of the Dating Key", Society for Historical Archaeology Inc., "Question 11": https://sha.org/bottle/machinemadedating.htm#Question%2011
Research Facts
Givaudan Delawanna is a former name of the perfume company Givaudan SA based in Switzerland. It was founded in 1895 in Zurich, but changed locations to be near Switzerland after a nearby bakery complained that their bread smelled of violets.The company was a pioneer in the introduction of synthetic fragrances, and often mixed synthetics with natural fragrances. In 1946, Givaudan opened a perfume school in Grasse in southern France in order to train future employees and perfume creators. They estimated in 2001 that one in three of the world's fragrances had been developed by perfumers trained by Givaudan.
Menthol is the main constituent of mint, making it a familiar scent and flavour to many. Mixed Isomeric Menthols, the contents of this bottle, are most likely a combination of the isomers (the same compound of atoms with a different molecular structure) isomenthol, neomenthol, and isoneomenthol.
The logo on the bottom of this bottle is from the Owens-Illinois Glass Company, and the numbers around it represent its date and factory code. The embossed "Duraglass" at the heel of the bottle occurred from 1940 until the mid 1950s, and the "2" to the right of the logo indicates that it was produced in 1942.
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Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15216
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a ca…
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Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Suppositories
Vagina
Hygiene
Antisepsis
Deodorants
Gynaecology
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a cardboard divider (c) folded equally five times accordion style; inside a fold of the divider is a vaginal suppository (d) sealed in grey metal foil; the suppository is shaped like a semi-flattened cone; in the bottom of the box below the divider is a flat sheet of card with "NORFORMS" printed in brown in the centre of one side.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - cover: Length 8.1 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 4.3 cm
b - box: Length 8.0 cm X Width 3.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
c - divider: Length 7.8 cm X Width 4.2 cm X Height 3.0 cm
d - suppository: Length 3.4 cm X Width 3.8 cm X Height 0.8 cm
e - card: Length 7.4 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Norwich Pharmacal Company, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Paris
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Date Remarks
Based on the registration of the trademark "Norforms" in Canada and the Smithsonian's record of a package of Norforms.
Material
paper: tan
ink: red, gold, brown
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on top of cover (a): "Norforms®"; printed on front of cover: "ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // Each Norforms is hermetically sealed to avoid leakage. // Norforms are of proper consistency for use at average // temperatures. In very hot weather keep in a cool place, or // hold, before unwrapping, under cold water for a few // minutes. // 50 // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL"; printed on bottom of cover (some words obscured by water damage): "NORFORMS // ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // EACH NORFORM [...] // Phenylmercuric Acetate [...] thonium // Chloride 0.2%, Methylparab [...] dispers- // ible base. // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL // NORWICH PHARMACAL COMPANY, LTD., PARIS, CANADA // 13-03-60 // LOT NO. 1020"; printed on side of box (some words obscured by water damage, but the French side of the box reveals what they are): "6 // NEW, IMPROVED // NORFORMS® // Norwich ® // FOR MEDICINAL // PURPOSES ONLY // INSTRUCTIONS INSIDE"; printed on suppository package (d): "NORFORMS"; printed on card (e):" NORFORMS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some water damage on outer box; printing in these spots has been washed away and is no longer readable, especially on the bottom of the box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazine
Reference Comments
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company.html
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company_20.html
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Norforms Antiseptic Deodorant Suppositories, catalogue number 1986.0198.037: https://www.si.edu/object/nmah_738638
Government of Canada, Canadian Trademarks Database, NORFORMS — 0200962: http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/opic-cipo/trdmrks/srch/viewTrademark.html?id=200962&lang=eng
Jet (magazine), 10 Dec 1959, Vol XVII, no. 7, page 1: https://books.google.ca/books?id=vK4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=norforms+antiseptic+vaginal+suppositories&source=bl&ots=DP_igBSM_X&sig=ACfU3U2inkjqlPbh-Gtw5x-NIL_vZ1Wckg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj5xLHTi6jjAhWoZd8KHSbKDqw4ChDoATABegQIBxAB#v=onepage&q=norforms%20antiseptic%20vaginal%20suppositories&f=false
Wikipedia, Phenymercury acetate, last edited 23 December, 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylmercury_acetate
Research Facts
Norforms were intended to protect the vaginal tract from germs. They were used by manner of inserting the suppository into the vagina, where it would melt at body temperature. Advertisements claimed that the suppositories would not harm delicate tissues and that they were tested and proved in hospital clinics. They were also intended to eliminate odours. Today, the ingredients may be considered dangerous because of the presence of phenylmercuric acetate, which contains mercury.
The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in Norwich, N.Y. by Rev. Mr. Lafayette Moore in 1885, and began from a small basket of pills and the equipment to make them. This company was the first to use the word "pharmacal", not technically an English word at the time, but one which grew popular because of their use of it.
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