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Heidbrink Kinet-O-Meter anaesthesia machine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1886
Dates
1940
circa 1940
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
997008014 a-d
Description
(a) Heidbrink Kinet-O-Meter, Lundy Rochester Model anaesthesia machine, which consists of a rectangular green painted metal cabinet on four wheels; the front of the cabinet has a switch at the top and is divided into two halves; the right half has three pull-out (and removable) drawers - a fourth a…
Accession Number
997008014 a-d
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- machine
Description
(a) Heidbrink Kinet-O-Meter, Lundy Rochester Model anaesthesia machine, which consists of a rectangular
green painted metal cabinet on four wheels; the front of the cabinet has a switch at the
top and is divided into two halves; the right half has three pull-out (and removable) drawers - a
fourth and top drawer is missing; the left half has a door which opens on hinges at the left;
the space inside contains a pole which can be pulled out; a trilene absorber can be attached to
the pole (as is 997.008.034a-d) and a plastic hose leads from this to the machine; the right side
as two gauges for oxygen pressure and carbon dioxide pressure; the left side of the machine has
three gas cylinder hook-ups, two for nitrous oxide and one for cyclopropane as well as a gauge to
read the pressure of each has; at the back there is a reducing valve, and at the front is a hook-up
for an absorber (though not one attached); the top of the machine has a set of four disc flowmeter
gauges to read the flow of cyclopropane, nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide and oxygen; (b-d) three identical
pull-out drawers with black plastic handles at the front; the inside base of the drawers is
lined with green felt; these drawers fit into the right side of the machine cabinet
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - machine, anaesthesia - Size: Length 105.4 cm. x Width 64.8 cm. x Depth 40.9 cm.
b-d - drawers (x3) - Size: Length 16.8 cm. x Width 35.9 cm. x Depth 15.2 cm.
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Maker
The Ohio Chemical & Mfg. Co.
Site Made (City)
Minneapolis
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1940
circa 1940
Date Remarks
Machine dates from the 1940's to early 1950's
Material
plastic: black; clear; white
metal: silver; grey
paint: green
fabric: green
Inscriptions
A manufacturer's label on the top of the back reads, "LUNDY // ROCHESTER MODEL // HEIDBRINK //
KINET-O-METER // REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. // HEIDBRINK DIVISION OF // THE OHIO CHEMICAL & MFG. CO. //
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN // PAT. NO. 1,412,866 // PAT. NO. 1,989,366 // HI-CO // PAT. NO. 1,802,601 //
PAT. NO. 2,073,372 // PAT. NO. 1,858,084 // OTHER PATS. APPL'D FOR // MADE IN U.S.A."; a small label
below this reads, "HOTEL DIEU HOSPITAL // ASSET NO. 04024"; a metal switch on the front of the
machine is stamped, "CIRCLE" on one side and "TO-FRO" on the other
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0009
0009-13-1
Condition Remarks
The machine arrived very dirty and dusty; most exposed metal parts show no corrosion, with the exception
of the nitrous oxide pressure gauge, which has a green corrosion product and the plastic
cover is also cracked; other plastic parts show no cracks or missing sections
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews; similar to 997.008.004; also see 997.008.034a-c; "Understanding Anaesthesia Equipment
-- Construction, Care and Complications" by Jerry A. Dorsch, M.D. and Susan E. Dorsch, M.D.,
1975, p. 47 (see attached photocopy)
Research Facts
This machine mixed gases according to the doctor's instructions; this machine was used on children
and adults for any type of surgery requiring anaesthesia; the disc flowmeter gauges were very inaccurate;
the central switch could cause patient death if accidentally turned; this TO-FRO or CIRCLE
switch could change the tubes leading to the patient from 1 to 2 (or the other way around, which
could be fatal); the reducing valve reduced the pressure in the gas cylinder
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, anaesthesia exhibit - Oct. 2 1997-Feb. 1998
Less detail

Kinet-O-Meter anaesthesia machine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1876
Dates
1945
circa 1945
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
997008004
Description
Kinet-O-meter anaesthesia machine which consists of two heavy cylindrical metal poles on a metal stand with four wheels; the top of one pole has two tank hook-ups each, for oxygen, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide, with regulator on top; the top of the other pole has a hook-up for cyclopropane whic…
  4 images  
Accession Number
997008004
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- machine
Description
Kinet-O-meter anaesthesia machine which consists of two heavy cylindrical metal poles on a metal
stand with four wheels; the top of one pole has two tank hook-ups each, for oxygen, nitrous oxide
and carbon dioxide, with regulator on top; the top of the other pole has a hook-up for cyclopropane
which leads to a panel with four flow meters (for nitrous oxide, cyclopropane, carbon dioxide and
oxygen) in cc/liters per minute; the four flow meters lead back to the tank hook-ups by tubes; behind
the flow meters, there is a blood pressure cuff manometer with a rubber tube which would originally
have had a rubber bulb; a metal valve in the front was to be hooked up to the patient (via a
soda lime absorber) to administer a mix of the four gases; the back of the machine has a wrench attached
permanently by a metal chain, for turning on cylinders of gas
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Maker
Ohio Chemical & Mfg. Co.
Site Made (City)
Minneapolis
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1945
circa 1945
Date Remarks
Machine dates from the late 1940's to the early 1950's
Material
plastic: black; clear; blue; yellow; grey; green
rubber: black
metal: silver; yellow
Inscriptions
Label on the front of the machine reads, "HI-CO // THE HEIDBRINK CO. // MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA //
MADE IN U.S.A. // DES. PAT. NO. 102,632"; a label under this reads, "AMERICAN [---]AL // ACCEPTED
// COUNCIL // OF PHYSICAL // THERAPY"; a label under this reads, "HOTEL DIEU HOSPITAL // ASSET NO.
04026"; a manufacturer's label at the back reads, "LUNDY // ROCHESTER MODEL // HEIDBRINK // KINETO-METER
// REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. // HEIDBRINK DIVISION OF // OHIO CHEMICAL & MFG CO. // MINNEAPOLIS
MINN. // HI-CO // PAT. NO. 1,412,866 // PAT. NO. 1,802,601 // PAT. NO. 1,989,366 // PAT. NO.
2,073,372 // PAT. NO. 1,858,084 // OTHER PATS. APPL'D FOR // MADE IN U.S.A."
Permanent Location
Storage Room W1
W1-7-2
Dimension Notes
Length: 108.0 cm. x Width: 47.8 cm. x Depth: 61.2 cm.
Condition Remarks
The machine arrived very dirty and dusty; the pressure dials for the carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide
gas hook-ups are very corroded; the plastic cover is missing for the carbon dioxide dial and
broken and covered with a corrosion product for the nitrous oxide dial; the rubber hose on the main
pressure dial is cracked in several spots; #2 no new damage
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Document
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews and John Sikora; item is similar to 997.008.014; similar in function to 997.008
.002, .008 and .014; see photocopy of blood pressure manometer from 1964 Ohio catalogue (attached);
see photocopy of Tycos warranty (attached); CD #1; CD #5
Research Facts
The four flow meter gauges at the front regulate the flow of nitrous oxide, cyclopropane, carbon
dioxide and oxygen and were very inaccurate; carbon dioxide was used to stimulate patient respiration
thus allowing quicker anaesthetizing; this model allows for two cylinders each of oxygen, nitrous
oxide and carbon dioxide; this was an improvement over earlier models, as cylinders sometimes
ran out of gas during operations; it was difficult to determine when the oxygen cylinder was empty
and nitrous oxide pressure falls very quickly; with this model, if a tank ran dry, the patient
could immediately be changed over to a full tank; another improvement was that the tanks were bigger
than those in earlier models; the principle of this machine is the same as other machines in
the same era; the regulators are single-stage regulators
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, anaesthesia exhibit - Oct. 2 1997-Oct. 24, 2001
Images
Less detail

Midget Kinet-o-Meter machine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact14382
Dates
1940
1950
circa 1940-1950
Collection
Canadian Anesthesiology Society
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
015016001
Description
Portable Midget Kinet-o-Meter machine used to administer dental anesthesia consists of four wheel stand with a pole with an adjustable swivel chart stand support attached, four cylinder yokes and a set of three flow meter panels are mounted to top of pole; gas cylinder yokes are arranged in sets of…
  3 images  
Accession Number
015016001
Collection
Canadian Anesthesiology Society
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesia, Dental
Anesthesia, Inhalation
Anesthesia, Inhalation -- instrumentation
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
Description
Portable Midget Kinet-o-Meter machine used to administer dental anesthesia consists of four wheel stand with a pole with an adjustable swivel chart stand support attached, four cylinder yokes and a set of three flow meter panels are mounted to top of pole; gas cylinder yokes are arranged in sets of two with each yoke having a corresponding round knob; two knobs are marked O2 and the other two are marked N2O; set of three flow meter panels with glass covers marked in white font: cyclopropane with yellow background, middle is Nitrous oxide with dark blue background, oxygen with green background; without tanks.
Number Of Parts
1
Maker
The Ohio Chemical & Manufacturing Company
Site Made (City)
Minneapolis
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1940
1950
circa 1940-1950
Date Remarks
Donor information
Material
metal: silver paper: yellow, blue, green, orange rubber: black
Inscriptions
Stamped onto a round metal plate behind the flow meter panel: "MIDGET KINET-O-METER // HIDBRINK DIVISION // THE OHIO CHEMICAL & MFG. CO. // MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.''; "MADE IN U. S. A. // PATENTS 1,412,866 // 1,500,615 1,802,601 1,1989,366 // 2,073,372 2,085,155". Below the oxygen flow meter panel and around the cylidrical pipe that comes out of it there is a yellowing paper band with the following printed on it: "WARNING; this equipm[illeg.] use only by // or under the super[illeg.] cian or dentist // Read instructions caref[illeg.] so[illeg.]ecome thoroughly // fam[illeg] with proper method [illeg] operation // Mfd. by THE OHIO CHEMICAL & MFG. CO."; stamped on the metal bar below the flow meter panel: K11050
Permanent Location
W2 538 Floor
Length
64.0 cm
Height
98.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length measured from protruding opposite wheels
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Internet
Reference Comments
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclopropane https://www.britannica.com/science/cyclopropane
Research Facts
Cyclopropane is an anaesthetic when inhaled. In modern anaesthetic practice, it has been superseded by other agents, due to its extreme reactivity under normal conditions: when the gas is mixed with oxygen, there is a significant risk of explosion. Cyclopropane had no commercial application until Henderson and Lucas discovered its anaesthetic properties in 1929; industrial production had begun by 1936. This meant induction of anaesthesia by inhalation of cyclopropane and oxygen was rapid and not unpleasant. However at the conclusion of prolonged anaesthesia patients could suffer a sudden decrease in blood pressure, potentially leading to cardiac dysrhythmia; a reaction known as "cyclopropane shock".For this reason, as well as its high cost and its explosive nature, it was latterly used only for the induction of anaesthesia, and has not been available for clinical use since the mid 1980s. Cylinders and flow meters were coloured orange. Cyclopropane, also called trimethylene, explosive, colourless gas used in medicine since 1934 as a general anesthetic. Cyclopropane is nonirritating to mucous membranes and does not depress respiration. Induction of and emergence from cyclopropane anesthesia are usually rapid and smooth. A mixture of about 5 to 20 percent cyclopropane in oxygen is administered by inhalation. Because of the flammability and expense of cyclopropane, it is usually used in a closed (rebreathing) system, in which an absorbent chemical, such as soda lime, removes exhaled carbon dioxide, and the anesthetic is recirculated. The chemical formula is C3H6.
Images
Less detail

soda lime absorber

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1899
Dates
1945
circa 1945
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
Accession Number
997008027
Description
Heidbrink two chamber soda lime absorber, which consists of a hollow cylindrical canister on a hollow cylindrical pole; the top of the absorber is held on by three screw on/off clamps; the top of the absorber has two valves with see-through plastic tops and outlet screw attachments at the side; the…
Accession Number
997008027
Collection
Hotel Dieu Hospital Dept. of Anaesthesia, Kingston Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Anaesthesia
MeSH Heading
Anesthesiology, instrumentation
MM= Anesthesia, Inhalation -- accessories -- absorber
Description
Heidbrink two chamber soda lime absorber, which consists of a hollow cylindrical canister on a hollow
cylindrical pole; the top of the absorber is held on by three screw on/off clamps; the top of
the absorber has two valves with see-through plastic tops and outlet screw attachments at the side;
there is a central hook-up at the top front; the top left has a pressure dial in mm Hg; the back
of the top has a paper warning label attached to it; the very top has a handle which switches chambers being used; Note: Item is missing.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by and used at the Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Maker
The Ohio Chemical & Mfg. Co.
Site Made (City)
Minneapolis
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1945
circa 1945
Date Remarks
Absorber dates from the late 1940's to early 1950's
Material
paper: off-white
metal: silver; brown
fabric: beige
plastic: clear
Inscriptions
The top of the absorber has a manufacturer's label which reads, "HEIDBRINK ABSORBER // PAT. NO.
2,136,244 // MADE IN U.S.A. // NO. 1 CHAMBER // NO. 2 CHAMBER // SHUT"; the central hook-up is
stamped, "9716"; the pressure dial is labelled and can be set from "off" to "20"; the paper label
reads, "IMPORTANT [underlined] Removed flutter valve discs once // every 30 to 60 days and clean //
thoroughly to prevent sticking // THE OHIO CHEMICAL & MFG. CO. // Branches in all Principal Cities";
a small label at the back reads, "HOTEL DIEU HOSPITAL // ASSET NO. 04040"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-E2-3
Temporary Location
Item is missing.
Dimension Notes
Length: 36.7 cm. x Width: 15.6 cm. x Depth: 17.0 cm.
Condition Remarks
The absorber arrived very dirty and dusty; the absorber shows wear, especially on the outside of the
canister, but no active corrosion is visible; the paper label is very worn, but legible; the plastic
pieces are complete and undamaged; #2 no new damage
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Other
Reference Comments
Dr. Ray Matthews; see 997.008.004 for company location
Research Facts
Soda lime was put into the inside canister of the absorber to absorb expired carbon dioxide; the
absorber would have been attached to an anaesthesia machine
Exhibit History
On exhibit in Museum gallery, anaesthesia exhibit - Oct. 2 1997-Oct. 24, 2001
Less detail