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wax model, somatotype

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact406
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
Accession Number
996003126
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype; the model shows a woman with Turner's syndrome; the model is made of oil-painted beeswax with talc, built up with metal wires in the arms, legs and neck for support; the model shows a naked girl standing up on a round base with her legs together straight and her…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996003126
Author
Marjorie Winslow
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
MeSH Heading
Somatotypes -- genetics -- models
Turner's Syndrome -- models
Models, Anatomic
MM= Teaching Materials -- models
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype; the model shows a woman with Turner's syndrome; the
model is made of oil-painted beeswax with talc, built up with metal wires in the arms, legs and
neck for support; the model shows a naked girl standing up on a round base with her legs together
straight and her arms at her sides, but going forward at the elbows; the model has no body hair
and immature breasts; the model is painted to depict true colour
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Models made by Marjorie Winslow; they were commissioned by Dr. Robertson, who also helped with
anatomical details
Maker
Marjorie Winslow
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Date Remarks
The somatotypes were made by Marjorie Winslow in 1946 in Montreal
Material
beeswax with talc: cream
metal: grey
oil paints: red; brown; white; blue
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-G2-Box 4
Dimension Notes
Length: 34.8 cm. x Width: 11.8 cm. x Depth: 10.2 cm.
Condition Remarks
The model was extremely dirty and dusty; the model was poorly handled and stored and as a result
is broken; the base has a crumbly corroded-looking material on it; there is a section missing from
the ankle at the left side back; the arm on the right side is broken at the waist and most of the
hand is held on by the internal wires; two fingers and some of the wax on the forearm is missing;
the arm on the left side is broken between the wrist and elbow and is missing; the neck is broken
and the head held on by internal wires; the surface of the model has several scuff marks
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Document
JPG
Reference Comments
Model condition identified by Dr. Reid; model-making techniques described by Marjorie Winslow
in an oral interview (transcribed); CD #8
Research Facts
See transcribed oral interview; the model shows characteristics of Turner's syndrome, such as a wide carrying angle in the arms, webbing in the neck, and short stature; patients with this abnormality are usually under five feet tall; a female patient with this XO chromosomal abnormality would have no ovaries or breasts
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wax model, somatotype

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact407
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
Accession Number
996003127
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype; the model shows a woman, probably demonstrating a lack of menstruation; the model is made of oil-painted beeswax with talc, built up with heavy metal wires in the legs and body for support; the model shows a naked woman standing up on a round base with her legs …
  1 image  
Accession Number
996003127
Author
Marjorie Winslow
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
MeSH Heading
Somatotypes -- models
Menstruation Disturbances -- models
Models, Anatomic
MM= Teaching Materials -- models
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype; the model shows a woman, probably demonstrating a lack of menstruation; the model is made of oil-painted beeswax with talc, built up with heavy metal wires in the legs and body for support; the model shows a naked woman standing up on a round base with her legs straight and apart to reveal an enlarged clitoris; the arm on the right side is bent with the hand resting on her hip while the arm on the left side is slightly bent with the hand resting below her buttock; the model shows pubic hair and smallish breasts; the model is painted to depict true colour.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Models made by Marjorie Winslow; they were commissioned by Dr. Robertson, who also helped with anatomical details.
Maker
Marjorie Winslow
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Date Remarks
The somatotypes were made by Marjorie Winslow in 1946 in Montreal
Material
beeswax with talc: cream
metal: silver
oil paints: red; brown
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-G2-Box 5
Dimension Notes
Length: 36.8 cm. x Width: 15.0 cm. x Depth: 12.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
Nov 2018: Figure has deteriorated further with more wax parts fallen off and not suitable for object loan and or exhibit
The model is extremely dirty and dusty; the model was poorly handled and stored and as a result is cracked and broken; the base has a large chip missing from it and the wire from the leg on the left side has become detached; both legs are extremely damaged at the lower fronts with cracks and breakage into several pieces; both feet are broken off and missing; the arms are complete and have only minor scuff marks; the head is broken off at the neck, exposing the internal wire, and is missing; the surface of the model has several scuff marks
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Document
Reference Comments
Model subject identified by Dr. Reid; model-making techniques described by Marjorie Winslow
in an oral interview (transcribed)
Research Facts
See transcribed oral interview; model may show a woman who has a lack of menstruation; the subject is muscular and does not have much body fat (this is a best guess from Dr. Reid)
Images
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wax model, somatotype showing a woman with Turner's Syndrome

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact415
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
Accession Number
996003135
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype of a woman with Turner's Syndrome; the model is made of oilpainted beeswax with talc, built up with wires in the legs, body and arms for support; the model shows a naked woman standing up on a round base with her legs straight and together; her ankles are togethe…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996003135
Author
Marjorie Winslow
Collection
Dr. Robertson / Marjorie Winslow Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Anatomy
MeSH Heading
Somatotypes -- genetics -- models
Turner's Syndrome -- models
Models, Anatomic
MM= Teaching Materials -- models
Description
Wax model (moulage) of a somatotype of a woman with Turner's Syndrome; the model is made of oilpainted beeswax with talc, built up with wires in the legs, body and arms for support; the model shows a naked woman standing up on a round base with her legs straight and together; her ankles are together, but her feet are apart; the woman's arms are held straight and away from her body, palms turned forward; the woman has a webbed neck; the model shows no secondary female sex characteristics (pubic hair or developed breasts); the model is painted to depict true colour.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Models made by Marjorie Winslow; they were commissioned by Dr. Robertson, who also helped with anatomical details.
Maker
Marjorie Winslow
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1946
circa 1946
Date Remarks
The somatotypes were made by Marjorie Winslow in 1946 in Montreal
Material
beeswax with talc: cream
wire: grey
oil paints: red; brown; white
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-H1-Box 13
Dimension Notes
Length: 33.8 cm. x Width: 14.9 cm. x Depth: 10.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
The model had a break across the PL upper arm; an accretion on the PR shoulder blade consisted of mould, iron corrosion products and possibly fibreglass which appeared as fragments; the presence of mould was confirmed by its examination under UV light where the patch fluoresced orange, lime green and violet; as well, microscopic analysis of a sample was undertaken where spores were seen; yellow coloured mould also appeared on the back of the head; hairline fractures were evident on the appendages; #2: damaged in transit to Agnes Etherington, May 2001; three hairline fractures, one at each arm near the armpit, and one on the model's left upper thigh.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Book
Document
Reference Comments
Model subject identified by Dr. J.A. Low; model-making techniques described by Marjorie Winslow in an oral interview (transcribed); "Anatomy and Physiology" by Gary A. Thibodeau and Kevin T. Patton (2nd ed., 1993), pp. 848, 850-851
Research Facts
See transcribed oral interview; Turner's Syndrome is a condition caused by monosomy of the X chromosome (XO); it is characterized by immaturity of sex organs (causing sterility), webbed neck, dwarfism or short stature, cardiovascular defects, and learning disorders
Exhibit History
May 24 - Sept. 13, 2001: Agnes Etherington Art Centre Museopathy exhibit; "Medical Art throughout the Ages: Moulages," Kingston Museum of Health Care, Sept. 2007; "Picturing the Body: Medical Arts as Teaching Tools," Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa, Sept. 17, 2010.
Images
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