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A. B. S. & C. (Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara) Rx 1 Tablets

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15171
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
016023005
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylind…
  5 images  
Accession Number
016023005
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Strychnine
Cascara
Pharmacy
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Constipation -- drug therapy
MM= Digestive Disorders -- container
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- digestive disorders
Description
Semi-transparent rounded rectangle based brown glass A. B. S. & C. Rx 1 Tablets bottle with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap; filled with several small brown pill tablets; flat side walls with round corners; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; embossed manufacturers information on bottom; yellow and burgundy paper label with product information wrapped around entire bottle; cap has curved top, rolled bottom edge and internal continuous thread.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to the donor.
Maker
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1969
circa 1950 - 1969
Date Remarks
Indicated by Dominion Glass Company information embossed on bottom
Material
glass: brown
paper: yellow
ink: burgundy
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of label: “[Illeg.] Jamieson // Clinic // [Illeg.] 00 100 // [Illeg.] . B. S. & C. Rx 1 // TABLETS // Dose: 1 to 2 tablets // [Illeg.] . E. JAMIESON & CO. LIMITED, // MANUFACTURING CHEMISTS // WINDSOR, ONTARIO”; printed on back of label: “Each Tablet Contains: // Ext. Belladonna // Lv. 1/8 gr. // Strychnine 1/120 gr. // Contains per maximum // Dose: // ¼ Gr. Belladonna Lvs. // 1/60 Grain Strychnine. // No. 16578 The Pro- // prietary or Patent // Medicine Act. // To comply with the // Pharmacy Act of On- // tario, this bottle is // Labelled Poison.”; embossed on bottom: “D 4103 A”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 4 Row A
Length
6.8 cm
Width
3.0 cm
Depth
2.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor abrasion to cap, especially along top and bottom edges; large area of loss to top and bottom corner of front of label; small areas of loss on side of label; minor soiling to label, especially on proper left-side and back
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document
Reference Comments
“Pilulae Aloini, Strychninae, et Belladonna (N. F.)—Pills of Aloin, Strychnine, and Belladonna.” King's American Dispensatory, 1898. Henriette’s Herbal Homepage, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
“Federal Corporation Information - 047072-4.” Government of Canada, 2019. Accessed 30 May 2019.
Lockhart, Bill et al. “The Dominion Glass Companies of Montreal, Canada.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
A. B. S. & C. stands for Aloin, Belladonna, Strychnine and Cascara; despite poisonous ingredients and the designation of poison on the label, these pills were often used to treat habitual constipation.
C. E. Jamieson & Co. Limited was the name of the company from 1944 until it became Jamieson Laboratories Ltd. in 1998.
The D in diamond symbol embossed on the bottom indicates the bottle itself was made by Canadian glass manufacturer Dominion Glass Company in Hamilton, Ontario.
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Ayer's Cherry Pectoral

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15183
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; r…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018009001 a-b
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Respiratory
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Expectorants
Bronchitis -- drug therapy
Bronchodilator Agents -- therapeutic use
Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Drug Packaging -- container -- box and packet
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Cough -- drug therapy
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
MM= Drugs -- container -- bottle
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- cough, cold remedies, respiratory -- bottle
Description
Transparent rounded rectangle based glass Ayer’s Cherry Pectoral bottle (a) with non-removable cylindrical black metal screw cap, and yellow and red rectangular cardboard box (b); bottle half full with brown liquid; flat rectangular front and back walls with top arch; flat rectangular side walls; round shoulders taper to short cylindrical neck, round neck ring, and cylindrical finish with external continuous thread; cream and black rectangular paper label with product information and directions in English on front and smaller label in French on back; embossed manufacturer information on textured bottom; mold lines on sides from base to top and around neck; cap has rolled bottom edge, vertical ridges in sides, and round top; box has product information in English on exterior front, proper right side, and top flap and in French on exterior back, proper left side, and bottom.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – bottle – Length 17.7 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 3.1 cm
b – box – Length 18.2 cm Width 7.0 cm Depth 4.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Products, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1936
1946
circa 1936 - 1946
Date Remarks
Owens-Illinois Glass Company “diamond O and I logo” on bottom of bottle used 1929 – 1954; date mark “6” is last number of year manufactured
Material
glass: clear
paper: light brown, cream
ink: yellow, red, black
metal: black
Inscriptions
Printed on front bottle label: “CONTAINS 5 FLUID OZS. // AYER’S // Cherry Pectoral // TRADE MARK REG. IN CANADA // Contains No Opiates // SHAKE WELL // TAKE WITHOUT WATER // SWALLOW SLOWLY // ADULTS: For Bronchial irritations // and coughs due to colds – tea - // spoonful every half hour for three // hours, then every hour as need - // ed. In severe cases two tea - // spoonfuls. // Children: 10 to 15 years, one – half // adult dose; 5 to 10 years, one - // fourth to one – third adult dose; // 2 to 5 years, 8 to 15 drops. // Small doses taken frequently are // more effective // than large doses // taken less often. // Sterling Products, Ltd. // Windsor, Ontario // Successor to // THE AYER CO. INC. // No. 11824 Proprietary or // Patent Medicine Act”; stamped on front bottle label: “41907”; printed on front of box: “AYER’S // for Colds // CHERRY // PECTORAL // TRADE MARK REG IN CANADA // for Coughs // STERLING DRUG MFG LTD. // WINDSOR – ONTARIO”; printed on proper left side of box: “75 c // Equally Safe and Effective for Adults and Children. // Contains No Opiates. Valuable for preventing coughs // and colds from going down into the bronchial tubes. // Quick and lasting relief for coughs. Loosens phlegm. // Stimulates necessary expectoration. Sooths dry irri- // tated throats. For deep-seated coughs and bronchitis. // ESTABLISHED 1841 BY J. C. AYER, M. D. // CONTENTS 5 FL. OZ.”; stamped on bottom left side of box in black ink: “41907”; printed on top flap of box: “AN EFFECTIVE COUGH // MEDICINE // GOOD FOR ALL THE FAMILY”; hand written on top flap of box: “75”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row C
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration all over front and back bottle labels; top box flaps torn, distorted, and unstable; major staining on top of box, especially on proper left side and back of box; minor soiling all over box, especially on top flap; minor tears and abrasion to edges of box
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Document (online)
Document
Reference Comments
“Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Bottle.” Odyssey’s Virtual Museum, Odyssey Marine Exploration, Inc., 2019. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Griffenhagen, George and Mary Bogard. "History of Drug Containers and Their Labels." American Institute of the History of Pharmacy, 1999. Accessed 5 June 2019.
Lockhart, Bill and Russ Hoenig. “The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes.” Society for Historical Archaeology, 2015.
Research Facts
James Cook Ayer was a medical doctor who created a popular line of proprietary medicines; Ayer’s first product, his Cherry Pectoral, was first marketed in 1841 as a cure for various conditions, including coughs, influenza, and consumption; it originally contained opiates, but these were eventually removed from the formula; the packaging of this bottle focuses on the application of the remedy for bronchial conditions and coughs.
The Ayer Company was acquired by Sterling Products in 1938.
Owens-Illinois Glass Company merged in 1929 and used the famous “diamond, O and I" logo until around 1954.
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business envelope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2603
Dates
1898
circa 1898
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
Accession Number
996001566
Description
Paper envelope from Frederick Stearns & Co.; black return address, blue typed address and orange 3 cent Canadian stamp; in the background is a facsimile, in dark yellow, of the Frederick Stearns & Co. laboratory; open at top.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996001566
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Drug Industry -- ephemera
Commerce -- ephemera
Correspondence, ephemera
Description
Paper envelope from Frederick Stearns & Co.; black return address, blue typed address and orange 3 cent Canadian stamp; in the background is a facsimile, in dark yellow, of the Frederick Stearns & Co. laboratory; open at top.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, March 11, 1994, from George S. Wegg Limited.
Maker
Frederick Stearns & Co.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1898
circa 1898
Date Remarks
Postmarked
Material
paper: cream
ink: blue, black, orange, brown
Inscriptions
"Please return, if not called for, to // FREDERICK STEARNS & CO. // Manufacturing Pharmacists, // WINDSOR, ONT. // Messrs. S.B. Chandler, Son & Co., // 108 Victoria Street., // Toronto, Ont."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder B
Dimension Notes
Length: 16.1 cm. x Width: 9.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
Sun/age discoloured; some staining around the edges; back: a number of dirt-like stains along the flap edges
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Research Facts
obviously these two companies had some dealings with each other; Frederick Stearns & Co. were manufacturing chemists and wholesale druggists from 1886-1911
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business envelope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2614
Dates
1905
circa 1905
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
Accession Number
996001577
Description
Medium thickness paper; the front has printed message, with address and name typewritten; in the top right corner is a 2c stamp with a postage mark; front top left shows a black and white picture of the Stearns Company building.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001577
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Drug Industry -- ephemera
Commerce -- ephemera
Correspondence, ephemera
Description
Medium thickness paper; the front has printed message, with address and name typewritten; in the top right corner is a 2c stamp with a postage mark; front top left shows a black and white picture of the Stearns Company building.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, March 11, 1994, from George S. Wegg Limited.
Maker
Frederick Stearns & Co.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1905
circa 1905
Date Remarks
Postmark shows 1905
Material
paper: black; white; blue; red
Inscriptions
Front: "Please return if NOT CALLED FOR, TO // FREDERICK STEARNS & CO., // Manufacturing Pharmacists, Windsor, Ont. // Mr. D.A. Watson // Thamesville, Ont."; postmark: "Windsor // 25 // NO 28 / 1905 / Ont."; back: postmark saying, "Thamesville Ont. // No 29 // 1905"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Binder C
Dimension Notes
Length: 16.4 cm. x Width: 9.4 cm.
Condition Remarks
Quite age/sun discoloured; envelope unsealed
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Other
Research Facts
See also 996.001.562 (same person); and 996.001.566, .788 (Stearns)
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Caroid tooth powder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact13368
Dates
1950
1960
circa 1950-1960
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
Accession Number
010020246 a-b
Description
Empty physicians' sample tin of Caroid tooth powder; oval white and blue metal container (a) with product information, directions, manufacturer's information printed with blue ink in English and French; container tapers to silver metal top with round opening; approximately 1/3 full of white powder;…
  2 images  
Accession Number
010020246 a-b
Collection
Dr. Ralph and Mrs. Olga Crawford Canadian Dental Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Dental
MeSH Heading
Oral Hygiene
Toothpastes
Toothbrushing
Description
Empty physicians' sample tin of Caroid tooth powder; oval white and blue metal container (a) with product information, directions, manufacturer's information printed with blue ink in English and French; container tapers to silver metal top with round opening; approximately 1/3 full of white powder; round white plastic cap (b) with ridged border at top.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle - Size: Length 5.8 cm x Width 3.2 cm x Depth 1.9 cm
b - cap - Size: Depth 1.0 cm x Diam. 1.8 cm
Provenance
Transfer from the Dental Canada Fund; previously housed in the Dentistry Canada Museum (Ottawa)
Maker
Carter, Cummings & Co., Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1960
circa 1950-1960
Date Remarks
Based on packaging
Material
metal: silver
enamel: white, blue
plastic: white
Inscriptions
(a) Printed on bottle: "CAROID // TRADE MARK REG. // DENTAL POWDER // Cleans and polishes teeth; // liquefies oral mucin and dis- // solves protein food particles // not reached by brushing. // CARTER, CUMMINGS & CO., LTD., // WINDSOR, ONTARIO."; stamped on bottom: "L172"; (b) embossed on cap: "CAROID"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-7
Condition Remarks
Enamel fading near bottom of container; metal slightly tarnished on bottom.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #10
Research Facts
Dr Ralph and Mrs Olga Crawford donated their extensive Canadian dental collection to the DCF to create the museum in 1997; further donations were received while Dr Crawford was Curator Emeritus at the Dental Canada Museum until its closure in 2008
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DeVilbiss atomizer no. 16 in box

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact6849
Dates
1909
circa 1909
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
1975.8.9 a-i
Description
Atomizer, consisting of: (a) a bell-shaped bottle with (b) a metal neck; (c) a tubular glass flask with a spout in the side; (d,e) metal spray tubes; (f) rubber tubing; (g,h) vulcanite tops for the bottle; (i) a nozzle for the spray tube; also (unnumbered) wire, paper with directions, and a box (no…
  1 image  
Accession Number
1975.8.9 a-i
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Administration, Intranasal -- instrumentation
Respiratory Therapy
MM= Administration Drug, Inhalation
MM= Nebulizers and Vaporizers -- atomizer
Description
Atomizer, consisting of: (a) a bell-shaped bottle with (b) a metal neck; (c) a tubular glass flask with a spout in the side; (d,e) metal spray tubes; (f) rubber tubing; (g,h) vulcanite tops for the bottle; (i) a nozzle for the spray tube; also (unnumbered) wire, paper with directions, and a box (not the original box for this atomizer).
Number Of Parts
9
Part Names
a,b - bottle and neck - Size: Length 9.0 cm x Diam. 5.0 cm
c - flask - Size: Length 8.3 cm
d,e - spray tubes - Size: Length 12.7 cm
f - rubber tubing - Size: Length 10.0 cm
g,h - bottle tops - Size: Diam. 2.0 cm
i - nozzle
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Mr. Hugh Gilchrist, executor of Dr. McCosh's estate (Toronto); owned and used by Dr. J.T. McCosh of the University of Toronto.
Maker
DeVilbiss Manufacturing Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1909
circa 1909
Date Remarks
Patent date given on (b).
Material
glass: clear; brownish
metal: brownish; silver
rubber: grey
Inscriptions
On (b): "PAT. DEC 7.09 U.S.A."; on (d and e): "DEVILBISS NO. 49";
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E3-13
Condition Remarks
#2: rubber is stiff; #3: the box is falling apart; potential chemical leakage.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
Less detail
Dates
1904
circa 1904
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
Accession Number
996001788
Description
Paper envelope from Frederick Stearns & Co. to Mr. D.A. Watson; top left quadrant has a facsimile of their building; red 2c Canadian stamp; opened at the top
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001788
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Ephemera
Classification
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Correspondence, ephemera
Description
Paper envelope from Frederick Stearns & Co. to Mr. D.A. Watson; top left quadrant has a facsimile
of their building; red 2c Canadian stamp; opened at the top
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995
Maker
Frederick Stearns & Co.
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1904
circa 1904
Date Remarks
Postmarked Jan. 5 1904
Material
paper: red; black
Inscriptions
"PLEASE RETURN IF NOT CALLED FOR, TO // FREDERICK STEARNS & CO., // Manufacturing Pharmacists, //
WINDSOR, ONT. // Mr. D.A. Watson // Thamesville // Ont."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder E
Dimension Notes
Length: 16.5 cm. x Width: 9.4 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some age/sun discolouration and some dirt around the edges
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
See 996.001.562, .566, .577; CD #8
Research Facts
See 996.001.562, .577 (Watson); 996.001.566, .577 (Stearns)
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Neo-synephrine hydrochloride emulsion

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7379
Dates
1950
1959
circa 1950-1959
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
Accession Number
1977.8.49 a-b
Description
A squarish glass bottle (a) with a plastic cap (b) and a paper label affixed to each of two sides contains Neo-Synephrin.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1977.8.49 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
MeSH Heading
Nasal Mucosa
Nasal Decongestants
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
A squarish glass bottle (a) with a plastic cap (b) and a paper label affixed to each of two sides contains Neo-Synephrin.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle - Size: Length 6.5 cm
b - cap - Size: Diam. 2.1 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. J.W. Scott.
Maker
Frederick Stearns & Company
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1959
circa 1950-1959
Material
glass: brown
plastic:black
paper: blue-green; white; red; black
Inscriptions
Printed on one of the labels: "1/2 Fl. Oz. P-5003 // NEO-SYNEPHRIN // HYDROCHLORIDE // REG. I.S. PAT. OFF. // EMULSION // (AROMATIC) // STEARNS // Pat. Reg. in U.S. & Can. // Contains Chlorbutanol // (Chloroform Derivative) // 2 1/4 gr. per fl. oz."; on the other paper label is printed: "Neo-Synephrin Hydrochloride // 0.25%, Sodium Benzoate 0.4%, // Camphor 0.07%, Oil Red Thyme // 0.17%, Menthol 0.052%, in a // mineral oil emulsion with // acacia and distilled water. // For blanching and shrinking // congested membranes."; at right angles to the foregoing: "PHYSICIAN'S SAMPLE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
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Neo-synephrine hydrochloride emulsion

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact7384
Dates
1950
1959
circa 1950-1959
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
Accession Number
1977.8.53 a-b
Description
Rectangular-shaped glass bottle with a plastic screw-on cap and paper labels on all four faces contains a liquid decongestant.
  1 image  
Accession Number
1977.8.53 a-b
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Allergies
MeSH Heading
Nasal Mucosa
Nasal Decongestants
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
Rectangular-shaped glass bottle with a plastic screw-on cap and paper labels on all four faces contains a liquid decongestant.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - bottle - Size: Length 6.5 cm
b - cap - Size: Diam. 2.1 cm
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. J.W. Scott.
Maker
Frederick Stearns & Company
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1950
1959
circa 1950-1959
Material
glass: brown
plastic: black
paper: blue-green; black; white; red
Inscriptions
On the paper label on the front face is printed: "1/2 Fl. Oz. P-5005 // NEO-SYNEPHRIN // HYDROCHLORIDE // REG. U.S. PAT. OFF. // SOLUTION // STEARNS // levo-meta-methylamino- // ethanolphenol hydrochloride // 1/4% // SODIUM BENZOATE 0.1%."; at right angles to the foregoing: "PHYSICIAN'S SAMPLE"; the other three sides contains additional information and a number of warnings.
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #UHN
Images
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Nyal castor oil

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact4348
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
Accession Number
000006003
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the…
Accession Number
000006003
Collection
Mr. Jack Willson Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Gastrointestinal
MeSH Heading
Castor Oil
Cathartics
Constipation -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- bottle
Description
A rectangular glass bottle with round, sloped shoulders and rounded bottom corners; neck of bottle has a narrow, bevelled ring above the shoulders and a wide, flat ring below its lip; there is a mould seam on the neck below the flat ring; a rectangular paper label is adhered to the front side; the metal cap has a rolled end, a round groove on the top and vertical grooves around its raised side; there is no evidence of threading (see accession sheet for sketch); a thick, yellow liquid fills about 40% of the bottle
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Jack Willson
Maker
Nyal, Company, Limited
Site Made (City)
Windsor
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1880
1924
circa 1880-1924
Date Remarks
The bottle's mould seams continue over the bottle's lip, indicating fabrication after 1880; screw cap became popular after 1924, so possibly the bottle was made between these two dates
Material
glass: clear
paper: orange
metal: orange
Inscriptions
"NYAL // QUALITY // A" is inscribed in raised letters in a circle on the front of the bottle; the last letter "A" is in a smaller circle on a chain pattern, all in the larger circle; bottom: "D [or a square] inside a diamond shape, and "2" to the left of the diamond, in raised letters; label: "TRADE MARK NYAL [illeg.] // TASTY // Castor Oil // Rx [the "x" part of the tail of the "R"] D3 2 FL. OZ. // Pure, Refined Castor Oil // sweetened and flavored. // Directions – Infants 20 to 40 // drops; children four years old, // 1 to 2 teaspoonfulls; eight years // old, ½ to one tablespoonful; // adults; 1 to 2 tablespoonfuls; // Mode D'Emploi — Pour petits // enfants 20 à 40 gouttes; pour // enfants de 4 ans 1 à 2 cuillerées // à thé; 8 ans ½ à 1 cuillerée à // table; pour adultes, 1 à 2 cuil- // lerées à table. // NYAL COMPANY, Limited // Windsor, Ontario, Canada"; the label is toned with light grey mesh behind the text, leaving a frame of brighter orange around the label; on the back of the bottle neck, there is "H5" in raised lettering
Permanent Location
Storage Room 1013
Dimension Notes
Length 13.3 cm x Width 5.8 cm x Depth 3.4 cm
Condition Remarks
Bottle and cap are dusty and have residual stains; cap has two dents; the paint on the cap is blackened around the side and there are some very small spots where the metal substrate is exposed; the cap is stuck on the bottle; the paper label has two holes (around 0.1 cm); note: residue on bottle may attract pests.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
"Bottles: Identification and Price Guide," by Michael Polak, 1994, pp. 19, 21, 24; "The Snake-Oil Syndrome: Patent Medicine Advertising," by A. Walker Bingham, 1994, p. 108; "The Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs," 7th ed., Merck & Co., 1960, pp. 219-220; "The Oxford Dictionary of Current English," Oxford University Press, 1998; "Text-book of the Principles and Practice of Nursing," by Bertha Harmer, 1927, pp. 435-436; see also 000.006.022
Research Facts
Castor oil is "oil from the seeds of a tropical plant, used as a purgative and lubricant (Oxford Dictionary). Castor oil may be used both as a laxative and as an emollient (Merck), but this product is flavoured, so it is a laxative. (See accession sheet for further details.)
Less detail

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