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Dates
1975
1986
circa 1975 – 1986
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Cardiology
Supplies, Hospital
Accession Number
997010011
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent plastic Cardio-Cream squeeze bottle with non-removable cylindrical white plastic screw cap; nearly full with white cream; base has slight circular push up with lot number stamped in black ink and manufacturer information embossed; cylindrical body has straight side…
  5 images  
Accession Number
997010011
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Cardiology
Supplies, Hospital
MeSH Heading
Supplies, Hospital
Electrocardiography
Electroencephalography
Electrosurgery
Diagnosis
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent plastic Cardio-Cream squeeze bottle with non-removable cylindrical white plastic screw cap; nearly full with white cream; base has slight circular push up with lot number stamped in black ink and manufacturer information embossed; cylindrical body has straight sides with product information and direction printed in English on front and in French on back in navy ink; mold lines on sides from base to top; flat shoulders taper to cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; cap has thick vertical indents in sides and sides taper to flat top with hinged rectangular spout nozzle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used at Hotel Dieu Hospital in Kingston.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1975
1986
circa 1975 – 1986
Date Remarks
Presence of Ingram & Bell logo adopted in late 1960s; company became Ingram & Bell Inc. in 1986
Material
plastic: semi-clear, white
ink: navy, black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of bottle: “CARDIO-CREAM // An electroconductive cream designed // to give maximum conductivity between // skin and electrode. For use in electro- // cardiography, electroencephalography // and electrosurgical procedures. // DIRECTIONS: Apply a thin layer of // cream onto the skin areas. // Choose // areas relatively free of hair. Spread the // cream evenly and attach the electrode. // The emulsifying action solubilizes the // skin oils thus ensuring a good contact. // After using, the cream may be mas- // saged into skin or wiped off with // a tissue. // FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // TORONTO // CANADA”; stamped on bottom in black ink: “(L) 384140”; embossed on bottom: “PLAX”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-6 Row B
Length
13.4 cm
Diameter
4.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading of stamped lot number on base
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Artifact
Document
Website
Reference Comments
Label on artifact (997.010.011)
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1969.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Cardio-Cream was a product marketed by Ingram & Bell specifically for use in hospitals and for medical professionals; it was an electroconductive cream used in electrocardiography, electroencephalography, and electrosurgical procedures.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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Dates
1975
1986
circa 1975 – 1986
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Cardiology
Supplies, Hospital
Accession Number
997010012
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent plastic Cardio-Cream squeeze bottle with non-removable cylindrical white plastic screw cap; nearly full with white cream; base has slight circular push up with lot number stamped in black ink and manufacturer information embossed; cylindrical body has straight side…
  5 images  
Accession Number
997010012
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Cardiology
Supplies, Hospital
MeSH Heading
Supplies, Hospital
Electrocardiography
Electroencephalography
Electrosurgery
Diagnosis
Description
Full cylindrical semi-transparent plastic Cardio-Cream squeeze bottle with non-removable cylindrical white plastic screw cap; nearly full with white cream; base has slight circular push up with lot number stamped in black ink and manufacturer information embossed; cylindrical body has straight sides with product information and direction printed in English on front and in French on back in navy ink; mold lines on sides from base to top; flat shoulders taper to cylindrical finish with continuous external thread; cap has thick vertical indents in sides and sides taper to flat top with hinged rectangular spout nozzle.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Used at Hotel Dieu Hospital in Kingston.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1975
1986
circa 1975 – 1986
Date Remarks
Presence of Ingram & Bell logo adopted in late 1960s; company became Ingram & Bell Inc. in 1986
Material
plastic: semi-clear, white
ink: navy, black
Inscriptions
Printed on front of bottle: “CARDIO-CREAM // An electroconductive cream designed // to give maximum conductivity between // skin and electrode. For use in electro- // cardiography, electroencephalography // and electrosurgical procedures. // DIRECTIONS: Apply a thin layer of // cream onto the skin areas. // Choose // areas relatively free of hair. Spread the // cream evenly and attach the electrode. // The emulsifying action solubilizes the // skin oils thus ensuring a good contact. // After using, the cream may be mas- // saged into skin or wiped off with // a tissue. // FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // TORONTO // CANADA”; stamped on bottom in black ink: “(L) 384140”; embossed on bottom: “PLAX”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A1-6 Row B
Length
13.4 cm
Diameter
4.5 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor fading of stamped lot number on base
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Artifact
Document
Website
Reference Comments
Label on artifact (997.010.012)
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1969.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Cardio-Cream was a product marketed by Ingram & Bell specifically for use in hospitals and for medical professionals; it was an electroconductive cream used in electrocardiography, electroencephalography, and electrosurgical procedures.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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diagnostic set; ophthalmoscope; otoscope; auroscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8036
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Accession Number
1980.23.4
Description
A fitted box (a) covered with leatherette, lined with velvet and satin; two compartments are empty; contains instructions for use (b), certificate of inspection (c), a battery handle (d), an ophthalmoscope (f), prism otoscope (e), bakelite ear specula (g-j).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.23.4
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Ophthalmoscopy
Physical Examination
Description
A fitted box (a) covered with leatherette, lined with velvet and satin; two compartments are empty; contains instructions for use (b), certificate of inspection (c), a battery handle (d), an ophthalmoscope (f), prism otoscope (e), bakelite ear specula (g-j).
Number Of Parts
10
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 20.0 cm x Width 11.5 cm x Depth 6.3 cm
b - instruction sheet - Size: Length 14.7 cm x Width 9.0 cm
c - inspection sheet - Size: Length 7.7 cm x Width 5.1 cm
d - handle - Size: Length 17.2 cm x Diam. 3.8 cm
e - otoscope - Size: Length 4.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm
f - ophthalmoscope
g-j - ear specula
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. J. W. Scott; belonged to C. W. MacCharles of Winnipeg.
Maker
Bausch & Lomb Optical Co.
Site Made (City)
Rochester
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Material
wood: brown
leatherette: blue
fabric: blue
metal: silver
plastic: black
glass: clear; silvered
Inscriptions
Written on adhesive tape label: "C. W. MacCharles"; "kite"-shaped label has, "BAUSCH // & LOMB // USA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E3-14
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
C. W. MacCharles was Surgeon in Command of the RCNVR in the 1930s; head of the Defence Reserve Board.
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diagnostic set; otoscope; auroscope; ophthalmoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact8035
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Accession Number
1980.23.3 a-l
Description
A fitted box (a) covered with leatherette, lined with velvet and satin; two compartments are empty; contains a battery handle (b), an ophthalmoscope (c), otoscope (d), metal ear specula (e-g), laryngeal mirrors (h,i), light bulbs (j,k), and an illuminated carrier (l).
  1 image  
Accession Number
1980.23.3 a-l
Collection
University Health Network - Academy of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Ophthalmoscopy
Physical Examination
Description
A fitted box (a) covered with leatherette, lined with velvet and satin; two compartments are empty; contains a battery handle (b), an ophthalmoscope (c), otoscope (d), metal ear specula (e-g), laryngeal mirrors (h,i), light bulbs (j,k), and an illuminated carrier (l).
Number Of Parts
12
Part Names
a - box - Size: Length 20.4 cm x Width 19.1 cm x Depth 5.1 cm
b - handle - Size: Length 15.9 cm
c - ophthalmoscope - Size: Length 8.9 cm
d - otoscope
e-g - specula
h,i - laryngeal mirrors
j,k - kight bulbs
l - carrier
Provenance
Acquired from the Academy of Medicine; source: Dr. J. W. Scott.
Maker
Down Bros.
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Material
wood: brown
leatherette: black
fabric: blue
paint: black
metal: silver
glass: clear; silvered
Inscriptions
On front of (c): "MAY OPHTHALMOSCOPE // IMPROVED // DOWN BROS // LONDON"; on reverse is written, "John W. Scott"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E3-14
Condition Remarks
Black pain worn.
Copy Type
Original
Images
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equipment stand

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact870
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Physical Examination
Vision
Classification
Ophthalmology
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, Eyes
Optometry
Physical Examination
Vision
Vision Tests
Accession Number
994008002 a-b
Description
Black cast-iron adjustable mobile equipment stand for Sitoptic balance has black wooden table top with one drawer.
Accession Number
994008002 a-b
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Physical Examination
Vision
Classification
Ophthalmology
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, Eyes
Optometry
Physical Examination
Vision
Vision Tests
MeSH Heading
Equipment and Supplies
Ophthalmology
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, Eyes
Optometry
Physical Examination
Vision
Vision Tests
Description
Black cast-iron adjustable mobile equipment stand for Sitoptic balance has black wooden table top with one drawer.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - stand - Size: Length 63.5 cm. x Width 42.3 cm. x Depth 81.3 cm.
b - drawer - Size: Length 38.0 cm. x Width 8.0 cm. x Depth 17.5 cm.
Provenance
Used by Dr. Chiong .
Maker
Imperial Optical Co.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1900
1920
circa 1900-1920
Material
metal: black
wood: black
Inscriptions
"IMPERIAL OPTICAL CO. // TORONTO, CANADA // SERIAL NO. 485"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0009
Floor
Temporary Location
On display "Doctor's Treatment Room c1930" at Museum of Health Care 20 Feb 2016.
Condition Remarks
wooden top = fair; waterstains have ruined paint in one corner; table top s/b refinished
Exhibit History
On display "Electricity and the Invisible Ray", (North Gallery Room 1013) Museum of Health Care, Oct. 2006 - 20 Feb 2016.
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examination chair

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1864
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
Angada Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
Accession Number
995003086
Description
Examining (eye?) chair which consists of a painted metal base with four legs and plastic wheels; on the base is a vinyl-covered seat and high back (both likely made of vinyl-covered wood) and a cardboard bottom; the back has 52 studs holding the vinyl in place.
  1 image  
Accession Number
995003086
Collection
Angada Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Physical Examination -- instrumentation
MM= Interior Design and Furnishings -- furniture, medical
Description
Examining (eye?) chair which consists of a painted metal base with four legs and plastic wheels; on the base is a vinyl-covered seat and high back (both likely made of vinyl-covered wood) and a cardboard bottom; the back has 52 studs holding the vinyl in place.
Number Of Parts
1
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Material
metal: dark grey
paint: blue
vinyl: blue
cardboard: beige
wood(?):
plastic: black
Inscriptions
The bottom of the chair seat has a tag which reads, "Do not remove this tag under penalty of law // All new material consisting of cotton felt // Registry No. N.Y. 25615 // This article is made to compliance with an act of Dist. of Col. // approved July 3, 1926; Kansas approved March 1923, Minn. approved April 24, 1929. New Jersey Revised Statutes 26, 10-6 18. Sold by Date of Delivery"
Permanent Location
Storage Room W1
W1-12-2
Dimension Notes
Length: 110.0 cm. x Width: 41.3 cm.
Condition Remarks
The chair was very dirty and dusty; there is a sticky residue on the vinyl on the inside of of the chair back, as well as a spot of red spray paint
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Possibly an eye-examining chair (Sylvia Burkinshaw)
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Harvey double head stethoscope

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15278
Dates
1996
2005
circa 1996-2005
Collection
Dr. John Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Diagnosis
Accession Number
009046024
Description
Rectangular cardboard box containing "The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope"; the box is in two parts (a, b), and the top slides over the bottom; the lid contains a photograph of a stethoscope on a background of a white button down shirt with a chest pocket; the title is printed in black and white abo…
  5 images  
Accession Number
009046024
Collection
Dr. John Anderson Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Diagnosis, General
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Auscultation
Auscultation -- instrumentation
Stethoscopes
Heart Sounds
Diagnosis
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Description
Rectangular cardboard box containing "The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope"; the box is in two parts (a, b), and the top slides over the bottom; the lid contains a photograph of a stethoscope on a background of a white button down shirt with a chest pocket; the title is printed in black and white above the photograph on a blue background with a tan stripe, and around the photograph there are words printed in black detailing some of the features of the stethoscope; on the front side of the lid there is a white sticker with the date and manufacturing information on it, as well as a barcode; the booklet (u) has the same photograph and graphics style as the box lid; the inside of the booklet contains nine pages and a flap, as well as information on the inside covers; the booklet contains black and white illustrations, and gives information about the different parts of the stethoscope, how to adjust the headset, preparing for the exam, sites of auscultation, heart sounds and murmurs, the flat diaphragm, the corrugated diaphragm, the bell, helpful hints, warranty, ordering information, and care and maintenance; the back of the booklet contains a sticker with the European information; the stethoscope (parts c-i) has metal arms and black rubber tubing; the ear pieces become larger at the ends and the end of the stethoscope has two heads, a bell and a diaphragm; there is a metal piece with black rubber over it that connects the two metal arms to one another; in the box with the stethoscope are a cardboard insert (k) and a small plastic bag filled with three sets of ear pieces (two white and one grey) and a corrugated diaphragm;(m-t); a plastic bag (j) and a green piece of paper (l) with employee information on it.
Number Of Parts
21
Part Names
a - box: Length 31.3 cm X Width 13.6 cm X Height 5.8 cm
b - lid: Length 32.0 cm X Width 14.2 cm X Height 5.9 cm
c - stethoscope: Length 63.8 cm X Width 12.0 cm X Height 2.7 cm
d-e - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
f - bell: Height 1.3 cm X Diameter 2.8 cm
g - chestpiece: Height 1.0 cm X Diameter 4.4 cm
h - ring: Height 0.5 cm X Diameter 4.7 cm
i - diaphragm: Diameter 4.4 cm
j - plastic: Length 24.0 cm X Width 19.0 cm
k - cardboard: Length 30.8 cm X Width 35.2 cm
l - paper: Length 7.6 cm X Width 2.5 cm
m - plastic: Length 11.0 cm X Width 7.6 cm
n-o - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.1 cm
p-q - ear pieces: Length 1.5 cm X Diameter 1.3 cm
r-s - ear pieces: Length 2.0 cm X Diameter 1.4 cm
t - diaphragm: Height 0.3 cm X Diameter 4.4 cm
u: booklet: Length 22.9 cm X Width 10.2 cm
Provenance
Owned by Effie and Elizabeth Curry.
Maker
Tycos: A Welch Allyn Company
Site Made (City)
Arden
Site Made (State)
North Carolina
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1996
2005
circa 1996-2005
Date Remarks
Based on date printed on sticker and date donated to the museum
Material
paper: cream, green, white
ink: blue, brown, white, black, grey, green
metal: grey
rubber: black, grey, white
plastic: clear, black
Inscriptions
Embossed on chestpiece (g): "Tycos // ASHEVILLE, N.C., USA PAT. NO. 3109508"; printed on paper (l): "I Take Pride in Our Quality // Employee #9117 // TYCOS INSTRUMENTS, INC."; printed on top of lid (b): "The HARVEY // DOUBLE HEAD // Stethoscope // New Soft Eartips // Rotatablen Binaurals // Dual Channel Tubing // Brass Chestpiece // Construction // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company"; printed on sticker on front of lid: "Mfg: 11/20/96 // Tycos® // A Welch Allyn // Company // CE // 5079-28 // Harvey Stethoscope // Double Head // +H8575079280 // Tycos Instruments, Inc · 95 Old Shoals Road · Arden, NC 28704 USA"; printed on front of booklet (u): "The Original // HARVEY // Stethoscopes // A Superior "Time Tested" // Stethoscope for the // Auscultation of // the Heart // DOUBLE-HEAD — 5079-28 // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company"; printed on back of booklet (including sticker): "CE European Regulatory Manager // Medical Division, Welch Allyn Ltd. // Navan, Co. Meath, Republic of Ireland // Tycos® A Welch Allyn // Company // Tycos Instruments, Inc. // 95 Old Shoals Road // Arden, NC 28704 // Telephone: (704) 684-4895 // Tycos—a tradition of excellence // 95P319 // Printed in U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-6
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Rubber tubing on one side of stethoscope, where the rubber meets the metal binaural tubes.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, patent, book, interview
Reference Comments
Welch Allyn, Hillrom, "Original Harvey Stethoscopes": https://www.welchallyn.com/en/products/categories/discontinued-products/physical-exam/stethoscopes/original_harvey_stethoscopes.html
US Patent 3,109,508: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3109508.pdf
"A Journey of Hope", by Oscar Mann, Hamilton Books, Dec. 14, 2005, 302 pages, pg. 190-191: https://books.google.ca/books?id=Wa5IFsCb1SwC&dq=original+harvey+stethoscope&source=gbs_navlinks_s
"WATKINS PROCTOR HARVEY, MD:A Conversation With the Editor", December 30, 1999, interview between William Clifford Roberts, MD and Watkins Proctor Harvey, MD: https://documents.pub/document/watkins-proctor-harvey-md-a-conversation-with-the-editor.html
Research Facts
The Harvey Double Head Stethoscope was part of a collection of stethoscopes by the Welch Allyn company called "Original Harvey Stethoscopes". They are no longer sold, and were replaced by the Harvey DLX stethoscopes.
US Patent No. 3,109,508 was granted on November 5th, 1963, to Ralph Cefaly, and was for an acoustic stethoscope with three heads: a bell, a diaphragm, and a corrugated diaphragm.
In the mid-1950s, Dr. Watkins Proctor Harvey invented this three-headed stethoscope, the Harvey Stethoscope, and it was produced by the Cefaly Research Corporation of Brentwood, Maryland. It was sometimes known as the Harvey Cefaly Stethoscope. The corrugated diaphragm helps detect faint heart activity and a larger range of frequencies. The bell is especially good for detecting low frequency sounds. Low frequency heart sounds called gallops can be signs of heart disease, and are important to be able to detect.
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Muko Surgical Lubricant

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15311
Dates
1968
1986
circa 1968 – 1986
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Supplies, Hospital
Surgery, instrumentation
Diagnosis
Accession Number
006033027 a-b
Description
Rectangular tan cardboard box (a) containing 100 individual rectangular grey foil packets of sterlized Muko Surgical Lubricant (c) with small rectangular cream paper information sheet (b); box is single folded sheet of cardboard that opens at top and held closed by flaps; product information print…
  5 images  
Accession Number
006033027 a-b
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Supplies, Hospital
Surgery, instrumentation
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Lubrication
Surgery
Supplies, Hospital
Diagnosis
Description
Rectangular tan cardboard box (a) containing 100 individual rectangular grey foil packets of sterlized Muko Surgical Lubricant (c) with small rectangular cream paper information sheet (b); box is single folded sheet of cardboard that opens at top and held closed by flaps; product information printed in navy ink on exterior front, back, proper left and proper right sides; packets are reflective grey foil and clear plastic with product information printed on labels on front and back; each packet contains semi-solid substance; information sheet has product instructions and warnings printed on single side in navy ink.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a – box – Length 16.7 cm Width 9.1 cm Depth 8.1 cm
b – information sheet – Length 10.2 cm Width 5.1 cm
c - plackages - Length 8.6 cm x Width 3.8 cm x Depth 0.4 cm
Provenance
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Maker
Ingram & Bell Limited
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1968
1986
circa 1968 – 1986
Date Remarks
Presence of Ingram & Bell logo adopted in late 1960s; company became Ingram & Bell Inc. in 1986
Material
paper: tan, cream
ink: navy, light blue, white
metal: grey
plastic: clear
graphite: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on front and back of box: “MUKO // Surgical Lubricant / Lubrifiant Chirurgical”; printed on proper left and right sides of box: “100 // 3.5 GMS. // MUKO // Surgical Lubricant / Lubrifiant Chirurgical // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // DON MILLS, ONTARIO”; stamped on proper right side in blue ink: “L 874200”; hand written in grey graphite on back of box: “Felt Pen // Lower 3rd // Test”; printed on front of each packet: “MUKO // Surgical Lubricant Lubrificant Chirurgical”; printed on back of each packet: “3.5 GM. // WATER SOLUBLE // NON CONDUCTIVE // STERILE WHEN PACKED // INGRAM & BELL LIMITED // DON MILLS, ONTARIO // (L) 874200””; printed on information sheet: “NOTICE // Muko pouches may be included in // Surgical Trays sterilized by // (a) Autoclaving at 250º to 254ºF. // (b) Exposure to Ethylene Oxide. // (c) Autoclaving in High Vacuum // Sterilizer* only when Control // Setting is in SOLUTION position // CAUTION: // The pouches cannot be subjected // to the high degree of vacuum as // normally used with Hi-Vac* Auto- // claves. // *Vaco Matic – // American Sterilizer Co. // Ortho Vac – Wilmot Castle.”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Major yellowing all over exterior of box; minor distortion, creases, and tears in top flap of box; major separation of foil along edges of packets; minor yellowing along edges of information sheet; minor distortion all over information sheet
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Document
Document (online)
Website
Reference Comments
Ingram & Bell Limited. Hospital Supplies No. 100, 1974.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
Research Facts
Muko Surgical Lubricant is a lubricant produced for a variety of surgical and medical situations; Ingram & Bell marketed it directly to hospitals and medical professionals as a sterile, non-irritating, and non-conductive lubricant useful for endo-urethral operations, catheterization, sound exploration, endoscopic examination, as well as general surgical situations; was produced in Regular and Anesthetic formulas and came in either individual packets or larger tubes.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.
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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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Professor Holmgren’s Test For Color Blindness

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact10371
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Vision
Classification
Optometry
Vision
Vision Tests
Diagnosis
Accession Number
997002167
Description
Lidded box containing groups of various colours of coloured worsted wool bundles; instruction inside lid.
  4 images  
Accession Number
997002167
Collection
Queen's University Faculty of Medicine Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Vision
Classification
Optometry
Vision
Vision Tests
Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Color Perception Tests
Physical Examination Optometry
Vision
Vision Tests
Diagnosis
Description
Lidded box containing groups of various colours of coloured worsted wool bundles; instruction inside lid.
Provenance
Collected by Dr. A. A. Travill for Queen's Faculty of Medicine.
Dates
1900
1910
circa 1900-1910
Inscriptions
No. 1370 // PROFESSOR HOLMGREN'S // WORSTED // TEST FOR COLOR BLINDNESS // ARRANGED AND MANUFACTURED // BY // American Optical Company // Southbridge Massachusetts U. S. A. // J. F. HARTZ CO. // PHYSCIANS SUPPLIES
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E4-7
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Students at the University of Toronto used the Holmgren Wool test for laboratory exercises. Physicians and laymen used the test primarily for the detection of colour-blind employees of railway and shipping lines. A set of instructions (most likely added at the University of Toronto) were pasted inside the front lid of the container (see above). These instructions are very similar to a variation of Holmgren’s test designed by Dr. William Thomson, a Philadelphia ophthalmologist. The test kit consists of three test worsteds and forty match and confusion worsteds. The subject was asked to match the worsteds with the test wool. If she chose the confusion colours instead of the proper match colours, the subject was said to be colour blind. For example, with the Pink Test worsted, if the subject chose blue or violet, the subject would be termed red-blind. If she chose green or gray, the subject was said to be green-blind.
Fithiof Holmgren (1831-1897), the inventor of the above test, was a Swedish physiologist who made his reputation studying the retina’s electrical response to light. Early in his career, Holmgren studied under Herman von Helmholtz and Emil DuBois-Reymond. The success and popularity of Holmgren’s original test owed as much to his innovation as to the context of his work. Holmgren’s original test was directly inspired by a well-publicized railway accident at Lagerlunda, Sweden, in 1876. Holmgren suspected that the engineer of the train suffered from colour-blindness and he set out to test this theory by examining 266 employees of the UppsalaGabole line. As he suspected, thirteen of these employees were found to be colour blind. Holmgren’s test quickly established itself as a systematic, reliable way of detecting colour blindness in railway and shipping employees.
The original Holmgren test of 1879 was the first successful attempt to standardize the detection of colour-blindness. Seebeck and Wilson had made a similar attempt in the 1850’s but their efforts were ignored and forgotten (Boring, 1942). Holmgren based his test on the Young-Helmholtz theory of colour perception which stated that there were three sets of colour perceiving elements in the retina. According to the theory, a defect in one of these elements caused a variant of colour-blindness. Holmgen designed the test to require matching, rather than naming of colours. The original test was more cumbersome than the kit used by U of T students; it had over 160 wools: 3 test colours, and 20 match and confusion colours, (8 shades each).
Dr. William Thomson* devised his test under similar circumstances. In 1879 the American overnment commissioned Thomson to devise a colour-blind test for railway and shipping mployees. Thomson worked to simplify Holmgren’s method so that a "non-professional" could onduct the testing and transmit the results to an expert for interpretation. In a series of variations to Holmgren’s test, Thomson reduced the number of matching colours, and numbered the worsteds.
Much of the success of the Holmgren-Thomson test can be attributed to the simplicity and portability of its design. This test represents one of the earliest examples of a psychological test used on a large group of people.
https://www.psych.utoronto.ca/sites/www.psych.utoronto.ca/files/Professor%20Holmgren%E2%80%99s%20Test%20For%20Colour%20Blindness_0.pdf
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