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electroconvulsive therapy apparatus

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1018
Dates
1950
1982
circa 1950-1982
Collection
Kingston General Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Psychiatry
Accession Number
997028001 a-e
Description
Mark 4 E.C.T. apparatus which consists of (a) the apparatus housed in a square wooden box with a lid that is hinged at the back, has two clasps on the left and right sides near the front and an attached leather handle on the front; the base houses the motor of the apparatus and is covered with a pa…
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Accession Number
997028001 a-e
Collection
Kingston General Hospital Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Psychiatry
MeSH Heading
Electric Stimulation Therapy -- instrumentation
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Psychiatry -- instrumentation
Description
Mark 4 E.C.T. apparatus which consists of (a) the apparatus housed in a square wooden box with a lid that is hinged at the back, has two clasps on the left and right sides near the front and an attached leather handle on the front; the base houses the motor of the apparatus and is covered with a panel that has an on/off switch, a mains light, a treatment light, an output plug, a treat button and waveform and ectonus dials; there is an electric cord and plug that comes out of the back of the machine; the bottom of the machine has four round rubber feet on each corner; a headpiece (b) that consists of a rectangular plastic handle with a wood-covered cylindrical bar coming down from each end of the handle and with circular wooden-backed cotton-padded electrodes at the end of the bars; there is an electric cord leading out from the left side of the handle and a circular push-in button on the right side; the electrical cord plugs into the output plug of (a); the adpiece fits into the top of the apparatus box; there is another headpiece (c) that has a cylindrical handle with a semicircular piece on the bottom, that has a wooden-backed cotton-padded electrode at each end; the top of the headpiece handle has a push-in button; there is an electric cord leading out from the side, near the top; the electrical cord plugs into the output plug of the apparatus; there are also printed instructions (d) that come with the machine; the instructions are on two pieces of paper that have been covered with plastic, folded in half and stapled along the folded edge to form a small booklet; some accessories that came with the machine include: (e) a cardboard box that contains 69 individual packages (not accessioned) of electrolyte solution, which was used to soak the padded electrodes on the headpieces; there is also a plastic bag that contains 29 replacement pads (not accessioned) and a plastic package that contains 6 metal headpiece electrode backs, 4 wooden padding backs and 5 small, 6-sided screw nuts (not accessioned).
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - electroconvulsive apparatus (closed) - Length 23.2 cm. x Width 22.8 cm. x Depth 16.5 cm.
b - headpiece (including cord length) - Length 206.5 cm. x Width 3.8 cm. x Depth 18.2 cm.
c - headpiece (including cord length) - Length 181.7 cm. x Width 3.8 cm. x Depth 17.3 cm.
d - printed instructions (folded) - Length 14.2 cm. x Width 20.2 cm.
e - box of electrolyte - Length 16.8 cm. x Width 16.6 cm. x Depth 8.4 cm.
Provenance
Used on Connell 4 at the Kingston General Hospital.
Maker
Ectron Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Knap Close
Site Made (Country)
England
Dates
1950
1982
circa 1950-1982
Date Remarks
Inspected by Clinical Engineering in Dec. of 1982
Material
metal: silver
plastic: white; green; black; grey
paper: white; green
wood: brown
leather: black
fabric: white
electrolyte: pink
cardboard: light grey
rubber: black
Inscriptions
(a) The panel reads, "DUOPULSE // MK. 4. E.C.T. APPARATUS // MADE IN ENGLAND // ECTRON LTD. // KNAP CLOSE // LETCHWORTH HERTS // WARNING // THIS APPARATUS SHOULD ONLY BE USED BY // TRAINED PERSONNEL AS THE OUTPUT CAN // BE DANGEROUS IF IMPROPERLY USED // A.C. INPUT POWER 90 WATTS. MAX. // OFF // ON // MAINS // TREATMENT // OUTPUT // TREAT // WAVEFORM // ECTONUS"; a small plastic label at the bottom of the panel reads, "PSYCH 396"; manufacturing label on the inside of the lid reads, "ECTRON LTD // KNAP CLOSE, LETCHWORTH, HERTS, ENGLAND // SERIAL NO. 134 // VOLTS 110 AMPS 1.0 HZ 60 // RISK CLASS 2, (REF. CSA STANDARD C22.2, No. 125)"; safety instructions and standards are also listed; a paper label in the middle of the panel reads, "In Canada: // HYBRID ELECTRONICS // 50 WINGOLD AVE, // TORONTO ONTARIO // M-3 1p7 // Telephone ---"; a paper label on the bottom of the apparatus reads, "CLINICAL ENGINEERING DEPT. // ACCEPTED // DATE: 20 DEC. 82 // INSPECTED BY: P.W."; (b) raised lettering on the headpiece handle reads, "ECTRON // MADE IN ENGLAND" on both sides; (d) the instructions are listed under the heading, "Operating Instructions for // Ectron Ectonus Ectonustim & Duopulse // Mark 4 E.C.T. Apparatus"; (e) a paper label on the cardboard box reads, "ELECTROLYTE // 100 Packets for E.C.T. // Electrolyte Solution // Ectron Ltd. // Knap Close // Letchworth Herts. SG6 1AQ // England"; directions on the individual packets read, "Dissolve contents in 1/2 pint (285 ml.) water. // Saturate Headband pads in this solution"
Permanent Location
(a-c,e) Storage Room 0007
0007-M1-4
(d) Storage Room 2005
2005-2-5 Box 18
Condition Remarks
(a) Shows some wear, but is complete; small paper label on the panel is water-damaged and missing w wear, especially the cotton pads; both cords are flexible; (d) instructions are complete and fully legible; (e) the cardboard box is heavily worn and water-damaged; packages of electrolyte solution were leaking powder; #2: rubber cord may require special treatment in the future; pink powder should possibly be removed; instructions to be removed and placed in archives.
Copy Type
Original
Research Facts
Also known as a shock therapy unit.
Images
Less detail