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Ammonia Inhalants

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15259
Dates
1950
1967
circa 1950 – 1967
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
018011008 a-f
Description
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut …
  5 images  
Accession Number
018011008 a-f
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid
First Aid -- instrumentation
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medicine
Health and Safety
Pharmacy
Fainting -- drug therapy
Drugs, Non-Prescription
Inhalation
Drug Packaging
MM= Drug Packaging
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- box
Description
Unsealed rectangular brown cardboard Ammonia Inhalants box (a) containing 4 silken mesh wrapped cylindrical capsules (b-e) separated and supported by folded rectangular corrugated cream paper insert (f); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut out at top of front side facilitates opening; product and company information appears on exterior of top, bottom, back, and proper right side; directions with illustrations appear on front; capsules consist of hard cylinder wrapped in soft cream fabric and silken mesh with both ends tied closed around the cylinder; part of contents in Rexall First Aid Kit (018.011.001).
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a – box – Length 10.4 cm Width 5.7 cm Depth 1.7 cm
b-e – capsules – Length 4.1 cm Diameter 1.0 cm
f – insert – Length 9.9 cm Width 5.0 cm Depth 1.7 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Mine Safety Appliances Co.
Site Made (City)
Pittsburgh
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
U. S. A.
Dates
1950
1967
circa 1950 – 1967
Date Remarks
Similar items in other museum collections; new MSA letter logo introduced in 1967
Material
paper: brown, cream
fabric: cream, white
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on top and bottom of box: “MINE SAFETY // APPLIANCES CO. // EFFICIENCY // SERVICE SAFETY // PITTSBURGH PA // AMMONIA INHALANTS // (Aromatized Ammonia – Alcohol 38 %) // 10 Per Package // Cat. No. FA - 2156”; printed on front of box: “Crush inhalant // between thumb and // finger // Hold about 4 inches from nose. // As ammonia gets weaker, hold closer. // Try the strength of inhalant by placing // it under your own nose at about // one minute intervals. When too // weak, use another inhalant”; printed on back of box: “AMMONIA INHALANTS // Aromatized Ammonia : : Alcohol 38 % // Active Ingredients: Ammonia Carbonate, Stronger // Ammonia Water, Oil Lemon, Oil Lavender and Oil // Nutmeg. // 10 Per Package Containing 1/3 cc. Each. // MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; printed on proper left side of box: “MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO., // Braddock, Thomas and Meade Sts. // Pittsburgh, Pa. Made in U. S. A.”; stamped on proper right side of box: “9 D 11”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D4-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor soiling and foxing all over box; minor distortion to back of box; minor soiling and foxing all over insert; minor discolouration on ends of capsules
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Website
Reference Comments
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Our History.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“1960 – 1969 A decade of MSA in review.” MSA, 2019. Accessed 18 July 2019.
“Collections Online.” Bulkley Valley Museum, Bulkley Valley Museum Society, 2019. Accessed 19 July 2019.
Research Facts
This artifact is part of a first aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; ammonia can be taken orally in solution with water or placed on a fabric rag and inhaled; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
The Mine Safety Appliance Company was founded by John T. Ryan Sr. and George H. Deike following a tragic mining accident in 1912; with the help of Thomas Edison, they developed an electric mining lamp that helped reduce mine explosions; from there, the company expanded and developed a wide variety of safety products for a variety of applications; this Ammonia Inhalant set was likely produced before 1967 because of the absence of the “MSA” logo first introduced in 1967.
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hypodermic syringe set

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1104
Dates
1924
circa 1924
Collection
Dr. R. R. MacGregor Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
992070075 a-j
Description
Hypodermic syringe set consisting of a metal case (a) which is hinged at the back; lid has a hinged compartment containing four full hypodermic vials of medicine: strychnine sulphate (g), ergotinine citrate (h), digitalin (i) and atropine sulphate (j); compartment can be opened to stand perpendicul…
  3 images  
Accession Number
992070075 a-j
Collection
Dr. R. R. MacGregor Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Syringes
Injections -- instrumentation
Drug Packaging
MM= Injections -- hypodermic syringe
Description
Hypodermic syringe set consisting of a metal case (a) which is hinged at the back; lid has a hinged compartment containing four full hypodermic vials of medicine: strychnine sulphate (g), ergotinine citrate (h), digitalin (i) and atropine sulphate (j); compartment can be opened to stand perpendicular to lid of case and also contains two compartments for needles, which are missing; base of case contains glass barrel (b), plunger (c) with removable metal ring (e) for pulling barrel, a glass tip for the syringe (d) and a thin hollow metal shaft (f).
Number Of Parts
10
Part Names
a - case - Size: Length 6.5 cm x Width 3.5 cm x Depth 2.5 cm
b - barrel - Size: Length 4.5 cm x Diam. 0.9 cm
c - plunger - Size: Length 4.7 cm x Diam. 0.8 cm
d - glass tip - Size: Length 2.2 cm x Diam. 0.6 cm
e - metal ring - Size: Length 2.7 cm x Width 1.1 cm x Depth 0.5 cm
f - metal shaft - Size: Length 2.2 cm x Diam. 0.3 cm
g-j - vials - Size: Length 4.8 cm x Diam. 0.6 cm
Provenance
Belonged to Dr. R.R. MacGregor; note in Travill Catalogue: Nov. 1967 catalogue entry:
"Hypodermic in case 88/2 Tabloid Brand shelf, Dr. R.R. MacGregor, Nov. 1967"
Maker
Burroughs Wellcome & Co.
Site Made (City)
(g-j) London
Site Made (Country)
(a-b) Germany; (g-j) England
Dates
1924
circa 1924
Date Remarks
The Wellcome Foundation Ltd. was registered in 1924
Material
glass: clear, brown, purple
wax: brown, red
metal: grey
pills: white
paper: white, black
Inscriptions
Stamped on top of case: "'TABLOID' // BRAND // HYPODERMIC CASE"; stamped on case front: "BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO. // LONDON. (ENG.) NEW YORK MONTREAL // SYDNEY CAPE TOWN MILAN // BOMBAY SHANGHAI BUENOS AIRES"; stamped at right side of case: "MADE IN GERMANY"; stamped on bottom of case: DR. R.R. MACGREGOR"; printed on (b): "BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO. LONDON (ENG.) // (THE WELLCOME FOUNDATION LTD.)"; at side of (b): "MADE IN GERMANY"; near base of (b): ""AGLA" // TRADE MARK"; (b) is calibrated from 0 cc to 1 cc in 0.1 cc increments and from 0 min to 20 min in 1 min increments; printed on label of (g): "A.N. S020 / POISON // No. 75 // TRADE MARK 'Tabloid' BRAND Hypodermic // Strychnine Sulphate // 20 products each containing gr. 1/30 (0.0022 gm.) // BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO., LONDON (ENG.) // (The Wellcome Foundation Ltd.) // MADE IN ENGLAND // Poison Schedule Part 1"; printed on label of (h): "No. 37 D713 POISON // TRADE MARK 'Tabloid' BRAND Hypodermic // Ergotine Citrate // 20 products containing gr. 1/100 (0.00065 gm.) // BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO., LONDON (ENG.) // (The Wellcome Foundation Ltd.) // MADE IN ENGLAND"; printed on label of (i): "A.N. // No. 30 S355 POISON // TRADE MARK 'Tabloid' BRAND Hypodermic // Digitalin (Amorphous) // 20 products each containing gr. 1/100 (0.00065 gm.) // BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO., LONDON (ENG.) // (The Wellcome Foundation Ltd.) // MADE IN ENGLAND // Poison Schedule Part 1"; printed on label of (j): "A.N. S301 // No. 14 / POISON // TRADE MARK 'Tabloid' BRAND Hypodermic // Atropine Sulphate // 20 products each containing gr. 1/100 (0.00065 gm.) // Poison Schedule Part 1 // BURROUGHS WELLCOME & CO., LONDON (ENG.) // (The Wellcome Foundation Ltd.) // MADE IN ENGLAND"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-5
Condition Remarks
Shows wear; #2: contains pills that should be assessed and possibly destroyed.
Reference Types
Document
Internet
JPG
Reference Comments
Wellcome Trust corporate website, "The Wellcome Foundation Ltd." page [Accessed March 2014]; object 997001947; CD #5
Research Facts
Dr. Rob Roy MacGregor (1873-1970) graduated from Queen's Medical School in 1916. He served in World War I with the RCAMC and later became Kingston's first paediatrician; he was Chief of the Department of Paediatrics at Kingston General Hospital from 1929 to 1956.
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Merthiolate Swabs and Ammonia

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15231
Dates
1953
1963
circa 1953 - 1963
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
018004007 a-n
Description
Unsealed rectangular cream cardboard box (a) containing 5 cylindrical orange cardboard containers of M. S. C. Tincture Merthiolate Swabs (b-f) two cylinder white cardboard containers (g, j) with removable slide-off cylindrical red and white cardboard caps (h, k) each containing irregular cylindrica…
  5 images  
Accession Number
018004007 a-n
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
First Aid
First Aid -- instrumentation
Emergency Medical Services
Emergency Medicine
Health and Safety
Health and Safety -- workplace
Drugs -- Non-Prescription
MM= Drug Packaging -- container
MM= Drugs -- container
Fainting -- drug therapy
Drug Packaging
Inhalation
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- ampoule
Description
Unsealed rectangular cream cardboard box (a) containing 5 cylindrical orange cardboard containers of M. S. C. Tincture Merthiolate Swabs (b-f) two cylinder white cardboard containers (g, j) with removable slide-off cylindrical red and white cardboard caps (h, k) each containing irregular cylindrical transparent glass ampoules filled with semi transparent yellow Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia (i, l) and 2 conical cream paper Dixie cups (m, n); box has 6 rectangular sides of varying size; box opens along long top flap and half circle cut out at top of front side facilitates opening; product information appears on top, proper left and proper right sides; manufacturer information on back and information about additional products printed on front; M. S. C. Tincture Merthiolate Swabs have cylindrical orange cardboard top section with pointed top, thinner cylindrical yellow cardboard bottom section, and product information and directions printed on exterior surface; Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia containers have product information and direction printed on exterior surface; ampoules are mostly cylindrical with one bulbous section and one end with rounded point; single red dot on bulbous section; Dixie cups are flat and unfold to form conical drink vessel for liquid Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia; part of contents in Fleck’s No. 754 First Aid box (018.004.002 a-b).
Number Of Parts
14
Part Names
a – box – Length 10.1 cm Width 5.5 cm Depth 1.7 cm
b-f – M. S. C. Tincture Merthiolate Swab– Length 5.4 cm Diameter 1.0 cm
g – container tube – Length 6.9 cm Diameter 1.4 cm
h – cap – Length 0.8 cm Diameter 1.6 cm
i – ampoule – Length 6.1 cm Diameter 1.1 cm
j – container tube – Length 6.9 cm Diameter 1.4 cm
k – cap – Length 0.8 cm Diameter 1.6 cm
l – ampoule – Length 6.3 cm Diameter 1.1 cm
m – cup – Length 9.8 cm Diameter 9.5 cm
n – cup – Length 9.8 cm Diameter 9.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor’s father.
Maker
Fleck Bros. LTD.
Site Made (City)
Vancouver
Site Made (State)
British Columbia
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1953
1963
circa 1953 - 1963
Date Remarks
Start date supplied in donor file
Material
paper: cream, white, brown
ink: green, navy, blue, black, orange, yellow, red
glass: clear
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: “First Aid // Packet // No. # 72 // MERTHIOLATE SAWBS // AND AMMONIA // FLECK BROS // SAFETY FIRST”; printed on front of box: “Fleck’s for Safety // OTHER FIRST AID PRODUCTS // Neutralize – A B T for Burns – Flex Splints // Basket Stretchers – Oxygen Equipment. // (K)”; printed on back of box: “Fleck’s for Safety // Your complete Western Service for // FIRST AID – SAFETY – FIRE // EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES”; printed on proper right side of box: “SAFETY DIVISION // FLECK BROS. LTD. // 110 ALEXANDER ST. // VANCOUVER, B. C. // FLECK BROS // SAFETY FIRST”; stamped on proper left side of box: “MERTHIOLATE // AND AMMONIA”; printed on M. S. C. Tincture Merthiolate Swab containers: “M. S. C. TINCTURE // MERTHIOLATE // SWAB // 1:1000 // APPROX. 10 MINIMS // Sodium Ethyl Mercuri // Thiosalicylate, Lilly // ALCOHOL 50% MEDICAL SUPPLY CO. // ROCKFORD, ILL. // POINT DOWN // CRUSH // HERE // BEFORE REMOVING // CAP”; printed on Aromatic Spirit of Ammonia container: “2 CC. SIZE AMPOULE // AROMATIC SPIRIT OF AMMONIA // U. S. P. ALCOHOL 65% // For Shock, Nausea, Fainting, etc. // Remove ampoule from tube and hold upright. // Snap off tip at score mark. Shake contents (equal to // one teaspoonful) into half glass of water and drink // as a stimulant or may also be used full strength // on cotton or gauze for inhalation. // DISTRIBUTED BY // MEDICAL SUPPLY CO. ROCKFORD, ILL.”; printed on one side of Dixie cups: “Dixie ®”
Permanent Location
Stoarage Room 0010
0010-D4-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“First Aid.” Merriam-Webster, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Aromatic Ammonia – Inhalation.” MedicineNet, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
“Fleck Brothers Building.” Canada’s Historic Places, Parks Canada, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
“Our Story.” WorkSafeBC, 2019. Accessed 22 June 2019.
Research Facts
This object is part of a First Aid kit; First Aid is a broad term that refers to basic aid or treatment of the sick or injured before full medical treatment can be received; First Aid kits are designed to provide easy access to a variety of medical materials for fast treatment of minor wounds or to stabilize more serious conditions before additional treatment.
Aromatic ammonia is used to prevent and treat fainting and aid in overcoming the effects of anesthesia by encouraging the body to breath; this ammonia can also be taken orally in a solution with water; large doses or prolonged exposure to ammonia is harmful.
Fleck Bros. LTD. was a British Columbia based company that produced a wide range of equipment for industrial use; first aid supplies were a major part of their business and were designed specifically for use in the work place.
The W. C. B. printed on the inventory sheet of the kit to which this object belongs indicates that it was produced in conjunction with the standards of the Workers Compensation Board, which is a government agency established in 1917 as part of the Workmen’s Compensation Act in British Columbia to regulate safety in the workplace; the agency still exists as of 2019, known since 2005 as WorkSafeBC.
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pocket hypodermic syringe case

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact1105
Dates
1915
1925
circa 1915-1925
Collection
Dr. R. R. MacGregor Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
992070076 a-k
Description
Metal hypodermic case with seven empty medicine vials; all metal fused syringe needles are listed in Travill Catalogue, but not visible except in (d) metal barrel where both ends will not remove; also metal threade shaft; all pieces fit into lift-out metal pieces.
  3 images  
Accession Number
992070076 a-k
Collection
Dr. R. R. MacGregor Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Syringes
Injections -- instrumentation
Drug Packaging
MM= Injections -- hypodermic syringe
Description
Metal hypodermic case with seven empty medicine vials; all metal fused syringe needles are listed in Travill Catalogue, but not visible except in (d) metal barrel where both ends will not remove; also metal threade shaft; all pieces fit into lift-out metal pieces.
Number Of Parts
11
Part Names
a - metal case - Length 8.0 cm. x Width 4.5 cm. x Depth 1.7 cm.
b - metal liftout
c - metal liftout
d - metal barrel
e - metal shaft
f - vial No. 149
g - vial No. 145
h - vial No. 119, vial No. 100
i - vial No. 5
j - vial No. 68
k - vial No. 74
Provenance
Belonged to Dr. R.R. MacGregor
Maker
H.K. Mulford Co.
Site Made (City)
Philadelphia
Site Made (State)
Pennsylvania
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1915
1925
circa 1915-1925
Material
glass: clear
medicine: brown
paper: cream; red
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Stamped on top of case: ASEPTIC HYPODERMIC SYRINGE // H.K. MULFORD C. // PHILADELPHIA, NEW YORK, CHICAGO; printed on paper labels on medicine: "No. 74 - Morphine Sulph. 1-4 gr // ATROPHINE SULPH 1-150 gr."; "No. 68 - Morphine Sulph. 1-4 gr."; "No. 5 - Apomorphine Hydchl. 1-10 gr."; "No. 149 - Strychnine Sulph. 1-30 gr."; "No. 145 - Quinine and Urea Hydrochl. 1-2 gr."; "No. 119 - Cardiac No. 2"; "No. 100 - Nitroglycerin 1-100 gr; Atropine Sulph. 1-150 gr."
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-5
Temporary Location
On exhibit “The Century: Medical Innovations of the 1800s” at Museum of Health Care, 25 June 2017.
Condition Remarks
Shows wear; #2: contains pills that should be assessed and possibly destroyed.
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Rugby Silver Nitrate Applicators

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15208
Dates
1970
1992
circa 1970 - 1992
Collection
Mutter Museum
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Accession Number
012004004 a-f
Description
Cylindrical transparent amber plastic container tube (a) containing set of 36 cylindrical tan wooden Rugby Silver Nitrate Applicators (e) with removable cylindrical plastic stopper (b) rolled rectangular paper label with product information (c) rolled rectangular paper with instructions printed (d)…
  5 images  
Accession Number
012004004 a-f
Collection
Mutter Museum
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
MeSH Heading
Silver Nitrate -- therapeutic use
Anti-Infective Agents, Local
Antisepsis
MM= Administration Drug, Topical -- applicator
MM= Drug Packaging -- container
MM= Drugs -- container
MM= Drugs -- topical
MM= Drugs -- topical -- container
Drug Packaging
Drug Storage
Drugs -- topical -- container
Description
Cylindrical transparent amber plastic container tube (a) containing set of 36 cylindrical tan wooden Rugby Silver Nitrate Applicators (e) with removable cylindrical plastic stopper (b) rolled rectangular paper label with product information (c) rolled rectangular paper with instructions printed (d) and irregular cylinder wax paper bundle (f); base of container has circular push up; interior sides covered with paper product label and instructions; mold line on side from base to top; bottom of stopper inserted into top of tube; top of stopper is flat with a small triangular projection and four concentric circles on exterior surface; applicator sticks are thin and have one black tip
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a – container – Length 17.1 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
b – cap – Length 4.1 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
c – label – Length 15.1 cm Width 9.9 cm
d – instructions – Length 14.1 cm Width 10.8 cm
e – applicators – Length 1.6 cm Diameter 0.2 cm
f – wax bundle - – Length 1.7 cm Diameter 3.6 cm
Provenance
Deaccessioned items from the Mütter Museum.
Maker
Rugby Laboratories, INC.
Site Made (City)
New York
Site Made (State)
New York
Site Made (Country)
U. S. A.
Dates
1970
1992
circa 1970 - 1992
Date Remarks
Website of Rugby Laboratories claims over 40 years of history; end date year originally accessioned
Material
plastic: amber, white
paper: cream
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on label in black ink: “NDC# 0536-0930-01 // RUGBY // SILVER NITRATE // APPLICATORS // 6 inch, 100s // Silver Nitrate 75% // Potassium Nitrate 25% // A convenient method of applying // Silver Nitrate to affected area. // POISON // ANTIDOTE // EXTERNAL – wash with water, then // salt solution. // INTERNAL – give copious drafts of // table salt in water, followed by an emetic // (tablespoon of mustard in a tumbler of // warm water). Then administer a dose of // magnesium sulphate (Epsom Salts) and // follow with milk, raw egg, or boiled starch. // CALL PHYSICIAN // CAUTION – Continuous use of Silver // Nitrate may be the cause of permanent // discolouration at the site of application. // Keep container closed when not in use. // Distributed by // RUGBY LABORATORIES, INC. // ROCKVILLE CENTER // NEW YORK, N. Y. 11570 // POISON // The efficiency of the Silver Nitrate applicator is not // impaired when tip darkens. // Caution: Federal law prohibits dispensing without a prescription. // Used by Physician where escharotic and germicidal action is desired // DIRECTIONS: Moisten medicated tip with distilled water and // apply. One applicator usually sufficient for one application”; stamped on bottom of label in black ink: “1014”
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row F
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Small dark spots of discolouration all over paper; major yellowing of label at bottom; large presence of black particulate on interior of tube; large ans small dark spots all over paper
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Website
Reference Comments
“Silver Nittrate.” RxList, WebMD LLC, 2019. Accessed 19 June 2019.
Research Facts
Silver nitrate used on burns and wounds to prevent infections and is an antiseptic wound cauteriser; it can be harmful if exposed to large doses; the label has a “Poison” warning along with antidote information.
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