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automatic blood lancet

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact888
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
Accession Number
996009002 a-b
Description
All-metal tube with a hidden point in plastic case; the automatic blood lancet consists of a cylindrical piece of metal with a sharp point inside a hollow cylindrical tube with a spring-loaded device at one end and a small opening for the point at the other end; the centre has screw threads which a…
Accession Number
996009002 a-b
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Blood Specimen Collection -- instrumentation
MM= Blood Specimen Collection -- automatic lancet
Description
All-metal tube with a hidden point in plastic case; the automatic blood lancet consists of a cylindrical
piece of metal with a sharp point inside a hollow cylindrical tube with a spring-loaded
device at one end and a small opening for the point at the other end; the centre has screw
threads which allow adjustment for the length of the point; (b) plastic tube-shaped case with a
metal end and a paper label, used, for storing automatic blood lancet; label is yellow and blue
with black print
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - automatic blood lancet - Size: Length 12.0 cm. x Width 0.9 cm. x Depth 0.5 cm.
b - plastic lancet case & paper label - Size: Length 12.0 cm. x Diameter1.5
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
Adams
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
metal: silver
paper: yellow; black; blue
plastic: clear
Inscriptions
(a) Front reads, "ADAMS // ADAMS // USA"; (b) front reads, "ADAMS // ADAMS // Improved AUTOMATIC
BLOOD LANCET // With the SPEAR POINT cutting edge. Adjust- // able, honed blade is STAINLESS STEEL.
// Improved spring release. Chrome plated // BELL TIP fits the finger. // Made in U.S.A. // No.
A-2562/X"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F6-11
Condition Remarks
(a) Metal has a few discoloured spots; (b) plastic is cracked and becoming brittle; one end of the
case has the plastic broken; there should be a metal cap on both ends, but one is missing; paper
label is discoloured and rumpled; plastic is discoloured with age; plastic tubing needs to be repaired
or replaced
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick
Research Facts
Used for blood collection by poking fingertips (in adults) or heels (in babies) for haematology
work
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glass syringe & tips

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact890
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996009004 a-e
Description
(a) Glass syringe (broken) in (e) blue cardboard box lined with gauze; (b) plunger is intact and has a blue-coloured end; also in box are two (c,d) syringe needles; barrel (broken) is graduated in cc.
  3 images  
Accession Number
996009004 a-e
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Syringes
MM= Injections -- set
Description
(a) Glass syringe (broken) in (e) blue cardboard box lined with gauze; (b) plunger is intact and
has a blue-coloured end; also in box are two (c,d) syringe needles; barrel (broken) is graduated
in cc.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - syringe barrel - Size: Length 7.7 cm. x Width 1.0 cm. x Diam. 1.0
b - syringe - plunger - Size: Length 7.7 cm. x Width 0.8 cm. x Diam. 0.8
c - syringe - tip - Size: Length 3.2 cm. x Width 0.6 cm. x Diam. 0.4
d - syringe - tip - Size: Length 3.2 cm. x Width 0.6 cm. x Diam. 0.4
e - box - Size: Length 4.2 cm. x Width 10.2 cm. x Depth 2.7 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
Ingram & Bell Ltd.
Site Made (Country)
Germany
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
metal: silver
cardboard: light blue; off-white
glass: clear; blue
paper: blue; yellow
Inscriptions
(a) Front of barrel reads, "GENUINE - JENA - GLASS // " [quote marks on text line] I & B LTD. LUER"
618"; (b) the plunger has the number "618" on it in blue; (c,d) both syringe needles have the number
"25" stamped into their base; (e) the bottom of the box has, "E D Rooke, // '37" written in ink;
top of box has a paper label which reads, "WINNIPEG CALGARY // MADE IN // GERMANY // INGRAM &
BELL LIMITED // TORONTO MONTREAL"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-3
Condition Remarks
All pieces except syringe barrel in good condition; barrel is broken in two pieces, and the upper
part of the barrel is also cracked and needs repair; metal tips and plunger are in good shape; box has a few discoloured spots; #2: syringe is broken
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
JPG
Reference Comments
CD #2
Images
Less detail
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
Accession Number
996009001 a-d
Description
Hemacytometer in maroon case lined with purple plush and purple acetate; (a) one counting chamber and two pipettes with attached rubber tubing; the counting chamber consists of a rectangular piece of glass with grooves cut into the middle (two vertical grooves and one smaller horizontal groove); (b…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996009001 a-d
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Clinical Laboratory Diagnosis
MeSH Heading
Blood Cell Count -- instrumentation
MM= Blood Cell Count -- hemacytometer
Description
Hemacytometer in maroon case lined with purple plush and purple acetate; (a) one counting chamber and two pipettes with attached rubber tubing; the counting chamber consists of a rectangular piece of glass with grooves cut into the middle (two vertical grooves and one smaller horizontal groove); (b) graduated pipette with a bulb near the top containing a white bead, with attached rubber tubing with a white end; (c) graduated pipette with a bulb near the top containing a red bead, with attached rubber tubing with a red end; (d) wooden case, covered with leather-like vinyl; the case has a lid attached with two brass hinges at the back and two clasps at the front; the inside bottom is lined with purple velvet and the inside top with purple acetate.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - hemacytometer counting chamber - Length 3.2 cm. x Width 7.5 cm.
b - rubber tubing & graduated pipette, white bead - Length 25.0 cm. x Width 0.5 cm. x Depth 0.5 cm.
c - rubber tubing & graduated pipette, red bead - Length 23.5 cm. x Width 0.5 cm. x Depth 0.5 cm.
d - hemacytometer case - Length 8.5 cm. x Width 18.3 cm. x Depth 2.3 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
I & B Ltd.
Site Made (Country)
Germany
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
glass: clear; black; white
rubber: black
plastic: white; red
fabric: purple
metal: yellow
wood:
plastic: maroon
Inscriptions
(a) Front reads, "Depth // 0,100 mm // 1/400 sq. mm // 13824 // Improved // Double Neubauer // Chamber // I & B LTD"; (b) front reads, "0.5 // 1.0 // 1.1"; (c) front reads, "0.5 // 1 // 101"; (d) front reads, "Haemacytometer"; back reads, "GERMANY // E.D. ROOKE // MEDS '37"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F6-8
Condition Remarks
(a) Slide for haemocytometer is broken; the slide would be placed over the counting chamber area to protect the blood from the microscope lens and permit a larger field of focus; (b) rubber tubing is broken and needs repair; inside of pipette is discoloured and has dried blood; (c) rubber tubing is broken and cracked and needs repair; pipette interior discoloured with dried blood; (d) case has some dark discoloured spots; edges are worn
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick
Research Facts
(a) Haemacytometers are used in Haematology to count white and red blood cells in a certain volume of blood; the pipette with the red bead is used to make a 1:100 dilution of blood with saline; the pipette with the white bead is used to make a 1:10 dilution of blood with saline for counting white blood cells; the 1:100 dilution is used to count red blood cells; once the blood has been diluted, a drop or two is placed on the haemacytometer and covered with a special glass slide; this protects the lens of the microscope from accidental contact with the blood; the haemacytometer contains two counting areas which are grids etched onto the glass; these are visible to the naked eye, but the cells are counted using a microscope;
the number of red blood cells in a volume of blood is determined by counting the cells in one chamber, and then with a mathematical formula, calculating the total number of red cells per volume; a below-normal value may indicate the presence of anemia; white blood cell numbers are counted in both chambers because of their lower numbers relative to red blood cells; a mathematical formula is used to calculate the number of white cells per volume;
elevated white counts may indicate the presence of infection, an allergic reaction, leukemia, or other diseases; a decreased white blood count is often indicative of bone marrow failure which occurs in later stage leukemia;
the use of the haemacytometer has now largely been replaced by automated methods, although it can still be found in use in areas where automation is not available;
haemacytometers can also be used to count the numbers of sperm in seminal fluid for fertility testing; (b) this smaller tube was used for a 1 in 10 dilution; (c) this tube was used for a 1 in 100 dilution.
Images
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microscope slides

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact891
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
Accession Number
996009005 a-b
Description
Stained, with Wright's stain, two glass slides identified as being of bone marrow; slide is purple-coloured, with "lacy" appearance typical of bone marrow; slides are wrapped in paper fastened with an elastic band
  1 image  
Accession Number
996009005 a-b
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Bone Marrow -- cytology
Staining -- instrumentation
Microscopy -- instrumentation
MM= Microscopy -- accessories and parts -- slide
Description
Stained, with Wright's stain, two glass slides identified as being of bone marrow; slide is purple-coloured,
with "lacy" appearance typical of bone marrow; slides are wrapped in paper fastened
with an elastic band
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - microscope slide, bone marrow - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
b - microscope slide, bone marrow - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
Dr. E. Rooke
Site Made (City)
Rochester
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
Wright's stain: purple; magenta
glass: clear
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F8-1
Condition Remarks
No scratches, etc.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick; CD #3
Research Facts
Under a microscope, the bone marrow smear would show various blood cells (excepting lymphocytes)
in various stages of formation; bone marrow smears were usually done in cases of leukemia to determine
bone marrow function and therefore the progress of the disease
Images
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microscope slides

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact892
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
Accession Number
996009006 a-b
Description
Two glass slides of (unstained?) blood smears, identified as "P.A." (pernicious anemia?); both are very faintly beige/red; slides are wrapped in paper fastened with an elastic band
  1 image  
Accession Number
996009006 a-b
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Anemia, Pernicious -- microbiology
Staining -- instrumentation
Microscopy -- instrumentation
MM= Microscopy -- accessories and parts -- slide
Description
Two glass slides of (unstained?) blood smears, identified as "P.A." (pernicious anemia?); both are
very faintly beige/red; slides are wrapped in paper fastened with an elastic band
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - microscope slide, P.A. - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
b - microscope slide, P.A. - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
Dr. E. Rooke
Site Made (City)
Rochester
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
smear: beige/red
glass: clear
Inscriptions
Paper wrapper has, "Rochon TC // P.A. Dr. Plunkett" written on it in pencil
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F8-1
Condition Remarks
No scratches, etc.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick; CD #3
Research Facts
Pernicious anemia was common in the early 20th century; it was a blood disorders; anemia resulting
from malabsorption or inadequate intake of Vitamin B12 (folic acid); blood smears typically showed
very large and malformed, very pale red blood cells; smears were done to distinguish between Iron
Deficiency Anemia, in which red blood cells were very small and pale; Pernicious anemia was fatal
if left untreated; its cause was unknown until the early 20th century
Images
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microscope slides

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact893
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
Accession Number
996009007 a-b
Description
Two glass slides of blood smears stained with Wright's stain, identified as "Myelog. [myelogenous] Leukaemia"; slides are wrapped in paper fastened with an elastic band, and are purple in colour
  1 image  
Accession Number
996009007 a-b
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Basic Science Artifacts
Classification
Basic Science, Laboratory Instrumentation
MeSH Heading
Leukemia -- microbiology
Staining -- instrumentation
Microscopy -- instrumentation
MM= Microscopy -- accessories and parts -- slide
Description
Two glass slides of blood smears stained with Wright's stain, identified as "Myelog.
[myelogenous] Leukaemia"; slides are wrapped in paper fastened with an elastic band,
and are purple in colour
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - microscope slide, myelogenous leukemia - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
b - microscope slide, myelogenous leukemia - Size: Length 7.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
Dr. E. Rooke
Site Made (City)
Rochester
Site Made (State)
Minnesota
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
smear: purple
glass: clear
Inscriptions
Paper wrapper has, "Myelog. // Leukaemia" written on it in pencil
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F8-1
Condition Remarks
No scratches, etc.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick; CD #3
Research Facts
Blood smears usually done to identify the kind of leukemia; myelogenous leukemia is leukemia of
early white blood cells in their immature state
Images
Less detail
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996009008 a-c
Description
Metal puncture tips with handle which consist of: (a) a handle made of metal wire with one end bent into a circle for easier grip; (b) a puncture tip made of hollow cylindrical metal, bevilled and sharpened for puncturing at one end with a round base for gripping at the other end; (a) fits inside o…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996009008 a-c
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Injections, Intravenous -- instrumentation
Injections -- hypodermic needles
MM= Blood Specimen Collection -- needle
Description
Metal puncture tips with handle which consist of: (a) a handle made of metal wire with one end bent
into a circle for easier grip; (b) a puncture tip made of hollow cylindrical metal, bevilled and
sharpened for puncturing at one end with a round base for gripping at the other end; (a) fits inside
of (b); (c) another puncture tip made of hollow cylindrical metal, bevelled and sharpened for
puncturing at one end with a rounded base for gripping at the other end; (a & b) fit inside of (c)
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - handle for puncture set - Size: Length 8.5 cm. x Width 0.6 cm. x Depth 0.1 cm.
b - puncture tip - Size: Length 7.1 cm. x Diameter1.1
c - puncture tip - Size: Length 6.2 cm. x Width 1.0 cm. x Depth 0.9 cm.
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester, M.N.
Maker
Becton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Rutherford
Site Made (State)
New Jersey
Site Made (Country)
United States of America
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
See 996.009.001
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
(b) The base of the puncture tip is stamped "R // 826"; (c) the base is stamped, "B-D NICKELOID"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-8
Condition Remarks
Metal has dulled and pitted in a few places
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick; CD #7
Research Facts
Venipuncture set, used to collect blood from veins for lab tests; may also have been used to collect
cerebro-spinal fluid samples
Images
Less detail
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996009009 a-b
Description
Metal venipuncture set which consists of: (a) a puncture tip with a grip; this consists of a hollow cylindrical tube, bevelled and sharpened for puncturing at one end and a rounded base at the other end; the bottom of the base has an attached flat semi-circular gripping section with horizontal ribb…
  5 images  
Accession Number
996009009 a-b
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Injections, Intravenous -- instrumentation
Injections -- hypodermic needles
MM= Blood Specimen Collection -- needle
Description
Metal venipuncture set which consists of: (a) a puncture tip with a grip; this consists of a hollow
cylindrical tube, bevelled and sharpened for puncturing at one end and a rounded base at the other
end; the bottom of the base has an attached flat semi-circular gripping section with horizontal
ribbing on its underside; (b) puncture tip which fits into (a); this consists of a hollow cylindrical
tube, bevelled and sharpened for puncturing at one end and a round base for pushing at the other
end; metal is chrome plated
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - puncture tip with grip - Size: Length 5.4 cm. x Width 2.6 cm. x Depth 2.2 cm.
b - puncture tip - Size: Length 6.3 cm. x Diameter1.1
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester, M.N.
Maker
Jetter & Scheerer
Site Made (Country)
Germany
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
See 996.009.001
Material
metal: silver
Inscriptions
Front of grip is stamped, "JETTER & SCHEERER // GERMANY"; the other side of the grip is stamped,
"CHROME PLATED"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-8
Condition Remarks
(a) small yellow-brownish discolouration spot on top side of grip is visible; the ribbing on the
underside of the grip shows minor wear; (b) minor scratches visible at pushing end
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
JPG
Reference Comments
M. Hardwick; CD #7
Research Facts
Venipuncture set, used to collect blood from veins for lab tests
Images
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tuberculin centre tip

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact889
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996009003 a-f
Description
Green glass Rex syringe in green cotton-lined box with three silver metal tips with different-sized bevels; (a) the barrel of the syringe is graduated and marked with the maker's name in gold; it has a metal clamp attached on the end to keep the plunger steady; (b) green glass syringe plunger, a sm…
  3 images  
Accession Number
996009003 a-f
Collection
Dr. E. Douglas Rooke Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Classification
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Syringes
Tuberculosis -- diagnosis
Description
Green glass Rex syringe in green cotton-lined box with three silver metal tips with different-sized bevels; (a) the barrel of the syringe is graduated and marked with the maker's name in gold; it has a metal clamp attached on the end to keep the plunger steady; (b) green glass syringe plunger, a small green glass rod with a "button" on one end; (c) green cardboard box with lid, lined with cotton, which contains Rex syringe apparatus; labelled on top, bottom, and one end; (d) syringe tip of metal with sharp bevelled tip and square-shaped barrel; (e) metal syringe tip with sharp bevelled tip and cylindrical barrel; (f) metal syringe tip with a thin metal thread attached which runs through the openings; cylindrical barrel.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - tuberculin syringe - barrel - Size: Length 9.2 cm. x Diameter0.5
b - tuberculin syringe - plunger - Size: Length 9.0 cm. x Diameter0.3
c - tuberculin syringe - box - Size: Length 12.0 cm. x Width 2.0 cm. x Depth 1.9 cm.
d - tuberculin syringe - square tip - Size: Length 1.5 cm. x Width 0.8 cm. x Diameter0.3
e - tuberculin syringe - cylindrical tip - Size: Length 2.4 cm. x Width 0.6 cm. x Diameter0.5
f - tuberculin syringe - tip with wire - Size: Length 2.5 cm. x Width 0.8 cm. x Diameter0.5
Provenance
E. Douglas Rooke, M.D., Rochester MN USA
Maker
J.F. Hartz Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto; Montreal
Site Made (State)
Ontario; Quebec
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1937
circa 1937
Date Remarks
Label date; Dr. Rooke was Queen's Meds '37
Material
metal: silver
paper: yellow; off-white; green
cardboard: green; off-white
glass: green; yellow
fabric: off-white
Inscriptions
(a) Front has graduated markings; back reads, "J .F. HARTZ CO. LTD. // TORONTO MONTREAL"; (c) top reads, "REX SYRINGE // J.F. HARTZ Co., Ltd. // TORONTO MONTREAL"; end reads, "REX // Tuberculin // Center Tip // JAPAN"; bottom reads, "E.D. ROOKE // MEDS. '37"; (d) front reads, "26"; (e) front reads, "Acufirm"; back reads, "Chrom"; (f) front reads, "Acufirm"; back reads, "Chrom"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D5-2
Condition Remarks
(a) Barrel tip has three dark lines; glass cloudy; (b) plunger shows some small scratches; (c) box has several worn areas in which outer green coating has been worn away; cotton wool is discoloured with age; (f) tip of needle is discoloured as if heated
Copy Type
Original
Images
Less detail

9 records – page 1 of 1.