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At Dr. Locke's Clinic [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2527
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001490
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard, black-and-white, unused, of Dr. Locke's Clinic; a small circular open space is where Dr. Locke, with his wheeled chair, goes from one patient to the next, they divided so they radiate outward from the centre, divided by metal pipe railings; message handwritten.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001490
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard, black-and-white, unused, of Dr. Locke's Clinic; a small circular open space is where Dr. Locke, with his wheeled chair, goes from one patient to the next, they divided so they radiate outward from the centre, divided by metal pipe railings; message handwritten.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "AT Dr. LOCKE'S CLINIC."; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.8 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Lines and indented scratches all across picture; right top corner slightly bent, as are the bottom left and right; glossy finish has deteriorated around the edges and top right corner; back has minor discolouration around the edges
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Research Facts
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Publications
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

At the "Circle" platform in foreground where Dr. Locke works [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2532
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001495
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (unused), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, and a crowd of people coming to fill it up; houses / buildings in the background; message handwritten in white on photograph.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001495
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (unused), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, and a crowd of people coming to fill it up; houses / buildings in the background; message handwritten in white on photograph.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Belgium
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white; grey
Inscriptions
Front: "AT THE "CIRCLE" - PLATFORM IN FOREGROUND WHERE // Dr. LOCKE WORKS. COPYRIGHT"; back: "Post Card // PRINTED IN BELGIUM // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.8 cm. x Width: 8.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some deterioration of the glossy finish, and small dot indentations are all over the picture; back is age / sun discoloured and edges are stained
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Beneath the canopy at Dr. Locke Clinic Williamsburg [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2534
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001497
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (used), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, shaded by a canopy, with a large number of patients waiting to be treated; message handwritten in white on the photograph; 2 cent stamp
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001497
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard glossy picture postcard (used), showing the "circle" where Dr. Locke worked, shaded by a canopy, with a large number of patients waiting to be treated; message handwritten in white on the photograph; 2 cent stamp
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Belgium
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white; brown
Inscriptions
Front: "BENEATH THE // CANOPY AT Dr. LOCKE // CLINIC WILLIAMSBURG // COPYRIGHT ONT // 1933"; back: "Mrs. Newton Hunt [?] // 378 W Fourth St. // Elmira N.Y. // U.S.A. // Wed morning // A small view [?] // of clinic am // waiting for Geo' [?] // to take treatment // Love // Mrs. Baltz"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.8 cm.
Condition Remarks
Glossy finish is slightly deteriorated around the edges; back: stained along top, and age / sun discoloured
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1914
1942
circa 1914-1942
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
996001640
Description
Paper "handbook" from Dr. Pierce filled with testimonials and some advice on when to plant, etc.; front: shows a merchant, farmer and mechanic in the top half (black and red-orange); back: photograph of the Canadian Branch Laboratory in Bridgeburg, Ont.; 20 double-sided pages
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001640
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
Description
Paper "handbook" from Dr. Pierce filled with testimonials and some advice on when to plant, etc.;
front: shows a merchant, farmer and mechanic in the top half (black and red-orange); back: photograph
of the Canadian Branch Laboratory in Bridgeburg, Ont.; 20 double-sided pages
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995
Maker
Dr. Pierce's Family Remedies
Site Made (City)
Bridgeburg
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1914
1942
circa 1914-1942
Date Remarks
Probably fairly soon after father's death in 1914, perhaps in 1920's; said it was around for 50
years, after Dr. R.V. Pierce's death in 1914, but still during Dr. V.M. Pierce's lifetime
Material
paper: black; red-orange
Inscriptions
Front: "HAND BOOK // Designed for // FARMERS MECHANICS // MERCHANTS AND ALL PEOPLE"; back: "Our
Canadian Branch Laboratory at Bridgeburg, Ont. // is complete, and here are made all Dr. Pierce's
Family // Remedies which have been so favorably known to Cana- // dians for 50 years, and for sale
by every good druggist in Canada. // For your back- // ache, ANURIC // strengthens weak ..." and
so on
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder D
Dimension Notes
Length: 14.6 cm. x Width: 10.2 cm.
Condition Remarks
Quite age/sun discoloured; small tear along front right edge; several stains along front left
edge; back: some math written in ink, top right; bottom right, bent and partially torn; minimal
staining within the booklet
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
"Secret Nostrums & Systems" by Chas. W. Oleson, p. 136; "American Health Quackery" by James Harvey
Young, pp. 72, 135; "The Golden Age of Quackery" by Stewart H. Holbrook, chapt. 3; see 996.001.641; CD #8
Research Facts
Pierce's Favorite Prescription -- Savin, Cinchona, Agaric, Cinnamon, Acacia, Sugar, Tinct. digitalis,
Opium, Oil anise; Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery extracts of: cinchona, columbo, guaiacum,
licorice, tinct. of opium, padophyllin (resinoid), Glycerine, alcohol; began with Dr. Ray
Vaughn Pierce in 1862 -- set up small laboratory in Buffalo, manufacturing patent medicines; 1891,
founded the Invalids Hotel and Surgical Institute
Images
Less detail
Dates
1914
1942
circa 1914-1942
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
Accession Number
996001641
Description
Paper booklet called "Neighborhood Gossip Dream Book" from Dr. Pierce; front: shows two women gossiping over tea; back: a photograph of their branch laboratory in Bridgeburg; inside: lots of testimonials for their products and "hospital", dream interpretation and cooking recipes; 18 double-sided pa…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001641
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Advertisements
MeSH Heading
Drugs, Non-Prescription, advertisements
Description
Paper booklet called "Neighborhood Gossip Dream Book" from Dr. Pierce; front: shows two women gossiping
over tea; back: a photograph of their branch laboratory in Bridgeburg; inside: lots of
testimonials for their products and "hospital", dream interpretation and cooking recipes; 18
double-sided pages
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Given to Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, by Gwen
Maker
Dr. Pierce's Family Remedies
Site Made (City)
Bridgeburg
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1914
1942
circa 1914-1942
Date Remarks
During Dr. V.M. Pierce's "reign" but probably published after 996.001.640, since no mention of
father's death, and the new laboratory is no longer "just completed"
Material
paper: black; orange-red; pink; grey
Inscriptions
"Mrs. Wm ['m' superscripted and underlined] McIlquham [?] // NEIGHBORHOOD GOSSIP // DREAM BOOK";
back: "Dr. Pierce's Medicines are made // PALE, ANEMIC WOMEN // A man or woman of real red blood
is ready for // any or all tasks. Gain strength, energy, vigor by going // to your druggist and
obtaining a 65c. bottle of Iron- // tic Tablets, or sent 10c. to Dr. Pierce's Labora- // tory..."
and so on
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder D
Dimension Notes
Length: 14.7 cm. x Width: 10.2 cm.
Condition Remarks
Quite age/sun discoloured; front: name written in pencil across the top, right bottom corner bent;
several stains in left half; top right corner bent; staples are slightly rusty and binding edge is
wearing; back: small stain, bottom, near middle
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
JPG
Reference Comments
See 996.001.640; CD #8
Research Facts
See 996.001.640
Images
Less detail

Dr. Chase's Antiseptic Ointment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2380
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
996001301 a-b
Description
Round yellow metal container (a) with removable lid (b) contains half full of white ointment; interior metal is silver; product information printed on the container bottom and lid plus a line drawing of Dr. Chase; colours of yellow are different for both parts.
  1 image  
Accession Number
996001301 a-b
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Ointments
Drugs, Non-Prescription
MM= Drugs -- patent, proprietary, over-the-counter -- container
MM= Drug Packaging -- container -- tin
Description
Round yellow metal container (a) with removable lid (b) contains half full of white ointment; interior metal is silver; product information printed on the container bottom and lid plus a line drawing of Dr. Chase; colours of yellow are different for both parts.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - container
b - lid
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M Chiong for his patent medicine collection.
Maker
Edmanson Bates & Co., Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
metal: yellow, silver
ink: black
Inscriptions
Printed on lid: "DR A. W. CHASE'S // ANTISEPTIC // Respectfully // A. W. Chase M.D. // SOOTHING - HEALING // OINTMENT // No 4973 THE PROPRIETARY OR PATENT MEDICINE ACT. 3/4 OF 1% CARBOLIC ACID"; printed on bottom: "DR. CHASE'S // OINTMENT // For Eczema, Hemmoids or Piles and // other irritations of the skin. Poisoned // Skin, Insect Stings, Inflamed Eyelids, Bar- // ber's Itch, Sore Feet and Toes, etc. // Manufactured by // EDMANSUN BATES & CO. LIMITED // Sole Distributors // The DR. A. W. CHASE MEDICINE CO., LTD. // TORONTO, CANADA // Indications completes en francais dans // la circulaire au tour de la boite"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-6 Row E
Temporary Location
On exhibit “Quack: The Exhibit that cures all” at Museum of Health Care, 29 June 2017.
Length
a - 1.0 cm.
b - 1.1 cm.
Diameter
a - 4.9 cm.
b - 5.0 cm.
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Shows minor wear on surfaces
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Internet
Reference Comments
"Dr. Chase's Recipes or Information for Everybody" (1862 edition), by A. W. Chase, M.D.
Dr. A. W. Chase's Ointment. National Museum of American History. Why the appeal? A study of almanacs advertising Dr. Chase's patent medicines, 1904–1959. Denise Maines.
Research Facts
The indications or uses for this product as provided by the manufacturer are: Is an antiseptic, soothing and healing treatment for every form of itching skin diesease, eczema, salt rheum, itching, bleeding and protruding piles, pimples, black-heads, old sores, poisoned skin, hives, insect bites, inflamed eyelids, itch, barber's itch, sore feet and toes, chilblains and frostbites. Patent medicines were advertised, and presumably consumed, with much vigour in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. In 1904, the original product line included Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, Liver Cure, Backache Plasters, Ointment, Catarrh Cure, Syrup of Linseed and Turpentine and Kidney-Liver Pills. Somewhere between 1924 and 1927, Dr. Chase's Liniment was added to this list, and Mouthwash was sold between 1927 and 1938. Paradol, a painkiller, was introduced in the 1950s and D.M.H Cough Syrups, Cold Tablets and Enerjets emerged in 1959. Though Backache Plasters were not advertised in the 1930s, they were included in the 1950s, so that the list of medicines sold by Dr. Chase's Medicine Company in 1959 contains all of the original product line with only minor modifications to a few of these products, as well as the new arrivals.
Exhibit History
To display in Museum: Potions, Pills and Prescriptions; May 1, 2000 - 28 Jan 2017
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke at Work, Williamsburg, Canada [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2531
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001494
Description
Used cardboard postcard reproducing (non-glossy) a photograph of Dr. Locke working (out-of-doors) surrounded by his patients; message typed in the white "frame"; back: a letter from one of his patients to her friend; 2 cent stamp; postmark appears to be July 20, 1939.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001494
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Used cardboard postcard reproducing (non-glossy) a photograph of Dr. Locke working (out-of-doors) surrounded by his patients; message typed in the white "frame"; back: a letter from one of his patients to her friend; 2 cent stamp; postmark appears to be July 20, 1939.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Maker
PhotoGelatine Engraving Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Ottawa
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke at Work, Williamsburg, Canada"; back: "Hazel Schliecher // 12826 - E. Canfield // Detroit // Mich. // U.S.A. // Dear Hazel. // Just had my // 6th foot twister // hundreds of folks // here, met many I // know from other // States. Lots of Love. // Mrs. Geltins [?] // Gen Delivery // Williamsburg - Ont // PHOTOGELATINE ENGRAVING Co Ltd OTTAWA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.7 cm. x Width: 9.1 cm.
Condition Remarks
A fair amount of age / sun discolouration, both front and back, and a few markings on the top edge (front) and staining on the back left
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke, giving one of his stretches, Williamsburg, Canada [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2528
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001491
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke, outside in his "circle", with a patient; false-coloured reproduction (non-glossy); message in type; back shows the Dominion Crest, plus room for correspondence and address.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001491
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused, of Dr. Locke, outside in his "circle", with a patient; false-coloured reproduction (non-glossy); message in type; back shows the Dominion Crest, plus room for correspondence and address.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Maker
PhotoGelatine Engraving Co. Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Ottawa
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: blue; yellow; green; brown; grey
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. Locke, giving one of his stretches, Williamsburg, Canada -- 15"; back: "POST CARD // Carte Postale // MADE IN CANADA // PHOTOGELATINE ENGRAVING Co Ltd OTTAWA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.7 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Right top corner creased and bent, bottom middle edge has a width-wise crease about 1 cm long; some age / sun discolouration and a few ink stains from photo along the edge
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke in the "Circle" and his famous "treatment" [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2529
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001492
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. Locke in his "circle" waiting area, treating a patient, with many more waiting in the fore- and background; black and white photograph; message written on photo.
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001492
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. Locke in his "circle" waiting area, treating a patient, with many more waiting in the fore- and background; black and white photograph; message written on photo.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1920
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. LOCKE IN THE "CIRCLE" // AND HIS FAMOUS "TREATMENT" // COPYRIGHT 1933"; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Some deterioration of the glossy finish, especially around the edges; some press/indentation and scratch marks; back has a few stains in the right half of the card; very little age / sun discolouration
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

Dr. Locke surrounded by patients [photograph postcard]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact2525
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
Accession Number
996001488
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M.W. Locke listening to a patient, of the many surrounding him, outdoors; black and white photograph with a much more defined black and a clear picture, although still has the white dots and lines found in older photographs; message on picture is ha…
  2 images  
Accession Number
996001488
Collection
Dr. Michael A. Chiong Patent Medicine Collection
Category
Archival Items
Classification
Archival, Images
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Physicians -- portraits
Rehabilitation
Description
Cardboard postcard, unused; glossy picture of Dr. M.W. Locke listening to a patient, of the many surrounding him, outdoors; black and white photograph with a much more defined black and a clear picture, although still has the white dots and lines found in older photographs; message on picture is handwritten.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Purchased by Dr. M. Chiong for his patent medicine collection, before July 15, 1995.
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1940
circa 1920-1940
Material
paper: black; white
Inscriptions
Front: "Dr. LOCKE SURROUNDED // BY PATIENTS"; back: "POST CARD // MADE IN CANADA // CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS // PLACE // STAMP // HERE"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6
Binder A
Dimension Notes
Length: 13.9 cm. x Width: 8.9 cm.
Condition Remarks
Corners slightly soft and bent; photograph has white "dotting" throughout; back is very clean, slight discolouration near the top left (in the word "POST")
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Book
Other
Reference Comments
Jonathan Walford's Blog; "Doctor M.W. Locke and the Williamsburg Scene" by J. Smyth Carter, 1933; "The Canadian Magazine", Feb. 1933: "Dr. Locke - Patients Sing Praises - Medical Interests Scoff"
Research Facts
Dr. Mahlon W. Locke (1880-1942) born in, Dixon's Corners Ontario. Started high school at 12; great grandfather was John McIntosh, discoverer of the McIntosh Red Apple tree. In 1901 he enrolled at Queens College of Medicine, graduating in 1905. In 1907 he decided to undertake postgraduate training in Scotland, spending time at both the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow. Opened his medical practice in Williamsburg June 1, 1908; married Miss Blanche McGruer and had 4 children.
On his return to Williamsburg, he treated the village blacksmith who was crippled with arthritis and was almost unable to work. After many sessions of Dr Locke’s foot manipulations, he regained much of his mobility and was able to return to his work. This seems to be the first recorded treatment and the one which would set the scene for Locke’s future reputation.
Interested in arthritis, which he believed was caused principally by fallen arches caused arthritis and other ills; he put the arches back in place by manual manipulation of their feet, relieving pressure on the posterior tibial nerve. Dr Locke’s fee was one dollar which included two sessions daily; everybody paid the same, whether millionaire or pauper. Those who were unable to pay were treated free. His one dollar per visit treatments included advice on taking exercise, wearing properly fitted shoes with orthotic supports, and prescriptions for associated ailments, such as hypothyroidism.
Around 1925 interest in his foot treatment grew rapidly with patients from all over North America, and some from Europe. By 1932 Dr Locke was giving over 2000 treatments daily. During the Depression years this enormous influx brought significant prosperity to the region. Large numbers of his patients claimed to be cured or relieved by this method and his reputation spread throughout North America and overseas.
In 1940 the top selling brand of health-footwear was ‘Lockewedge’, designed & approved by Dr. M.W. Locke as he felt ill-fitting shoes contributed to foot pains. This orthopedic shoe was made by The Perth Shoe Company in Canada.
Films of him working show that the manipulative procedure was rapid, lasting between 5 -7 seconds. Sometimes he would also manipulate the hands. On and on he would go, round and round in his swivel chair from foot to foot and hand to hand, having a break every few hours for a rest (or drink).
Dr Locke died February 6, 1942 from pneumonia. His brother-in law J. Alex Mc Gruer, a Chiropractor, carried on the practice, but it did not work out and it came to an end. The magic of Dr Locke was gone. Dr. Locke himself was largely forgotten, although he is remembered by some in the medical community as a pioneer in the field of reflexology.
Images
Less detail

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