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Ammoniated Mercury Ointment

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15357
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
997032045
Description
Heavy cylindrical squat brown glass jar with cream metal screw lid with cream paper label in blue text; lot number 113905; full of content; label with decorative border; second small paper label added under main label; jar made by Dominion Glass.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032045
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Description
Heavy cylindrical squat brown glass jar with cream metal screw lid with cream paper label in blue text; lot number 113905; full of content; label with decorative border; second small paper label added under main label; jar made by Dominion Glass.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Maker
W. E. Saunders, Limited
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Date Remarks
Donor remarks
Material
glass: brown
metal: cream
paper: cream
ink: blue, red
Inscriptions
On the label: "16 OUNCES // OINTMENT // OF // Ammoniated Mercury // C. F. 5% // Use as directed by physician // MANUFACTURED BY // W. E. SAUNDERS, LIMITED // 113905 LONDON ONTARIO"; separate label in red ink: "POISON // This label is used in // conformity with the // Pharmacy Act. Sec. 31 // W. E. Saunders, Limited // LONDON, ONT."; embossed on bottom: "1 D 5 // 4260-B"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Height
12.4 cm
Diameter
8.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Paper abraded edges, missing portion lower right, surface grime; remnants of brittle clear adhesive tape under label
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Ammoniated Mercury, Topical: https://www.drugs.com/cons/ammoniated-mercury-topical.html
NCBI: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ammoniated-mercury#section=Uses
Research Facts
Used in the form of ointment, it was applied 2-3 times a day. It was used for impetigo, psoriasis, minor skin infections, bacterial infections, and anti-septic. It was found to be a poison that can cause chronic mercury intoxication, so it was discontinued as a medicine.
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Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
997032052
Description
Clear glass rectangular container with cork closure with tan paper label and handwritten name of contents; full of brown liquid; prescription bottle with graduated marks along edges and prescription label from Dr. Rockel.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032052
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Description
Clear glass rectangular container with cork closure with tan paper label and handwritten name of contents; full of brown liquid; prescription bottle with graduated marks along edges and prescription label from Dr. Rockel.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Site Made (City)
Millbank
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Date Remarks
Donor remarks
Material
glass: clear
cork: tan
paper: tan
ink: black, grey
Inscriptions
On the label: "A. C. Rockel, B.Sc., M.D. // OFFICE HOURS: 9 - 11, 2 - 4 , 7 - 9 // MILLBANK, ONTARIO // PHONE 80, RING 13, MILVERTON BOX 28 // Cascara armat. // Please return Bottle with Label Attached"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-2
Width
6.0 cm
Height
18.2 cm
Depth
3.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label with surface grime, water stains
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Book
Websites
Reference Comments
The Historical Apothecary Compendium by Daniel A. Goldstein
https://www.medicineshoppe.ca/en/article/cascara-aromatic
Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana
Research Facts
Injested as a liquid. Absorbed in the intestines; reduces the gripping / cramping of digestive tract, causing purgative effects. Made from the bark of cascara, which is dried and aged, otherwise it causes vomiting and diarrhea.
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Chocolate Coated Strychnine

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15365
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
997032050
Description
Small brown glass rectangular container with black metal screw cap with two cream paper labels; half full of small round pellets; main label with decorative blue border and small lable on back in red text noting the contents are poison; base with embossed glass manufacturers model number.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032050
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Description
Small brown glass rectangular container with black metal screw cap with two cream paper labels; half full of small round pellets; main label with decorative blue border and small lable on back in red text noting the contents are poison; base with embossed glass manufacturers model number.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Maker
W. E. Saunders, Limited
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Date Remarks
Donor remarks
Material
glass: brown
metal: black
paper: cream
ink: blue, red
Inscriptions
On the label: "1000 // Chocolate Coated Tablets // 140 // STRYCHNINE // 1-30 Gr. // 1170 // MANUFACTURED BY // W. E. SAUNDERS, LIMITED // LONDON - ONTARIO"; on smaller label: "POISON // This label is used in // conformity with the // Pharmacy Act. Sec. 31 // W. E. Saunders, Limited // London - Ontario"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-10 Box 1
Width
5.03 cm
Height
12.0 cm
Depth
3.4 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label with surface grime, back label with minor water stain, edge of cap shows silver metal under black paint
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://valmcbeath.com/victorian-era-medicine-strychnine/
Poison Bottle Collecting: https://poisonbottlecollecting.wordpress.com/2013/11/03/chocolate-coated-strychnine-medicine-or-poison
Research Facts
Used in the Victorian era, taken in very small doses. Very poisonous, causes death by making respiratory muscles contract, resulting in suffocation. Renders nerves more sensitive to stimulation, helping patients with paralysis. Increases saliva production, which in turn increases a patient’s appetite. Chocolate coated tablets (one 30th of a grain) mixed with dilute sulphuric acid and glycerine and used as a rub applied to limbs + spinal cord. Starting dose is one 24th of a grain. Strychnine poisoning symptoms are very similar to cholera symptoms.
Images
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Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
997032053
Description
Clear glass cylindrical container withglass stopper closure with tan adhesive bandage as a label with hand written name of contents; third full of clear liquid.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032053
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Description
Clear glass cylindrical container withglass stopper closure with tan adhesive bandage as a label with hand written name of contents; third full of clear liquid.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Dates
1930
1950
circa 1930-1950
Date Remarks
Donor remarks
Material
glass: clear
tape: tan
ink: blue
Inscriptions
On the label: "ETHER // ALCOHOL"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-10 Box 1
Height
13.8 cm
Diameter
5.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Comments
Internet; person
Research Facts
Could not locate 'ether alchol'; perhaps it's 'Ethyl Alcohol, aka ethanol. Nov 2019
Images
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General Instructions for Infant Care [instructional pamphlet]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15094
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Communication
Hospital Administration
Pediatrics
Public Health
Classification
Archival Items
Communication
Hospital Administration
Pediatrics
Public Health
Accession Number
997032034
Description
Small cream paper cover and cream pages booklet used to provide general instructions for taking care of newly born children; pamphlet is one piece of paper that has been folded in on itself 3 times; 5 pages of content including the front cover.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032034
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Communication
Hospital Administration
Pediatrics
Public Health
Classification
Archival Items
Communication
Hospital Administration
Pediatrics
Public Health
MeSH Heading
Infant Care -- pamphlet
Pediatrics
Description
Small cream paper cover and cream pages booklet used to provide general instructions for taking care of newly born children; pamphlet is one piece of paper that has been folded in on itself 3 times; 5 pages of content including the front cover.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Material
paper: cream, yellow
ink: black
Inscriptions
On the front: "GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS // FOR // INFANT CARE // The following information is intended to // serve as a guide in the care of the young // infant. Obviously, only general rules can // be given, for the details of the care of // the infant depend upon individual circum - // stances and require individual attention."; on the inside: "General Rules Regarding Feeding // Breast Feeding // Artificial Feeding // General Care"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
Length
13.3 cm
Width
8.6 cm
Depth
0.02 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Black smudges on the front cover, particularly around the edges
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

Instructions for Expectant Mothers [instructional booklet]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15093
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Communication
Public Health
Pediatrics
Ephemera
Classification
Archival Items
Communication
Public Health
Paediatrics
Ephemera
Accession Number
997032033
Description
Green paper covered booklet with cream paper text that provides information to expectant mothers on a variety of topics including: diet, exercise and common disorders; 8 pages.
  2 images  
Accession Number
997032033
Author
S. W. Miller, M.D.
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Communication
Public Health
Pediatrics
Ephemera
Classification
Archival Items
Communication
Public Health
Paediatrics
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Pregnancy
Gynecology
Description
Green paper covered booklet with cream paper text that provides information to expectant mothers on a variety of topics including: diet, exercise and common disorders; 8 pages.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Site Made (City)
Alma
Site Made (State)
Michigan
Site Made (Country)
The United States of America
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Material
paper: green, cream, white
ink: black
Inscriptions
On the front: "Instructions for // EXPECTANT // MOTHERS // S. W. MILLER, M.D. // ALMA, MICH."; on the inside: "PHYSICAL EXAMINATION // EMERGENCIES // GENERAL HABITS // EXERCISE // TRAVEL // CLOTHING // BREASTS // BATHS // DOUCHES // TEETH // BOWELS // DIET // COMMON DISORDERS // HOSPITAL NEEDS // BABY CLOTHING // BIRTH CERTIFICATE // ONSET OF LABOR // AFTER DELIVERY"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
Length
15.5 cm
Width
8.5 cm
Depth
0.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
website
Reference Comments
https://www.ebay.com/itm/VTG-1930s-BABY-Help-Booklet-Instructions-for-EXPECTANT-MOTHERS-/123500555401?hash=item1cc134ec89
https://www.ebay.com/itm/Instructions-for-Expectant-Mothers-Booklet-1940s-William-Perrin-Rochester-NY-/382096780508?hash=item58f6be2cdc
Research Facts
Two different versions of the booklet were found online. One was said to be from the 1930's, while the other was said to be from the 1940's.
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nurse's uniform cap ribbon

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12708
Dates
1939
1945
circa 1939-1945
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Classification
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Accession Number
997032003 a-c
Description
Two pieces of black velvet ribbon (a-b) with rough cut ends stored with straight pins on a ball of white cotton crochet thread (c) with a cardboard centre.
  2 images  
Accession Number
997032003 a-c
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Classification
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
MeSH Heading
Clothing
Textiles
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Two pieces of black velvet ribbon (a-b) with rough cut ends stored with straight pins on a ball of white cotton crochet thread (c) with a cardboard centre.
Number Of Parts
3
Part Names
a - ribbon - Size: Length 39.7 cm x Width 1.5 cm
b - ribbon - Size: Length 41.1 cm x Width 1.5 cm
c - spool - Size: Length 4.4 cm x Diameter 5.5 cm
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel; donated to the museum by her son Stephen Rockel.
Dates
1939
1945
circa 1939-1945
Date Remarks
Donor's remarks
Material
fabric: black; white
cardboard: tan
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-C5-3
Temporary Location
On Display: “For Service to Humanity”, Nursing Gallery: Restored Room 1016, Museum of Health Care, 13 Nov 2008.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Document
Websites
Reference Comments
Remarks in donor file
Canadian Museum of History, "Symbol of a Profession: One Hundred Years of Nurses' Caps," https://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/infirm/inint01e.html
"For Service to Humanity: Nursing Education at Kingston General Hospital," Museum of Health Care. https://www.museumofhealthcare.ca/explore/exhibitions/forservicetohumanity.html
Research Facts
Gladys (Millar) Rockel graduated from Kitchener Waterloo Nursing College, Class of 1939; nursing positions in Pontiac, Michigan (1940), Grand Rapids, Michigan (1941), and Toronto, Ont. (1942); worked in private practice with her husband, Dr. Rockel; upon graduation, nurses' caps had a length of black velvet ribbon pinned to the top edge; removable for laundering.
Throughout the twentieth century, nurses' uniforms changed, in particular with the rising of hemlines. The nurse's uniform was generally white, and Kingston General Hospital uniforms were once known for "turkey red" hemlines. Different levels of nursing education had different uniforms, in particular different caps, as graduate nurses had black bands on their caps to indicate their level of education.
Nurses' caps in Canada changed and evolved over the years, with caps resembling a nun's coif used by military Nursing Sisters and as a reminder of Roman Catholic nursing tradition. Older nurses' caps were styled similarly to caps that female domestic servants wore, and were made to cover the head and keep hair neat. These evolved into highly starched symbolic nurses' caps which perched on the top or near the back of the head. Nurses' caps were white, and usually cut from a flat pattern that could be folded and unfolded for starching and cleaning. The nurse's cap began to disappear in the 1970s as nursing education moved from hospitals to colleges and nurses wanted to be identified more closely with doctors and other medical professionals who wore no uniform.
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nurse's uniform slip

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact12709
Dates
1935
1945
circa 1935-1945
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Classification
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Accession Number
997032004
Description
Cream silk lady's full-length foundation slip with princess seaming; cut on the bias; thin adjustable straps and narrow, plain lace at neckline.
  1 image  
Accession Number
997032004
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
Classification
Nursing
Nursing Uniforms
MeSH Heading
Clothing
Textiles
MM= Clothing -- accessory -- nursing
Description
Cream silk lady's full-length foundation slip with princess seaming; cut on the bias; thin adjustable straps and narrow, plain lace at neckline.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel; donated to the museum by her son Stephen Rockel.
Dates
1935
1945
circa 1935-1945
Date Remarks
Donor's remarks
Material
fabric: cream
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0007
0007-V2 Box 1
Temporary Location
On Display: “For Service to Humanity”, Nursing Gallery: Restored Room 1016, Museum of Health Care, 13 Nov 2008.
Length
106.0 cm
Width
63.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Dimension Notes
Length 106.0 cm x Width 63.1 cm
Condition Remarks
Severe fold creases; marks from long-term storage.
Copy Type
Original
Reference Types
Person
Websites
Article
Reference Comments
Steve Rockel
Canadian Museum of History, "Symbol of a Profession: One Hundred Years of Nurses' Caps," https://www.historymuseum.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/infirm/inint01e.html
"For Service to Humanity: Nursing Education at Kingston General Hospital," Museum of Health Care. https://www.museumofhealthcare.ca/explore/exhibitions/forservicetohumanity.html
Andrea Melvin, “Badges of Honour or Devices of Control?: Nursing Uniforms at Kingston General Hospital Training School for Nurses,” Dr. Margaret Angus Research Fellowship, 2008. Museum of Health Care at Kingston.
Research Facts
Gladys (Millar) Rockel graduated from Kitchener Waterloo Nursing College, Class of 1939; nursing positions in Pontiac, Michigan (1940), Grand Rapids, Michigan (1941), and Toronto, Ont. (1942); worked in private practice with her husband, Dr. Rockel.
Throughout the twentieth century, nurses' uniforms changed, in particular with the rising of hemlines. The nurse's uniform was generally white, and Kingston General Hospital uniforms were once known for "turkey red" hemlines until 1945. Different levels of nursing education had different uniforms, in particular different caps, as graduate nurses had black bands on their caps to indicate their level of education. Nurse’s uniforms had many elements, and some had detachable collars, bibs, and cuffs.
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Ostogen [advertising ink blotter]

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15095
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Business
Communication
Ephemera
Classification
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Business
Communication
Ephemera
Accession Number
997032035
Description
Rectangular advertising ink blotter from Charles E. Frosst & Co. for Ostogen; used and reverse shows numerous a variety of dots and scribbles in black and red ink.
  1 image  
Accession Number
997032035
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Business
Communication
Ephemera
Classification
Archival Items
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Business
Communication
Ephemera
MeSH Heading
Drugs -- advertisements
Pregnancy
Description
Rectangular advertising ink blotter from Charles E. Frosst & Co. for Ostogen; used and reverse shows numerous a variety of dots and scribbles in black and red ink.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Maker
Charles E. Frosst & Co.
Site Made (City)
Montreal
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1945
circa 1930-1945
Material
paper: cream
ink: brown, orange
Inscriptions
"A Specific in PREGNANCY // to prevent // DENTAL CARIES // and to maintain // CALCIUM // BALANCE // OSTOGEN // VITAMIN D // in its most economical form // 15 c.c. and 6 c.c. BOTTLES // with precision dropper // DOSE // 2 to 6 drops daily // AD 255 20, 1-36 // Charles E. Frosst & Co. MONTREAL CANADA"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 2005
2005-5-6 Assorted Binder E pg 5 a
Length
9.6 cm
Width
17.9 cm
Depth
0.1 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some black ink smudging on the edges and corners; numerous black and red dots on the backside of the card
Copy Type
original
Images
Less detail

Petrolatum Lily White

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15358
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
Accession Number
997032044
Description
Heavy cylindrical squat brown glass jar with cream metal screw lid with narrow cream paper label in blue text; half full of content; label with decorative border.
  5 images  
Accession Number
997032044
Collection
Gladys (Millar) Rockel Collection
Category
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, General
MeSH Heading
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Description
Heavy cylindrical squat brown glass jar with cream metal screw lid with narrow cream paper label in blue text; half full of content; label with decorative border.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Owned by Gladys (Millar) Rockel, donated by her son Stephen Rockel.
Maker
W. E. Saunders, Limited
Site Made (City)
London
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1930
1940
circa 1930-1940
Date Remarks
Donor remarks
Material
glass: brown
metal: cream
paper: cream
ink: blue
Inscriptions
On the label: "16 OUNCES // Petrolatum // LILY WHITE // W. E. SAUNDERS, LIMITED // LONDON ONTARIO"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Height
12.4 cm
Diameter
8.8 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label with surface grime
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Book
Websites
Reference Comments
The Historical Apothecary Compendium by Daniel A. Goldstein.
Davidsuzuki.org: https://davidsuzuki.org/queen-of-green/dirty-dozen-petrolatum/
Health Canada: https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/home-garden-safety/petrolatum.html
Research Facts
Made from petroleum through distillation, it can be of various thickness, however it is most commonly a jelly like-substance used in lip balms, moisturizers, hair products etc. It is used to lock moisture in the skin and hair. It is not a health hazard at the amount being used currently; only very refined versions are sold in Canada.
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13 records – page 1 of 2.