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6 - 12 insect repellent

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15221
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
Accession Number
015011009
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cir…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011009
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Pharmacy, Other
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Pharmacy
Insect Repellents
Insects
Home Health
Description
Clear glass bottle with paper label on one side and full of clear liquid contents; has white plastic screw cap and no neck to the bottle except what the cap covers; the paper label is yellow on the outside with illustrations of insects (a mosquito and a fly) in each of the upper corners, a blue cirlce inside of which the product name is printed in white ink, below which is a white cloud illustration in which the product's purpose is printed in red and the insects it protects against are listed in blue; the amount is also printed on this side of the label; the backside of the label, which can be read through the clear glass and clear contents of the bottle, contains directions printed in English and French as well as the manufacturing information; the bottle cap has a sticker on top which reads "Eaton's" in dark blue ink; the bottom of the bottle contains raised numbers.
Number Of Parts
1
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Union Carbide Canada Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1985
1991
circa 1985-1991
Date Remarks
Based on Canada's Pest Control Products Act and the end of Union Carbide in Canada.
Material
glass: clear
liquid: clear
paper: tan
plastic: white
ink: yellow, blue, white, brown, red
Inscriptions
Printed on sticker on cap: "EATON'S"; printed on front of label: "6 · 12 // TRADE MARKS // SIX · TWELVE // INSECT // REPELLENT // Personal // Protection // Against: MOSQUITOES · BLACK FLIES // GNATS · CHIGGERS · SAND FLIES · STABLE FLIES // SEE OTHER SIDE // 2 FL. OZ. // Printed in Canada"; printed on back of label: "DIRECTIONS // Shake liberally into hands – rub hands // together – rub over ALL exposed skin and // stockings. Keep out of eyes to avoid smarting. // Reapply as needed. // Will NOT dissolve nylons, rayon, clothing, nail // polish, watch straps or crystals. May damage // some painted or varnished surfaces. // MODE D'EMPLOI // Pour usage externe seulement. En secouant, // faites tomber dans les mains, que vous frottez // ensemble. Appliquez, en frottant, sur TOUT // l'épiderme exposé et sur les bas. Tenez loin // des yeux pour éviter une douleur cuisante. // Répétez au besoin. // Ne dissoudre pas le nylon, la rayonne, les // vêtements, le poli à ongles, les bracelets de // montre ou le cristal. Peut toutefois endom- // mager certaines surfaces peinturées ou // vernies. // DO NOT TAKE INTERNALLY // Guarantee: Effective for the purposes claimed // Ethylhexanediol 97% // Registration No. 1755 // P.C.P. Act // UNION CARBIDE CANADA LIMITED // TORONTO // Distributed by LAURENTIAN AGENCIES LTD. // MONTREAL, CANADA"; raised on bottom of bottle: "6-12 // 4"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A4-6 Box 5 Row B
Length
5.7 cm
Width
2.5 cm
Height
10.0 cm
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Label beginning to peel off; leaking slightly.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"UNION CARBIDE SUPPORTS EPA ACTION ON REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS" by Journal of Commerce Staff
Aug 28, 1991 8:00PM EDT: https://www.joc.com/union-carbide-supports-epa-action-repellent-linked-birth-defects_19910828.html
"INSECT REPELLENT LINKED TO BIRTH DEFECTS IN TESTS" by The Washington Post:
"Federal Corporation Information - 264849-1", Government of Canada: https://www.ic.gc.ca/app/scr/cc/CorporationsCanada/fdrlCrpDtls.html?corpId=2648491
"Pest Control Products Act R.S.C., 1985, c. P-9", Justice Laws Website, Government of Canada: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/P-9/page-1.html
Research Facts
Ethylhexanediol was shown by Union Carbide to potentially produce birth defects in animals, including their lungs failing to inflate when they are born. Because of this discovery, products like 6-12 Insect Repellent were taken off the shelves in the 1990s and pregnant and child-bearing age women were urged not to use it.
Images
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feminine spray douche

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15219
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from th…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011015 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Classification
Home Health
Hygiene
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Gynaecology
Feminine Hygiene Products
Hygiene
Hygiene -- instrumentation
Description
Cardboard box (a) with hinged lid, held in place when open by a fabric string attaching the box to the lid; the lid and box are wrapped on the outside in yellow paper; on the top and front and side there is the product name printed in black inside a pink circle, with a black line stretching from the bottom of the circle to the right edge of the box with white print inside the line; this same logo is on the left side of the box, and there is handwriting on the side of the lid above it, as well as manufacturing and quantity information printed in black on the same side; inside the box lid is also covered in yellow paper with the same logo on it, and above the logo is the Rexall logo in white on a black background, and to the right is an illustration of the product and its parts and how they fit together, along with instructions on how to store them; inside the box is a cardboard cut-out coloured gold which is the shape of the bulb; the bulb (b) fits inside this shape and is made of rubber, with black on the bottom and white on the top; it has a flat bottom and widens in the middle before becoming rounded at the top, with a protrusion at the very top which contains the hole into which the pipe (c) can be screwed on; the pipe has two sets of threading on the end and is made of rubber; the other end of the pipe is slightly bulbous and has a hole in the end; stored under the cardboard cutout in the box is a metal spoon (d) shaped like a ladle with a hooked end and the product name and patent information engraved on the handle; also in the box is a small piece of paper with blue print (e) detailing the directions for the use of the product.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - box: Length 17.4 cm x Width 11.2 cm X Height 7.9 cm
b - bulb: Length 12.6 cm X Diameter 7.7 cm
c - pipe: Length 13.3 cm X Diameter 2.3 cm
d - spoon: Length 10.0 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
e - instructions: Length 10.6 cm X Width 7.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Rexall Drug Company
Site Made (City)
Los Angeles, Boston, St. Louis
Site Made (State)
California, Massachusetts, Missouri
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A.
Dates
1943
1986
circa 1943-1986
Date Remarks
Date based on when Rexall became Rexall Drug Company and when the St. Louis plant closed
Material
paper: tan
ink: yellow, pink, white, black, blue, gold
rubber: black, tan
metal: grey
fabric: cream
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Hy·da·way // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; handwritten on edge of left side of lid: "KORN // 3 95"; printed on left side of box: "Hy·da·way // R 303 // 8 OZ. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING // REXALL DRUG COMPANY · DISTRIBUTO // LOS ANGELES · BOSTON · ST. LOUIS · TORONTO, CANADA"; printed on inside of box lid: "Rexall // The Hy-Da-Way Swirl Spray Douche is con- // venient for traveling (pipe can be concealed // inside bulb and sealed with cap) and per- // fect for home use. Before using, remove // pipe from inside bulb and fit into assembled // position shown above. // MADE IN U.S.A. // Hy·da·way // Sanitary leakproof cap // After using, clean, // drain, reverse pipe in // bulb as indicated; then // screw cap on tightly. // SWIRL SPRAY DOUCHE // PAT. PENDING"; embossed on spoon: "Cream Top. // PAT. // SEPT. 2ND 1924 // MAR. 3RD 1925"; printed on instructions sheet: "DIRECTIONS FOR USE // Compress bulb as much as possible and submerge in solution // to be used. Release the bulb slowly. Lift the douche out // of solution, holding it upright, and then press gently on the // bulb until liquid appears at tip of pipe. Then, without re- // leasing the pressure, submerge pipe again, then release // bulb slowly. This should fill the bulb completely. // CAUTION: The user is warned against the use of undue pressure // on the bulb which might result in spreading infection. // Moderate pressure of the solution is sufficient for cleans- // ing. Withdraw nozzle and fluid will flush out quickly. // Greater effectiveness may result if used when reclining. // SP 474 // PRINTED IN U. S. A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-D8-10
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Box has a strong smell; rubber bulb hardened and discoloured; some bubbling in paper on box; paper instructions minorly crumpled around top left corner.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, book
Reference Comments
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/2664893.html
https://web.archive.org/web/20151030025534/http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
Justia Trademarks, Hy-Da-Way: https://trademarks.justia.com/720/70/hy-da-way-72070946.html
Chapter 2a, Dating Milk Bottles, © Bill Lockhart 2011; page 15, "Cream-Top Milk Bottles: oterochap2a.pdf
Research Facts
This object was used for vaginal douching, a historically common practice of women's hygiene until recently. Today, doctors do not recommend douching as the vagina is self-cleaning and attempting to clean it with soaps and chemicals could be harmful to its pH balance and cause damage.
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
The douche was the most popular “contraceptive” in the USA by 1940. In 1933, nearly half of a study of 507 women who used Lysol as a contraceptive became pregnant.
This particular douche design was invented by George P. Kempel and was made to be able to be disposed after one use according to its patent.
Hy-da-way was trademarked by Rexall in 1959 in relation to their Folding Fountain Syringe; another douche-like product.
The Cream Top spoon found with this object was created by Herbert E. Hill for Cream-Top milk bottles, which were bottles with a bulbous top where the cream could rise to and remain; the spoon was created in order to block the opening of the bottle below the bulbous part and prevent milk from escaping when the cream was poured out. It may possibly be present in this douche kit to be used for measuring the cleansing solution.
The cap is missing from this object, but is illustrated inside the lid.
Images
Less detail
Dates
1985
circa 1985
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment
Accession Number
018002001 a-d
Description
Two Telex brand hearing aids (b-c) in brown leather case (a), with warranty paper (d); the case is brown leather and is tightly closed at the top, becoming wider at the bottom; the top two ends of the case have metal hinges that, when squeezed, allow the case to be opened; the case is lined inside …
  5 images  
Accession Number
018002001 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Treatment
MeSH Heading
Audio
Hearing Aids
Hearing Aids, Hearing Loss, Deafness
Hearing Loss
Description
Two Telex brand hearing aids (b-c) in brown leather case (a), with warranty paper (d); the case is brown leather and is tightly closed at the top, becoming wider at the bottom; the top two ends of the case have metal hinges that, when squeezed, allow the case to be opened; the case is lined inside with grey fabric; the hearing aids are tan coloured behind-the-ear style hearing aids, with a curved plastic piece which goes behind the wearer's ear; this piece contains a slot for the battery (and the small, round battery inside), a volume dial, and an M T O switch; from this plastic piece, there is a small rubber tube that curves, ending in a rubber piece shaped to the wearer's ear, which is an orange/pink colour and has a hole in the end which goes into the wearer's ear; inside the case is also a sheet of paper folded in half with brown print and blue handwriting in pen, detailing some manufacturing information and the Telex Repair Warranty on both sides of the paper.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - case: Length 8.0 cm X Width 9.0 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b-c - hearing aids: Length 5.6 cm X Width 4.0 cm X Height 1.5 cm
d - paper: Length 8.9 cm X Width 6.1 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Telex Hearing Instruments
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1985
circa 1985
Date Remarks
Expiration of warranty date written on paper
Material
leather: brown
fabric: grey
metal: grey
plastic: tan
rubber: yellow, orange, orange/pink
paper: tan
ink: brown, blue
Inscriptions
Raised on case (a): "TELEX"; embossed and printed on hearing aids and batteries: "81 3791 B C // 340 // ROVR // TELEX // U.S.A. // 1 // 2 // 3 // 4 // O // T // M //115 // 111 // TO // SPL // 12 // B // D // LOW CUT // 675 // + // JAPAN 42"; printed on paper, front side: "TELEX REPAIR WARRANTY // GARANTIE DE RÉPARATION "TELEX" // Model No. // Modèle No. 34RBQ. // Serial No. // Série No. 81-3791 // Expiration Date // Date d'expiration // May 2 // 85 // This instrument has been repaired under the Telex Warranty // Repair Plan. Should it need repair during this period, present this // card to any authorized Telex distributor. // Limited Warranty // Cette prothèse a été réparée selon le plan de réparation garantie // de "TELEX". Au cas ou la réparation serait défectueuse, durant // la période de garantie, présenter cette carte chez un distributeur // autorisé "TELEX". // Garantie limitée // (See Reverse Side) (voir au verso)"; printed on paper, back side: "This warranty is void if the instrument has been abused, // tampered with, or otherwise mistreated. // This warranty is void if an external, detachable cord has been // used, which is not genuine TELEX product. // External, detachable parts are not covered by this warranty // (except receiver, speakers). // THIS WARRANTY IS VOID IF THE SPEAKER HAS BEEN CHANGED. // Cette garantie est annulée si la prothèse a été modifiée, // ednommagee ou mal entretenue. // Cette garantie est annulée si un cordon autre que "TELEX" a // été employé. // Les pièces externes détachables ne sont pas couvertes par // cette garantie (à l'exception des micros et écouteurs). // CETTE GARANTIE EST ANNULÉE SI L'ÉCOUTEUR A ÉTÉ ÉCHANGÉ. // TELEX // TELEX HEARING INSTRUMENTS // Telephone: (416) 335-3744".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E3-17
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Tiny white marks on leather case, two on front and two on back; some markings rubbed off of hearings aids; paper layers separating, minor fraying at edges, some discolouration around blue pen marks and spreading over page.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
"What is a telecoil?", Widex Blog, July 28, 2016: https://global.widex.com/en/blog/what-is-a-telecoil
"Hearing aid types", Connect Hearing, 2019: https://www.connecthearing.ca/hearing-aids/types/
"Deafness in Disguise: Timeline of Hearing Devices and Early Deaf Education", Washington University School of Medicine, Bernard Becker Medical Library, 2005-2009: http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/did/timeline/
"Deafness in Disguise: Concealed Hearing Devices of the 20th Century", Washington University School of Medicine, Bernard Becker Medical Library, 2005-2009: http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/did/20thcent/index.htm
Research Facts
This hearing aid is a behind-the-ear hearing aid, with a piece that sits behind the ear (the hard plastic part) and a piece that connects from there and sits in the ear (the rubber piece). Today, the most commonly used types of hearing aids are Behind-the-Ear (BTE) , Receiver-In-Canal (RIC), In-the-Ear (ITE), and Invisible-in-Canal (IIC).
Early predecessors to hearing aids were ear trumpets; a horn in which the small end was placed in a person's ear and the large, bell end amplified sounds coming in.
Zinc Air batteries were introduced in 1977 and helped pave the way for greater sales of In-the-Ear hearing aids, as they were smaller batteries.
Throughout the 20th century, with the introduction of electrical hearing aids, new ways of concealing hearing aids were also introduced, including concealing the devices in purses and cases that were made to look like camera cases.
This hearing aid has a t-switch, which refers to a telecoil. A telecoil is a wire coiled around a rod inside the hearing aid, and it functions to pick up magnetic signals and bring them into the hearing aid as sound. This way, background noise can be cut out so the wearer can focus on the voice of someone speaking to them, music, a lecture, etc. This can be linked to existing sound systems in public places so that the sound is delivered directly to the hearing aids.
Images
Less detail

Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15247
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with wh…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011012 a-f
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
MeSH Heading
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Electricity
Hygiene
Description
Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster Electric Shaver (b) in tan vinyl rectangular case (a) with gold-coloured metal edges with the hinged lid and bottom meet; the inside of the case is lined with green fabric over a frame moulded to fit the shaver and accompanying pieces, the inside of the lid is lined with white fabric and "Lady Sunbeam" is printed in the centre in gold print; the shaver (b) is slightly trapezoidal in shape, and rounded near the bottom where there is a hole for the cream cord (c) to plug into; the shaver is mainly made of pink plastic, with a metal comb end cut differently on each side; on the legs side of the shaver, the middle of the shaver is clear plastic over a white plastic design of curly lines, and in the centre of this is a gold line design over a small lightbulb; in the case with the shaver are the rubber cord wrapped in a pink elastic (d), a small cleaning brush (e) with a metal stem and tan bristles, arranged on one end like a paint brush and on the other end like a toilet brush; there is also an instruction booklet (f) which details how to properly use and clean the shaver; it is printed in white, black, grey, and pink ink and contains illustrations; one end of the booklet is French and the other is in English, and they meet in the middle of the booklet.
Number Of Parts
6
Part Names
a - case: Length 14.2 cm X Width 11.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
b - shaver: Length 7.7 cm X Width 6.8 cm X Height 3.1 cm
c - cord (when coiled): Length 10.3 cm X Width 3.5 cm X Height 3.3 cm
d - elastic: Height 1.5 cm X Diameter 3.5 cm
e - brush: Length 8.3 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 0.5 cm
f - booklet: Length 10.6 cm X Width 8.0 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sunbeam Corporation (Canada) Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1960
1970
circa 1960-1970
Date Remarks
Based on advertising for the product
Material
vinyl: tan
metal: brass, brown, grey
fabric: cream, green
plastic: pink, white, gold, clear
paper: tan
rubber: cream, pink
bristles: tan
ink: gold, pink, white, black, grey
Inscriptions
Printed on inside of case (a): "Lady Sunbeam"; engraved on shaver (b): "FOR LEGS // FOR UNDERARMS"; raised on shaver: "Lady Sunbeam // MODEL LS5-1 110-120 V 5W // AC ONLY 60 CYCLES // PATENTED // UL // LISTED 422A // .08 AMPS LR-28688 CSA // MX"; embossed on cord (c): "SCHICK"; printed on booklet (f), cover: "Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // built-in light gives added // convenience and // comfort in // grooming // FOR LEGS // See inside for // suggestions on how // to obtain the best possible // results from your Lady Sunbeam"; printed on inside pages of booklet: "only the // Lady Sunbeam // SHAVEMASTER // ELECTRIC SHAVER // has the exclusive MICRO-TWIN HEAD // Now, you have the convenience and comfort of // an exclusive built-in light which affords the // ultimate in modern grooming ease. // And you'll enjoy new freedom from nicks, // cuts, and razor burns this safe, gentle, electric // way. // The Lady Sunbeam has a shaving head with // one edge especially ground to shave the legs, // and the other edge especially ground for under- // arm use. It is small as a "compact" and ends // muss and fuss, nicks and cuts of soap and // blade. The Lady Sunbeam's gentle, sure per- // formance gives you a new easy way to keep // neat, fresh and dainty. Wonderful at home, or // for traveling."; page 2: "this side for close, // clean leg shaving // this side for // underarm shaving // For use on 110-120 volt 60 cycle alternating current (A.C. only)"; page 3: "how to use // For best results hold the // Lady Sunbeam at an angle // with comb teeth flat // against the skin as shown. // Move the shaver against // the grain. Use short // strokes and apply only // light pressure. Pressing // too hard prevents hairs // from entering the shaver. // Completely shave one // small area at a time. // SKIN SURFACE // CORRECT // SKIN SURFACE // INCORRECT"; page 4: "your Lady Sunbeam // FOR LEGS // Make sure the skin is // clean and perfectly dry. // Move the shaver slowly, // at an angle as shown. // Shave with light short // strokes. Shave a small // area at a time. DO NOT // PRESS. // FOR UNDERARMS // It is recommended you // trim very long underarm // hair before shaving with // the Lady Sunbeam. In hot // weather you may wish to // use dusting powder before // shaving. If you do use // powder, you should clean // the shaver more frequently // as explained on page 7."; page 5/6: "care of your lady sunbeam shavemaster // FOR LEGS // FOR LEGS // removing // the comb // guard // Remove the plastic comb guard as // shown. Replace this guard after each // use to protect the comb. // attaching // the cord // When you attach the cord after plug- // ging in, the Lady Sunbeam will start // automatically, and the light will go // on. The special plug fits into place // easily. For use on 110-120 volt 60 // cycle alternating current—AC only. // cleaning // After each use, blow on the shaving // comb to remove loose hair. Use the // brush to clean comb teeth. Occasion- // ally, clean the head thoroughly. To // do this, lift the comb from shaver // with thumb and forefinger. Allow // cutter blade to slide out of the comb // and clean comb and cutter with the // small brush."; page 7/8: "important! to re-assemble, follow instructions closely // CUTTER CAN BE INSERTED IN COMB // FROM ONE SIDE ONLY // CUTTER // COMB // IF HEAD WILL // NOT LOCK // INTO SHAVER // REVERSE ENDS // re-assemble comb and cutter // After cleaning the head, re-insert the cutter // completely in the comb. The cutter can be // inserted in the comb only from one end. Do not // force the cutter in the comb. If you find obstruc- // tion, reverse cutter. // placing comb and cutter // in shaver // Replace the head in the shaver and apply pressure // at both ends of the head, so that it locks into // position. If the head will not easily lock into // place it is in the wrong position and should be // reversed. Be careful not to apply excessive // pressure on the head when it is in the wrong // position, as you will damage the shaver. Oiling // the Lady Sunbeam is unnecessary. // Should your light burn out, it can be replaced // at your nearest Sunbeam Service Station."; page 9: "guarantee // Upon receipt of the guarantee registration // card packed with this appliance your Lady // Sunbeam Shavemaster Shaver is guaranteed // for one (1) year against electrical and me- // chanical defects in material and workman- // ship, which will be repaired or parts replaced // free of charge during this period. The guar- // antee does not cover damage caused by mis- // use, negligence, or use on current or voltage // other than that stamped on the appliance. // This guarantee is in lieu of any other war- // ranty either expressed or implied. If service // is required, send the appliance prepaid to // the nearest Sunbeam Appliance Service // Company branch shown on the enclosed list. // Please write a letter explaining the nature of // your difficulty. // Sunbeam CORPORATION (CANADA) LIMITED // 220 Islington Avenue South, Toronto 18, Canada // ® Sunbeam, Lady Sunbeam, Micro-Twin // Printed in Canada Design Patent D-176,406 Form No. 153-0951".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor discolouration and staining on outside of case; the small end of the cord contains a green substance; the brush is slightly bent, the shaver blade is a bit rusty on the legs side.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
Handbook of Buying Issue, Consumers' Research, Incorporated, 1963-1964, Consumer Bulliten Annual: https://books.google.ca/books?id=dWAkAQAAMAAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=
Life Mangazine, 28 Nov 1960, 120 pages, Vol. 49, No. 22, ISSN 0024-3019, page 112: https://books.google.ca/books?id=0U0EAAAAMBAJ&dq=%22lady+sunbeam+shavemaster%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s
United States Patent Office, Des. 176,406, Patented Dec. 20, 1955, Electric Shaver:https://patents.google.com/patent/USD176406S/en?oq=d176%2c406
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
"Hair Trimmer Comb: Barber-ism Begins At Home", by bohus, October 7th, 2010: https://www.retrothing.com/2010/10/hair-trimmer-comb-barber-ism-begins-at-home.html
Research Facts
In the Annual Consumer Bulliten for 1963-1964, the Lady Sunbeam Shavemaster was said to have cost $12.95, and given "average performance", and was "quiet, but some vibration".
Patented in 1955 by Robert O. Ernest and Ivar Jepson for the Sunbeam Corporation.
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
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Lysol Brand Disinfectant

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15220
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011004 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Pharmacy, General
Home Health
Treatment, General
MeSH Heading
Disinfectant
Disinfection
First Aid
Home Health
Hygiene
Description
Rectangular box (a) for Lysol Brand Disinfectant; the two largest sides of the box are printed to look like the brown bottle with a yellow cap and inverted triangle label which sits inside the box; the smaller sides of the box are yellow, and the directions for use are printed on them in French on one side and English on the other; the top and bottom of the box are red, and the top contains the product name printed in white, as well as residue from a sticker and the number 89; the bottle (b) is nearly full of a liquid and is brown glass with a yellow metal screw cap; the glass is almost flat on the two largest sides, and contains small decorative ridges in the glass; the smaller sides of the bottle are more rounded and the bottle tapers inward so that it is thinner in the middle than at the top and bottom; the bottom of the bottle contains three raised symbols; the bottle's label is an inverted triangle, printed in French on one side of the bottle and in English on the other; the label contains the product name, its purpose, usage directions, amount, warnings, and manufacturing information.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a - box - Length 5.4 cm X Width 2.9 cm X Height 11.4 cm
b - bottle - Length 4.9 cm X Width 2.5 cm X Height 11.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Sterling Drug Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Aurora
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1967
1985
circa 1960-1985
Date Remarks
Date based on advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32, and when Sterling Drugs acquired Lysol.
Material
paper: tan
glass: brown
ink: red, white, black, yellow
metal: yellow
Inscriptions
Printed on front of box (a): "Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // DEEP CLEANS // Walls · Floors · Kitchens // · Sickrooms · Baby's room // · Porcelain · Linoleum // · Bathrooms · Woodwork // · Floor tiles · Refuse // pails · Diaper pails // 2 OUNCES // CONCENTRATED // MAKES // MORE THAN // 1 // GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION // *TRADE MARK REG."; printed on side of box: "Lysol // TRADE MARK REG. // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // DESTROYS DISEASE // GERMS AND ODOUR- // CAUSING BACTERIA // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION — Toi- // lets, Floors, Walls, etc. Add // 3 tablespoonfuls to each // gallon of water. // DIAPERS — Soak diapers in // solution of 3 tablespoonfuls // to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID — Cuts, scratches // — Add 1 teaspoonful to 1 // cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFICIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd., Aurora, Ont. // C82B"; printed on label of bottle: "L46B // Lysol* // BRAND // DISINFECTANT // KILLS GERMS // DEODORIZES // PREVENTS MOULD & MILDEW // *Trade Mark Reg. // DIRECTIONS // HOME DISINFECTION- Toilets, Floors, Walls, etc. // Add 3 tablespoonfuls to each gallon of water. // DIAPERS- Soak diapers in solution of 3 table- // spoonfuls to each gallon of water. // FIRST AID- Cuts, scratches- Add 1 teaspoonful // to 1 cup of water and apply. // PHENOL COEFFIECIENT 5 // CONTAINS PHENOL .015% // Distributed by // Sterling Products // Division of Sterling Drug Ltd. // Aurora, Ont. // 2 FLUID OUNCES // NEVER USE UNDILUTED // CONCENTRATED // MAKES MORE THAN // 1 GALLON // OF CLEANING // SOLUTION"
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A5-6 Box 3 Row D
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Minor sticker residue and scratching on top of box; minor scratching and liquid damage on bottom of box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, newspapers
Reference Comments
Advertisement on December 17, 1975 in The Chilliwack Progress from Chilliwack, British Columbia, Canada, Page 32: https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/77091686/.
https://timeline.com/sexist-history-douching-bcc39f3d216c
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2012/03/when-women-used-lysol-birth-control/
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/21724/21724-h/21724-h.htm
https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/11644980
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/lysols-vintage-ads-subtly-pushed-women-to-use-its-disinfectant-as-birth-control-218734/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mrbill/albums/834100/with/37387729/
http://magic.msu.edu/search~S39?/cHQ766%20.S32%201917%20Online/chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online/-3,-1,0,B/frameset&FF=chq%20%20766%20s32%201917%20online&1,1,
https://inews.co.uk/opinion/comment/a-brief-history-of-vaginal-douching-and-women-cleaning-themselves-with-disinfectants/
https://www.encyclopedia.com/books/politics-and-business-magazines/sterling-drug-inc
"Fight Spanish Influenza With Daily Disinfection" (advertisement). The New York Times. 30 October 1918, p. 9. (Accessed via ProQuest, New York Times (1857–Current file), Document ID 97039401)
Research Facts
Beginning in the early 20th century, women would often use Lysol, a household disinfectant, as a douche. Lysol advertised this purpose, claiming that it would guard against odors (believed to be a euphemism for birth control).
Before 1911, there were a reported 193 poisonings and five deaths from Lysol douching, and women often complained of burning and blisters. In 1952, Lysol's formula was changed from cresol to become a quarter as toxic as before. The Lysol used in homes today is not the same as the one historically used for douching, and is no longer owned by the same company.
Advertisements for Lysol as a feminine hygiene product often targeted women's insecurities about their bodies and caused them to feel badly about them and feel the need to use a douche to remain clean and fresh. Lines used in different 20th century Lysol advertisements include: "Often a wife fails to realize that doubts due to one intimate neglect shut her out from happy married love", "Day after heartbreaking day I was held in [...] a web spun by my husband's indifference. [...] Was the fault mine?", "No woman who has a normal foundation of good health can be forgiven for failing to "stay young with her husband.""
Lysol was advertised in 1918 as a way to fight the Spanish Flu Pandemic; it was recommended that everything in contact with flu patients, including their rooms, be cleaned with Lysol to prevent the spread of the disease.
Lysol contains phenol, another term for carbolic acid, an early disinfectant employed by Joseph Lister.
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Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15216
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a ca…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011001 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Hygiene
Classification
Gynaecology
Home Health
Hygiene
Patient Care
Pharmacy, Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Suppositories
Vagina
Hygiene
Antisepsis
Deodorants
Gynaecology
Description
Small rectangular tan paper box of Norforms Antiseptic Vaginal Suppositories; the box is in two parts, with a slip cover open at both ends (a) and a box open at the top (b) which slides into the cover; both of these have red print in English and French and the cover has gold; inside the box is a cardboard divider (c) folded equally five times accordion style; inside a fold of the divider is a vaginal suppository (d) sealed in grey metal foil; the suppository is shaped like a semi-flattened cone; in the bottom of the box below the divider is a flat sheet of card with "NORFORMS" printed in brown in the centre of one side.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - cover: Length 8.1 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 4.3 cm
b - box: Length 8.0 cm X Width 3.2 cm X Height 4.1 cm
c - divider: Length 7.8 cm X Width 4.2 cm X Height 3.0 cm
d - suppository: Length 3.4 cm X Width 3.8 cm X Height 0.8 cm
e - card: Length 7.4 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Norwich Pharmacal Company, Ltd.
Site Made (City)
Paris
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1948
1973
circa 1948-1973
Date Remarks
Based on the registration of the trademark "Norforms" in Canada and the Smithsonian's record of a package of Norforms.
Material
paper: tan
ink: red, gold, brown
metal: grey
Inscriptions
Printed on top of cover (a): "Norforms®"; printed on front of cover: "ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // Each Norforms is hermetically sealed to avoid leakage. // Norforms are of proper consistency for use at average // temperatures. In very hot weather keep in a cool place, or // hold, before unwrapping, under cold water for a few // minutes. // 50 // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL"; printed on bottom of cover (some words obscured by water damage): "NORFORMS // ANTISEPTIC VAGINAL SUPPOSITORIES // EACH NORFORM [...] // Phenylmercuric Acetate [...] thonium // Chloride 0.2%, Methylparab [...] dispers- // ible base. // DEODORANT · GERMICIDAL // NORWICH PHARMACAL COMPANY, LTD., PARIS, CANADA // 13-03-60 // LOT NO. 1020"; printed on side of box (some words obscured by water damage, but the French side of the box reveals what they are): "6 // NEW, IMPROVED // NORFORMS® // Norwich ® // FOR MEDICINAL // PURPOSES ONLY // INSTRUCTIONS INSIDE"; printed on suppository package (d): "NORFORMS"; printed on card (e):" NORFORMS".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A2-7
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some water damage on outer box; printing in these spots has been washed away and is no longer readable, especially on the bottom of the box.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazine
Reference Comments
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company.html
History of Norwich Pharmacal Company - Part 1, Birth of an Industry - Norwich Pharmacal Company, by Dr. Reuben Jeffery - written in 1916; June 19, 2016, Local History Notes; Published in Norwich Percolate, January 15, 1935: http://smdlocalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2016/06/history-of-norwich-pharmacal-company_20.html
Smithsonian National Museum of American History, Norforms Antiseptic Deodorant Suppositories, catalogue number 1986.0198.037: https://www.si.edu/object/nmah_738638
Government of Canada, Canadian Trademarks Database, NORFORMS — 0200962: http://www.ic.gc.ca/app/opic-cipo/trdmrks/srch/viewTrademark.html?id=200962&lang=eng
Jet (magazine), 10 Dec 1959, Vol XVII, no. 7, page 1: https://books.google.ca/books?id=vK4DAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA2&lpg=PA2&dq=norforms+antiseptic+vaginal+suppositories&source=bl&ots=DP_igBSM_X&sig=ACfU3U2inkjqlPbh-Gtw5x-NIL_vZ1Wckg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj5xLHTi6jjAhWoZd8KHSbKDqw4ChDoATABegQIBxAB#v=onepage&q=norforms%20antiseptic%20vaginal%20suppositories&f=false
Wikipedia, Phenymercury acetate, last edited 23 December, 2018: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenylmercury_acetate
Research Facts
Norforms were intended to protect the vaginal tract from germs. They were used by manner of inserting the suppository into the vagina, where it would melt at body temperature. Advertisements claimed that the suppositories would not harm delicate tissues and that they were tested and proved in hospital clinics. They were also intended to eliminate odours. Today, the ingredients may be considered dangerous because of the presence of phenylmercuric acetate, which contains mercury.
The Norwich Pharmacal Company was founded in Norwich, N.Y. by Rev. Mr. Lafayette Moore in 1885, and began from a small basket of pills and the equipment to make them. This company was the first to use the word "pharmacal", not technically an English word at the time, but one which grew popular because of their use of it.
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oral / rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15248
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider e…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011005 a-d
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Oral / rectal glass thermometer (d) with metal tip and hatch marks and numbers printed in black ink on two sides, with a white stripe running down the third side with some product information printed on it; the thermometer is stored inside a grey plastic case (b) with a round opening on the wider end, and with a tan sticker on one of its four sides showing normal body temperature in both Celsius and Fahrenheit; the case is closed with a clear plastic lid (c) which is round at the bottom and octagonal for most of the body; all of these parts are stored in cardboard packaging (a) with a clear plastic cover shaped like the thermometer case and lid; the cardboard packaging has a red background, and the product information, directions for use, certificate of examination, and manufacturing information are printed in white ink in French on the left and English on the right; there is a small clear sticker in the bottom left corner which contains words in white ink, and in the top right corner, there is a tan sticker containing words in red ink and numbers in black ink; there is a perforated circle in the cardoard near the top centre which has not been punched out.
Number Of Parts
4
Part Names
a - package: Length 17.8 cm X Width 11.8 cm X Height 1.5 cm
b - case: Length 8.5 cm X Width 1.2 cm X Height 1.2 cm
c - lid: Length 3.9 cm X Diameter 1.0 cm
d - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.4 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton, Dickinson & Co.
Site Made (City)
Mississauga
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada / USA
Dates
1971
1981
circa 1971-1981
Date Remarks
Date marked on package, certificate of examination
Material
paper: tan
plastic: grey, clear
glass: clear
metal: grey
ink: red, white, black
Inscriptions
Printed on packaging (a): SECURITY® // CELSIUS // with C° to F° // CONVERSIO[N TABLE] // FOR THE B[ABY] // SECURITY® // oral / rectal // fever // thermometer // medically // accurate // easy // to read // Certificate of // Examination // This thermometer // conforms to the // Canadian Government // Specifications Board // CGSB 14-GP-1c // June 1971. // DIRECTIONS FOR // USE: // Shake down to below 35° C. // Use as specified. Keep in // place at least 4 minutes to // allow proper registering of // temperature. After using // cleanse in cold soapy // water. // CAUTION: Do not wash in // warm or hot water. Im- // merse in any approved an- // tiseptic solution before and // after use. // B-D // BECTON, DICKINSON & CO., // CANADA, LTD. // 2464 SOUTH SHERIDAN WAY, // MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO L5J 2M8"; printed on sticker in upper right corner: "21 // C // Medico-Dental // Pharmacy // 2 58;"; printed on sticker in bottom left corner: "MADE IN // FABRIQUE AU U.S.A."; printed on case: "F° // 105.8 // 104 // 102.2 // 100.4 // 98.6 // 96.8 // 95 // 93.2 // C° // 41 // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // 35 // 34 // NORMAL"; printed on thermometer: "33 // 34 // 35 // 36 // // 38 // 39 // 40 // 41 // I -PBW IIII // B-D U.S.A.".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Sticker on case slightly discoloured, some fraying and tearing of cardboard packaging, especially around edges; top of plastic packaging dented, and the red on the cardboard beneath torn up to reveal brown cardboard.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
Images
Less detail

rectal thermometer

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15237
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measu…
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011011 a-h
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Diagnostic & Treatment Artifacts
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Patient Care
Home Health Care
Diagnosis
Diagnosis, General
MeSH Heading
Patient Care -- instrumentation
Home Health
Thermometers
Body Temperature -- instrumentation
Diagnosis -- instrumentation
Rectum
Description
Rectangular plastic case with blue base and clear cover (a); the cover slides an inch across and the end of the blue base folds down slightly to allow access to the contents: a glass rectal thermometer (b) with three sides, one with a yellow stripe and some manufacturing information, one with measuring hatch marks, and one with numbers; the end of the thermometer is metal with glass on the very end, and the other end is a flat rounded triangle painted red; also in the case are a folded paper instruction sheet in blue print (c), printed in English and French on opposite sides; tucked inside the folds of the instructions sheet are a small card with an illustration of a thermometer on it showing normal body temperature in black, blue, and red ink and in Fahrenheit and Celsius; also tucked into the instructions sheet are four thermometer sheaths (e-h) packaged in paper with red print with the title, instructions, and manufacturing information on it.
Number Of Parts
8
Part Names
a - case: Length 11.7 cm X Width 4.7 cm X Height 1.0 cm
b - thermometer: Length 10.5 cm X Width 0.6 cm X Height 0.6 cm
c - instructions: Length 34.8 cm X Width 21.6 cm
d - illustration: Length 10.8 cm x Width 2.6 cm
e-h - sheaths: Length 11.1 cm X Width 2.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor
Maker
Benton-Dickinson
Site Made (City)
Rutherford, Mississauga
Site Made (State)
New Jersey, Ontario
Site Made (Country)
U.S.A., Canada, Brazil
Dates
1974
1990
circa 1974-1990
Date Remarks
Based on patent of thermometer sheaths, and the changes in use of different types of thermometers in the 1990s.
Material
plastic: blue, clear
glass: clear
paper: cream
ink: yellow, burgundy, red, blue, black
Inscriptions
Raised in clear plastic case cover (a): "B-D"; printed on thermometer (b): "E CJK B-D BRAZIL // 35 36 38 39 40 41 42 // B-D"; printed on instruction sheet (c) - headings only: "rectal // FEVER THERMOMETER // Everything You Need // For Taking Temperatures Rectally // B-D* // To open case: // Slide top to left // TAKING YOUR TEMPERATURE // THE RECTAL METHOD // READING YOUR THERMOMETER // TO CLEAN AND CARE FOR YOUR B-D RECTAL THERMOMETER // IF YOUR THERMOMETER BREAKS // FEVER FACTS // DOES FEVER HELP FIGHT ILLNESS? // WHY BOTHER TO TAKE TEMPERATURES? // ARE YOU AVERAGE? // FINER THAN A HUMAN HAIR? // IS YOUR THERMOMETER COMPLETELY CLEAN? // A HAND TO THE FOREHEAD? // FEVER MEASUREMENT CHANGES WITH AGE. // NOTICE TO THE PURCHASER:"; printed on instruction sheet (c) near the bottom on the back: "SAVE 50 // B-D* Alcohol Swabs Regular // or Premium Butterfly // To the Dealer: Upon receipt of this coupon // toward the purchase of the specified product, // we will reimburse you 50 plus regular // handling. Application for redemption on any // other basis may constitute fraud and will, at // our option, void coupon presented. // Applications for reimbursement accepted // from principals only—mail to: Becton // Dickinson Canada Inc. Box 3000, // Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L3. // Offer limited to one coupon per purchase. // *B-D is a registered trademark of Becton-Dickinson and Company // reg. user Becton-Dickinson Canada Inc. // 2177211 [...]"; printed on front of illustration (d): "FAHRENHEIT // 108° // 106 // 104 // 102 // 100 // 98 // 96 // CELSIUS // 42° // 40 // 39 // 38 // 37 // 36 // NORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE // BECTON // DICKINSON"; printed on back of illustration: "PLUS®"; printed on front of sheaths (e-h): "B-D // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // Temp-Away // Single-Use // Rectal Thermometer Sheath // INSERT // TWIST // PULL APART // W10232 (S)"; printed on back of sheaths: "The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is designed for single-patient thermometer use with a TEMP-AWAY Kit.... or, in conjunction with a // thermometer assigned to a single patient. When thermometers are used to take temperatures from patient to patient, the thermo- // meter must be disinfected prior to each patient use. // The TEMP-AWAY Sheath is not designed for use as an electronic thermometer probe cover. // BECTON-DICKINSON, Division of Becton, Dickinson and Company. // Rutherford, New Jersey 07070 // U.S. Pat. 3,809,228 and others Pat.Pend. on reversible feature. // MADE in U.S.A. // 36W10898 (S)".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-F4-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Some sticker residue on end of case; mid-sized chip and crack at end in the clear plastic cover.
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-the-thermometer--8
https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/95/4/251/1562440
https://patents.google.com/patent/US2047801
Becton-Dickinson, About BD: https://www.bd.com/en-us/company/about-bd
Free Patents Online, United States Patent US3809228: http://www.freepatentsonline.com/3809228.pdf
Fairleigh Dickinson University home page, 2019: http://www.fdu.edu/
"The History of the Medical Thermometer" by Annelise Driscoll, October 18, 2016, withings: https://blog.withings.com/2016/10/18/history-medical-thermometer/
Research Facts
In 1593, Galileo invented the thermoscope, a predecessor of the thermometer.
The first liquid in glass thermometer was invented by The Grand Duke of Tuscany Ferdinando II de' Medici, and used alcohol.
In 1714, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first modern thermometer using mercury.
In 1867, Sir Thomas Albutt invented the first medical thermometer designed to measure human body temperature. It was six inches long and took five minutes to work.
Becton-Dickinson was founded in 1897 by Maxwell Becton and Fairleigh Dickinson. Fairleigh also founded Fairleigh Dickinson University, which has campuses today in New Jersey, England, and Vancouver, Canada.
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Remington Princess Shaver

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15249
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Patient Care
Hygiene
Home Health
Accession Number
015011013 a-e
Description
Remington Princess Electric Shaver (b) in blue plastic case (a); the case stands on two edges raised on the bottom, and it opens outward, allowing a second compartment near the bottom to open; the front is decorated with flowery patters printed in silver and blue ink, and the name of the shaver is …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011013 a-e
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Patient Care Artifacts
Classification
Dermatology
Patient Care
Hygiene
Home Health
MeSH Heading
Dermatology
Skin Care
Hair
Hair Removal
Hair Removal -- instrumentation
Hygiene
Electricity
Description
Remington Princess Electric Shaver (b) in blue plastic case (a); the case stands on two edges raised on the bottom, and it opens outward, allowing a second compartment near the bottom to open; the front is decorated with flowery patters printed in silver and blue ink, and the name of the shaver is raised in silver on the front of the bottom compartment; the back of the case is embossed with a flowery pattern but no ink; inside the case, there is an indentation in which the shaver fits, with a lip on the bottom of the indentation; the shaver has the same pattern printed on one side as is on the front of the case; the company name is raised on the other side; embossed on the bottom around the electrical outlet for the cord is the manufacturing and model information; in the sides of the shaver are two black plastic tabs, which, when squeezed, release the comb (c); the comb is made of metal and has tabs on the sides which can be slid between the printed words "LEGS" and "ARMS"; there are numerous tiny slits in the metal, and the interior pieces slide across inside; the cord (d) is stored in the bottom compartment of the case, and is cream coloured, with prongs for a regular outlet on one side and a rubber piece with the holes to match the outlet on the shaver on the other side; the brush (e) is also stored in the bottom compartment, and is made of a twisted stem of metal with bristles arranged like a paint brush on one end and a toilet brush on the other.
Number Of Parts
5
Part Names
a - case: Length 7.0 cm X Width 10.0 cm X Height 16.2 cm
b - shaver: Length 2.8 cm X Width 6.3 cm X Height 7.5 cm
c - comb: Length 4.2 cm X Width 2.6 cm X Height 1.0 cm
d - cord: Length 215.0 cm X Width 2.0 cm X Height 1.2 cm
e - brush: Length 10.1 cm X Width 1.5 cm X Height 0.5 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Remington
Site Made (Country)
France
Dates
1960
1980
circa 1960-1980
Date Remarks
Based on advertisements for product
Material
plastic: blue, cream, black
metal: grey, brown
ink: black, blue, pink, silver
rubber: cream
bristles: tan
Inscriptions
Raised on case (a): REMINGTON // PRINCESS"; raised / embossed on shaver (b): "REMINGTON // MODEL CL-50 // MADE IN FRANCE // 300A UL® LISTED // 8W..60 Hz // 110-125 VAC ONLY"; printed on comb (c): "LEGS // ARMS // LEGS // ARMS"; raised on cord (d): "15A-125V // PWC // 4 // PWC // S".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-E5-4
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Condition Remarks
Brush slightly bent; minor stains and discolouration on plastic case and shaver
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites, magazines, book
Reference Comments
"The Unusual and Deeply Sexist History of Women Removing Their Body Hair", Mic.com, by Rachel Lubit, August 12, 2016: https://www.mic.com/articles/151191/the-unusual-and-deeply-sexist-history-of-women-removing-their-body-hair
"The History of Female Hair Removal", Women's Museum of California, Nov. 22, 2017: https://womensmuseum.wordpress.com/2017/11/22/the-history-of-female-hair-removal/
"It Started With Harper’s Bazaar…" Outskirts of the Twenties, January 5, 2014: https://outskirtsofthetwenties.wordpress.com/2014/01/05/it-started-with-harpers-bazaar/
"How Shaving Works" by Marshall Brain, Howstuffworks, June 26, 2006: https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/men/shaving-tips/shaving1.htm
Life Magazine, 6 May 1957, 204 pages, Vol. 42, No. 18, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 153: https://books.google.ca/books?id=KD8EAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 9 Dec 1957, 174 pages, Vol. 43, No. 24, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, pages 30-31: https://books.google.ca/books?id=xlUEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 1 Apr 1957, 150 pages, Vol. 42, No. 13, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 48-49: https://books.google.ca/books?id=7kwEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Life Magazine, 20 Dec 1968, 90 pages, Vol. 65, No. 25, ISSN 0024-3019, Published by Time Inc, page 57: https://books.google.ca/books?id=rVIEAAAAMBAJ&dq=remington+princes+shaver&source=gbs_navlinks_s
Canada Law Reports: Exchequer Court of Canada, Volume 59, Canada. Exchequer Court, F. A. Acland, printer to the King, 1960, page 463: https://books.google.ca/books?id=Mf4uAAAAIAAJ&dq=%22remington+princess%22+shaver&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=
Research Facts
Gillette released the first "safety razor" in 1901 and advertised it heavily. Shaving became inexpensive and easier for men to do more often. In World War One, soldiers were required to shave their faces in order to fit into gas masks. Returning soldiers and advertising from companies like Gillette made being clean shaven fashionable for men, Beards were then unfashionable until the 1960s, and it remains in fashion for men to be clean shaven.
In Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, hair removal was common for both men and women, as it was considered clean and beautiful. They used tweezers, waxes, and pumice stones.
In the Elizabethan Era in Europe, England's Queen Elizabeth I set the trend of women shaping their eyebrows and removing moustaches, as well as removing the hair about the forehead so one's face appreared longer.
In 1915, an ad in the magazine Harper's Bazaar and Gillette's creation of the Milady Décolleté were among the things which urged women to be rid of hair under their arms, and as hemlines rose in the 1940s and 50s, women began shaving their legs in larger numbers and more regularly, a standard which persists to this day.
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Rexall Hygienic Powder

https://mhc.andornot.com/en/permalink/artifact15224
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the …
  5 images  
Accession Number
015011006 a-b
Collection
Tumak Collection
Category
Home Health Care
Hygiene
Pharmacy and Drug Artifacts
Classification
Hygiene
Home Health
Pharmacy, General
Gynaecology
MeSH Heading
Wound Healing
Gynecology
Hygiene
Powders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Pharmacy
Home Health
Description
Rectangular cardboard box (a) with light blue background and dark blue print, containing a sealed jar (b) of Rexall's Hygienic Powder; the box has a flap at the top with two smaller flaps underneath, and the name of the product is printed on the top flap; on the front of the box is the name of the product inside a decorative printed dark blue border on a dark blue background; below this on a light blue background is a short description of the product's qualities and ingredients, and below this is the manufacturing information on a dark blue border; the side of the box contains directions on the use of the product and its quantity; the other two sides of the box contain the same information in French; the jar is of clear glass, nearly full of white powder; there is a cream coloured paper label which goes around the whole jar; the label's print is all in dark blue, and is of the same design and contains the same information in both English and French (except the front panel with the product name, which is only listed in English) as the box.; the jar has a metal screw cap painted white, and the bottom of the jar contains raised symbols in the glass.
Number Of Parts
2
Part Names
a- box: Length 6.5 cm X Width 6.5 cm X Height 12.7 cm
b- jar: Height 11.6 cm X Diameter 5.2 cm
Provenance
Belonged to donor.
Maker
Rexall Drug Co. Limited
Site Made (City)
Toronto
Site Made (State)
Ontario
Site Made (Country)
Canada
Dates
1935
1955
circa 1935-1955
Date Remarks
Based on design and Rexall history
Material
paper: tan, cream
ink: light blue, dark blue, white
metal: yellow
glass: clear
powder: white
Inscriptions
Printed on top of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // D 432"; printed on front of box: "Rexall // Hygienic // Powder // Non-irritating // Cleansing // and // Soothing // Contains selected qualities of // Boric Acid, Borax, Bicarbon- // ate of Soda, Thymol, Menthol, // Methyl Salicylate and Eucal- // yptol in well balanced pro- // portions. // REXALL DRUG CO. // LIMITED. // TORONTO, // CANADA."; printed on side of box: "DIRECTIONS // As a Gargle, or as a // cleansing dressing for // minor skin injuries: // Dissolve one heaping tea- // spoonful in a glass of // water. // As a Spray for use in an // Atomizer: Dissolve one - // half teaspoonful in a glass // of water. // As a douche for fountain // syringe: Dissolve one // heaping tablepoonful in // two quarts of warm water. // Use at a comfortable tem - // perature. // Repeat as necessary. // 5 Ounces D 432".
Permanent Location
Storage Room 0010
0010-A3-9 Row B
Unit Of Measure
centimeters
Copy Type
original
Reference Types
Websites
Reference Comments
http://capnrexall.blogspot.com/2011/06/rexall-history-short-version.html
https://newscenter.dollargeneral.com/news/dollar-general-to-be-exclusive-retailer-of-rexall-brand-products.htm
LIFE magazine, 5 May, 1952, page 157: https://books.google.ca/books?id=HVYEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA157&lpg=PA157&dq=%22rexall+hygienic+powder%22&source=bl&ots=h5UvB6SRUY&sig=ACfU3U3x_jY6yeg-_uHeMScmzNGHUefZ7A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiCzZzg4ozjAhWXXc0KHVtICOEQ6AEwDXoECAUQAQ#v=onepage&q=%22rexall%20hygienic%20powder%22&f=false
Research Facts
In 1952, Rexall Hygienic Powder sold for 65 cents,
Rexall began in the United States in 1902 in Boston, and expanded throughout the country during the early 20th century. Rexall went under in 1986 in the United States, but remains a brand name there and a chain of Drug Stores in Canada.
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