Made in the winter of 1917, during the First World War.
Storage Room 0010
Length 15.5 cm x Width 10.0 cm
Dr. S.J. Streight's commentary; CD #UHN
This retractor was designed by Major S.J. Streight and made by Private Whitehead of No. 2 Canadian Casualty Clearing Station during the winter of 1917. At that time this clearing station was handling many casualties; stationed in the Ypres area. "We found that this retractor protected the soft tissues from further damage and enabled us to retract them so as to saw through the bone at a higher level. This was found particularly useful in amputations through the thigh and leg."
Tourniquet (b) composed of fabric strap with metal buckle and wooden piece which the strap goes through; there is a small fabric label with a warning in black print on the strap; wound up inside a brown paper box (a) with the manufacturing information on the front, the instructions on the bottom, a…
Tourniquet (b) composed of fabric strap with metal buckle and wooden piece which the strap goes through; there is a small fabric label with a warning in black print on the strap; wound up inside a brown paper box (a) with the manufacturing information on the front, the instructions on the bottom, and diagrams of where to apply pressure to the arm, neck, and leg on the top and back, all printed in dark blue (navy) ink.
Number Of Parts
a - box - Length 12.2 cm X Width 3.4 cm X Height 3.4 cm
b - tourniquet - Length 89.2 cm X Width 2.9 cm X Height 2.3 cm
Received from anonymous donor via Kingston General Hospital Public Affairs.
Presence of Winnipeg on label, first location in Winnipeg opened in 1927; absence of Vancouver on label, Vancouver location present in 1959 catalogue.
ink: navy, black
metal: grey, brown
Printed on front of box: "Tourniquet // INGRAM & BELL, LIMITED // PHYSICIANS' AND HOSPITAL SUPPLIES // TORONTO // MONTREAL WINNIPEG CALGARY"; printed on bottom of box: "TOURNIQUET // To Stop Severe Bleeding // Place tourniquet around the injured member between // wound and heart. Tighten sufficiently to stop bleeding. // The buckle adjusts itself automatically and cannot slip. // Loosen tourniquet every twenty minutes, when bleeding // has ceased remove tourniquet. If bleeding persists re- // apply. Never cover tourniquet with a dressing. The // tourniquet is released by pressing metal tongue on buckle."; printed on back of box: "Where to apply // pressure to stop // bleeding from // arteries."; printed on top of box: "Where to apply // pressure to stop // bleeding from // arteries."; printed on tourniquet (b) label: "CAUTION-- Loosen tourniquet every // twenty minutes, but do not remove it. If // bleeding does not begin, leave tourniquet // loosely in place. If bleeding begins, allow // to spurt three times and tighten again."
Storage Room 0010
Unit Of Measure
Ingram & Bell, Limited "Instruments, Surgical Equipment, Supplies, For Physicians, Hospitals, Clinical Laboratories and Industrial First Aid Departments", Catalogue, 1959.
Ingram & Bell Limited. Pharmaceutical Catalogue, 1964.
MDS Inc. “Mds Inc. Annual Information Form for the Year Ended October 31, 2002.” MDS Inc., 2003.
“Cardinal Health Canada Inc.” Canadian Business Resource, Canadian Newspaper Services International Limited, 2019. Accessed 7 August 2019.
A tourniquet is used to cut off blood flow to an area of the body to stop a patient from bleeding too much. They are used in both first aid and surgery, and can also be used to locate a vein prior to injection. This particular tourniquet has a wooden block which is placed on the pressure point, and a metal buckle to secure and tighten the tourniquet around the limb.
Ingram & Bell Limited was a medical supply company first established in Toronto in 1905; the company became a Canadian leader in the distribution of medical products; their wide selection included equipment, surgical tools, and pharmaceuticals; as the company grew, they established branches in Montreal, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver; became Ingram & Bell Inc. and 49% owned by MDS in 1986; MDS acquired 100% in 1993; became Source Medical Corporation after merger with Allegiance Healthcare Canada Inc. in 1997; acquired by Cardinal Health Canada Inc. in 2005.